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By yielding up thy body to my will;

And what thou hast, forget'st: Thou art not cerOr else he must not only die the death,'

tain ; But thy unkindness shall his death draw out For thy complexion shifts to strange affects, To lingering sufferance : answer me to-morrow, After the moon: If thou art rich, thou art poor; Or, by the affection that now guides me most, For, like an ass, whose back with ingots bows, I'll prove a tyrant to him: As for you,

Thou bear'st thy heavy riches but a journey, Say what you can, my false o'erweighs your true. And death unloads thee: Friend, hast thou none;

[Erit. For thine own bowels, which do call thee sire, lepb. To whom shall I complain? Did I tell this, The mere effusion of thy proper loins, Who would believe me? O perilous mouths, Do curse the gout, serpigo,' and the rheum, That bear in them one and the selfsame tongue, For ending thee no sooner: Thou hast nor youth, Either of condemnation or approof!

nor age; Bidding the law make court'sy to their will; But, as it were, an after-dinner's sleep, Hooking both right and wrong to the appetite, Dreaming on both ;1° for all thy blessed youth To follow as it draws! I'll to my brother :

Becomes as aged, and doth beg the alms Though he hath fallen by prompture of the blood, Of palsied eld ; and when thou art old, and rich, Yet hath he in him such a mind of honour, Thou hast neither heat, affection, limb, nor beauty, That tiad he twenty heads to tender down To make thy riches pleasant. What's yet in this On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up, That bears ihe name of life? Yet in this life Before his sister should her body stoop

Lie hid more thousand deaths; yet death we fear, To such abhorr’d pollution.

That makes these odds all even. Then Isabel, live chaste, and, brother, die :


I humbly thank you. More than our brother is our chastity.

To sue to live, I find, I seek to die: I'll tell him yet of Angelo's request,

And seeking death, find life: Let it come on, And fit his mind to death, for his soul's rest.


Isab. What, ho! Peace here ; grace and good


Prov. Who's there? come in ; the wish deserves ACT II.

a welcome. SCENE I. A Room in the Prison. Enter Duke, Duke. Dear sir, ere long I'll visit you again. CLAUDIO, and Provost.

Claud. Most holy sir, I thank you. Duke. So, then you hope of pardon from lord Isab. My business is a word or two with Claudio. Angelo ?

Prov. And very welcome. Look, signior, here's Claud. The miserable have no other medicine,

your sister. But only hope :

Duke. Provost, a word with you. I have hope to live, and am prepar'd to die.


As many as you please. Duke. Be absolute; for death; either death or life, Duke. Bring me to hear them speak, where I Shall thereby be the sweeter.' Reason thus with

may be conceal'd, 12 life,

Yet hear them. (Exeunt Duke and Provost. If I do lose thee, I do lose a thing

Claud. Now, sister, what's the comfort ? That none but fools wouid keep :* a breath thou art, Isab. Why, as all comforts are, most good indeed : Servile to all the skiey intluences,)

Lord Angelo, having affairs to heaven, That dost this habitation, where thou keep'st,s

Intends you for his swift embassador, Hoarly afflict : merely, thou art death's fool; Where you shall be an everlasting leiger :13 For him thou labour'st by thy flight to shun, Therefore your best appointment14 make with speed; And yet runn'st towardbim still: Thou art not To-morrow you set on.


Is there no remedy? For all the accommodations that thou bear'st, Isab. None, but such remedy, as to save a head, Are purs'd by baseness :* Thou art by no means To cleave a heart in twain. valiant;


But is there any ? For thou dost fear the soft and tender fork

Isab. Yes, brother, you may live;
Ola poor worm:: Thy best of rest is sleep, There is a devilish mercy in the judge,
And that thou oft provok'st; yet grossly fear'st If you'll implore it, that will free your life,
Thy death, which is no more. Thou art not thyself; But fetter you till death.
For thou exist'st on many a thousand grains


Perpetual durance ? Tiat issue out of dust : Happy thou art not; Isah. Ay, just, perpetual durance; a restraint, For what thou hast not, still thou striv'st to get;

Though all the world's vas tidity?ó you had,

To a determined scope.16 I The drath. This phrase scems originally to have barn a mi taken translation of the French La mort. 9 Serpigo, is a leprous eruption. haver uses it frequently, and it is common to all wri. 10 This is exquisitely imagined. When we are young, is of Shakspeare's age.

we busy ourselves in forming schemes for succeedmg ? 1. e. temptation, instigation. 3 i. e. determined. time, and miss the gratifications that are before us; Keep here means care for, a common acceptation when we are old, we amuse the languor of age with the the word in Chaucer and later writers.

recollection of youthful pleasures or performances ; so 5 Ledwellest. So, in Henry IV. Parti:

that our life, of which no part is filled with the business * *Twas where the inailcap duke his uncle kept.' of the present time, resembles our dreams after dinner, 6 Shakspeare here meant to observe, that a minute when ihe events of the morning are mingled with the analysis of life at once destroys that splendour which designs of the evening. darzles the imagination. Whatever grandeur can dis. 11 Old age. In youth, which is or ought to be the hap. 337, of luxury enjoy, is procured by baseness, hy offi- piest time, man commonly wants means to obtain what

If which the mind shrinks from the contemplation. The could enjoy, he is dependent on palsied eld; must All the delicacies of the table may be traced back to the beg alms from the coffers of heary avarice ; and being shambles and the dunghill, all magnificence of building very niggardly supplied, becomes as aged, looks like an * is hean from the quarry, and all the pomp of orna. old man on happiness beyond his reach. And when he Man from among the damps and darkness of the mine. is old and rich, when he has wealth enough for the

Form is put for any creeping thing or serpent. purchase of all that formerly excited his desires, he has shakspeare adopts the vulgar error, that a serpent no longer the powers of enjoyment. unds with his tongue, and that his tongue is forked. 12 The first folio reads, “bring them to hear me speak, bobl tapestries and paintings the tongues of serpents &c.' the second folio reads, “bring them to speak. The al dragons always appear barbed like the point of an emendation is by Steevens.

13 A leiger is a resident. & The old copy reads effects. We should read affects, 11 j. e. preparation. be affections, passions of the mind. See Hamlet, Act 15 i. e. vastness of extent.

16 To a determind scope. A confinement of your

noble ;

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bi. Sc. 4.


But in what nature ? To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot:
Isab. In such a one as (you consenting to't) This sensible warm motion to become
Would bark your honour from thai trunk you bear, A kneaded clod; and the delightede spint
And leave you naked.'

To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside

Let me know the point. In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice ::
Isah. O, I do fear thee, Claudio; and I quake, To be imprison'd in the viewlesslo winds,
Lest thou 'a feverous life should'st entertain, And blown with restless violence round about
And six or seven winters more respect

The pendent world ; or to be worse than worst
Than a perpetual honour. Dar'st thou die ? Of those, that lawless and incertain thoughts
The sense of death is most in apprehension; Imagine howling !-'uis too horrible !
And the poor beetle, that we tread upon,

The weariest and most loathed worldly life,
In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great That age, ach, penury, imprisonment
As when a giant dies.?

Can lay on nature, is a paradise

Why give you me this shame? To what we fear of death. Think you I can a resolution fetch

Isab. Alas! alas ! From flowery tenderness? If I must die,


Sweet sister, let mo live : I will encounter darkness as a bride,

What sin you do to save a brother's life, And hug it in mine arms.

Nature dispenses with the deed so far, Isab. There spake my brother; there my father's That it becomes a virtue. grave


0, you beast ! Did utter forth a voice ! Yes, thou must die : 0, faithless coward ! O, dishonest wretch! Thou art too noble to conserve a life

Wilt thou be made a man out of my vice ? In base appliances. This outward-sainted deputy,- Is't not a kind of incest, to take life Whose settled visage and deliberate word From thine own sister's shame? What should I Nips youth i' the head, and follies doth enmew,

think? As falcon doth the fowl,—is yet a devil;

Heaven shield, my mother play'd my father fair ! His filth within being cast, he would appear For such a warped slip of wilderness11 A pond as deep as hell.

Ne'er issu'd from his blood. Take my defiance :17 Claud.

The princely Angelo ? Die; perish! might but my bending down Isab. 0, 'tis the cunning livery of hell,

Reprieve thee from thy fate, it should proceed: The damned'st body to invest and cover

I'll pray a thousand prayers for thy death,
In princely guards ! 4 Dost thou think, Claudio, No word to save thee.
If I would yield him my virginity,

Claud. Nay, hear me, Isabel.
Thou mighi'st be freed?


O, fye, fye, fye! Claud.

0, heavens! it cannot be. Thy sin's not accidental, but a trade :ia Isab. Yes, he would give it thee, from this rank Mercy to thee would prove itself a bawd: offence, 'Tis best that thou diest quickly.

(Gong. So to offend him still :5 This night's the time


hear me, Isabella. That I should do what I abhor to name, Or else thou diest to-morrow.

Re-enter Duke. Claud.

Thou shalt not do't. Isab. O, were it but my life,

Duke. Vouchsafe a word, young sister, but one I'd throw it down for your deliverance

word. As frankly as a pin.

Isab. What is your will?
Thanks, my dear Isabel.

Duke. Might you dispense with your leisure, I Isab. Be ready, Claudio, 'for your death to- would by and by have some speech with you: the

satisfaction I would require, is likewise your own Claud, Yes.- Has he affections in him,

benefit. That thus can make him bite the law by the nose,

Isab. I have no superfluous leisure ;

my stay When he would force it ?? Sure it is not sin;

must be stolen out of other affairs; but I will attend Or of the deadly seven it is the least.

you awhile. Isab. Which is the least?

Duke. [T. CLAUDIO, aside.] Son, I have over. Claud. If it were damnable, he, being so wise,

heard what hath passed between you and your sisWhy, would he for the momentary trick,

ter. Angelo had never the purpose to corrupt her ; Be perdurably fin'd?-0 Isabel!

only he hath made an essay of her virtue, to pracIsab. What says my brother?

tise his judgment with the disposition of natures: Claud,

Death is a fearful thing. she, having the truth of honour in her, hath made Isah. And shamed life a hateful.

him that gracious denial which he is most glad to Claud. Ay, but to die, and go we know not receive : I am confessor to Angelo, and I know this where;

to be true; therefore prepare yourself to death:


mind to one painful idea : to ignominy, of which the 7. Has he passions that impel him to transgress the remembrance can neither be suppressed nor escaped. law at the very moment that he is enforcing it against

1 A metaphor, from stripping trees of their bark. others ? Surely then it cannot be a sin so very heinous, 2 And the poor beetle that we tread upon

since Angelo, who is so wise, will venture it's Shak In corporal suferance finds a pang as great speare shows his knowledge of human nature in the As when a giant dies.'

conduct of Claudio. This beautiful passage is in all our minds and memo. 8 Delighted, is occasionally used by Shakspeare for ries, but it most frequently stands in quotation detached delighiful, or causing delight; delighted in. So, in from the antecedent line :--The sense of death is most Othello, Act ii. Sc. 3 ; in apprehension,' without which it is liable to an oppo.

If virtue no delighted beauty lack.' sile construction. The meaning is :

-lear is the prin And Cymbeline, Act v. Sc. 4: cipal sensation in death, which has no pain; and the Whom best I love, I cross, to make my gift giant when he dies feely no greater pain than the beetle? The more delayed, delighted.

3 'In whose presence the follies of youth are afraid 9 Jonson, in his Cataline, Act ii. Sc. 4, has a simito show themselves, as the fowl is afraid to flutter while lar expression :- We're spirits bound in ribs of ice.' the falcon hovers over it. To enmeu is a term in Fal. Shakspeare returns to the various destinations of the conry, signilying to restrain, to keep in a mew or cage disembodied Spirit, in that pathetic speech of Othello in either by force or terror.

the fifth Act. Milton seems to have had Shakspeare 4 Guards were trimmings, facings, or other orna. before him when he wrote the second book of Paradise ments applied upon a dress. It here slands, by synec. Lost, v. 593-603. doche, for dress.

10 Vieuless, invisible, unseen. 5 i. e. · From the time of my committing this offence, 11 Wilderness, for wildness. you might persist in sinning with safely.'

12 i. e. my refusal. 6 Frankly, freely.

13 Trade, an established habit, a custom, a practice.

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Do not satisfy your resolution' with hopes that are them with his comfort; swallowed his vows whole, fallible : tomorrow you must die; go to your knees, pretending, in her, discoveries of dishonour: in few, and make ready.

bestowed her on her own lamentation, which shé. Claud. Let me ask my sister pardon. I am so yet wears for his sake; and he, a marble to her out of love with life, that I will sue to be rid of it. tears, is washed with them, but relents not. Duke.* Hold you there: Farewell.

Isab. What a merit were it in death, to take this [Exit Claudio. poor maid from the world! What corruption in this

life, that it will let this man live !--But how out of Re-enter Provost.

this can she avail ? Provost, a word with you.

Duke. It is a rupture that you may easily heal: Prov. What's your will, father?

and the cure of it not only saves your brother, but Duke. That now you are come, you will be gone : keeps you from dishonour in doing it. Leave me awhile with the maid ; my mind promises Isab. Show me how, good father. with my habit, no loss shall touch her by my com. Duke. This forenamed maid hath yet in her the pany.

continuance of her first affection; his unjust unkindProv. In good time.

[Exit Provost. ness, that in all reason should have quenched her Duke. The hand that hath made you fair, hath love, hath, like an impediment in the current, made made you good : the goodness, thai is cheap in it more violent and unruly. Go you to Angelo: beauty, makes beauty brief in goodness; but grace, answer his requiring with a plausible obedience; being the soul of your complexion, should keep the agree with his demands to the point : only refer' body of it ever fair. The assault that Angelo hath yourself to this advantage,-first, that your stay made to you, fortune hath convey'd to my under- with him may not be long; that the time may have standing; and, but that frailty háth examples for all shadow and silence in it; and the place answer his falling, I should wonder at Angelo. How would to convenience: this being granted in course, now you do to contend this substitute, and to save your follows all. We shall advise this wronged maid brother?

to stead up your appointment, go in your place; if Izub. I am now going to resolve him: had the encounter acknowledge itself hereafter, it may rather my brother die by the law, than my son compel him to her recompense: and here, by this, should be unlawfully born. But o, how much is is your brother saved, your honour untainted, the the good duke deceived in Angelo! If ever he re- poor Mariana advantaged, and the corrupt deputy tum, and I can speak to him, I will open my lips in scaled. The maid will I frame, and make fii fór rain, or discover his government.

his attempt. If you think well to carry this as you Duke. That shall not be much amiss : Yet, as may, the doubleness of the benefit defends the dethe matter now stands, he will avoid your accusa- ceit from reproof. What think you of it? tion; he made trial of you only. Therefore fasten Isab. The image of it gives me content already; your ear on my advisings; to thu love I have in and, I trust, it will grow to a most prosperous perdoing good, a remedy presents itself. I do make fection. myself believe, that you may most uprighteously do Duke. It lies much in your holding up: Haste you a poor wronged lady a merited benefit; redeem speedily to Angelo; if for this night he entreat you your brother from the angry law; do no stain to to his bed give him promise of satisfaction. I will spur own gracious person ; and much please the presently to St. Luke's; there at the moated absent duke, if, peradventure, he shall ever return grange,s resides this dejected Mariana : At that to have hearing of this business.

place call upon me; and despatch with Angelo, Isab. Let me hear you speak further; I have that it may be quickly. spirit to do any thing that appears not foul in the Isab. I thank you for this comfort: Fare you truth of my spirit.

well, good father.

(Exeunt severally. Duke. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearfiil. Have you not heard speak of Mariana the sis- SCENE II. The street before the prison. Enter ter of Frederick, the great soldier, who miscarried

Duke, as a friar; to him Eleow, Clown, and al sea ?

Officers. Isah. I have heard of the lady, and good words Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but that went with her name.

you will needs buy and sell men and women like Drike. Her should this Angelo have married : beasts, we shall have all the world drink brown and was affianced to her by oath, and the nuptial ap- white bastard." pointed: between which time of the contract, and Duke. O, heavens! what stuff is here? linait* of the solemnity, her brother Frederick was Clo. 'Twas never merry world, since, of two

Tecked at sea, having in that perished vessel the usuries, the merriest was put down, and the worser dowry of his sister.

But mark how heavily this allow'd, by order of law, a furr'd gown to keep him befell to the poor gentlewoman : there she lost a warm; and furr’d with fox and lamb-skins!too, to Doble and renowned brother, in his love toward her signify, that craft, being richer than innocency, ever most kind and natural: with him the portion stands for the facing. and sinew of her fortune, her marriage dowry; with Elb. Come your way, sir ;-Bless you, good booth, her combinates husband, this well-seeming father friar. Angelo.

Duke. And you, good brother father :12 What lorh. Can this be so ? Did Angelo so leave her? Offence hath this man made you, sir ? Duke. Left her in her tears, and dry'd not one of Elb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law; and, I Do not satisfy your résolution, appears to signify da rol quench or extinguish your resolution irith falli- lar nature has before occurred in this play, taken from He hopez. Satisfy was used by old writers in the sense the barking, peeling, or stripping of trees. I cannot of to stay, stop, quench, or slint : as in the phrase convince myself that it means weighed, unless we could

Surrow is satisfied with tears: Dolor espletur lachry. imagine that counterpoised was intended. mis. – To satisfy or elint hunger: Famem erplere. To 9 Grange, a solitary farm-house. quench or satisfy thirst : Sitem explere ! A conjecture 10 Bastard. A sweet wine, Raisin wine, according to of the Hon. Charles Yorke's on this passage will be Minshew. found in Warburton's Letters, p. 500, 8vo. ed.

11 It is probable we should read 'fox on lambsking,' 2 Hold you there : continue in that resolution. otherwise craft will not stand for the facing. Fox-skins 3 i.e. a la bonne heure, so be it, very well.

and lamh-skins were both used as facings according to 4 i. e. appointed time.

the statuite of apparel, A1 Hen. 8. c. 13. So, in Charac. 5 i. e, betrothed.

terismi, or Lenton's Leasures, &c. 1631 :- An usurer 6 Bestowed her on her own lamentation, gave her is an old fox clad in lamb-ekin.' up to her sorrows.

12 The Duke humorously calls him brother father, 7 Rejer yourself, have recourse to.

because he had called him father friar, which is equi8 1. é. stripped of his covering or disguise, his affec: valent to father brother, friar being derived from tation of virtue ; desneamulus. A metaphor of a simi. I frere. Fr.

you, friar.

for sin,

cure it.

sir, we take him to be a thief, too, sir ; for we have bondage: if you take it not patiently, why your found upon him, sir, a strange pick-lock,' which we mettle is the more : Adieu, trusty Pompey.-Bless have sent to the deputy. Duke. Fye, sirrah ; a bawd, a wicked bawd !

Duke. And you. The evil that thou causest to be done,

Lucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? Ha? That is thy means to live: Do thou but think Elb. Come your ways, sir; come. What 'tis to cram a maw, or clothe a back,

Clo. You will not bail me then, sir? From such a filthy vice : say to thyself,

Lucio. Then, Pompey? nor now.-What news From their abominable and beastly touches abroad, friar ? What news? I drink, I eat, array myself, and live.

Elb. Come your ways, sir; come. Canst thou believe thy living is a life,

Lucio. Go-to kennel, Pompey, go; So stinkingly depending? Go, mend, go, mend.

[Ereunt Elbow, Clown, and Officers. Clo. Indeed, it does stink in some sort, sir; but What news, friar, of the duke? yet, sir, I would prove

Duke. I know none : Can you tell me of any ? Duke. Nay, if the devil have given thee proofs Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of Rus

sia ; other some,

he is in Rome : But where is he, Thou wilt prove his. Take him to prison, officer; think you? Correction and instruction must both work,

Duke. I know not where : But wheresoerer, I Ere this rude beast will profit.

wish him well. Elb. He must before the deputy, sir ; he has given Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to him warning; the deputy cannot abide a whore- steal from the state, and usurp the beggary he was master: if he be a whoremonger, and comes before never born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in his him, he were as good go a mile on his errand. absence;


puts transgression to't. Duke. That we were all, as some would seem Duke. He does well in't. to be

Laucio. A little more lenity to lechery would do no Free from our faults, as faults from seeming, free !2 harm in him: something too crabbed that way, friar. Enter Lucio.

Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity musi Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a cord," Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great sir.

kindred; it is well ally'd: but it is impossible to Clo. I spy comfort; I cry, bail : Here's a gen- extirp it quite, friar, till eating and drinking be put teman, and a friend of mine.

down. They say, this Angelo was not made by Lucio. How now, noble Pompey? What, at the man and woman, after the downright way of creaheels of Cæsar ? Art thou led in iriumph? What, tion: Is it true think you ? is there none of Pygmalion's images, newly made Duke. How should he be made then? woman,4 to be had now, for putting the hand in the Lucio. Some report a sea-maid spawn'd him:pocket and extracting it cluich’d? What reply? Some that he was begot between two stock-fishes: Ha? What say'st thou to this tune, matter, and --But it is certain, that when he makes water, his method ? Is't not drown'd i'the last rain ? Ha? urine is congeal'd ice; that I know to be true : and What say'st thou, trot? Is the world as it was, he is a motion" ungenerative, that's infallible. man? Which is the way ? Is it sad, and few words? Duke. You are pleasant, sir; and speak apace. Or how? The trick of it?

Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this in him, Duke. Súill thus, and thus! still worse !

for the rebellion of a cod-piece, to take away the Lucio. How doth my dear morsel, thy mistress ? life of a man? Would the duke, that is absent, have Procures she still ? Ha ?

done this? Ere he would have hang'd a man for Clo. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her beef, the getting a hundred bastards, he would have paid and she is herself in the tub.5

for the nursing of a thousand: He had some feeling Lucio, Why, 'tis good; it is the right of it; it of the sport ; he knew the service, and that instructmust be so: Ever your fresh whore, and your powed him to mercy. der'd bawd: An unshun’do consequence; it must Duke. I never heard the absent duke much debe so : Art going to prison, Pompey?

tected!' for women; he was not inclined that way, Clo. Yes, faith, sir.

Lucio, 0, sir, you are deceived. Lucio. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey: Farewell: Duke. 'Tis not possible. Go; say, I sent thee thither. For debt, Pompey ? Lucio. Who? not the duke ? yes, your beggar of Or how?

fifty ; --and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack; Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd.

dish :11 the duke had crotchets in him: He would Lucio. Well, ihen imprison him; If imprison- be drunk too; and let me inform you. ment be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right: Duke. You do him wrong, surely. Bawd is he, doubtless, and of antiquity too; bawd

Lucio. Sir, I was an inward'a of his: A shy felborn. Farewell, good Pompey: Commend me to low was the duke: and, I believe, I know the cause the prison, Pompey; You will turn good husband of his withdrawing. now, Pompey; you will keep the house,?

Duke. What, I pr’ythee, might be the cause ? Clo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be my

Lucio. No,--pardon ;-'tis a secret must be bail.

lock'd within the teeth and the lips : but this I can Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey ; it is not let you understand,--The greater filets of the subthe wear. I will pray, Pompey, to increase your ject held the duke to be wise. 1 It is not neccessary to take honest Pompey for a

Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. housebreaker, the locks he had occasion to pick were Spanish padlocks. In Jonson's Volpone, Corvino 8 i. e. fashion. threatens to make his wife wear one of these euange 9 i. e. a puppet, or moving body, without the power of contrivances.

generation. 2 i, e. As faults are free from or destitute of all 10 Delected for suspected. comeliness or seeming.'

11 A wooden dish with a moveable cover, formerly 3 His neck will be tied, like your waist, with a cord. carried by beggars, which they clacked and claltered to The friar wore a rope for a girile.

show that it was empty. In this they received the alms. 4 i. e. Have you no new courtesans to recommend to It was one mode of attracting attention. Lepers and your customers.

other paupere deemed infectious, originally used it, that 5 The method of cure for a certain disease was the sound might give warning not to approach too near, grossly called the pourdering tub. See the potes on the and alms be given without touching the object. The lub fast and the diet, in Timon of Athens, Act iv. in the custom of clacking at Easter is not yet quite disused in Variorum of Shakspeare.

some counties. Lucio's meaning is too evident, to want 6 i. e. inevitable.

explanation. 7 i. e. stay at home, alluding to the etymology of hus. 12 i. e. intimate. land.

13 • The greater file, the majority of his sul jects.


this again.

Lacis. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing' Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence: fellow.

let him be called before us.-Away with her to priDuke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mis- son: Go to; no more words. [Freunt Bawd and laking; the very stream of his life, and the business, Officers.) Provost, my brother Angelo will not be be hath belmed, must, upon a warranted need, alter’d, Claudio must die 10-morrow: let him be gire him a better proclamation. Let him be but furnished with divines, and have all charitable pretestimonied in his own bringings forth, and he shall paration: if my brother wrought by my pity, it appear to the envious, a scholar, a statesman, and should not be so with him. a soldier: Therefore, you speak' unskilfully; or, if Prov. So please you, this friar hath been with your knowledge be more, it is much darkened in him, and advised him for the entertainment of death. Four malice,

Escal. Good even, good father. 1x29. Sir, I know him, and I love him.

Duke. Bliss and goodness on you? Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and Escal. Of whence are you? knowledge with dearer love.

Duke. Not of this country, though my chance is Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know. Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know To use it for my time : I am a brother not what you speak. But, if ever the duke return of gracious order, late come from the see, (as our prayers are he may,) let me desire you to In special business from his holiness. make your answer before him: If it be honest you Esral. What news abroad i' the world ? have spoke, you have courage to maintain it: I'am Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever on bound to call upon you; and, I pray you, your goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure it: name ?

novelty is only in request ; and it is as dangerous Lucig. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known to the to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to duke.

be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may truth enough alive, to make societies secure ; but live to report you.

security cnough, to make fellowships accursd :: laro. fear you not.

much upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. Duke. O, you hope the duke will return no more; This news is old enough, yet it is every day's of you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But, news. I pray you, sir, of what disposition was the indeed, I can do you little harm; you'll forswear duke?

Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, conLucio. I'll be hang'd first : thou art deceived in tended especially to know himself. me, friar. But no more of this; Canst thou tell if Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? Claudio die to-morrow, or no?

Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, Duke. Why should he die, sir?

than merry at any thing which professed to make Luicio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. But I would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again : leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may this ungenitur'd' agent will unpeople the province prove prosperous; and let me desire to know how with continency; sparrows must not build in his you find Claudio prepared. I am made to underhouse-caves, because they are lecherous. The duke stand, that you have lent him visitation. yel would have dark deeds darkly answered; he Duke. He professes to have received no sinister would never bring them to light: 'would he were measure from his judge, but most willingly humreturn'd! Marry, ihis Claudio is condemn’d for un-bles himself to the determination of justice : yet had trussing. Farewell, good friar; I pry'thee, pray he framed to himself

, by the instruction of his frailfor me. The duke,'I say to thee again, would eat ty, many deceiving promises of life ; which I, by mutton on Fridays. He's now past it ; yot, and I my good leisure, have discredited to him, and now say to thee, he would mouth with a beggar, though is he resolved to die. sae smelts' brown bread and garlick : say, that I

Escal. You have paid the heavens your function, sant so. Farewell.

(Exit. and the prisoner the very debt of your calling. I Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality

have labour'd for the poor gentleman, to the exCan censure 'scape ; back-wounding calumny

tremest shore of my modesty ; but my brother jusThe whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong,

tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ?

to tell him, he is indeed-justice.10 Bat who comes here?

Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his

proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein, if Enter Escalus, Provost, Bawd, and Officers. he chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself, Esoal. Go, away with her to prison.

Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare you Bawd Good my lord, be good to me; your ho- well. Duris accounted a merciful man: good my lord. Duke. Peace be with you! Excel. Double and treble admonition, and still

(Eseunt Escalus and Provost. forfeit' in the same kind ? This would make merey Ho, who the sword of heaven will bear, s-ar, and play the tyrant.

Should be as holy as severe; Prev. A bawd of eleven years continuance, may Pattern in himself to know, it please your honour.

Grace to stand, and virtue go;' Bard. My lord, this is one Lucio's information More nor less to others paying, against me : mistress Kate Keep-down was with Than by self-offences weighing. child by him in the duke's time, he promised her Shame to him, whose cruel striking marriage ; his child is a year and a quarter old, Kills for faults of his own liking! eine Pailip and Jacob: l' have kept it myself; and Twice treble shame on Angelo, see how he goes about to abuse me.

8 The allusion is to those legal securities into which I i. e. inconsiderate.

fellowship leads men to enter for each other. For this 2 Guided, steered through, a metaphor from navi- quibble Shakspeare has high authority, He that

hateth suretiship is sure. Prov. xi. 15.

9 i. c. satisfied ; probably because conviction loads 4 Ungeniturd. This word seems to be formed to decision or resolution. foto genitoira, ä word which occurs several times in 10 Summum jus, summa in juria. Hinland's Pliny, vol. ii. p. 321, 560, 589, and comes 11 This passage is very obscure, nor can it be cleared

without a more licentious paraphase than the reader 5 A wench was called a laced mutton. In Doctor may be willing to allow. He that bears the sword of Faust us, 1604, Lechery says, I am one that loves an heaven should be not less holy than severe ; should be Thor raw mutton better than an ell of stock-fish.' able to discover in himself a pattern of such grace as


3 Opposill, opponent.

Sin the French genitoires.

can avoid temptation, and such virtue as may go abroad ? Farfeit, transgress, offend, from forfaire. Fr. into the world without danger of seduction.'

6 Smell, for smelt of.

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