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ch, 10. 16; Jer. 24.7: 2. 39; Eze. 11. 19; 36.36

. ch. 28. 11.

Peh. 28. 63: Is. 65. 19:

J-r. 32. 41, Zeph. 2 17.

tch. 4. 28: & 19, 20.

uch. 4. 26 : 31. 28 I ver. 16

Y PS 7.1: 66 9; John

11. 25: 14 6; 17. &

into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will 6 do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers. And " the Lord thy God will

circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with 7 all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. And the LORD thy

God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, 8 which persecuted thee. And thou shalt return and obey the voice of the LORD, 9 and do all his commandments which I command thee this day. And the LORD

thy God will make thee plenteous in every work of thine hand, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy land, for good :

for the LORD will again P rejoice over thee for good, as he rejoiced over thy fathers : 10 if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his command

ments and his statutes which are written in this book of the law, and if thou turn

unto the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. 11 For this commandment which I command thee this day, ' it is not hidden from Is. 45. 19. 12 thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who Ro. 10. 6, etc.

shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? 13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea 14 for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is

very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it. 15 See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil; in vers. 1,19; ch. 11. %. 16 that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways,

and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou

mayest live and multiply: and the Lord thy God shall bless thee in the land 17 whither thou goest to possess it. But if thine heart turn away, so that thou wilt 18 not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them; 'I

denounce unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish, and that ye shall not

prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over Jordan to go to possess 19 it. "I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set be

fore you life and death, blessing and cursing : therefore choose life, that both thou 20 and thy seed may live: that thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou

mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.

Moses encourages the people and Joshua ; the apostasy of the Israelites foretold. 31 AND Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel

. And he said unto 2 them, I'am an hundred and twenty years old this day ;3 I can no more “ go out

and come in: also the Lord hath said unto me, Thon shalt not go over this 3 Jordan. The LORD thy God, he will go over before thee, and he will destroy

these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them; and Joshua, be shall 4 go over before thee, d as the Lord hath said. * And the LORD shall do unto themch. 3. 29; Num. 87.

as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto the land of them, 5 whom he destroyed. And the Lord shall give them up before your face, that "eh. 7. 2,23-25.

ye may do unto them according unto all the commandments which I have com6 manded you. * Be strong and of a good courage, ' fear not, nor be afraid of them :

for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; ' he will not fail thee,

nor forsake thee. 7 And Moses called unto Joshua, 4 and said unto him in the sight of all Israel,

* Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the "ch. t. 38; 3. 28; Jos.

land which the Lord hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt 8 cause them to inherit it. And the Lord, " he it is that doth go before thee; he

will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be

dismayed. 9 And Moses wrote this law, 5 ? and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi,

? which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and unto all the elders of Israel. umchisi 12.00 10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the 11 solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, when all Ísrael is

come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, 12 * thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing. "Gather the people


.ch. 34. 7; Fx. 7. 7.
4 Num. 7. 17; 1 Ki.

3. 7.
och 3 2.2: Nam.

29.12; 13. ch, 9.2

ech. 3. 21.


A Jor. 10. 25; I Chr.

29.12 I ch. 1. 29: 7. 18 hcl. 20. 4. I eh. 4. 31: Jos. 1. 5;

IS. m. 1! 22: 1 (hr. 24 20: Hel. 13 5

1. 6.

nch. 9. 3; Ex. 13. 21,

22 ; 31 11. • Jos. I. 3,9; 1 Chr.

28. 20.

Prer. 25; eh. 17. 18

3; I Chf. 15. , 15. Ich 151. II. 22 31-43, I ch. 16. 16, 17. * Jos. %. 34. 35 ; 2 KI. . Ps. 78. 6,7.

1 The Septuagint has, 'it is not too hard,' or heavy, commentary on ver. 20, see the First Epistle of John. 'for thee.' "That which God expects of us is neither ah- 3 That is, already.' struse nor impossible; but commends itself at once to the 4 Thereby publicly announcing him as future leader. understanding and conscience.

5 Probably the whole, in the three preceding books as 2 This most emphatic close of the public recital of the well as this. Law, laying the chief stress upon that which must be 6 As in that year the land rested from cultivation, all the main-spring of obedience, love (vers. 16, 20), shows classes of the people could then better find time to attend that the spirit of the Gospel pervaded the Law. For a this service.

23. ?; Ne. & 1-3

* eh. 4. 10.

• 2 Sam. 1. 12


2. 17 A ch. 32. 15; Judg. 2

12. 106, 13; Jer.

2. 13. i Judg. 2 20; Jer.

31. 32. k Judg. 214, IS 12 hr. 152; Jer. 2

nch. 32. 20; Ps 10L

9: Is. & 17; 6L 7:

Eze. 9. 23. # Ne. 9. 2

9 ver. 17.

vera. 21, 26

se refe. Ex. & Ich & 10-14; 15;

Ne. 9. %, 25; Hot

u ver. 16.

y Hos. 5. 3: 12 4,6 + Am. 5. 25, 26

together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy

gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, Yeh 28. 23. 13 and observe to do all the words of this law: and that their children,'

which have - ch. 11. 2 not known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long

as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. 14 And the Lord said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must eh. 34. 5; Num. 27.

die : call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation,

that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented ever. 23: Nam. 15 themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation. And the LORD appeared in < El 23 9.

the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the cloud stood over the

door of the tabernacle. 16 And the Lord said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep (lie down") with thy

fathers; and this people will rise up, and 8 go a whoring after the gods of the 1: 134. 15; Juda.

strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will * forsake me, 17 and break my covenant which I have made with them. Then my anger shall

be kindled against them in that day, and 'I will forsake them, and I will - hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles

shall befall (find ") them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils 18 come upon us, because our God is not among us? And I will surely hide my

face in that day for all the evils which they shall have wrought, in that they are 19 turned unto other gods. Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach it kulit te

the children of Israel: put it in their mouths, that this song may be'a witness 20 for me against the children of Israel. For when I shall have brought them into

the land which I sware unto their fathers, 'that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves,' and waxen fat; "then will they

turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant. 21 And it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that "ver. 17.

this song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, even now,

before I have brought them into the land which I sware.

Moses delivers the Laro to the Levites, and his Song to the people. 22 MOSES therefore wrote this song the same day, and taught it the children of 23 Israel. * And he gave Joshua the son of Nun a charge, and

said, "Be strong and ver. !! of a good courage : for thou shalt bring the children of Israel into the land which I sware unto them: and I will be with thee.

And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of d writing the words of ver. 2. 25 this law in a book, until they were finished, that Moses commanded the Levites, 26 which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying, Take this book of the

law, € and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, see 2 Kl. 22. & 27 that it may be there for a witness against thee. 8 For I know thy rebellion, and

thy stiff neck; behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been ch. $. 6; EL. ZA 28 rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death! Gather unto

me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words 29 in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. For I know ich. t. 28; 32 19;

that after my death ye will utterly a corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you " in the latter days; C. A is tc. because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger through

the work of your hands. 30 And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this

song, until they were ended. 32 Givet near, Oye heavens, and 'I will speak;

And hear, 0 earth, the words of my mouth. 2.My doctrine shall drop as the rain, 5—my speech shall distil as the dew,

brer. 1; Jos. L& .ch. & 28


eh, 9. 24; 32 21

32. 1. * cll 32. 5; Judg. 2. 19;

Ix). 4Hos. 9.

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| This festival, at which the Law was read, was the only and by the quotations from it in the New Testament. one at which women and children were required to attend. See especially Heb. x. 30, etc. ; where the inspired writer

2 Whilst God foreknew the future perverseness and uses its impressive threatenings to give force to his appeals rebellion of the people, he provided such safeguards as to the Hebrew Christians. did preserve those who regarded them, and made the rest 4 This inspired poem combines much imaginative inexcusable.

beauty with great force and tenderness. It is on the 3 While the autograph of the Law was to be preserved whole rather sorrowful, in foresight of the apostasy of in the ark, and copied, at least in part, upon the stones the people; against which, however, they are earnestly set up in the centre of the land (ch. xxvii. 2–4), its prin- warned: but at the close (ver. 43) it represents the Genciples and sanctions were to be impressed upon the minds tile joining with the Jew, and rejoicing in the triumphis of all by a national song, which has always been found of Divine mercy and power; a clear announcement that a powerful method of affecting the mass of the people. the blessings of the kingdom of God were to be ultimately The great usefulness of this inspired song is shown by extended to the whole world. See Rom. xv. 10. the numerous allusions made to it by the prophets, both 3 This elegant figure, representing the power of per in expostulation and in promise (see refs. on this chap.); I suasion, is applied, in Psa. Ixxii. 6, to the Messiah.

6 19:29 • Joh 3.92, 33: I

19, 11; 1Cor 26

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P P. 73. 6; Eze. 34.

26; Mic. 57.
9 Ex. & 13: 31. 5-7:

Ps. 145 1-12
ch. 5. 24: 1 Chr. 29.

11: Ps. 151. 2.
. 1 Sam. 2?: 9 Sam.

22. 2, 3; 23.3: Ps. 1&2:31. 46: T, 26.

4, marg. Hah112. (Ge. I, 31; 2 Sam.

22. 31; Ps. 19. 7: Jam, I. 17.

Dan. 4. 37: R-4.15.3. TEX. 34. 6; Jer. 10. 10. y Job 34. 10-10; P6,

92. 15.
#ch. 31. 29.

M. 17. 17: Lk. 9. 41:
Phil. 2. 13.

Sam. 16. 17; Ps,
116. 12.
e Ex. 4. 22, 23; Is. 63.




« P«, 6: 149,2; Is.

27. 11; 44. 2 (Ps. 77. 11; 143. 5. ! eh. 4. 32; Ex. 13. 14:

Ps. 14. 1: 783, . Asre ref. Numi 21. 16. i Zeeh.9.2: Ar. 17. 24

G-. 10. 25, 32; 11.

8, 9. I Ex. 15. 16; 19. 5. 6:

I Sam. 10.1; P. 78

71: 135.; ls. 47 21. och. & 15: Ps. 107. 1,

5; Jer. 2 6; Hos.

13. 5. nch. 4. 36. . P. 17. 8: Pro. 7. 2;

Zech... &

As the small rain upon the tender herb,--and as the showers upon the grass : 3 Because I will publish the name of the LORD:~'ascribe ye greatness unto our God. 4 He is the Rock, 1 his work is perfect :-for "all his ways are judgment:

- A God of truth and y without iniquity,—just and right is he. 5 They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children ::

They are a perverse and crooked generation. 6 Do ye thus • requite the LORD, foolish people and unwise ?

Is not he 'thy father that hath d boughts thee?

Hath he not * made thee, * and established thee? 7 Remember the days of old, --consider the years of many generations :

• Ask thy father, and he will show thee ;-thy elders, and they will tell thee. 8 When the “ Most High divided to the nations their inheritance,

When he * separated the sons of Adam,

He set the bounds of the people—according to the number of the children of Israel. 05.57% 9 For the Lord's portion is his people ; -Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. 10 He found him win a desert land, -and in the waste howling wilderness ;

He led (or, compassed) him about, he " instructed him,

He • kept him as the apples of his eye. 11 P As an eagle6 stirreth up her nest, futtereth over her young,

Spreadeth abroad her wings,-taketh them, beareth them on her wings : 12 So the Lord alone did I lead him,--and there was no "strange god with him. 13. He made him ride on the high places of the earth,

That he might eat the increase of the fields ;

And he made him to suck honey out of the rock,—and oil out of the flinty rock;? : 31: Fr, 19.4 14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep,—with fat of lambs,

And rams of the breed of " Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys 8 of wheat;

And thou didst drink the pure y blood of the grape. 15 But : Jeshurun waxed fat, and a kicked :

'Thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick,—thou art covered with fatness ; Then he forsook God which made him,

And lightly esteemed the · Rock of his salvation. 16 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods,

With abominations provoked they him to anger. 17 They sacrificed unto devils, 10 not to God ;-to gods whom they knew not,

To new gods that came newly up,—whom your fathers feared not. 18 Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful,

And hast 'forgotten God that formed thee. 19 * And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them,

* Because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. 20 And he said, "I will hide my face from them, -I will see what their end shall be:

For they are a very p froward generation, - children in whom is no faith.11 21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God;

They have provoked me to anger with their vanities :
And I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people;

I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. 12
22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger,-and shall burn unto the lowest hell, 13

And shall consume the earth with her increase,

And set on fire the foundations of the mountains. 23 I will heap mischiefs upon them;— I will spend mine arrows upon them. 24 They shall be burnt 14 with hunger, and devoured with burning heat,

And with bitter destruction ;


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I. 31. . 463.

9: llos, 11. 3. 9 Ps. 78. 52, 53; . 62.

9, 13, 14

1.. 13. 11, 12 . ch. 33. 29: I., SA. 14;

Ez.. 36. 2.

Joh 29. 6: Ps. 81. 16. # Ezr. 39. 18

Pa 81. 16; 147. 14.
V G., 491).
I ch.33 5, 26; Is. 44.2.

Sm. 9. 22
beh. 31. 20: Nr. 9. 25,

26: P. 17. 10: Jer. 2. 7; 5. 7, 28; Hos.

13. ech, 31. 16; Is.), 4. d Is. 51. 13 • 2 Sam. 22. 47; Ps.

89. 26: 93.1. SI Ki. 14. 22; I Cor.

10. 21, 22, * Le, 17. 7: Ps. 106. 37:

1 Cor. 10. 20; Rav.

9. SIL A ch. 2. 64. i Jurg. S& Is. 17. 10 1 Jer. 2. 32; Hos. & 14. mudy. 2. 14; Ps. 78.

59 : 106. 10.
nis. 1. 2.
och. 31. 17, 18.
P ver. 5
41.7.9; 30. 9; Ms.

17. 17.
Ps 78 5A.
1 Sam. 12. 21; 1 Ki.
16. 13, 26; P. 31. 6;
Jer, & 19 10.8; 14.
22; Jon. 2.8; Ac.

! Hox. 1. 10; Ro. 10. 19.
Ps. 21. 9; Jer. 15.

l; 7.1; Lan, 4. 11: Brh. 12. 29. Is. 24. 6, 19, 20, y Mie. 1. *; Nih. 1. & ich. 28. 15, etc.; ls.


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26. 15.

• Ps. 7. 12, 13; Lam. 3. 13; Eze. 5. 16.

och. 28. 53-57; Lam. 4. 18; 5. 10.

1 Some render this,'the Creator;' but the idea of un- olive strikes its roots into the crevices. changeableness appears to agree best with the context. 8 This expression is used for fine, plump, full grains.

2 Literally, 'He hath corrupted (or destroyed) him ;- 9 In the words that follow, the people are reprcsented not his children, their blot.' The Sam., Sept., and Syriae, under the figure of a highly-fed animal. by a slight change, read, “They have corrupted them. 10 Rather, idols :' perhaps meaning lords or destroyers. selves: they are not his; they are polluted children.' The phrase 'new gods' alludes to the multiplication of

3 That is, delivered. A frequent figure (see refs.), which idols in the progress of superstition. seems to point to the redemption by Christ.

11 That is, in whom no confidence can be placed. 4 That is, “made thee his people. This language greatly 12 That is, a people whom they despise. This passage is resembles that of Isa. xliii. 1; xliv. 21.

quoted in Rom. x. 19, to show that the Jews might have 5 Rather, “pupil : an often-recurring metaphor, ex- known that, if they forsook God, he would transfer their pressing constant and tender care. See refs.

privileges to the despised Gentiles; and that the Gentile 6 This figure finely illustrates both the training of the nations should be the instruments of their punishment. Hebrews in the desert, and the way in which God prepares 13 Or, ‘hades;' representing utter destruction. his people for the glory of heaven.

14 Rather, 'exhausted.' 'Burning heat' probably means ; In the holes of the rocks the bees build; whilst the a burning fever; though some render it, rapacious birds.' 1 Or, ‘Lest their adversaries should boast, and say, Our here shows that his tender merey may be exercised in high hand, and not the Lord, hath done this.'


° L. 26 22; Jer. 14

3; 16 4; Eze. I . Ge. 3 14; Am • Lam. 1. 20: En. 7.

15; 2 Car. 7.5 ? Lan. ? 1.

6 Eze. 20. 13, 14, 20

A T... 12: Nom. 14

15, 16; Is. 10. 13-N. Jrr. 19.4

I see refs. ch. & 99.

Ps. 99. 12; I. 47.7;
Jer. S 31, Lam. l.

9; Lk. 12. 20
ple. 2 : Jor m2

10; ? Chr. 24. 21;

I. 30. 17. e Jug. 2.11: IS:

Ps. 44. 19; la 301;

52.2 P Job 11. 10. 91 Sam. 2.2 PI $11.7.8: Jer.

403 'Is I, 10 teh, 29. 18: Is. S

Ps. 8. = Px 110. 3: Ro313 Job 14.17, Jer. 2

.: Hos 12. 12: to 2 5:1 (or. 4. 3; Kr. m. 12 13 P. 94. 1: Xah L! Ro. 12. 19; Heb 10

31 a Ps. 73. IR, 19Pra

4. 19. 6. Per. 2, 3: 1-10 e Ps. 7. $; 15 A & Jnite 2 IA: PS 116

45; Jer. 31. 40: Jael 211; ART. 3,6 Iki. 14. 10; 21. 91: 2 ki. 98: 14.5 June 19 14; Jer.

I will also send the teeth of beasts

upon With the poison 4 of serpents of the dust. 25 The sword without, and terror within,

Shall destroy both the young man and the virgin,

The suckling also with the man of gray hairs. 26 8 I said, I would scatter them into corners,

I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men : 27 Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy,

Lest their adversaries # should behave themselves strangely,

And lest they should i say, Our hand is high,--and the Lord hath not done all this? 28 For they are a nation void of counsel,- neither is there any understanding in them. 7); Jer. d. 22 29 "O that they were wise, that they understood this,

m That they would consider their latter end !? 30 How should "one chase a thousand,--and two put ten thousand to flight,

Except their Rock "had sold them,--and the Lord had P shuts them up? 31 (For their rock is not as our Rock, — even our enemies themselves being judges.) 32 For their vine ist of the vine of Sodom,--and of the fields of Gomorrah :

Their grapes are grapes of 'gall,--their clusters are bitter: 33 Their wine is " the poison of dragons,—and the cruel * venom of asps. 34 Is not this v laid up in store with me,and sealed up among my treasures ?5 35 · To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence;— their foot shall slide in due time:6 For 6 the day of their

calamity is at hand, And the things that shall come upon them make haste. 36 · For the Lord shall judge? his people,—d and repent himself for his servants,

When he seeth that their power is gone, -and there is none shut up, or left. 37 And he shall say, 8 / Where are their gods,—their rock in whom they trusted, 38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices,

And drank the wine of their drink offerings?

Let them rise up and help you,--and be your protection (an hiding for you). 39 See now that 8 I, even I, am hé,—and " there is no god with me :

I kill, and I make alive;-I wound, and I heal :

* Neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 'For I lift up my hand to heaven,—and say, I live for ever. 9 41 " If I whet my glittering sword, —and mine hand take hold on judgment;

"I will render vengeance to mine enemies,—and will reward "them that hate me. 42 I will make mine arrows P drunk with blood, -and my sword shall devour flesh;

And that with the blood of the slain and of the captives,

From the beginning of a revenges upon the enemy. 43 * Rejoice, 0 ye nations, with his people:

For he will avenge the blood of his servants,
And 'will render vengeance to his adversaries,

And " will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.
44 And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people,
4.5 he, and Hoshea (or, Joshua) the son of Nun. And Moses made an end of speak-
46 ing all these words to all Israel: and he said unto them, * Set your hearts unto

all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your 47 children to observe to do, all the words of this law. For it is not a vain thing

for you; v because it is your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong your days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.

Moses is ordered to go up Mount Nebo to die. 48, 49 · AND the Lord spake unto Moses that selfsame day, saying, 'Get thee up into

this a mountain Abarim, unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, that is

over against Jericho; and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the 50 children of Israel for a possession: and die in the mount whither thou goest up,

connection with his sharpest discipline. It is to be ob2. That is, their future destiny: some, however, suppose served that when the apostle Paul quotes from this song, the word to mean, as in some other places, the time of the he uses the Septuagint version. Messiah.

8 Or, “Then he shall say,' etc. Having reduced them 3 Rather, delivered.'

to the last extremity, and yet preserved them, he will 4 Or, is worse than the vine,' ctc.

have vindicated his claim to be the only God by his 5 That is, this wickedness shall not be forgotten. irresistible power displayed both in the way of justice and 6 Or, at the time when their foot shall slide.'

of mercy; : In Heb. x. 30, this is quoted as meaning, The Lord 9 Or, ** As I live for ever, if I whet,' etc. Jehovah will chastise his people. The verse should therefore be swears by himself. See Heb, vi. 13. rendered, “For (or, when) the Lord will chastise his Or, as the Septuagint reads, “From the head of the people, but (or, then) he will repent himself,' etc. God leaders of the enemy.' See also Judg. v. 2.


102 27; L 14; 4& 12 ch. 4. $5; Is. 45

18, 22
ilsim. 2. 6: 2.8

7: Joha 18; Pa 6
20: Ios. 6.
Job 10.7: Ps 30. 2;

1.. 42 12
I G. 14. 22: EL 6 %;

Num. 14. 30. * Px 7. 12: 1.271

31. 5; 16: Er 21. 9, 10, 14, *) 1. 21; 50. 15;

Nah. 1 2
. see ras. Ex. 212S
P Jer 460
9 Job 13 24; Jer. 32

lị: m. 7, 8
I 11. 19:19 23-
1.k. 2 10: 11. ***
Ra 05 -

Rey 6 10; 19.2 1 ver. 41

Ps. 1 sch. 6 6.7: 11. 19.

I Chr. 22 19; Ese.

40. 4 y eh. 19: Le 18 S;

Pro, & 2.22. 4.2 Ro. 10. 5; 1 Tias. 18

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ach. 34. 1: Nam. 28

47, 48

• Num. 20., 28; 33.

SA e Num. 2011 - 13;

27. 14.

. ch. 34. l-1: Yum.

27. 12; Heb. 11. 13.

Ge, 19. 28 * Jo, 14.6; Ps. 90.



A Ex. 19. 19, 21; Judg.

5. 4,5; Hah. 3. 3. i P. 6-. 7, 8, 17; Dan.

7. 9, 10; Ac. 7. 53; Gal3 19; Hen.2.2 Jude 14; Rev. 511;

9. 16. Ach, 7. 7, 8; E. 19.5;

Ps. 47. 4; Flos. ILI;

Mal. 1. 2.
I ch.7.6: I Sam. 2. 9;

Ps. 50. 5: Jul 10.

28, 29 : R8.33-3. ** L.k. 10.99; Ac. 22.3 N Pro. 2.1. • Jolie I. 17; 7 19. P Pr. 119. 72, 111. 9 Gr. 36 31; Ex. IR.

19; Judg. 9. 2; 17
6; 19. 1.

el. 32. 15
! Ge. 19. A
( P1, 146

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and be gathered unto thy people; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and 51 was gathered unto his people: because ye trespassed against me among the

children of Israel at the waters of Meribah-Kadesh (or, strife at Kadesh), in the

wilderness of Zin; because ye d sanctified me not in the midst of the children of " le. 10. 3. 52 Israel. Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; but thou shalt not go thither unto the land which I give the children of Israel.

The blessing on Israel, spoken by Moses.
33 AND this is the blessing, wherewith Moses 8 the man of God blessed the
2 children of Israel before his death. And he said,

The Lord? came from Sinai,—and rose up from Seir unto them,
He shined forth from mount Paran,--and he came with ten thousands of saints :

From his right hand went a fiery law for them.
3 Yea, * he loved the people ;3_'all his saints are in thy hand :

And they " sat down at thy feet;—every one shall " receive of thy words. 4 • Moses commanded us a law,

, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob. 5 And he was a king 4 in "Jeshurun,

When the heads of the people—and the tribes of Israel were gathered together. 6 Let Reuben live, and not die ;—and let not his 5 men be few. 7 And this is the blessing of Judah : and he said,

Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah,—and bring him unto his people : 6

Let his hands be sufficient for him ;-and be thou 'an help to him from his enemies. 8 And of Levi he said,

* Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with * thy holy one,? Whom thou didst prove at Massah, And with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah; 9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him;

Neither did he acknowledge his brethren,-nor knew his own children:

For they have observed thy word,--and kept thy covenant. 10 They shall teach (or, Let them teach] Jacob thy judgments,—and Israel thy law:

• They shall put (or, Let them put) incense before thee,

e And whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.
11 Bless, LORD, his substance, 8-—and I accept the work of his hands :

Smite through the loins of them that rise against him,
And of them that hate him, that they rise not again.

And of Benjamin he said,

The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; And the LORD shall 8 cover him all the day long,

And he shall dwell between his shoulders. 9 13 And of Joseph he said,

* Blessed of the Lord be his land,—for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, Ge. 27:8; Pro. & 20. And for the deep 10 that coucheth beneath, I A frequent appellation of a Divine messenger. See is in like manner left out. Perhaps Simeon was not no. Judg. xüi. 6, 8; 1 Sam. ix. 6-8, etc.

ticed on account of its pre-eminence in the last outbreak 2 The ancient manuscript versions have various read- of crime (Numb. xxv. 14); when its numbers were so ings of this whole passage, the most simple and consistent reduced that it received, at the division of the land, only of which are as follow : The Lord came forth from Sinai, some cities out of the portion of Judah. Sce Josh. xix. 9. And dawned upon them from Seir: He shone forth from 6 This is generally interpreted, bring him home in Mount Paran, And came from Meribah-kadesh: (Where) safety from his wars. Some, however, connect this with from his right hand (came) streams (of water).' Dr, after Jacob's blessing (Gen. xlix. 8-12); and with the Messiah, • Paran,'—' The Holy One came forthárom myriads ; Fire who was to spring from Judah. from his right hand was a signal to them.'--- According to 7 Heb., “the man, thy consecrated one, whom,' etc. As, the different renderings, it is supposed to refer either in 1 Cor. x. 9, the people are said to have tempted Christ, wholly to the august manifestations at Sinai, or to the re- it is inferred that this passage refers to him, as the great peated displays of Divine power at various periods during Antitype of the Levitical priesthood, though not reckoned the journeys of the Israelites.

in their genealogies (ver. 9). But some regard it as a 3 This word being plural,“ peoples,' some have supposed prayer that the high priesthood might remain in the that a reference is intended to the mercy made known to family of Aaron, the saint of the Lord,' though he had the Gentiles in the gospel. This verse is also rendered, failed in the trial at Meribah; since they had, in zealous 'Yea, he loved the peoples : All his saints he blessed: defence of God's honour, faithfully executed justice, They sat at his feet, and received of his words.'

without any respect of persons, even though the guilty 4 A prince or chief ruler. See Judg. xix. 1.

parties might be their nearest kinsmen. See Exod. xxxii. 3 The word not is not in the original; but was allowably 26-29; Numb. xxv. 7, 8. inserted by our translators because it is in the previous 8 Or, 'strength.' clause. Soine render it, though his men be few;" which, 9 Or, God shall dwell among his mountains. The however, was not remarkably the case. One reading of the temple was erected within the allotment of this tribe. S ptuagint inserts herc the name ‘Simeon,' which other- 10 See note on ch. viii. 7. In this elaborately beautiful Wie is omitted in the list; but this is hardly sufficient description, we have all the richness of the large and authority. In a catalogue of the tribes in Rev. vii., Dan valuable portions of Ephraim and Manasseh sct before us.

see ref. Ex. 22. an.

Le. 21.7; Num. 16. 5. Ych. 8. 2, 3, 16: F.

17. 7: Num. 20. 13;

P. 61. 7. * Ex. 32, 26-29; L...

21. 11: Num. 3. 7, 8; Mt 10, 37; 19.:9;

Mk. 3. 34, 35 . Ge. 23. 32; 1 Chr.

17. 17: Job 37. 21 b Jer. 18. 18: Mal. 2.

5, 6. ech. 17. 9-11 : 24.8;

Le, 10, 11; Eze. A

23, 24: Mal. 2. 7. d Ex. 30. 7. 8; Num.

16.0: 1 Sarn. 2. & • L. 1.9, 13, 17; Ps. 51. 19: Eze. 13. 27.

Sam. 24. 23; P. 20. 3; Fze, 20. 10, sl; 27.


& PL. 91. &; I.. 51. 16.

A .

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