Obrázky stránek

A ch. & 8, 9; 1 Sam.

i see Num. 14. 6.
A Ge. 30. ?: see refs.

Deu. 32. 39

I see eh. 4. 41; John

9. 7. le. 14. 7, 16.

Ex. 4.6, 7.

or, Amana.

said unto her mistress, Would God my lord were with the prophet that is in 4 Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy. And one went in, and told

his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that is of the land of Israel. 5 And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of

Israel. And he departed, and "took with him? ten talents of silver, and six 6 thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment. And he brought the letter

to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I

have therewith sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him 7 of his leprosy. And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter,

that he i rent his clothes, and said, Am I *God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider,

I pray you, and see how he seeketh a quarrel against me. 8 And it was so, when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel

had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent

thy clothes ? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet 9 in Israel. So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and stood at 10 the door of the house of Elisha. And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying,

Go and 'wash? in Jordan seven times, and * thy flesh shall come again to thee, 11 and thou shalt be clean. But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said,

Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the

name of the LORD his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the 12 leper. Are not • Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the

waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went 13 away in a rage. And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My

father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have

done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean? 14 Then went he down,3 and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to

the saying of the man of God: and P his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a Job 38 25.

little child, and he was clean. 15 And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and

stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that there is no God 4 in all

the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take 'a blessing of thy 16 servant. But he said, ' As the Lord liveth, before whom I stand, “ I will receive 17 none. And he urged him to take it;5 but he refused. And Naaman said, Shall

there not then, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules' burden of earth ?6

for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice unto other 18 gods, but unto the Lord. In this thing the Lord pardon thy servant, that when

my master goeth into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and · he leaneth on

my hand, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon : when I bow down myself 19 in the house of Rimmon, the LORD pardon thy servant in this thing. And he

said unto him, Go in peace. So he departed from him a little way. 20 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master

hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he

brought: but, as the Lord liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of 21 him. So Gehazi followed after Naaman. And when Naaman saw him running

after him, he lighted down from the chariot to meet him, and said, Is all well? 22 And he said, All is well. My master hath sent me, saying, Behold, even now

there be come to me from mount Ephraim two young men of the sons of the

prophets : give them, I pray thee, a talent of silver, and two changes of garments, 23 And Naaman said, Be content, take two talents. And he urged him, and bound

two talents of silver in two bags, with two changes of garments, and laid them 24 upon two of his servants; and they bare them before him. And when he came

9 Lk. 4. 27.

Dan, 2. 47; 3. 29; 4.

34, 35; 6. 26. 27. . Ge 33 ll; I Sam,

25. 27 teh. 3. 14. • Ge. 14. 23; 1 Ki. 13

R; see M1. 10.8; Ae. & 18-20.

Sch. 7. 2, 17.


y Mt. 9. 16, 17; John

16. 12; I Cor. 3. %; Heb. 5. 13, 14

. ch. 2 3

I Conceiving, no doubt, that his royal recommendation before, to purchase a cure, but as a grateful offering and his valuable presents would insure the exercise of because he had been healed. the prophet's power on his behalf. It was therefore 6 With which to rear an altar (see Exod. xx. 24). We necessary that he should be taught that he must receive need not wonder at some remains of superstition in one the boon he desired as God's gift, in God's way.

whose convictions were so recent, and whose knowledge 2 The simplicity of the means prescribed shows that it must have been so limited. was merely a sign of the cure, and a trial of his obedience. 7 Naaman seems to have desired to obtain the prophet's 3 That is, from Samaria to the Jordan.

sanction to this act, which he should in future perform 4 The mode in which this cure was performed had only as one of civil service to his king, not of religious accomplished its great end, by convincing the heathen worship. The prophet leaves his convictions to work out warrior of the unapproachable superiority of Jehovah, both their own effects ; and is silent both as to this and the in power and in beneficence. God thus uses his provi- previous request for holy earth. Some, however, consider dential dispensations so as to convince men of his supreme that this request of Naaman's should be understood as glory and excellence.

applying to the past, not to the future-a view which the 5 He now presses his gifts on the prophet, not, as original quite admits.

Pro. 12. 19; Ac. &


Jos. 7. 25; Ac. 55

10; 1 Tim. 6 10 deh. 15 5; E... 6;

Num. 12 10 . ch. 23; .

to the tower (or, secret place?], he took them from their hand, and bestowed them 25 in the house : and he let the men go, and they departed. But he went in, and

stood before his master. And Elisha said unto him, Whence comest thou, 26 Gehazi ? And he said, Thy servant went no whither. á And he said unto him,

Went not mine heart with thee, when the man turned again from his chariot tó
meet thee? "Is it a time? to receive money, and to receive garments, and olive- " ver. 16.

yards, and vineyards, and sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and maidservants ? 27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for

And he went out from his presence d a leper as white as snow. 6 And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha, Behold now, the place where 2 we dwell with thee is too strait for us. Let us go, we pray thee, unto Jordan,

and take thence every man a beam, and let us make us a place there, where we 3 may dwell. And he answered, Go ye. And one said, Be content, I pray thee, 4 and go with thy servants. And he answered, I will go. So he went with them. 5 And when they came to Jordan, they cut down wood. But as one was felling a

beam, the axe head fell into the water: and he cried, and said, Alas, master! for 6 it was borrowed. And the man of God said, Where fell it! And he showed | Ex. 22 14, 15,

him the place. And 6 he cut down a stick, and cast it in thither; and the iron 6 ch. 2. 21. 7 did swim. Therefore said he, Take it up to thee. And he put out his hand, and took it.

Ministry of Elisha; he assists Israel against Syria; the relief of Samaria. 8 THEN * the king of Syria warred against Israel, and took counsel with his *1 Bi. 20. 1. 9 servants, saying, In such and such a place shall be my camp. And the man of

God sent unto the king of Israel, saying, Beware that thou pass not such a place; 10 'for thither the Syrians are come down. And the king of Israel sent to the place • Am. a 7.

which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not

once nor twice. 11 Therefore the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and

he called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not show me which of us is 12 for the king of Israel? And one of his servants said, None, my lord, o king:

but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words 13 that thou speakest in thy bedchamber. And he said, Go and spy where he is, * Ecc. 18 se

that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in

?Dothan. 14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great host: and they came 15 by night, and compassed the city about. And when the servant (or, minister) of

the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the

city, both with horses and chariots. And his servant said unto him, Alas, my
16 master! how shall we do? And he answered, Fear not: for " they that be with = 2Chr.
17 us are more than they that be with them. And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD,
I pray thee, open his

that he may see.

And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw : and, behold, the mountain was full of " horses and 18 chariots of fire round about Elisha. And when they came down to him, Elisha

prayed unto the LORD, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness. 19 And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha. And Ge. 19 11.

Elisha said unto them, This is not the way, neither is this the city: follow me,

and I will bring you to the man whom ye seek. But he led them to Samaria. P LL. 24. 18 20 And it came to pass, when they were come into Samaria,4 that Elisha said, LORD,

open the eyes of these men, that they may see. And the LORD opened their | Lk. 31. 31.

eyes, and they saw; and, behold, they were in the midst of Samaria. 21 And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them,"My father, shall 22 I smite them ? shall I smite them? And he answered, Thou shalt not smite

them: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword

and with thy bow ?5 set bread and water before them, that they may eat and 23 drink, and go to their master. And he prepared great provision for them: and

when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. So u the bands of Syria came no more 6 into the land of Israel. | The Hebrew word means a height. Some suppose as easily as the others, and could as well protect him it to be a hill, others a tower.

against it. 2 This conduct of Gehazi tended to obscure the glory of 4 This would show the Syrians that they could effect God's grace, and to compromise the prophet's character nothing against a prophet of Jehovah. for disinterestedness. It is affecting to see one who had 5 The sense is, If you would spare those whom you had been so intimately associated with such a man as Elisha taken prisoners in battle, much more ought you to spare manifesting a spirit 50 opposite : but the case of Judas those whom you have not so taken. In a political point is strikingly similar.

of view this treatment of them was eminently wise, as 3 The king of Syria strangely failed to perceive that the event showed. the God of Israel could disclose this plan to His prophet 6 That is, .for some time.'

I Ge. 1. 17.

1x10; Ro & 31; 1 Jehu

Reh, 2 11 ; Ps. 34. 1: 6.1791.11, Zech 1. $;61-7.

. L.k. 9. 51-56

Pro. 291; Mt. 4; R 12 20. ?L

see verz. &.9; ek



I. "6. 29; Deu. 28.

57,57 ylh. 3. 26.

:IK. 21. 27.

a Ru. I. 17; 1 Ki. 19. ?

6 Eze, 8. 1; 20. 1.

Lk. 1.2 32. dik. 18. 4; 21. 10.

24 And it came to pass after this, that Ben-hadad king of Syria gathered all 25 his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria. And there was a great famine

in Samaria : and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head' was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung ? for five pieces

of silver. 26 And as the king of Israel was passing by upon the wall, there cried a woman 27 unto him, saying, Help, my lord, 0 king. And he If the Lory do not help

thee, whence shall I help thee? out of the barnfloor, or out of the winepress? 28 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, This woman

said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him to-day, and we will eat my son 29 to-morrow. So * we boiled's my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the

next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him: and she hath hid her son. 30 And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he

* rent his clothes; and he passed by upon the wall, and the people looked, and 31 behold, he had sackcloth within upon his flesh. Then he said, “ God do so

and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him

this day. + 32 But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and the king sent a

man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, * See ye how this son of da murderer hath sent to take away mine head ? look,

when the messenger cometh, shut the door, and hold him fast at the door: is not 33 the sound of his master's feet behind him? And while he yet talked with them,

behold, the messenger came down unto him. And he said, Behold, 'this evil is

of the Lord; 'what should I wait for the LORD any longer? 7 Then Elisha said, Hear ye the word of the LORD; Thus saith the LORD, 8 To

morrow about this time shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a shekel, and two 2 measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria. "Then a lord on whose

hand the king leaned answered the man of God, and said, Behold, if the LORD would make windows in heaven, might this thing be? And he said, Behold,

* thou shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof. 3 And there were four leprous: men at the entering in of the gate: and they said 4 one to another, Why sit we here until we die? "If we say, We will enter into

the city, then the famine is in the city, and we shall die there : and if we sit still here, we die also. Now therefore come, and let us fall unto the host of the

Syrians : if they save us alive, we shall live; and if they kill us, we shall but 5 die. And they rose up in the twilight, to go unto the camp of the Syrians : and

when they were come to the uttermost part of the camp of Syria, behold, there 6 was no man there. For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians " to hear a

noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host: and they

said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us ° the kings of | 1 Ki. 10, 23. 7 the Hittites, 10 and the kings of the Egyptians, 11 to come upon us. Wherefore they

Parose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their ". .8 1-6: Pro.

asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life. 8 And when these Iepers came to the uttermost part of the camp, they went into

one tent, and did eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and raiment,

• Gr. 4.13: Pro. 19.3

Job 2. 9.

vers. 18, 19.

A vers. 17, 19, 20.
I Ge. 18 14; Niu. 11.

21--23Malih in

* vers. 17-20.

I Le. 18 (6.

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m Jer. 14. 18.

nch, 19. 7: Sam. 3.

24. Job 15. 21.

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1 Some critics give a different sense to these words, | also vers. 17, 18 of ch. vii.), to which the first verse of principally on the ground that the ass was an unclean the following chapter is the direct answer. animal : but the utter destitution of other means of sup- 6 That is, about a peck of fine flour for half-a-crown, porting life would overcome any objection of this kind. and two pecks of barley for the same. Plutarch mentions a similar instance of an extravagant 7 The markets for country produce are held at the price being paid for this same article by the soldiers of gates of Eastern towns. Arta xerxes.

8 Whether lepers were excluded by law from the cities 2 That such revolting food has been resorted to in famine and towns, as they had been from the camp during the may be seen in Josephus's Wars of the Jews,' v. 13, 7. journeys in the wilderness, cannot be stated with cerBut the meaning of the words is very doubtful. Bochart tainty ; but, if not, they were probably the objects of says that the Arabs give this name to a kind of pulse or such aversion that they preferred associating together, as pea, which was very common in Judea. Linnæus supposes these men did, outside the gate. At the present day, that it was a plant called the star of Bethlehem.

lepers dwell at Jerusalem near the gate of Zion, in hovels 3 This and other miseries had been foretold by Moses not much better than dog-kennels. (Deut. xxviii. 53—57). Similar things happened when 9 By what means this was done is not stated, nor is it Jerusalem was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar (see Lam. iv. important. It is enough to know that God caused it. 10; Ezek, v. 10) and by the Romans.

10 This is probably a general term for the Canaanitish 4 Because it was thought that he had brought this nations; some of whom, particularly this tribe, still recalamity on, or that he did not exercise his power to mained in the neighbourhood ; partly subject to the remove it.

Hebrews in the time of Solomon, but now apparently 5 The language of Elisha makes it appear probable independent. See 1 Kings ix. 20; x. 29. that the king followed close upon his messenger; and 11 This name is used to designate the nations south of that the unbelieving and reproachful interrogation in Palestine, of whom the Egyptians were the most disthe next verse was addressed by him to the prophet (see | tinguished.

Jos. & 4; Jadg. 22.

and went and hid it; and came again, and entered into another tent, and carried 9 thence also, and went and hid it. Then they said one to another, We do not

well: this day is a day of good tidings, and we hold our peace: if we tarry till the morning light, some mischief will come upon us : now therefore come, that

we may go and tell the king's household. 10 So they came and called unto the porter of the city: and they told them,

saying, We came to the camp of the Syrians, and, behold, there was no man

there, neither voice of man, but horses tied, and asses tied, and the tents as 11 they were. And he called the porters; and they told it to the king's house

within. 12 And the king arose in the night, and said unto his servants, I will now show

you what the Syrians have done to us. They know 9 that we be hungry; there- och. 6. 25–2.

fore are they gone out of the camp 'to hide themselves in the field, saying, When 13 they come out of the city, we shall catch them alive, and get into the city. And

one of his servants answered and said, Let some take, I pray thee, five of the horses that remain, which are left in the city, (behold, they are as all the

multitude of Israel that are left in it: behold," I say, they are even as all the 14 multitude of the Israelites that are consumed :) and let us send and see. They

took therefore two chariot horses; and the king sent after the host of the Syrians, 15 saying, Go and see. And they went after them unto Jordan : and, lo, all the

way was full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians had cast away in their

haste. And the messengers returned, and told the king. 16 And the people went out, and spoiled the tents of the Syrians. So a measure

of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, 17 according to the word of the Lord. And the king appointed the lord on whose ver. I.

hand he leaned to have the charge of the gate : and the people trode upon him in

the gate, and he died, 'as the man of God had said, who spake when the kingver. 2; ch. & 2 18 came down to him. And it came to pass as the man of God had spoken to the

king, saying, " Two measures of barley for a shekel, and a measure of fine flour - ver. I. 19 for a shekel, shall be to-morrow about this time in the gate of Samaria : and that

lord answered the man of God, and said, Now, behold, if the Lord should make

windows in heaven, might such a thing be? And he said, Behold, thou shalt see 20 it with thine eyes : but shalt not eat thereof. And - so it fell out unto him : for the people


upon him in the gate, and he died. 4 Ministry of Elisha; the Shunamite and her land; Ben-hadad and Hazael. 8

THENS spake Elisha unto the woman, whose son he had restored to life, y ch. 1. 35 saying, Arise, and go thou and thine household, and sojourn wheresoever thou

canst sojourn : for the Lord · hath called for a famine; and it shall also come 2 upon the land seven years. And the woman arose, and did after the saying of the

man of God: and she went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the

Philistines o seven years. 3 And it came to pass at the seven years' end, that the woman returned out of the

land of the Philistines : and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house 4 and for her land. And the king talked with a Gebazi the servant of the man of ch. S 2-9. God, saying, Tell me,


pray thee, all the great things that Elisha hath done. 5 And it came to pass, as he was telling the king how he had restored a dead body

to life, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the

king for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this is 6 the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life. And when the

king asked the woman, she told him. So the king appointed unto her a certain officer, saying, a Restore all that was her's, and all the fruits of the field since the 1 Jud. 11. 13; 1 51.

day that she left the land, even until now. 7 And Elisha came to Damascus ; and Ben-hadad the king of Syria was sick;

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: P. 106 16: 107. 14:

J-r. 29Hag. 1 11.

6 lk. 9. 9; 28; Ac.

ech. 35

1 There is evidently a clause repeated here which is equally certain of accomplishment. omitted in several Hebrew manuscripts and ancient ver- 5 Rather, “And.' It is probable that Elisha said this sions. The whole parenthesis should probably be read before the events related in the two preceding chapters, thus : 'for, behold! they only of all the multitude which and that it is mentioned here in consequence of what were in Israel remained unconsumed.'

occurred upon the woman's return, after the restoration 2 Holding this post, he seemed less likely than others of plenty. From the mention of Gehazi in ver. 4, some to lose the benefit of the promised plenty.

expositors have inferred that these events occurred before 3 In their eagerness to reach the Syrian camp and the cure of Naaman. See ch. v. 27. share in its spoils.

6 If the famine were caused by drought, the lowlands 4 Disbelief of God's word is a sin of heinous guilt and near the sea were less likely to suffer from it than the of awful consequences. It not only loses promised bless- mountainous districts, and they might also obtain supplies ings, but also brings down threatened punishments; for by sea.

If it were occasioned or aggravated by Syrian His promises and threatenings are here shown to be invasion, the Philistines in the south might be exempt.


el ki. 19. 15

& ch. 1. 2.

A ch. 6 21: 13. 14; 16.

7; 1Sam. 25. 8.

i Gr. 41. 39: Jer. 38.

21: Eze, 11. 25. A ver. 15. II.k. 19.41; John II.

35. men. 10. 32, 31; 12. 17:

13. 3, 7; Ani. I. 3, 4.

"eh. 15. 16: Hos, 13.

16: Am. 1. 13. .) Sam. 17. 43.

ver. 10; Mt. 26. 16.

Igre parallel, 2 Chr.

21. 5-7. ueh. 3. 2, 3. "ver. 26.


2 (nr. 21. 7. Ych. 3. 27; Ge. 27. 40:

Pe parallel, 2 Chr. 21. 8-10.

1 ki. 22. 47. a Ge. 27. 40.

8 and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come hither. And the king said

unto Hazael, Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and 9 r inquire of the Lord by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease ? So Hazael : Sam. 9. 7;

went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden,' and came and stood before him, and said, “Thy

son Ben-hadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this 10 disease? And Elisha said unto him, Go, say unto him, Thou mayest certainly 11 recover :? how beit 'the Lord hath showed me that * he shall surely die. And

he settled his countenance stedfastly, until he was ashamed : and the man of God 12 'wept. And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I

know " the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel : their strongholds

wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and 13 * wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child. And Hazael said,

But what, "is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And

Elisha answered, The Lord hath showed me that thou shalt be king over Syria. P 1 Ki. 19. 15. 14 So he departed from Elisha, and came to his master; who said to him, What said

Elisha to thee? And he answered, . He told me that thou shouldest surely recover. 15 And it came to pass on the morrow, that he took a thick cloth, and dipped it in P2.36 € water, and spread it on his face, so that he died : and Hazael reigned in his stead.

Reigns of Jehoram and Ahaziah in Judah. 16 · AND in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat* being then king of Judah, •Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to

2 Chr. 21. 3, 4. 17 reign. "Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned 18 eight years in Jerusalem. And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as

did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did eril 19 in the sight of the Lord. Yet the Lord would not destroy Judah for David his

servant's sake, * as he promised him to give him alway a light, and to his children. 1 Sam 1:13;

In his days » Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, - and made a king 21 over themselves. So Joram went over to Zair, and all the chariots with him :

and he rose by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him about, and 22 the captains of the chariots: and the people fled into their tents. Yet Edom

revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted

at the same time. 23 And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in 24 the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah ? • And Joram slept with his

fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David : and haziah his

son reigned in his stead. 25 In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did * Ahaziah the 26 son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. Two and twenty years old was

Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And 27 his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel. And

he walked in the way of.the house of Ahah, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, 28 as did the house of Åhab: for "he was the son-in-law of the house of Ahab. And

he went with Joram the son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in " 2 Chr. 22. 5. 29 Ramoth-gilead : and the Syrians wounded Joram. And " king Joram went back "ch 9. 15.

to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at " Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. "And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was

> ? Chr. 21. 10.

see murallel, ? Chr.

21. 20, aut 2.16 d callei dirth,

2 Chr. 22. 6. und Jr. hohi 2 Chr. 21. 17;

25. 23. • 2 Chr. 22. 1. I see ? Chr. 22. 2-6

ch. 11. 1.
horgranddrughter :

Bre v-r. 18
12 Chr. 22. 3, 4.
k ver. 18

sick (or, wounded). 1 A camel's burden would probably be from 300 to the dog! (Sept., this dead dog!) that he should do this 600 lbs. : but in such a case the number of camels would great work!'* 'The prophet's answer is plainly calculated be unnecessarily increased, both to display the king's to meet this expression of surprise: "Thou shalt be king? wealth and to honour the prophet.

4 The clause • Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah' 2 Some render, Go, say, Thou shalt not live; for the is not found in several ancient manuscripts and versions, Lord,' etc. But the translation in the text is supported and appears inconsistent with 2 Chron. xxi. 1, 5. by the best authorities. It means that his disease was 5 Although this revolt seems to have been temporarily not mortal, and would not be the cause of his death; suppressed, it appears that the dominion of Judah over but that nevertheless he would die.

Edom was never completely restored. Thus was fulfilled 3 This expression has been often interpreted as an out- the second part of Isaac's prediction respecting Esau in break of indignant horror at being thought capable of Gen. xxvii. 40. The loss of Edom must have put a stop such atrocities. But, considering the character and con- to all Indian voyages from Ezion-geber. duct of Hazael, and the spirit of the warfare of that age, 6 Libnah was one of the priests' cities (see Josh. xxi. it is more natural to understand the exclamation as the 13); and its revolt was probably caused by the introduce language of assumed or of real self-depreciation, and as tion of the worship of Baal (sec 2 Chron. xxi. 10). expressing a doubt whether a person so inconsiderable 7 The intermarriage of the two houses greatly aggraas he was could ever have it in his power to do such a vated the wickedness of Judah, so that it resembled that great (as he himself calls it, not such an evil) thing, of Israel in its worst form, even to the degree of Ahab's, The Hebrew text stands thus : “But what! thy servant ! which was more atrocious than Jeroboam's.

n called Ramoth, ver.

28 och. 9. 16; 2 Chr. 22.

6, 7.

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