Obrázky stránek

eh. 4 29: I KL 18
46: Jer. I. 17.
ch. & 28, 29.

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I ki, 19. 16; ? Chr.

I Sain. 25. 22
Deu. 34. 6
Iki 14. 10; 153:
21. 2

Iki 16.11.
/ Ters, 35, 36; 1 KL

21. 22

Ae. %6. 24I Cor. 4. ja

A Mt. 21. 7, &

! Heb. Jeneran.

Jehu is anointed; slays the kings of Israel and Judah, and the worshippers of Baal ;

and reigns over Israel. 9 AND Elisha the prophetcalled one of p the children of the prophets, and said " ? Ki. 2. 35

unto him, 9 Gird up thy loins, and take this box of oil in thine hand,' and go to 2 Ramoth-gilead : and when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu the son of

Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among 3 his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber; then 'take the box of oil, and

pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith the LORD, I have anointed thee king over 4 Israel. Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not. So the young man, even the

young man the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead. 5 And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting; and he said,

I have an errand to thee, O captain. And Jehu said, Unto which of all us? And 6 he said, To thee, O captain. And he arose, and went into the house; and he

poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, " Thus saith the LORD God of

Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of the LORD, even over Israel. -i ki. 2 8; 14 7. 7 And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, y that I may avenge the " see refa Deu 32 33

blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD 8 : at the hand of Jezebel. For the whole house of Ahab shall perish : and a I will - Ki. 18. 10:29

cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and · him that is shut up 9 and left in Israel: and I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam 10 the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah : 1 and the dogs

shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her.

And he opened the door, and fled. 11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and one said unto him, Is

all well? wherefore came & this mad fellow to thee? And he said unto them, Ye : 2008 12 know the man, and his communication. And they said, It is false ;' tell us now.

And he said, Thus and thus spake he to me, saying, Thus saith the Lord, I have 13 anointed thee king over Israel

. Then they ħasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and i blew with trumpets, i 2 Sam. 15. 12 14 saying, Jehu is king! So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi con

spired against Joram. (Now Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel,
15 because of Hazael king of Syria. But * king 'Joram was returned to be healed in the

Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with
Hazael king of Syria.)

And Jehu said, If it be your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the 16 city to go to tell it in Jezreel. So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for

Joram lay there. m And Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram.5 ch. & 29. 17 And there stood a watchman on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company

of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take an horse18 man, and send to meet them, and let him say, Is it peace? So there went one on

horseback to meet him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu

said, What hast thou to do with peace ?? turn thee behind me. And the watch19 man told, saying, The messenger came to them, but he cometh not again. Then

he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said, Thus saith the

king, Is it peace? And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do with peace ? turn 20 thee behind me. And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and

cometh not again : and the driving (or, marching) is like the driving of Jehu the 21 son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously. And Joram said, Make ready. And his

chariot was made ready. And * Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah * ? Chr. 22. 7. went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in

the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite. 22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And

he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and 23 her witchcrafts 8 are so many? And Joram turned his hands,9 and fled, and said

1 Elijah had been commissioned, about twelve years they have to pass. If there was no time for preparation, before, to anoint Jehu to reign over Israel and to execute the robes and mantles of the persons present were used vengeance on the family and adherents of Ahab; but, for this purpose. See Matt. xxi. 8. upon Ahab's humiliation, a respite had been granted, 5 Neither Ahaziah nor Joram knew anything of what and the commission was now given to Elisha, as Elijah's had taken place at Ramoth-gilead, because Jehu and his successor; who fulfilled it by deputy, probably either on captains had taken care to prevent any one leaving the city. account of his advanced age, or because he was too well 6 Probably a gate-tower to the palace at Jezreel. known to be employed in an affair requiring secresy. 7 That is, “What matters it to thee whether there be 2 The word generally translated 'sons.'

peace or war? 3 To give the lie is not at all so offensive to Orientals 8 These expressions seem to refer to the licentious and as it is to us.

superstitious practices connected with the idolatries which 4 It is an ancient custom to honour royal and other Jezebel had patronized. illustrious personages by covering the ground over which 9 That is, his reins,' so turning his chariot round.

* Jer. 39: 13

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in the kingdom of Samaria, ? Chr. 22 9.

11 Ki. 16. 9--20.

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ul ki. 16. 31.


I KL 21. 23.

y Ps. 83. 10; Jer. 8. 3;


24 to Ahaziah, There is treachery, 0 Ahaziah. And Jehu drew a bow with his full

strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his 23 heart, and he sunk down in his chariot. Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain,

Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite : for

remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, P the P1 Ki. 21. 19,94–29. 26 Lord laid this burden upon him; Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of

Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and ? I will requite thee in 166. 21. 19. this plat (or, portion), saith the LORD. Now therefore take and cast him into

the plat of ground, according to the word of the Lord. 27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the

garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the

chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he 28 fled to 'Megiddo, and died there. And his servants carried him in a chariot to

Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. 29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over

Judah. 30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; ' and she painted her Jer. 1.30; Ex. 22. 40 31 face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window. And as Jehu entered in 32 at the gate, she said, ' Had Zimri peace, who slew his master? And he lifted up

his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side? who? And there looked 33 out to him two or three eunuchs (or, chamberlains). And he said, Throw her

down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the 34 wall, and on the horses : and he trode her under foot.And when he was come

in, le did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her: 35 for " she is a king's daughter. And they went to bury her: but they found no 36 more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands. Wherefore

they came again, and told him. And he said, This is the word of the LORD, which

he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, "In the portion of Jezreel 37 shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel : and the carcase of Jezebel shall be y as dung

upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say,

This is Jezebel. 10 And Ahab had seventy sons? in Samaria. And Jehu wrote letters, and sent to

Samaria, unto the rulers of Jezreel,8 to the elders, and to them that brought up 2 Ahab's children, saying, Now as soon as this letter cometh to you, seeing your

master's song are with you, and there are with you chariots and horses, a fenced 3 city also, and armour; look even out the best and meetest of your master's sons, 4 and set him on his father's throne, and fight for your master's house. But they

were exceedingly afraid, and said, Behold, -two kings stood not before him : how 5 then shall we stand? And he that was over the house, and he that was over the

city, the elders also, and the bringers up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying,
* We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; we will not make a Jos. 9. IL

any king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes.
6 Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, If ye be mine (for me

and if ye will hearken unto my voice, take ye the heads of the men your master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to-morrow this time. Now the king's sons,

being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them 7

up. And it came to pass, when the letter came to them, that they took the

king's sons, and slew seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent 8 him them to Jezreel. And there camé a messenger, and told him, saying, They

have brought the heads of the king's sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two 9 heaps at the entering in of the gate until the morning. And it came to pass in

the morning, that he went out, and stood, and said to all the people, 9 Ye be

righteous: behold, " I conspired against my master, and slew him : but who slew 10 all these? Know now that there shall · fall unto the earth nothing of the word

of the LORD, which the Lord spake concerning the house of Ahab: for the Lord 11 hath done that which he spake by his servant Elijah. So Jehu slew all that 1 Between his shoulders behind.

5 That is, by driving over her corpse. 2 On comparing this passage with 2 Chron. xxii. 9, it 6 In India, after the bodies of pilgrims have been appears probable that Ahaziah, when wounded, fled first devoured by dogs and vultures, these are the only parts to Samaria; and that, when discovered there, he was taken, which are left. or perhaps fled, to Megiddo, and was there 'slain.

7 The term sons' is often used to include all male $ Literally, 'put her eyes in paint.' It is a common descendants. custom among Eastern women to tinge the edges of the 8 The Septuagint has, ' to the rulers of Samaria.' Other eye-lids with a black metallic powder, which is supposed ancient versions have, to the rulers of the city.' to strengthen the eyes and to heighten their expression. 9 This speech seems intended to reconcile the people to

4 Zimri was incited merely by his own ambition and what had been done, as being done in accordance with cruelty; whereas Jehu did this by an order from heaven. I the well-known will of God.

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• Deu. 21. 23

deh. 9. 14, 24

• Sam, 3. 19.

eh. 9. 7. 8; 1 KL. 21. 19, 21, 23.

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22. 8.

14 the queen.



Ezra 10. 19; Eze 17. 13: Gal. 29



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remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks,

and his priests, until he left him none remaining. 12 And he arose and departed, and came to Samaria. And as he was at the 13 shearing house? in the way, 6 Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of h. 21,29; 2Chr.

Judah, and said, Who are ye? And they answered, We are the brethren of
Ahaziah ; and we go down to salute the children of the king and the children of

And he said, Take them alive. And they took them alive, and slew them at the pity of the shearing house, even two and forty men; neither left he any of them.

And when he was departed thence, he lighted on 4 Jehonadab the son of Jer. 3. 6, ete. Rechab 4 coming to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine Chri2 56; Jer. heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If

it be, *give me thine hand. And he gave him his hand; and he took him up to 16 him into the chariot. And he said, Come with me, and see my 'zeal for the i Ki. 12. 10. Lord. So they made him ride in his chariot.

And when he came to Samaria, n he slew all that remained unto Ahab in * eh. 9 8 ; 2Chr.238 Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the LORD, " which " | Ki. 21. 21. he spaké to Elijah.

And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said unto them, o Ahab served ki. 16. 31, 2 19 Baal a little ; but Jehu shall serve him much. Now therefore call unto me all

the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests ; let none be wanting : for I have a great sacrifice to do to Baal ; whosoever shall be wanting, he shall

not live. But Jehu did it in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy the 20 worshippers of Baal. And Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly for Baal. 21 And they proclaimed it. And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worship

pers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they

came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to * 1 Ki 16. 32 22 another. And he said unto him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments 23 for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth vestments. And

Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said

unto the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there be here with you 24 none of the servants of the LORD, but the worshippers of Baal only. And when

they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men without, and said, If any of the men whom I have brought into your hands

escape, he that letteth him go, his life shall be for the life of him. 25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt

offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the

guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal; 26 and they brought forth the images out of the house of Baal, and burned them ; 27 and they' brake down the image of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, * and

made it a draught house unto this day. 28, 29 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel. Howbeit from the sins of Jeroboam

the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, to

wit," the golden calves that were in Beth-el, and that were in Dan. 30 And the LORD said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing that

which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to

all that was in mine heart, "thy children of the fourth generation shall sit on the scene 13 31 throne of Israel. But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD

God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from ? the sins of Jeroboam, * 1 ki. 14 16

which made Israel to sin. 32 In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short: and a Hazael smote them in a ch. & 12 33 all the coasts of Israel; from Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites,

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1 The Septuagint and Eusebius take this to be the evidently glad to have the support of a man of such chaname of a town, Beth-eked.

racter and influence; and Jehonadab probably hoped to 2 So expeditiously had Jehu executed his measures, engage Jehu to restore the pure worship of Jehovah. that even the relatives of the murdered kings had not 6 Jehu represents a large class of men, who are willing heard of their death. All the sons of Jehoram, the father to serve God so far as they think to be consistent with of Ahaziah, had been slain by the Arabians (see 2 Chron. their own temporal interests, and, by their ostentatious xxi. 17); but these persons were probably nepheus, who, zeal in what they do, seek to blind themselves and others as belonging to the family of Ahab, fell within Jehu's to their disobedience to commands which do not agree commission.

with their policy or inclination (see vers, 28, 29). God 3 Rather, cistern:' a receptacle for rain-water. sometimes sees fit to use such persons for his purposes,

4 The Rechabites were a branch of the Kenites (see though they have not his approbation, and obtain from 1 Chron. ii. 55), to whom Jethro, the father-in-law of him no lasting good. Moses, belonged. See Judg. iv. 11; Jer. xxxv.

7 This order would excite no suspicion, as it seemed to 5 As a pledge of amity and co-operation. Jehu was indicate the greatest zeal for the worship of Baal.

Am. 1. 3, 4

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2 Chr. 22. 11, Jeho

shabeat. / ch. & 16, Jehoram. ach. 12. 1, 2. Axre ch. 6. 19; Pro.

21. 3.).

i see parallel, ? Chr.

23. 1-2).

A l Chr. 9. 23.

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and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river

Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan. 1 34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are 35 they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? And Jehu

slept with his fathers : and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son 36 reigned in his stead. And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years.

Athaliah's usurpation in Judah ; preservation and installation of Jehoash. 11 AND when · Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she gre parallel, a Chr. 2 arose and destroyed all the seed royal. But · Jehosheba, the daughter of king 4.2.

Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash (or, Jehoash 3) the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they " hid him, even him

and his nurse, in the bed-chamber3 from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. 3 And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did

reign over the land. 4 And the seventh year Jehoiada * gent and fetched the rulers over hundreds,

with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the

LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of 5 the LORD, and showed them the king's son. And he commanded them, saying,

This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in * on the 6 sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house; and a third part

shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard : so 7 shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down. And two

parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of 8 the house of the LORD about the king. And ye shall compass the king round

about, every man with his weapons in his hand : and he that cometh within the ranges, 5 let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he

cometh in. 9

And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that JehoiadaChr. 23. & the priest commanded : and they took every man his men that were to come in

on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to 10 Jehoiada the priest. And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give 11 " king David's spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD. Ånd . Sam. 21.9: 2 Sam.

the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king,

from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, along by the 12 altar and the temple. And he brought forth " the king's son, and put the crown

upon him, and gave him • the testimony;? and they made him king, and

panointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, 'God save the king. 8 13 'And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to 14 the people into the temple of the LORD. And when she looked, behold, the king

stood by a pillar, as the manner was, and the princes and the trumpeters by

the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets : and 15 Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason! Treason! But Jehoiada the priest

commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges : and him that followeth her kill with

the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the 16 LORD. And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the

horses 10 came into the king's house: and there was she slain.



8.7; I 26, 27.

vers. 2.
• Ex. 25. 16: 31. 18;

Deu. 17. 18-20.
PI Sum. 16. 13.

I Sam. 10. 24.
2 Chr. 23. 12, ete,


.eh. 23. 3; 9 Chr. 34.


1 At this time, probably, Hazael inflicted the cruelties 6 The priests had been divided by David into courses, predicted by Elisha in ch. viii. 12, 13. The territory now which attended at the temple by turns. Upon this occalost comprised nearly half of the kingdom. It was after- sion those whose weekly term of service was ended were wards recovered by Jehoash and Jeroboam 11. See ch. retained, in addition to those whose week of duty was xiii. 25; xiv. 25.

beginning. So that two courses of priests, singers, and 2 Athaliah determined to seize the royal power; and porters were in the court of the temple together. See her daring measures unwittingly fulfilled a part of the 2 Chron. xxiii. 8. sentence (see ch. ix. 8) against the house of Åhab which 7 This word is interpreted by some as meaning ornaJehu could not execute; for, through her, the taint of ments--part of the regalia ; but everywhere else it means Ahab's blood had been given to the house of David. the Mosaic law, a copy of which the high priest now pre

3 That is, “a chamber of beds ;' a room where beds sented to the young king as the rule of his life and govern(which in the East are only cotton mattresses) are stored ment, agreeably to the command in Deut. xvii. 18. up. The apartments in the templo afforded a secure 8 Literally, 'Let the king live.' asylum, being under the sole direction of the priests. 9 Frequent references are made to such a position as

4 A fuller account of the measures preparatory to the occupied on solemn occasions by the kings. This was deposition of Athaliah and placing Joash on the throne, perhaps the brazen stage or gallery erected by Solomon, is given in the parallel passage in 2 Chron. xxiii.

mentioned at the dedication of the temple (2 Chron. vi. 13). 5 That is, within the ranks of the guards set outside 10 Probably the horse-gate, on the eastern side of the the temple.

city (Jer. xxxi. 40).

I Den. 29. 1--15; Jos

24. 35: ? Chr. 16 * 2 Sam. sch. 10. 26.

Deu. 12. 3; ? Chr.

23 17. * 2 Chr. A 18, etc.

see parallel, ? Chr. 211-3

deh. 14. 1; 1 Kl. 15

14; 22

A EL. 21, 9; 5;
I Chr. A

17 · And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the

people, that they should be the Lord's people; " between the king also and the 18 people. And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake

it down; his altars and his images y brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew

Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And : the priest appointed officers 19 over the house of the Lord. And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the

captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down

the king from the house of the Lord, and came by the way of the gate of the 20 guard to the king's house. And he sat on the throne of the kings. And all the

people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king's house.

Reign of Jehonsh in Judah. 12 «SEVEN years old was " Jehoash when he began to reign. In the seventh

year of Jehu · Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusteht dazut 2 salem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba. And Jehoash did

that which was right in the sight of the Lord all his days wherein Jehoiada the 3 priest instructed him. But the high places were not taken away: the people

still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places. 4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that ch. 2. 4

is brought into the house of the Lord, even the money ? of every one that EL 20 12–16

passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, 6 and all the money that 5 12.7.2 5 h cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the Lord, let the priests

take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches

of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found. 6 But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests : 2 Chr. 92. 3. 7 had not repaired the breaches of the house. 4 Then king Jehoash called for

Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house ? now therefore receive no more money of your

acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house. 8 And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people, neither to 9 repair the breaches of the house. But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and " ? Chr. 4. & etc

bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD.

And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe (or, secretary) and the high priest came up, and they put up in 11 bags, 5 and told the money that was found in the house of the Lord. And they

gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had

the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters 12 and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD, and to masons, and

hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the

house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it. 13 How beit " there were not made for the house of the Lord bowls of silver, snuffers,

basins, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was 14 brought into the house of the Lord: 8 but they gave that to the workmen, and 15 repaired therewith the house of the Lord. Moreover " they reckoned not with ch. 22 7.

the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on the work16 men: for they dealt faithfully. The trespass money and sin money was not Le. S. 15–18.

brought into the house of the LORD: Pit was the priests'. 17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: 18 and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.' And Jehoash king of Judah

k see parallel, 2 Chr.

24 6-12


see ? Chr. 8414

Le. 7. 7: Num...

-10: IA 9. ech. & 12 'see parallel, : Ch.

1 As the people under the preceding kings had openly had been retained by the priests and Levites for themselves. forsaken Jehovah and worshipped Baal, it was necessary

5 It is still the custom in the East to put a certain sum publicly to renew the covenant they had violated. in a bag; which is then sealed and labelled, and passes

2 Three kinds of dedicated money are here mentioned; current for the amount specified in the label; and the namely, 1, the half-shekel paid by every one who passed person whose seal it bears is bound to make good any de over,' i. e. was numbered among the people; 2, the re- ficiency that may be found on opening it, unless it can be demption money for dedicated persons or things (Lev. proved that violence has been used with the bag or seal. xxvii. 2); and, 3, the free-will offerings.

6 That is to say, all the money thus collected was 3 The temple had suffered, not only from neglect, but spent in substantial repairs of the edifice, and none of it still more from injuries maliciously committed by the applied to providing vessels for the temple service. sons of Athaliah, who had pillaged it to enrich the temple It appears, from 2 Chron. xxiv. 18-22, that this inof Baal (see 2 Chron. xxiv. 7). This holy place had been vasion occurred long after the events recorded in the prethe asylum and nursery of Joash in his childhood; and, ceding part of this chapter; and that, during the interval in grateful remembrance, he was now zealous for its the king with his people had revolted from God, and had maintenance and honour.

even murdered his cousin, the son of Jehoiada, for his 4 The income which had been ordained for this purpose faithful reproofs.

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