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A POTATO HARVESTER That grubs the potatoes, separates them from the vines, and deposits them in crates. The photograph has WIRELESS TELEPHONES FOR TRAINS The wireless laboratory of one of the great Western railroads. How the wires are coupled between cars A NOVEL EXPERIMENT IN WIRE- FORESTALLING THE CARPENTER LESS TELEPHONY
been retouched to emphasize the salient parts of the machine
IN California, where the majority of T THE Omaha headquarters of one | bungalows are built without base
of the great Western railroads I ments, it is sometimes more conI T experiments in wireless telephony venient for the plumber to lay the neceson trains have been conducted with a view sary pipes before the floor is laid. The to perfecting the system so that communi- illustration shows such a case in which the
cation may be plumbing work was done for a ten-fixture
tween cars is also AN UMBRELLA AN shown. It is conTENNA
fidently expected Operator receiving a that the
PLUMBING BEFORE CARPENTRY that the system will wireless message through
Installing the plumbing system of a house before the ribs of an umbrella soon be perfected.
construction has been started on it
NEW FOLDING BUNKS FOR WORK CARS They consist of a canvas sheet stretched upon metal tubes and can be folded back out of the way SANITARY BEDS FOR WORK CARS lever each chain is given an initial tension
sufficient to keep it firmly in position. T HE ordinary bunk in a railroad
maintenance "Pullman” is the an- A NOVEL METHOD OF TESTING tithesis of the sanitary, collapsible
ARC LAMPS bed shown in the photograph above. A
In order to test street arc lamps canvas sheet is stretched on a frame of
under actual service conditions an metal tubing suspended by four springs
I outdoor rack from chains attached to the ceiling. There and a portable inis no place for dust, dirt, or vermin.
tegrating sphere The chain at each corner of the canvas
have been assembed is fastened independently to the ceiling
bled on the roof of and to the floor. By means of a small
an electrical laboraspring near the lower end and an eccentric
tory in New York.
The rack accom-
Replacing the offenThe device of an electric company for testing street
ment erected just
sive, germ-laden bunk of lamps on the roof of their plant
back of the rack. earlier days
T HE pipes or tubing shown in the
accompanying photograph were all
bent on a recently invented machine. They range from one to six inches in diameter, the radii of the bends being from three inches to three feet. The time for making these bends varied from one half to two and one-half minutes. Some of these bends, done by hand, would have required a gang of men, gas or fuel of some kind, and several hours of labor, so that in the saving of expense this machine pays for itself in a short time.
A 51-horse-power electric motor drives the machine, and it operates on any shape of pipe or tubings and makes any shape or style of bend.
THE TELEPHONE METER An inexpensive machine for ascertaining the length
of telephone calls
PIPES BENT INTO VARIOUS SHAPES
ARTHUR W. PAGE, EDITOR
CONTENTS FOR DECEMBER, 1915
Mr. Brand Whitlock - - - - - - - - ... - - - - Frontispiece THE MARCH OF EVENTS-AN EDITORIAL INTERPRETATION - - - - 119
Mr. Aristide Briand
Mr. Eduardo Suarez-Mujica
Gen. Venustiano Carranza
For a Federal Budget
Atrocities and Asininities Carranza
The Note to Great Britain
The Baltic Blockade
Simplifying National Defense
THE WISDOM OF INVESTING THROUGH BANKERS - - - - 134 THE NEW DEMOCRATIC LEADER IN CONGRESS
BURTON J. HENDRICK 136 ARE AMERICANS MORE GERMAN THAN ENGLISH?
JAMES MIDDLETON 141 ITALY AND THE GREAT WAR (Illustrated) W. MORTON FULLERTON 148
1. A SPIRITUAL EXERCISE IN “SACRED EGOISM” BEHIND THE GREEK AND BULGAR SCENES GEORGE Marvin 170 SWEDEN'S ROLE IN THE GREAT WAR - - D. THOMAS Curtin 177 AMERICAN COMMERCE AND BRITISH VICTORY OR DEFEAT
THEODORE H. PRICE 183 SHALL WE HAVE RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT? (Illustrated)
1. THE BUDGET SYSTEM VS. THE PORK BARREL BURTON J. HENDRICK 189 NEW YORK HARBOR AND THE NATION'S FOREIGN TRADE
(Illustrated) - - - - - - - - - - WILLARD C. BRINTON 203 THE DRAMA OF THE DYESTUFFS - - - - FRENCH STROTHER 221 BALANCING DOMESTIC TRADE BY FOREIGN TRADE
WALTER F. WYMAN 227 MAN AND HIS MACHINES (Illustrated) - - - - - - - - - - 229
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Published monthly. Copyright, 1915, by Doubleday, Page & Company. An rights reserved. Entered at the Post Office at Garden City, N. Y., as second-class mail matter. Unsolicited manuscripts are welcomed by the editors and are carefully read. They cannot, however,
be returned unless they are accompanied by the proper amount of postage.
7. N. DOUBLEDAY, Pres. H. S. HOUSTON, Vice-Pres. S. A. EVERITT, Treas. RUSSELL DOUBLEDAY, Sec'y.
DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY
COUNTRY LIFE IN AMERICA THE GARDEN MAGAZINE – FARMING CHICAGO: Peoples Gas Bldg. GARDEN CITY, N. Y. NEW YORK:11-13 W. 32d Street