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No. CXXII. FRIDAY, JULY 20.

Comes jucundus in via pro vehiculo eft.

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An agreeable companion upon the road is as good as a coach.

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MAN's first care should be to avoid the reproaches of his own heart; his next, to efcape the cenfures of the world: if the last interferes with the former, it ought to be intirely neglected; but otherwife there cannot be a greater fatisfaction to an honeft mind, than to fee thofe approbations which it gives itself feconded by the applaufes of the public: a man is more fure of his conduct, when the verdict which he paffes upon his own behaviour is thus warranted and confirmed by the opinion

of all that know him.

My worthy friend Sir Roger is one of those who is not only at peace within himself, but beloved and efteemed by all about him. He receives a fuitable tribute for his univerfal benevolence to mankind, in the returns of affection and good-will, which are paid him by every one that lives within his neighbourhood. I lately met with two or three odd inftances of that general respect which is fhewn to the good old knight. He would needs carry Will Wimble and myfelf with him to the county affizes: as we were upon the road Will Wimble joined a couple of plain men who rid before us, and converfed with them for fome time; during which my friend Sir Roger acquainted me with their characters.

The first of them, fays he, that has a fpaniel by his fide, is a yeoman of about an hundred pounds a year, an honeft man: he is juft within the Game-Act, and qualified to kill an hare or a pheasant; he knocks down a dinner with his gun twice or thrice a week; and by that means lives much cheaper than those who have not fo good an estate as himself. He would be a good neighbour if he did not deftroy fo many partridges: in short, he is a very sensible man; shoots flying; and has been feveral times foreman of the petty-jury.

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The other that rides along with him is Tom Touchy, a fellow famous for taking the law of every body. There is not one in the town where he lives that he has not fued at a quarter-feffions. The rogue had once the impudence to go to law with the widow. His head is full of cofts, damages, and ejectments; he plagued a couple of honeft gentlemen fo long for a trefpafs in breaking one of his hedges, until he was forced to fell the ground it inclofed to defray the charges of the profecution: his father left him fourfcore pounds a year: but he has "caft" and been caft so often, that he is not now worth thirty. I fuppofe he is going upon the old business of the willow-tree.

As Sir Roger was giving me this account of Tom Touchy, Will Wimble and his two companions stopped fhort until we came up to them. After having paid their refpects to Sir Roger, Will told him that Mr. Touchy and he must appeal to him upon a difpute that arofe between them. Will it feems had been giving his fellowtraveller an account of his angling one day in fuch a hole; when Tom Touchy, instead of hearing out his ftory, told him that Mr. fuch an one, if he pleafed, might take the law of him for fishing in that part of the river. My friend Sir Roger heard them both, upon a round trot; and after having paufed fome time told them, with the air of a man who would not give his judgment rafhly, that much might be faid on both fides." They were neither of them diffatisfied with the knight's determination, because neither of them found himlelf in the wrong by it; upon which we made the best of our way to the affizes.

The court was fat before Sir Roger came; but notwithstanding all the juftices had taken their places upon the bench, they made room for the old knight at the head of them; who for his reputation in the country took occafion to whisper in the Judge's ear," that he was "glad his lordship had met with to much good weather "in his circuit. I was liftening to the proceeding of the court with much attention, and infinitely pleafed with that great appearance and folenmity which fo properly

perly accompanies fuch a public adminiftration of our laws; when, after about an hour's fitting, I obferved to my great furprise, in the midst of a trial, that my friend Sir Roger was getting up to fpeak. I was in fome pain for him, until I found he had acquitted himfelf of two or three fentences, with a look of much bulineis and great intrepidity.

Upon his firft rifing, the court was hufhed, and a general whisper ran among the country people that Sir Roger" was up." The fpeech he made was fo little to the purpose, that I fhall not trouble my readers with an account of it; and I believe was not fo much defigned by the knight himself to inform the court, as to give him a figure in my eye, and keep up his credit in the country.

I was highly delighted, when the court rofe, to fee the gentlemen of the country gathering about my old friend, and ftriving who should compliment him molt; at the fame time that the ordinary people gazed upon him at a distance, not a little admiring his courage, that was not afraid to speak to the judge.

In our return home we met with a very odd accident; which I cannot forbear relating, because it shews how defirous all who know Sir Roger are of giving him marks of their esteem. When we were arrived upon the verge of his eftate, we stopped at a little inn to reft ourselves and our horfes. The man of the house had it seems been formerly a fervant in the knight's family; and to do honour to his old mafter, had fome time fince, unknown to Sir Roger, put him up in a fign-poft before the door; fo that the "knight's head" had hung out upon the road about a week before he himself knew any thing of the matter. As foon as Sir Roger was acquainted with it, finding that his fervant's indifcretion proceeded wholly from affection and good-will, he only told him that he had made him too high a compliment; and when the fellow feemed to think that could hardly be, added with a more decifive look, that it was too great an honour for any man under a duke; but told him at the fame time, that it might be altered with a very few touches, and

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that he himself would be at the charge of it. Accord ingly they got a painter by the knight's directiont to add a pair of whiskers to the face, and by a little aggravation of the features to change it into the Saracen's-head. I fhould not have known this ftory had not the inn. keeper, upon Sir Roger's alighting, told him in my hearing, that his honour's head was brought back laft night with the alterations that he had ordered to be made in it. Upon this my friend, with his ufual cheerfulness, related the particulars above-mentioned, and ordered the head to be brought into the room. I could not forbear discovering greater expreffions of mirth than ordinary upon the appearance of this monftrous face, under which, notwithstanding it was made to frown and stare ia a most extraordinary manner, I could still difcover a diftant resemblance of my old friend. Sir Roger, upon feeing me laugh, defired me to tell him truly if I thought it poffible for people to know him in that dif guife. I at firft kept my ufual filence; but upon the knight's conjuring me to tell him whether it was not still more like himself than a Saracen, I compofed my counterrance in the best manner I could, and replied, "that "much might be faid on both fides."

These several adventures, with the knight's behaviour in them, gave me as pleasant a day as ever I met with of my travels.

in any

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No. CXXIII. SATURDAY, JULY 21.

Doctrina fed vim promovet infitam,

Rectique cultus pectora roborant:

Utcunque defecere mores,

Dedecorant bene nata culpæ.

Yet the best blood by learning is refin'd,
And virtue arms the folid mind;

Whilft vice will ftain the nobleft race,

And the paternal ftamp deface.

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HOR.

ANON.

S I was yesterday taking the air with my friend Sir Roger, we were met by a fresh-coloured ruddy young man who rid by us full speed, with a couple of

fervants

fervants behind him. Upon my inquiry who he was, Sir Roger told me that he was a young gentleman of a confiderable eftate, who had been educated by a tender mother that lived not many miles from the place where we were. She is a very good lady, fays my friend, but took fo much care of her fon's health that he has made him good for nothing. She quickly found that reading was bad for his eyes, and that writing made his head ach. He was let loose among the woods as foon as he was able to ride on horseback, or to carry a gun upon his shoulder. To be brief, I found, by my friend's account of him, that he had got a great ftock of health, but nothing elfe; and that if it were a man's business only to live, there would not be a more accomplished young fellow in the whole county.

The truth of it is, fince my refiding in these parts I have feen and heard immumerable inftances of young heirs and elder brothers, who either from their own reflecting upon the estates they are born to, and therefore thinking all other accomplishments unneceffary, or from hearing thefe notions frequently inculcated to them by the flattery of their fervants and domeftics, or from the fame foolish thought prevailing in those who have the care of their education, are of no manner of ufe but to keep up their families, and tranfmit their lands and houses in a line to pofterity.

This makes me often think on a ftory I have heard of two friends, which I fhall give my reader at large, under feigned names. The moral of it may, I hope, be useful, though there are some circumstances which make it rather appear like a novel than a true story,

Eudoxus and Leontine began the world with small eftates. They were both of them men of good fenfe and great virtue. They profecuted their ftudies together in their earlier years, and entered into fuch a friendship as lafted to the end of their lives. Eudoxus, at his first fetting cut in the world, threw himself into a court, where by his natural endowments and his acquired abilities he made his way from one poft to another, until at length he had raised a very confiderable fortune. Leon

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