« PředchozíPokračovat »
had, ne made; theis presents or any thing therein conteyned to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. And the said William Shakespeare for himselfe, his heires, executors, and administrators, and for every of them, doth covenaunt, promisse and graunt to, and with, the said Henry Walker, his executors, administrators and assignes, and everie of them, by theis presentes, that
the said William Shakespeare, his heires, executors administrators or assignes, shall and will cleerlie acquite, exonerate and discharge, or from tyme to tyme, and at all tymes hereafter, well and sufficientlie save and keepe harmless the said Henry Walker, his executors, administrators, and assignes, and every of them, and the said premises hy theis presents demised, and every parcell thereof, with thappurtenaunts, of and from all and al manner of former and other bargaynes, sales, guiftes, graunts, leases, jointures, dowers, intailes, statuts, recogni. zaunces, judgments, executions; and of, and from, all and eve. ry other charge, titles, troubles, and incumbrances whatsoever by the said William Shakespeare, William Johnson, John Jack. son, and John Hemyng, or any of them, or by their or any of their meanes, had made, committed or done, before thensealing and delivery of theis presents, or hereafter before the said nyne and twentieth day of September next comming after the date hereof, to bee had, made, committed or done, except the rents and servits to the cheef lord or lords of the fee or fees of the premises, for, or in respect of, his or their segnorie or seignories onlie, to bee due and done.
IN WITNESSE whereof the said parties to theis indentures interchangeablie have sett their seales. Yeoven the day and yeares first above written, 1612 [1612-13].
Wm. Shakspe. Wm. Johnson. Jo. Jackson.
said William Shakespeare,
Will. Atkinson. Robert Andrews. Scr.f
Henry Lawrence, Ser:
vant to the said Scr.
* John Heming did not sign, or seal. Malone.
FROM THE ORIGINAL
In the Office of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Vicesimo quinto die Martii,* Anno Regni Domini nostri Jacobi nunc
Regis Anglia, &c. decimo quarto, et Scotiæ quadragesimo nono. Anno Domini 1616.
IN the name of God, Amen. I William Shakspeare of Stratford-upon-Avon, in the county of Warwick, gent. in perfect health, and memory, (God be praised!) do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following; that is to say:
First, I commend my soul into the hands of God my creator, hoping, and assuredly believing, through the only merits of Jesus Christ my Saviour, to be made partaker of life everlasting; and my body to the earth whereof it is made.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my daughter Judith, one hundred and fifty pounds of lawful English money, to be paid unto her in manner and form following; that is to say, one hundred pounds in discharge of her marriage portion within one year after my decease, with consideration after the rate of two shillings in the pound for so long time as the same shall be unpaid unto her after my decease; and the fifty pounds residue thereof, upon her surrendering of, or giving of such sufficient security as the overseers of this my will shall like of, to surrender or grant, all her estate and right that shall descend or come unto her after my decease, or that she now hath, of, in, or to, one copyhold tenement, with the appurtenances, lying and being in Stratfordupon-Avon aforesaid, in the said county of Warwick, being par cel or holden of the manor of Rowington, unto my daughter Susanna Hall, and her heirs for ever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Judith one hundred and fifty pounds more, if she, or any issue of her body, be living at the end of three years next ensuing the day of the date of this my will, during which time my executors to pay her consideration from my decease according to the rate aforesaid: and if she die within the said term without issue of her body, then my will is, and I do give and bequeath one hun. dred pounds thereof to my niecet Elizabeth Hall, and the fifty
* Our poet's will appears to have been drawn up in February, though not executed till the following month; for February was first written, and afterwards struck out, and March written over it. Malone.
t to my niece -] Elizabeth Hall was our poet's granddaughter. So, in Othello, Act I, sc. i, Iago says to Brabantio: “ You 'll have your nephews neigh to you;” meaning his grand. children, See the note there, Malone.
pounds to be set forth by my executors during the life of my sister Joan Hart, and the use and profit thereof coming, shall be paid to my said sister Joan, and after her decease the said fifty pounds shall remain amongst the children of my said sister, equally to be divided amongst them; but if my said daugh. ter Judith be living at the end of the said three years, or any issue of her body, then my will is, and so I devise and bequeath the said hundred and fifty pounds to be set out by my execu. tors and overseers for the best benefit of her and her issue, and the stock not to be paid unto her so long as she shall be married and covert baron; but my will is, that she shall have the consideration yearly paid unto her during her life, and after her decease the said stock and consideration to be paid to her children, if she have any, and if not, to her executors or assigns, she living the said term after my decease: provided that if such husband as she shall at the end of the said three years be married unto, or at any [time] after, do sufficiently assure unto her, and the issue of her body, lands answerable to the portion by this my will given unto her, and to be adjudged so by my executors and overseers, then my will is, that the said hundred and fifty pounds shall be paid to such husband as shall make such assurance, to his own use.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my said sister Joan twenty pounds, and all my wearing apparel, to be paid and delivered within one year after my decease; and I do will and devise unto her the house, with the appurtenances, in Stratford, wherein she dwelleth, for her natural life, under the yearly rent of twelvepence. Item, I give and bequeath unto her three sons, William Hart, Hart,* and Michael Hart, five pounds apiece, to be paid
decease. Item, I give and bequeath unto the said Elizabeth Hall all my plate, (except my broad silver and gilt bowl,t) that I now have at the date of this my will.
Item, I give and bequeath unto the poor of Stratford aforesaid ten pounds; to Mr. Thomas Combet my sword; to Thomas
within one year
Hart,] It is singular that neither Shakspeare nor any of his family should have recollected the christian name of his nephew, who was born at Stratford but eleven years before the making of his will. His christian name was Thomas, and he was baptized in that town, July 24, 1605. Malone.
t- except my broad silver and gilt bowl,] This bowl, as we afterwards find, our poet bequeathed to his daughter Judith. Instead of bowl, Mr. Theobald, and all the subsequent editors, have here printed hoxes, Malone.
Mr. Malone meant-boxes; but he has charged us all with having printed hoxes, which we most certainly have not printed.
Steevens. Mr. Thomas Combe,] This gentleman was baptized at Stratford, Feb. 9, 1588-9, so that he was twenty-seven years old
Russel, esq. five pounds; and to Francis Collins* of the borough of Warwick, in the county of Warwick, gent. thirteen pounds six shillings and eight-pence, to be paid within one year after my decease.
Item, I give and bequeath to Hamlet (Hamnet] Sadler twentysix shillings eight pence, to buy him a ring: to William Reynolds, Gent. twenty-six shillings eight-pence, to buy him a ring; to my godson William Walker,t twenty shillings in gold; to Anthony Nash,t gent. twenty-six shillings eight-pence; and to Mr. John Nash,s twenty-six shillings eight-pence; and to my fellows, John Hemynge, Richard Burbage, and Henry Cundell,l| twenty-six shillings eight-pence apiece, to buy them rings.
Item, I give, will, bequeath, and devise, unto my daughter Susanna Hall, for better enabling of lier to perform this my will, and towards the performance thereof, all that capital messuage or tenement, with the appurtenances, in Stratford aforesaid,
at the time of Shakspeare's death. He died at Stratford in July 1657, aged 68; and his elder brother William died at the same place, Jan. 30, 1666-7, aged 80. Mr. Thomas Combe by his will made June 20, 1656, directed his executors to convert all his personal property into money, and to lay it out in the purchase of lands, to be settled on William Combe, the eldest son of John Combe of Allchurch in the county of Worcester, Gent. and his heirs male; remainder to his two brothers successively. Where, therefore, our poet's sword has wandered, I have not been able to discover. I have taken the trouble to ascertain the ages of Shakspeare's friends and relations, and the time of their deaths, because we are thus enabled to judge how far the traditions concerning him which were communicated to Mr. Rowe in the be. ginning of this century, are worthy of credit. Malone.
to Francis Collins -] This gentleman, who was the son of Mr. Walter Collins, was baptized at Stratford, Dec. 24, 1582. I know not when be died. Malone,
t- to my godson, William Walker, ] William, the son of Henry Walker, was baptized at Stratford, Oct. 16, 1608. I mention this circumstance, because it ascertains that our author was at his native town in autumn of that year. Mr. William Walker was buried at Stratford, March 1, 1679-80. Malone.
to Anthony Nash,] He was father of Mr. Thomas Nash, who married our poet's grand-daughter, Elizabeth Hall. He lived, I believe, at Welcombe, where his estate lay; and was buried at Stratford, Nov. 18, 1622. Malone.
§ to Mr. John Nash,] This gentleman died at Stratford, and was buried there, Nov. 10, 1623. Malone.
11 to my fellows, John Hemynge, Richard Burbage, and Henry Cundell,] These our poet's fellows did not very long survive him. Burbage died in March, 1619; Cundell in December, 1627 ; and Heminge in Oct. 1630. Malone.
called The New-Place, wherein I now dwell, and two messuages or tenements, with the appurtenances, situate, lying, and being in Henly-street, within the borough of Stratford aforesaid; and all my barns, stables, orchards, gardens, land, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, situate, lying and being, or to be had, received, perceived,* or taken, within the towns, hamlets, vil. lages, fields, and grounds of Stratford-upon-Avon, Old Stratford, Bishopton, and Welcombe, f or in any of them, in the said county of Warwick; and also all that messuage or tenement, with the appurtenances, wherein one John Robinson dwelleth, situate, lying, and being, in the Blackfriars in London near the Wardrobe;t and all other my lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever; to have and to hold all and singular the said premises, with their appurtenances, unto the said Susanna Hall, for and during the term of her natural life; and after her de. cease to the first son of her body lawfully issuing; and to the heirs males of the body of the said first son 'lawfully issuing; and for default of such issue, to the second son of her body law. fully issuing, and to the heirs males of the body of the said second son lawfully issuing; and for default of such heirs, to the third son of the body of the said Susanna lawfully issuing, and to the heirs males of the body of the said third son lawfully issuing; and for default of such issue, the same so to be and remain to the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh sons of her body, lawfully issuing one after another, and to the heirs males of the bodies of the said fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh sons lawfully issuing, in such manner as it is before limited to be and remain to the first, second, and third sons of her body, and to their heirs males; and for default of such issue, the said premises to be and remain to my said niece Hall, and the heirs males of her
received, perceived,] Instead of these words, we have hitherto had in all the printed copies of this will, reserved, preserved. Malone.
t Old Stratford, Bishopton, and Welcombe,] The lands of Old Stratford, Bishopton, and Welcombe, here devised, were in Shakspeare's time a continuation of one large field, all in the parish of Stratford. Bishopton is two' miles from Stratford, and Welcombe one. For Bishopton, Mr. Theobald erroneously printed Bushaxton, and the error has been continued in all the subsequent editions. The word in Shakspeare's original will is spelt Bushopton, the vulgar pronunciation of Bishopton.
Malone. # that messuage or tenement -- in the Blackfriars in London near the Wardrobe;] This was the house which was mortgaged to Henry Walker. See p. 101.
By the Wardrobe is meant the King's Great Wardrobe, a royal house, near Puddle Wharf, purchased by King Edward the Third from Sir John Beauchamp, who built it. King Richard III, was lodged in this house in the second year of his reign. See Stowe's Survey, p. 693, edit. 1618. After the fire of London this office was kept in the Savoy; but it is now abolished. Malone.