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HEARINGS 4.5.92 mmewo. Caunes . BEFORE A
UCL:4 1944 SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE Copy...! COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
UNITED STATES SENATE
A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT
ORIGIN, OR ANCESTRY
AUGUST 30, 31, SEPTEMBER 6, 7, AND 8, 1944
Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah, Chairman DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts
ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana
GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont LISTER HILL, Alabama
JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota DENNIS CHAVEZ, New Mexico
KENNETH S, WHERRY, Nebraska
SINCLAIR WEEKS, Massachusetts
PAUL BADGER, Clerk
Miss Charlotte K. May, National Association of Colored Graduate
Methodist Church, New York, N. Y.--------
Association, New York, N. Y....
Mrs. Anna Arnold Hedgeman, executive secretary, National Council
for a Permanent Committee on Fair Employment Practice----
W. C. Hushing, chairman, national legislative committee, American
Federation of Labor.-------
FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES ACT
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1944
UNITED STATES SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10:30 a. m., pursuant to call, in room 357 Senate Office Building, Senator Dennis Chavez (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Chavez and Aiken.
We are extremely sorry that other members of the subcommittee are unable to be present; they have duties elsewhere, but we have been assured that we will have a larger committee representation at future hearings.
I want to thank Senator Aiken for his interest in coming to the meeting.
It is my purpose, first, to give an outline of the proposed legislation for the benefit of the committee and the public.
We are here to consider today a bill which was introduced by its sponsors in the best of faith and for what is considered to be the best interests of the country. S. 2048 is designed to promote in peace the same national unity we have achieved in war, to give body to our declarations of freedom from want and freedom from fear, to raise the standard of living and purchasing power of our people, and finally, but not least, to confound our enemies who hope by dividing us class by class, race by race, group by group, to snatch from us all permanent gains out of winning the war.
We have not won final military victory as yet, but we have won the battle of production which will make final victory possible. Faced as we were in the battle of production with the forced labor of the dictatorships, aided by the conscripted labor of the work slaves of their conquered countries, we won the battle of production without sacrificing the principles of democracy, without a labor draft at home, precisely because we adopted a national policy of full utilization of all available manpower in the United States without discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin.
We are all familiar with Executive Order 8802, June 25, 1941, and its amendment, Executive Order 9346, May 27, 1943, prohibiting discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin in the Government service, defense industries, and in the war effort, and we know the thousands of skilled workers which those Executive orders added to our industrial might. But some of us are not so thoroughly aware that these Executive orders have a peacetime base which is