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HEARINGS 4.5.92 mmewo. Caunes . BEFORE A

UCL:4 1944 SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE Copy...! COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

UNITED STATES SENATE
SEVENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2048

A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT
BECAUSE OF RACE, CREED, COLOR, NATIONAL

ORIGIN, OR ANCESTRY

AUGUST 30, 31, SEPTEMBER 6, 7, AND 8, 1944

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah, Chairman DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont LISTER HILL, Alabama

JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota DENNIS CHAVEZ, New Mexico

KENNETH S, WHERRY, Nebraska
JAMES M. TUNNELL, Delaware

SINCLAIR WEEKS, Massachusetts
HOMER T. BONE, Washington
JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania
SAMUEL D. JACKSON, Indiana

PAUL BADGER, Clerk

I

CONTENTS

August 30, 1944

Statement of

Senator Dennis Chaves..
Rabbi J. X. Cohen, Chairman, Commission of Economic Discrimina-

tion of the American Jewish Congress ---

Bishop G. Bromley Oxman, Federal Council of Churches of Christ.--

Clarence E. Pickett, executive secretary, American Friends Service

Committee.-.

Rev. Francis W. McPeek, chairman, legislative committee of the

Council for Social Action of the Congregational Christian Churches.

August 31, 1944

Statement of-

Rt. Rev. John A. Ryan, D. D., National Council for Permanent Fair

Employment Practices Commission.--------

Rev. William H. Jernagin, chairman of the executive board and direc-

tor of the Washington Bureau, Fraternal Council of Negro Churches.

Mrs. Emery Ross, assistant executive secretary, the United Council of

Church Women.-

Miss Charlotte K. May, National Association of Colored Graduate

Nurses-----
Miss Helen Raebeck, educational secretary, National Council of Jew-

ish Women..

Dr. Emily Hickman, chairman, Public Affairs Committee of the Na-

tional Board of the Young Women's Christian Association.-----

Miss Milly Brandt, national chairman, Legislative Action Committee;

Women's Division, executive secretary, commission of law and

legislation, American Jewish Congress----

Arnold Aronson, chairman, division of employment, Chicago Council

Against Racial and Religious Discrimination..

Robert B. Beach, executive secretary, National Association of Build-

ing Owners and Managers -------

George L. P. Weaver, director, National Congress of Industrial

Organizations committee to abolish racial discrimination....

Kermit Eby, assistant director of Research and Education, Congress

of Industrial Organizations.------

NI

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FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES ACT

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1944

UNITED STATES SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10:30 a. m., pursuant to call, in room 357 Senate Office Building, Senator Dennis Chavez (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Chavez and Aiken.
Also present: Senator Capper.
Senator CHAVEZ. The committee will come to order.

We are extremely sorry that other members of the subcommittee are unable to be present; they have duties elsewhere, but we have been assured that we will have a larger committee representation at future hearings.

I want to thank Senator Aiken for his interest in coming to the meeting.

It is my purpose, first, to give an outline of the proposed legislation for the benefit of the committee and the public.

We are here to consider today a bill which was introduced by its sponsors in the best of faith and for what is considered to be the best interests of the country. S. 2048 is designed to promote in peace the same national unity we have achieved in war, to give body to our declarations of freedom from want and freedom from fear, to raise the standard of living and purchasing power of our people, and finally, but not least, to confound our enemies who hope by dividing us class by class, race by race, group by group, to snatch from us all permanent gains out of winning the war.

We have not won final military victory as yet, but we have won the battle of production which will make final victory possible. Faced as we were in the battle of production with the forced labor of the dictatorships, aided by the conscripted labor of the work slaves of their conquered countries, we won the battle of production without sacrificing the principles of democracy, without a labor draft at home, precisely because we adopted a national policy of full utilization of all available manpower in the United States without discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin.

We are all familiar with Executive Order 8802, June 25, 1941, and its amendment, Executive Order 9346, May 27, 1943, prohibiting discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin in the Government service, defense industries, and in the war effort, and we know the thousands of skilled workers which those Executive orders added to our industrial might. But some of us are not so thoroughly aware that these Executive orders have a peacetime base which is

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