German History in Modern Times: Four Lives of the Nation
This history of German-speaking central Europe offers a very wide perspective, emphasizing a succession of many-layered communal identities. It highlights the interplay of individual, society, culture, and political power, contrasting German with western patterns. Rather than treating "the Germans" as a collective whole whose national history amounts to a cumulative biography, the book presents the pre-modern era of the Holy Roman Empire; the nineteenth century; the 1914-1945 era of war, dictatorship, and genocide; and the Cold War and post-Cold War eras since 1945 as successive worlds of German life, thought, and mentality. The book sets forth the differences between them, even as it traces paths leading from one to the other. This book's "Germany" is polycentric and multicultural, including the multi-national Austrian Habsburg Empire and the German Jews. Its approach to National Socialism offers a conceptually new understanding of the Holocaust. The book's numerous illustrations reveal German self-presentations and styles of life, which often contrast with western ideas of Germany.
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part i german central europe before modern nationalism
part ii german identities between liberalism nationalism and socialism 17891914
part iii duels of identity and the death of nations 19141945
part iv the cold war germanies and their post1989 fusion
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Allies anti-Jewish anti-Semitism army Austrian Berlin Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz/Art Bismarck bourgeois Catholic central century chancellor Christian classes communist conservative cultural defeat democracy Deutsches Bundesarchiv dictatorship Duchy eastern Europe economic educated electoral elites emerged Empire’s Enlightenment especially Federal Republic figure folkish France French gained German history German lands German national German-speaking Germany’s Habsburg monarchy historians Hitler Holocaust Holy Roman Empire Hungarian Hungary Imperial Imperial Germany industrial influential intellectuals Jewish Jews Kaiser Kingdom kingdom of Prussia labor landed nobility leftist liberal mass murder middle-class military million modern monarchy’s movement National Socialism National Socialist nationalist nobility non-German NSDAP parliamentary Party people’s percent Poland Polish political popular population postwar Preussischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource princely Protestant Prussian radical reform regime’s Reichstag religious Republic’s revolution revolutionary right-wing Social Democrats Socialism’s society Source Soviet territorial tion Union Vienna villagers war’s Weimar Weimar Republic West German western women workers