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32. 7. .

Ps. 10, 11. ver. 13.

a

31

! eh. 2 27; Ge. 3.31;

2 Sam. 3 31.

:

4

12

"ch. 15. 20

5 ver. 42
y? Ki. 23,5,7. 15.
. ch. 13. 17, 18.

a ch. 13. 21-24

children of Israel pitched before them like 'two little flocks of kids :' but the 1• Dev 32 30 ; ? Chr.

Syrians filled the country. 28 And there came a man of God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus

saith the LORD, P Because the Syrians have said, The Lord is God of the hills, P ver. 23 but he is not God of the valleys, therefore will I deliver all this great multitude ver. 18: Deu. 22 87;

into thine hand, and 'ye shall know that I am the Lord. 29 And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And so it was, that

in the seventh day the battle was joined : and the children of Israel slew of the 30 Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day. But the rest fled to Aphek,

into the city; and there a wall? fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left.

And Ben-hadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber. And his ch. 22 25 servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings :3 let us, I pray thee, 'put sackcloth on our loins, and

ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save 32 thy life. So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, 4

and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Ben-hadad saith, I pray thee, 33 let me live. And he said, Is he yet alive? he is my brother. Now the men did

diligently observe whether any thing would come from him, and did hastily catch it :5 and they said, Thy brother Ben-hadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him.

Then Ben-hadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the 34 chariot. And Ben-hadad said unto him, " The cities, which my father took from

thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then said Ahab, I will send thee away with this

covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away.? 35 And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his neighbour ’ in the word of the LORD, Smite me, I pray thee. “And the man refused to smite him.

Ι 36 Then said he unto him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of the LORD,

behold, as soon as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as 37 soon as he was departed from him, a a lion found him, and slew him. Then he

found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, 38 so that in smiting he wounded him. So the prophet departed, and waited for the 39 king by the way, and disguised himself with ashes ' upon his face. And • as the mos Jude 2: 7:ete. ;

king passed by, he cried unto the king: and he said, 'Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle ; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man

unto me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he be missing, then shall • 2 Ki. 10. 24 40 thy life be for his life, or else thou shalt pay a talent of silver. And as thy

servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto 41 him, 'So shall thy judgment be ; thyself hast decided it. And he hasted, and 2 Sarn. 12 5, 6

took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned him that 42 he was of the prophets. And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, 'Because we;. 94; ch. 22 31

thou hast let go out of thy hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, 10 43 therefore thy life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people. And the king of Israel & went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.

The murder of Naboth; Elijah denounces judgments upon Ahab. 21 AND it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vine2 yard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. And

Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for $1.20 17; 1 Sam. a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house : and I will give thee for it a

better vineyard than it; or, if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of 3 it in money. And Naboth said to Ahah, The Lord forbid it me, that I should

give the inheritancell of my fathers unto thee. 1 Goats are never seen together in such numbers as 6 That is, he gave permission to establish an Israelitish sheep. Hence the small army of the Israclites is aptly quarter in the Syrian capital. compared to two little flocks of kids.

7 This conduct of Ahab arose not from any real bene: To obviate the difficulty of so large a number being volence, but from mere weakness and foolish vanity, To killed by a wall, some read, with a few MSS., the heat, liberate this faithless enemy of Israel was great cruelty to or the hot wind. Others remark that, according to the his own subjects, and a direct disobedience to the comHebrew, 'twenty-seven thousand men' is the number of mand implied in the curse. See ver. 42. the whole remaining army; only a part of whom they 8 The punishment of this man's disobedience illustrated suppose to have been destroyed.

and confirmed both the parable and the threat. 3 This is a decisive answer to the accusations of cruelty 9 The Septuagint and the Chaldee read, more approto conquered enemies which are sometimes brought against priately, with a bandage upon his face. This requires the Hebrew kings. Their very foes deemed them supe- a change of only one letter in the Hebrew. rior in clemency to themselves. See note on 2 Sam. viii. 2. 10 Heb., *The man of my curse. For the fulfilment of 4 Rather, with ropes about their necks.'

the following sentence, see ch. xxii. 35; 2 Kings x. 32. 5 Or, “And the men took it as a good omen, for they

11 Naboth's refusal to part with his vineyard was appaquickly caught what (fell] from him.

rently grounded on religious principle. He seems to have

2 Sam. 12 , etc.

d Ex. 21. 30; Job 36

18

--37

6 ch. 21. 4; Pro. 19. &

i

1 T.e. 25 23 : Num. 36.

7; Eze, 4d. 18.

375

I see refs. Des. 19. IS

see rets. Der 13 13

EL 92 29: Le. 24

15, 16; Ac 6 11, 13 · L. 24. 14

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4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which

Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee

the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned 5 away his face, and would eat no bread. But * Jezebel his wife came to him, and ch. 16 31. 6 said unto him, Why is thy spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread? And he said

unto her, Because I spake unto Naboth the Jezreelite, and said unto him, Give me thy vineyard for money; or else, if it please thee, I will give thee another

vineyard for it: and he answered, I will not give thee my vineyard. 7 And Jezebel his wife said unto him, Dost thou now govern the kingdom of

Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: I will give thee the 8 vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite. So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and

sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles 9 that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth. And she wrote in the letters, saying, 10 Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people: and set 'two men,

sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst

" blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he 11 And the men of his city,” even the elders and the nobles who were the inha

bitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, and as it was written in 12 the letters which she had sent unto them. They proclaimed a fast, and set P 1 586 13 Naboth on high among the people. And there came in two men, children of

Belial, and sat before him; and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God

and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city,' and 9 stoned him with a sve tefs. Le. Na 2 14 stones, that he died. Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, "and see ? Ki 9. *

is dead. 15 And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was

dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth

the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money : for Naboth is not alive, 16 but dead. And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that

Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take posses

sion of it. 17,18 •And the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, Arise, go

down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which is in Samaria :5 behold, he is in the 19 vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it. And thou shalt speak

unto him, saying, Thus saith the Lord, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the Lord," In the place chlade. 1.

where? dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine. 20

And Ahab said to Elijah, * Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found thee: because y thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the "3.5.!? 1: 52 21 sight of the Lord. Behold, 'I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab a him that pisseth against the wall

, and 22 him that is shut up and left in Israel, and will make thine house like the house

of • Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of "Baasha the son of Ahijah,

for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and made Israel 23 to sin. And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebels ? Ei. 2. 10, 33–37. 24 by the wall of Jezreel. Him that dieth of Abab in the city the dogs shall eat;

and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat. 25 (But "there was none like unto Ahab, which did 'sell himself to work wicked-ch. 16. 39, ete. 26 ness in sight of the Lord, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up. And he did very

k abominably in following idols, according to all things 'as did the Amorites, whom

• Ps. 9. 12.

I ch.12 32? Chr.

7;K

seh. 1& 17.

lí I ch.14 10: E.. 20.5;

2 Ki. 9. & . 1 Sam. SS. 22 deb. 14. 10

ech. 13 29.
4 c. 1 1 11.
* ch. 14. 16.

Sch. 14. 11; 16.4

i ver. 90
keh. l 31.
I Ge. 15. 16; 2 KL. 91.

the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.) 27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he m rent his clothes, regarded the Mosaic law as forbidding him to part with 4 Ahab appears to have gone with some state upon this his patrimony. See refs. If, however, that were not so, occasion. See 2 Kings ix. 25. Ahab had no right to compel the sale or exchange. Ahab 5 That is, who rules at Samaria.' It was at Jezreel exhibits in this affair all the feebleness of his character. that Elijah met Ahab. But Jezebel resolutely made her way to her object through 6 A man is not the less guilty because his weakness of the fourfold guilt of deceit, perjury, robbery, and murder. character prevents his being more than an accomplice.

1 Pretending, apparently, to fear some national calami- 7 Some give these words a very unusual rendering: ties, and then fixing upon Naboth as the cause of the 'In the place of,' meaning 'In return for the dogz lickdreaded judgment. There is no wickedness so great but ing,' etc.; or, Like as dogs licked the blood of Naboth, religion has sometimes been made a cover for it.

so,' etc. But the translation in the text is supported by 2 An instance of the servility produced by high-handed the ancient versions, and by Josephus, who represents the despotism. The elders of this city not long after obeyed chariot of Ahab (ch. xxii. 38) as being washed at the founJehu's order to kill Ahab's descendants (2 Kings x. 1-7). tain of Jezreel. Some suppose that Naboth was taken to

3 That there might be no heir or avenger, his sons also Samaria to be put to death; others that this part of the were put to death. See 2 Kings ix. 26.

sentence was postponed (see ver. 29; 2 Kings ix. 25, 26).

11.

see refs. Nam 16

nch, 20. 31; Ge. 37.

31: Jon, 3. G. • Ls. 3. 15.

+ P, P. 5
99 KL. 9. 25, 26; 10.

1-7.

see prallel, 2 Chr. eh. 18

• Deu. 43

12 Ki. 3. 7; ? Chr.

19. 2.

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see Num. 27. 21.

rch. 18. 19.

Jer. 14. 13, H; Mt. 7. 15.

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als. 30. 10.

and " put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went 28 softly. And the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, Seest 29 thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me ? because he humbleth himself

before me, ” I will not bring the evil in his days : but ? in his son's days will I
bring the evil upon his house.
Ahab forms alliance with Jehoshaphat ; rejects Micaiah's warning, and is killed in battle

with the Syrians.
22 AND they continued three years without war between Syria and Israel. And
2 it came to pass in the third year, that "Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came
3 down to the king of Israel. And the king of Israel said unto his servants, Know

ye that 'Ramoth in Gilead is ours,” and we be still, and take it not out of the hand 4 of the king of Syria ? And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go with me to

battle to Ramoth-gilead? And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, 'I am as

thou art, my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses. 5 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, « Inquire, I pray thee, at the 6 word of the LORD to-day. Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets

together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall I go against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? y And they said, Go up: for the LORD shall

deliver it into the hand of the king. 7 And · Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the Lord besides, that * 2 K. 3 11. 8 we might inquire of him? And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There

is yet one man, Micaiahs the son of Imlah, by whom we may inquire of the Lord: but I hate him; "for he doth not prophesy good concerning nie, but evil. And

Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.* 9 Then the king of Israel called an officer, and said, Hasten hither Micaiah the 10 son of Imlah. And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat

each on his throne, having put on their robes, in a void place in the entrance of 11 the gate of Samaria ; and all the prophets prophesied before them. And Zede- ch. 18. 22

kiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron :5 and he said, Thus saith the LORD, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until

thou have consumed them. 12 And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and prosper :

for the LORD shall deliver it into the king's hand. 13 And the messenger that was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold

now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king with one mouth : let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak that which is

I 14 good. And Micaiah said, As the Lord liveth, what the LORD saith unto me, 15 that will I speak. So he came to the king.

And the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, Go, and prosper: for the Lord 16 shall deliver it into the hand of the king. And the king said unto him, How

many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell me nothing but that which is true 17 in the name of the Lord? And he said, I saw all Israel 4 scattered upon the

hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd:? and the LORD said, These have no

master : let them return every man to his house in peace. 18 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, "Did I not tell thee that he

would prophesy no good concerning me, but evil? i Their families were connected by the marriage of him messages of rebuke and warning. Some suppose him Jehoshaphat's son to Athaliah, Ahab's daughter (see to be the prophet who had displeased Ahab some time 2 Kings viii. 18). Jehoshaphat, perhaps, hoped that by before (see ch. xx. 35), and to have been imprisoned this means the whole of Israel might ultimately be re- for his fidelity and boldness on that occasion (compare united under the government of his family, and in the vers. 9, 26, 27). worship of the God of their fathers. But the result was 4 Jehoshaphat's feeble rebuke of Ahab's impious far different (see 2 Kings xi. 1, etc.) By this unholy and arowal, his silent connivance at the treatment of Micaiah unwise alliance he countenanced the corruptions of Israel, (vers. 24—27), and his continued willingness to go with and opened a way for their introduction into Judah; Ahab, show great feebleness of principle. Whatever his where in the following reigns, they produced a state of intentions may have been, his conduct evidently tended to awful alienation from God, and brought the kingdom to encourage Ahab in his evil course, and to accelerate his the brink of ruin. While in Ahab we have a striking ruin. His life presents an impressive warning to those instance of a weak and wicked man, frequently arrested who would aim to benefit others by concessions inconin his course and partially humbled, yet finally hardened sistent with their own principles. in iniquity; in Jehoshaphat we see the still more affect- 5 Representing Ahab's strength and success. ing case of a sincerely pious man, whose weak compliances 6 This ironical reply, repeating the very words of the were perilous to himself, and mischievous to his family false prophets, was as much as to say, 'You favour and and kingdom, through successive generations.

believe these prophcts who bid you go; then go by all 2 Ramoth-gilead was one of the cities which Ben- means, for you have their assurance of success.' Åhab hadad had promised to restore (ch. xx. 34); which, how- plainly saw his meaning, probably from his tone of voice, ever, on regaining his freedom, he had not done.

countenance, and gesture. 3 Micaiah's name has not occurred before; but Ahab's * This was a proverbial expression, derived from language implies that he had previously received from Numb. xxvii. 17.

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e Num. 22. 38; Jer.

2. 28; 26. 2; 42. 4.

Num. 27. 17; Mt. 9. 36.

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e ver. 8; Pro. 10. 24.

377

103 0,21 : IX. & 2 3; Dan. 7. 10; Zech, 1. 10; Me 18 10; Heb. I. 7, IL

i John & 44: ? Thes

2. 9; Ros. 16 14 Jurig. 9. 23; Job 12 16: Eur, 14. 9? Thes. 2. 11, 12; Rer.

2 Chr. 16. 10; Jer. 37. 15 * Deu 16 P Num 16. 29; Dec

1821-72; ls 44 88 Jer. & 9.

92 Chr. 35 22: Pro

21. 30.

19 And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: "I saw the LORD | 18. & 1: Eve. 1. 26

sitting on his throne, 1 8 and all the host of heaven standing by him on his rights Job i. 6,2 i Pu 20 hand and on his left. And the Lord said, Who shall persuade [or, deceive]

Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And one said on this 21 manner, and another said on that manner. And * there came forth a spirit, and A Job I. & 22 stood before the LORD, and said, I will persuade him. And the LORD said unto

him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a 'lying spirit in

the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and 23 prevail also : go forth, and do so. Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath put a

lying spirit? in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil | Eze"in 9.

concerning thee. 24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek,

and said, " Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? *2 Chr. 18. 93 25 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an

inner chamber to hide thyself. 26 And the king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon 27 the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son; and say, Thus saith the

king, " Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and 28 with water of affliction, until I come in peace. And Micaiah said, If thou return

at all in peace, P the LORD hath not spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, O

people, every one of you. 29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth30 gilead. And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself,

and enter into the battle; but put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel 31 disguised himself, and went into the battle. But the king of Syria commanded

his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying, Fight neither 32 with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel. And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat,

that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat 33" cried out. And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived

that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him. 34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israeló between

the joints of the harness : wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn 35 thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded. And the battle

increased that day: and the king was stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians,

and died at even: and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the 36 chariot. And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going

down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own 37 country. So the king died, and was brought to Samaria ; and they buried the 38 king in Samaria. And one washed the chariot in the pool of Samaria ;; and the

dogs licked up his blood; and they washed his armour ; according : unto the ch. 21. 19.

word of the LORD which he spake. 39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and 'the ivory house

which he made, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the book 40 of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.

Jehoshaphat's reign over Judah, and Ahaziah's over Israel, 41 AND " Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth 42 year of Ahab king of Israel. Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when

he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his 43 mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. And • he walked in all the

ways of Asa his father; y he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right

"2 Chr. 18 31; Pra.

13. 30.

1 Am. 2 18

see parallel, ? Chr. 20. 31-34

rch. 18 I1, 14; ! Chr.

17. I
y ch, 55

1 This was a parable, describing in figurative language, confidence, but in the moment of extremity was sared borrowed perhaps from some well-known transactions, through faith and prayer. See 2 Chron. xviii. 31. the events shortly about to take place, under tho permis- 4 Such was Ben-hadad's return for Ahab's misplaced sion of God. In such parables the narrative is often no- kindness. See ch. xx. 34. thing more than a vehicle to convey the truth.

5. While wicked men are calculating on the success of 2 God righteously leaves men who hate the truth, and their devices (see ver. 32), the hand of God often reaches are willing to be deceived, under the influence of the them, and inflicts their predetermined doom. great deceiver (see 2 Thess. ii. 10-12); making even 6 The Israelites appear to have made a successful Satan an instrument of accomplishing His own purposes retreat after their king was slain. Thus Micaiah's proof good by the destruction of the evil.

phecy (ver. 17) was exactly fulfilled. 3 Although Ahab had overcome the scruples of his ally, 7. The meaning is, They washed his chariot in the he was evidently himself alarmed; and, in the hope of pool of Samaria; and, while they were cleaning his arescaping the predicted danger (ver. 17), cunningly pro- mour, the dogs licked his blood.' See note on ch. xxi. 19. poses to resign the post of honour to his too easy friend; 8 That is, coated or inlaid with ivory; a style of decowho narrowly escaped paying the penalty of his foolish ration not uncommon in the East.

.eh. 14. 23 ; 15. 14;

? Ki. 12. 3. & 2 Chr. 19. 2; 9 Cor.

6. 14.

45

2

in the eyes of the LORD: nevertheless ? the high places were not taken away;" for 44 the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places. And a Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he showed, and how he warred, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings 46 of Judah ? And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of ch. 14, 24; 15. 12 47 his father Asa, he took out of the land. 48

There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.? Jehoshaphat made ce. 25. 23:7; 40; ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: 6 but they went not; for the ships were 49 broken at ^ Ezion-geber. Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat,

Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not. 50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father : and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

igne parallel, 2 Chr. 51 * Ahaziahs the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth * ver. 10. 52 year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel. And he

did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and "in

the way of his mother, " and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made 53 Israel to sin: for he served Baal, and worshipped him, and P provoked to anger

the LORD God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.

2 Sam&. ; .

39: 8. 20. dsm parallel, 2 Chr.

20. 35. tc. ech. 10. 22.

eh. 9. 8.

? Chr. 20. 37. A ch. 9. 26.

21. 1.

Ich. 15. 26.
* ch. 21. 25.
neh. 14. 9-16
• eh. 16. 31; Judg.

2. 11.
2 c. 16, 7, P. 10, Q.
ch. 21. 29.

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1 See notes on ch. xv. 14; 2 Chron. xv. 17.

entering into this league, would not consent to renew 2 Under the king of Judah. See note on ch. xii. 20.

the attempt. 3 Probably by a storm.

5 There is a remarkable identity of names in the two 4 On comparing this with 2 Chron. xx. 36, 37, it ap- royal families of Israel and Judah, during several generapears to refer to a second proposal on the part of Ahaziah. tions, arising from the connection between them, by the Jehoshaphat, having been reproved and punished for marriage of Jehoshaphat's son with Ahab's daughter.

THE SECOND BOOK OF THE KINGS,

OTHERWISE CALLED

THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE KINGS.

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The contents of this book, which is a continuation of the the Assyrians; overthrow of the kingdom; and colonizapreceding, and comprises a period of about three hundred tion of the land of Israel by idolaters (xvii.) years, may be divided into two parts:

II. The history of the surviving KINGDOM OF JUDAH I. The further history of the TWO KINGDOMS of Israel continued to its overthrow by the Chaldeans: comprising and Judah to the end of the former : containing the Hezekiah's good reign ; invasions of the Assyrians, and ministry of Elijah continued; his message to Ahaziah destruction of Sennacherib's army (xviii., xix. Heze(ch. i.); his translation to heaven (ii. 1-11). The minis- kiah's sickness, and recovery;

of ambassadors from try and miracles of Elisha (ii. 11-vüi. 15). The reigns | Babylon (xx.). Wicked reigns of Manasseh and Amon of Jehoram and Ahaziah in Judah (vui. 16—29). Reign (xxí.); Josiah's good reign, and reformations (xxii.of Jehu in Israel (ix., x.) Athaliah's usurpation, and xxiii. 30). Reigns of Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, and Jehoiathe preservation and reign of Joash in Judah (xi., xii.) chin ; invasions of the Chaldeans, and the first general Reigns of Jehoahaz and Jehoash in Israel ; Elisha's last

transportation of the people to Babylon (xxiii. 31-axiv. prophecy and death (xiii.) Reign of Amaziah in Judah; | 17). "Reign of Zedekiah; capture of Jerusalem by Nebuand of Jeroboam 11. in Israel (xiv.) Reign of Azariah chadnezzar ; destruction of the city and temple; and in Judah; and of Zachariah, Shallum, Menahem, Peka- second transportation of the people to Babylon (xxiv. 18 hiah, and 'Pekah in Israel; Assyrian invasions (xv. 1-31). ----xxv. 21).' Gedaliah is appointed governor, and is Reigns of Jotham and Ahaz Judah (xv. 32–xvi.) killed; the remnant of the people flee into Egypt; mitiReign of Hoshea in Israel; conquest of the country by ' gation of Jehoiachin's captivity (xxv. 22—30).

Ministry of Elijah continued ; his message to Ahaziah. 1 THEN Moab a rebelled against Israell bafter the death of Ahab. And Ahaziah 2 fell down through a lattice 2 in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was

sick : and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of · Baal-zebub3 | Mt. 12. 24, Beelsebub. 3 the god of " Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease. But the angel of the

LORD said to · Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the ' 1 Ki. 17. 1. king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel,

42 Sam. 8. 2. beli. 3. 5

:

dl Sam. S. 10.

1 The Moabites had been subdued by David; and upon 3 Literally, the Lord of flies ;' i. e. the Fly-God-the the division of the kingdom their vassalage and tribute tutelary god of Ekron: so called, because he was worhad been transferred to the kings of Israel; as that of shipped either under the form of a fly, like the beetle-god Edom had remained to those of Judah.

of the Egyptians, or as the supposed protector against 2 Either a latticed window, or more likely a balustrade. such annoying insects.

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