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ities, and of Asiatick cooks to dress them; the expenses of singing men and singing women, the fute, the harp, the sackbut, and of all kinds of musick ;-the dress of the Persian courts, how magnificent! their slaves how numerous!-their chariots, their horses, their palaces, their furniture, what immense sums they had devoured what expectations from strangers of condition ! what exactions !
How shall the youth make his father comprehend that he was cheated at Damascus by one of the best men in the world ;-that he had lent a part of his substance to a friend at Nineveh, who had fled off with it to the Ganges ;-that a whore of Babylon had swallowed his best pearl, and anointed the whole city with his balm of Gilead ;-that he had been sold by a man of honour for twenty shekels of .silver to a worker in graven images ;--that the images he had purchased had profited him nothing ;that they could not be transported across the wilderness, and had been burnt with fire at Shusan ;that the *apes and peacocks, which he had sent for from Tarsis, lay dead upon his hands; and that the mummies had not been dead long enough, which had been brought him out of Egypt:-that all had gone wrong since the day he forsook his father's house?
Leave the story ;-it will be told more concisely. When he was yet afar off, his father saw uhim ;'-Compassion told it in three words," he
fell upon his neck, and kissed him."
Great is the power of eloquence; but never is it so great as when it pleads along with nature, and the culprit is a child strayed from his duty, and re
Vide % Chron. ix. 2K
turned to it again with tears. Casuists may settle the point as they will; but what could a parent see more in the account than the natural one, of an ingenuous heart too open for the world,-smitten with strong sensations of pleasures, and suffered to sally forth unarm'd into the midst of enemies stronger than himself?
Generosity sorrows as much for the over-matched, as pity herself does.
The idea of a son so ruin'd, would double the father's caresses: every effusion of his tenderness would add bitterness to his son's "remorse. Gra(cious Heaven! what a father have I rendered miserable !
“And he said, I have sinned against Heaven, and “ in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called “ thy son." *** But the father said, Bring forth the best robe.” O ye
affections! how fondly do you play at cross purposes with each other!—'Tis the natural dialogue of true transport: joy is not methodical; and where an offender, beloved, overcharges itself in the offence,—words are too cold; and a conciliated heart replies by tokens of esteem.
" And he said unto his servants, Bring forth the “ best robe, and put it on him: and put a ring on « his hand, and shoes on his feet, and bring hither is the fatted calf, and let us eat and drink, and be “merry.”
When the affections so kindly break loose, joy is. another name for religion.
We look up as we taste it: the cold stoick with out, when he hears the dancing and the musick, may ask sullenly (with the elder brother) what it means ?
and refuse to enter : but the humane and compassionate all fly impetuously to the banquet, given for
a son who was dead, and is alive again!—who was “lost, and is found.” Gentle spirits, light up the pavilion with a sacred fire; and parental love and filial piety, lead in the mask with riot and wild festivity! - Was it not for this that God gave man mu«; sick to strike upon the kindly passions ; that nature taught the feet to dance to its movements, and, as chief governess of the feast, poured forth wine into the goblet to crown it with gladness?
The intention of this parable is so clear from the occasion of it, that it will not be necessary to perplex it with any tedious explanation : it was designed by way of indirect remonstrance to the scribes and pharisees, who animadverted upon our Saviour's conduct, for entering so freely into conferences with sinners, in order to reclaim them. To that end, he proposes the parable of the shepherd, who left his ninety-and-nine sheep that were safe in the fold, to go and seek for one sheep that was gone astray,--telling them, in other places, that they who were whole wanted not a physician, but they that were sick: and here, to carry on the same lesson, and to prove how acceptable such a recovery was to God, he relates this account of the prodigal son and his welcome reception.
I know not whether it would be a subject of much edification to convince you here, that' our Saviour, by the prodigal són, particularly pointed at those who are sinners of the Gentiles, and were recovered by divine grace to repentance ;--and that, by the elder brother, he intended as manifestly the more froward of the Jews, who envied their conversion,
and thought it a kind of wrong to their primogeniture, in being made fellow-heirs with them of the promises of God.
These uses have been so ably set forth, in so many good sermons upon the prodigal son, that I shall turn aside from them at present, and content myself with some reflections upon that fatal passion which led him,mand so many thousands after the example, “ to gather all he had together, and take 6 his journey into a far country.”
The love of variety, or curiosity of seeing new things, which is the same, or at least a sister' passion to it seems wove into the frame of every son and daughter of Adam; we usually speak of it as one of nature's levities, though planted within us for the solid purposes of carrying forward the mind to fresh inquiry and knowledge. Strip us of it, the Inind (I fear) would doze forever over the present page, and we should all of us rest at ease with such objects as presented themselves in the parish or province where we first drew breath.
It is to this spur, which is ever in our sides, that we owe the impatience of this desire for travelling • the passion is no way bad, but, as others are,-in its mismanagement or excess ;-order it rightly, the advantages are worth the pursuit; the chief of which are,–10 learn the languages, the laws and eustoms, and understand the government and intere ost of other nations ;-to acquire an urbanity and confidence of behaviour, and fit the mind more easi. Iy for conversation and discourse ;-to take us out of the company of our aunts and grandmothers, and from the track of nursery mistakes ; and by showing us new objects, or old ones in new lights, to re
form our judgments ;-by tasting perpetually the varieties of nature, to know what is good ;-by observing the address and arts of man, to conceive what is sincere ;-and, by seeing the difference of so many various humours and manners,--to look into ourselves, and form our own.
This is some part of the cargo we might return with ; but the impulse of seeing new sights, augmented with that of getting clear from all lessons both of wisdom and reproof at home, carries our youth too early out, to turn this venture to much account ; on the contrary, if the scene painted of the prodigal in his travels, looks more like a copy than an original will it not be well if such an adventurer, with so unpromising a setting out-without carte,without compass-be not cast away forever ;-and may he no: be said to escape well, if he return to his country only as naked as he first left it?
But you will send an able pilot with your son :scholar.
If wisdom can speak in no other language but Greek or Latin-you do well ;-or, if mathematicks will make a man a gentleman,-or natural philosophy but teach him to make a bow,-he may be of some service in introducing your son into good societies, and supporting him in them when he has done ;--but the upshot will be generally this, that, in the most pressing occasions of address, if he is » a mere man of reading, the unhappy youth will have the tutor to carry,—and not the tutor to carry him.
But you will avoid this extreme; he shall be escorted by one who knows the world, not merely from books, but from his own experience ;-a