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Dr. Samuel P. Orth has been appointed acting professor of politics in Cornell University for the first semester of 1912–13.

In the August number of this REVIEW (p. 457) the name of the author, Professor Willard E. Hotchkiss of Northwestern University, was by inadvertence omitted from a note regarding The Judicial Work of the Comptroller of the Treasury (Cornell Studies in History and Political Science, Vol. III. 1911. Pp. xiii, 164.)

Professor J. W. Garner resumed his work at the University of Illinois this fall, after a year's leave of absence abroad.

Mr. Ralston Hayden (M.A., University of Michigan, 1911) has been appointed to an instructorship in political science at the University of Michigan.

Mr. William M. Hunley has been promoted from an instructorship to an assistant professorship in the University of Virginia.

Mr. John A. Lapp, Legislative Reference Librarian of Indiana, has also become lecturer in legislation at Indiana University. Mr. Lapp devotes one day a week to the University, and gives courses in legislation and special lectures on problems of legislation.

Professor J. H. Reynolds, head of the department of history and political science in the University of Arkansas, has been elected acting president of the same institution for the ensuing year. Associate Professor David Y. Thomas has been made full professor and acting head of the department of history and political science, and Mr. Carl Stephenson assistant professor.

The State Historical Society of Iowa has in press the following publications: History of Road Legislation in Iowa by Professor John E. Brindley; History of Indemnity for Work Accidents in Iowa by Professor E. H. Downey.

Mr. Sudhindra Bose of Calcutta, India, (M.A., University of Illinois) is giving a course in “Oriental Politics and Civilization," at the State University of Iowa.

Mr. Elliott H. Goodwin, who has held the position of secretary of the National Civil Service Reform League and the Civil Service Reform Association of New York since 1902, has resigned to become general secretary of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, which was organized as a result of the National Commercial Conference held in Washington last April. Mr. Goodwin's offices are now in Washington.

Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu, Director of the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, died in Paris on June 15, 1912. M. Leroy-Beaulieu was the author of numerous books dealing with the broader political and social questions, but was probably best known to English readers through his work on Russia which was translated into English under the title of The Empire of the Tsars (3 vols. 1893–96).

The Harris Political Science Prizes are again offered for the year 1912-13, and the competition is open to undergraduates in the colleges and universities of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. The subjects for this year are: the commission form of government; the work of public service commissions; and child welfare legislation. For further information application should be made to Professor N. D. Harris, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

The meeting of the Institut de Droit International was held this year in Christiania, during the latter part of August and the early part of September. The Institut voted a project concerning the effect of war on treaties, and devoted some attention to the discussion of a proper program for the next meeting of the peace conference. It accepted an invitation to become an advisor to the division of international law of the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace.

A collection of the Political Writings of Rousseau in two volumes is to appear shortly from the Cambridge University Press (Putnam).

Power of Congress over Interstate Commerce, by Thomas Carl Spelling (Washington, 1912, pp. 318) was prepared for the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives, and is primarily a digest of decisions of the United States Supreme Court in cases relating to interstate commerce.

Volume thirty-seven of the report of the Immigration Commission deals with immigration legislation (61st Cong., 3d sess., Senate Doc. 758. Pp. vi, 956). It contains a brief historical account of immigration legislation, the text of federal immigration laws, a digest of immigration decisions, the text of steerage legislation with some historical introduction, and a digest and compilation of state laws relating to immigration and aliens.

Present interest in impeachment cases is responsible for the publication by the United States government of two documents dealing with the subject: Impeachment of Charles Swayne. Proceedings in the House of Representatives (House Committee on Judiciary, pp. 700); Extracts from the Journals of the United States Senate in all cases of impeachment presented by the House of Representatives, 1798–1904. (62d Cong. 2d sess., Senate Doc. 876. Pp. 594.)

The Year Book for 1911 of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Washington, 1912, pp. xiii, 195), contains a full statement of the organization and plans of that institution. Other agencies for the promotion of international peace are dealt with, and there is a full discussion of the relations of the Endowment to such other agencies.

The new edition of The History of Trade Unionisms by Sidney and Beatrice Webb (Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1911) is a reprint of the original edition with the addition of an introduction. The greater part of the newly added introduction is devoted to a consideration of the decision in the Osborne Case, but the main tendencies in the history of English trade unionism since the publication of the first edition of the History in 1894 are also indicated.

"Labor Laws and their Enforcement" (Longmans, Green and Co., New York, 1911) is the second volume in a series of Studies in Economic Relations of Women issued by the Women's Educational and Industrial Union of Boston. The present volume comprises six essays by different authors, on various aspects of labor legislation in Massachusetts. Professor Edwin F. Gay of Harvard University contributes a preface, and Professor Susan M. Kingsbury of Simmons College an introduction.

Two books have recently been published which seek to do for France what was done for England by Prof. A. V. Dicey's Law and Public

Opinion in England during the Nineteenth Century: Joseph Charmont's Les transformations du droit civil (Paris, Colin, 1912, pp. xv, 294); and Léon Duguit's Les transformations générales du droit privé dupuis le Code Napoléon. (Paris, Alcan, 1912, pp. ii, 206.)

To Dr. Karl Strupp's Urkunden zur Geschichte des Voelkerrechts a supplement has been issued (Gotha, Perthes, 1912, pp. viii, 106) which contains documents relating to Morocco, Tripoli, and Persia, and some of the recent arbitration treaties.

Among the books recently published or announced for publication the following are of interest to students of political science: Anson Burlingame and the First Chinese Mission to Foreign Powers, by Frederick Wells Williams (Scribner); The Oregon System, by Allen H. Eaton (McClurg); The New City Government, by Henry Bruére (Appleton); Social Progress in Contemporary Europe, by F. A. Ogg (Macmillan); The Governments of Europe, by F. A. Ogg (Macmillan); The Government of American Cities by William B. Munro (Macmillan); The Government of England, revised edition, by A. Lawrence Lowell (Macmillan); Handbook of Municipal Accounting, by U. L. Leonhauser (Appleton); Majority Rule and the Judiciary, by William L. Ransom (Scribner); Socialism and Democracy in Europe, by Samuel P. Orth (Holt); The Courts, the Constitution, and Parties, by A. C. McLaughlin (University of Chicago Press); A History of the Presidency from 1897 to 1909, by Edward Stanwood (Houghton, Mifflin); The Essentials of International Public Law, by Amos S. Hershey (Macmillan).

It has been very difficult in recent years to obtain complete sets of Martens' Recueil de traités. The Dietrich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Theodor Weicher) of Leipzig, the publishers of the Recueil, now announce that they will reprint the volumes that are out of print, and will be able to supply full sets. But individual volumes or parts of the set will be supplied only in exceptional cases.

Two contributions have been made recently to the rather scant literature dealing with Brazilian governmental and political questions. Noções de Direito Administrativo Brasileiro, by Alcides Cruz (Porto Alegre, Grundlach, 1910, pp. x, 240) is a brief summary of administrative powers and organization. A. G. de Aranjo Jorge's Ensaios de Historia Diplomatica do Brasil no regimen Republicano (1st series

1889–1902. Rio de Janeiro, Silva, 1912, pp. viii, 181) gives a full discussion of the diplomatic relations of Brazil from the founding of the republic to 1902; a volume now in press covers the period from 1902 to 1912.

Professor W. M. Geldart's Elements of English Law (New York, Henry Holt, Home University Library, pp. 256), is not comparable with the numerous small works which seek to make law easy, but is a careful and scholarly statement of the essential principles of English law. It should prove of value not only to the student of law but to every intelligent citizen as well.

Professor Frederick Parker Walton's Historical Introduction to the Roman Law has been issued in a second edition (Edinburg: William Green, 1912. pp. xvi, 391). The volume is scholarly, but is not too technical for the student. Its usefulness is increased by its frequent comparison of Roman legal principles with the principles of other legal systems.

In the Quarterly Journal of the University of North Dakota for April, 1912 (Vol. 2, No. 3), Prof. O. G. Libby has “A Sketch of the Early Political Parties in the United States." Of especial interest is the author's refutation of the frequently repeated statements that the election of 1800 was the triumph of the masses over the intelligent minority.

Vol. XIX, No. 3 (May-June, 1912) of the Revue générale de droit international public contains comments, by a number of the leading European scholars in international law, upon the proposal to establish an American Institute of International Law. The proposal, which has been made by Messrs. James Brown Scott and Alejandro Alvarez, was commented upon favorably by Prof. A. de Lapradelle in the January-February number of the same journal, in which also is published the text of the note in which the new organization was first proposed.

Henry Campbell Black's Handbook of the Law of Judicial Precedents, or the Science of Case Law (St. Paul, West Publishing Co., 1912, pp. xv, 768) fills a gap in our legal literature, and fills it, moreover, in a satisfactory manner. The author discusses with care, and usually

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