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habitations of the most miserable kind, inhabited seve

MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. rally by two clergymen, each separate, a non-commis. sioned officer, and a second in command ; a postmaster, a merchant, and an old widow. I have, during my ser. vice in the navy, and during a period when seamen were

TRADITIONARY NOTICES OF THE COUNTESS scarce,' seen a merchant ship with sixteen guns, and only

OF STAIR. fifteen men, but I never before saw a town with only seven inhabitants."

By the Author of the Histories of the Scottish Re. A Siberian Lucury. On the 3d of December I bellions,the Traditions of Edinburgh," &c. quitted the town of Zashiversk, not ungrateful for the hospitality of its poor inhabitants, who had supplied me

Of this venerable lady, who presided over the fashion. with plenty of fish, here eaten in a raw state, and which able world of Edinburgh during the earlier half of the to this hour I remember as the greatest delicacy I have last century, some curious traditionary anecdotes are preever tasted. Spite of our prejudices, there is nothing to served, which may perhaps amuse the people of an age be compared to the melting of raw fish in the mouth; so different from that in which she flourished. oysters, clotted cream, or the finest jelly in the world, is

She was the youngest daughter of James, second Earl nothing to it; nor is it only a small quantity that may that stern old Earl, who acted so important a part in the

of Loudoun, and consequently was grand-daughter to be eaten of this precious commodity. I myself have finished a whole fish, which, in its frozen state, might affairs of the Covenant, and who was Lord Chancellor have weighed two or three pounds, and, with black bis. of Scotland during the troublous times of the Civil War. cuit, and a glass of rye-brandy, have defied either na.

While very young, (about the beginning of the eighteenth ture or art to prepare a better meal. It is cut up or century,) she was married to James, first Viscount shaved into slices with a sharp knife, from head to tail, P, a nobleman of very dissolute character, and, and thence derives the name of stroganına ; to complete ladyship, who had a great deal of her grandfather

in her


what was worse, of an extremely unhappy temper. Her the luxury only salt and pepper were wanting.”

could have managed most men with great ease, by dint French Patriotism. At Ustkamenogorsk I again of superior intellect and force of character ; but the partook of the hospitality of the commandant, a French- cruelty of Lord P-was too much for her. He treatman ; his name is Delancourt, and he has been thirty- ed her so barbarously, that she had even occasion to apfive years in Siberia, doing any thing or nothing; being prehend that he would some day put an end to her life. one of those feeble but respectable individuals, of whom One morning, during the time when she was labouring there are several, that are supported by liberality of under this dreadful anticipation, she was dressing ber. the Russian government. In him I saw the first instance self in her chamber, near an open window, when his of a Frenchman's forgetting his own country; he seemed lordship entered the room behind her, with a drawn entirely divested of the patriotic affection which that sword in his hand. He had opened the door softly, and, fickle nation are supposed to possess, but which, perhaps, although his face indicated a resolution of the most hor. generally exists more in appearance than reality, as rible nature, he still had the presence of mind to approach wherever a Frenchman can do best, there he will settle. her with the utmost caution. Had she not caught a I asked him if he ever intended to return to France ? glimpse of his face and figure in her glass, he would, in His reply was, that “ France was nothing to him.' I all probability, have approached near enough to execute asked him why? He looked at his wife and large fa- his bloody purpose, before she was aware, or could have mily of marriageable daughters, shrugged up his should taken any measures to save herself. Fortunately, she ders, and said, · Que voulez vous que j'y fasse ?' and, perceived him in time to leap out of the open window heaving a sigh, left the room. Yet, in spite of his into the street. Half-dressed as she was, she imine. teeth, he was still a Frenchman, for the first words upon diately, by a very laudable exertion of her natural good his return were, “Ma pauvre France ! I had touched sense, went to the house of Lord P's mother, where a tender string, and, although he is now resigned to his she told her story, and demanded protection. That profate, he says that he has been a “bête' for marrying, tection was at once extended ; and, it being now thought and begetting an entail which he cannot quit. His so- vain to attempt a reconciliation, they never afterwards ciety, during the few hours that I enjoyed it, was very

lived together. agreeable.”

Lord P —soon afterwards went abroad. During

his absence, a foreign conjuror, or fortune-teller, came to Russian Civility.-Among other proofs of their Edinburgh, professing, among many other wonderful civility, or rather of the interest which Russians take in accomplishments, to be able to inform any person of the foreigners, as well as the means they have of making present condition or situation of any other person, at themselves understood, one very strong one occurred to whatever distance, in whom the applicant might be inme in a small village. I had learned so much of the terested. Lady P-, who had lost all trace of her language as to know that kchorosho is the Russian word husband, was incited, by curiosity, to go with a female for well, but not that kchudo was the translation for friend to the lodgings of this person in the Canongate, bad. My host, being a good sort of a blunt fellow, was for the purpose of inquiring regarding his motions. It discoursing upon the impropriety of travelling as I did. was at night ; and the two ladies went, with the tartan As I could not comprehend him, I was impatient to go ; screens or plaids of their servants drawn over their faces, but he persisted in detaining me till he had made me by way of disguise. Lady P-having described the understand the meaning of kchudo. My extreme stu- individual in whose fate she was interested, and having pidity offered a powerful barrier to his design ; but a expressed a desire to know what he was at present doing, smart slap on one cheek and a kiss on the other, fol. the conjuror led her to a large mirror, in which she dis. lowed by the words kchudo and hchorosho, soon cured tinctly perceived the appearance of the inside of a church, my dulness, and I laughed heartily in spite of this mode with a marriage-party arranged near the altar. To her inof instruction."

finite astonishment, she recognised in the shadowy bride.

groom no other than her husband, Lord P. The We are sorry poor Cochrane is dead. If disembodied magical scene thus so strangely displayed was not exspirits carry their earthly propensities with them into actly like a picture ; or, if so, it was rather like the live other spheres, he is at this moment walking at the rate pictures of the stage, than the dead and immovable de of four and a half miles an hour through some of the lineations of the pencil. It admitted of additions to the comets or fixed stars.

persons represented, and of a progress of action. As the




lady gazed on it, the ceremonial of the marriage seemed of the mother of a distinguished modern novelist ; a lady to proceed. The necessary arrangements had, at last, whose rational good sense and strength of mind were been all made ; the priest seemed to have pronounced the only equalled by the irreproachable purity and benevopreliminary service; he was just on the point of bidding lence of her character. the bride and bridegroom join hands; when suddenly a It will also, no doubt, be known to many of our read. gentleman, for whom the rest seemed to have waited a ers, that the author of " Waverley” has wrought up the considerable time, and in whom Lady P—thought incident into a beautiful fictitious tale, intitled - My she recognised a brother of her own, then abroad, en Aunt Margaret's Mirror," which appears in the “Keeptered the church, and made hurriedly towards the party. sake" for 1829 ; affording another proof of the slight The aspect of this person was at first only that of a foundations upon which Sir Walter Scott rears his splenfriend, who had been invited to attend the ceremony, and did superstructures of fable, and from what shadowy who had come too late ; but, as he advanced to the party, hints of character he occasionally works out his most the expression of his countenance and figure was altered noble and most natural portraitures. yery considerably. He stopped short, his face assumed It will not be amiss here to mention the following å wrathful expression, he drew his sword, and he rushed amusing traditionary reminiscence of “ Beau Forrester," up to the bridegroom, who also drew his weapon. The the gentleman to whose shoulders the author of “ My whole scene then became quite tumultuous and indis. Aunt Margaret's Mirror" has chosen to transfer all the tinct, and almost immediately after vanished entirely guilt of the Viscount P- Beau Forrester, although away:

indulging in the extreme of what is now called dandyism, When Lady P-got home, she wrote a minute nar- appears to have been a man of some sense. He evinces rative of the whole transaction, taking particular care to considerable gravity, and correctness of thought, in a litnote the day and hour when she had seen the mysterious tle tract which he published, and which is now generally vision. This narrative she sealed up in presence of a attached to the end of the common editions of Ches. witness, and then deposited it in one of her drawers. terfield's Advice to his Son," intitled, “ The Polite PhiloSoon afterwards, her brother returned from his travels, sopher.” That he was, at the time, a despiser, to a cer. and came to visit her. She asked if, in the course of his tain extent, of the distinction which he acquired as leader wanderings, he had happened to see or hear any thing of fashions among the young men of his day; and, also, of Lord P-. The young man only answered by say that he held his worshippers in some contempt, seems tó ing, that he wished he might never again hear the name be proved by an anecdote which I have heard related by of that detested personage mentioned. Lady P—, how. old gentlemen of the last century. In his time, (the reign ever, questioned him so closely, that he at last confessed of George the Second,) gentlemen sometimes wore their having met his lordship, and that under very strange cir- natural hair at great length, and nicely dressed ; and, at cumstances. Having spent some time at one of the Dutch other times, as fashion changed, cut it all away, and ascities,-it was either Amsterdam or Rotterdam,—he bad sumed prodigious periwigs. Resolving to play a trick become acquainted with a rich merchant, who had a very upon his herd of imitators, the Beau, one day, sudden. beautiful daughter, his only child, and the heiress of his ly appeared in public with a grand Ramilies, instead of enormous fortune. One day his friend, the merchant, the long-flowing natural ringlets which he had exhibited informed him that his daughter was about to be married for a considerable time befor. Of course, the barbers to a Scottish gentleman, who had lately come to reside were all immediately worried to death for Ramilies wigs , there. The nuptials were to take place in the course of and, in less than a week, there was not a single live hair a few days ; and, as he was a countryman of the bride- to be seen in the Parliament Close, the High Street, the groom, he was invited to the wedding. He went accord- Castle-Hill, or any other fashionable promenade about ingly, was a little too late for the commencement of the Edinburgh :—from Dan to Beersheba all was barren. ceremony, but, fortunately, came in time to prevent the Whenever the Beau perceived that the whole crop was union of an amiable young lady to the greatest monster fairly cut and carved, in the coolest manner imaginable, alive in human shape_his own brother-in-law, Lord he doffed bis peruke, and, all at once, to the astonishment P!

and mortification of hundreds, reappeared with his own Although Lady Phad proved her willingness to hair, as fresh and long as ever, it having been concealed believe in the magical delineations of the mirror, by all the time under his wig. It is unnecessary to describe writing down an account of them, yet she was so much or even to hint at the extent of ridicule with which this surprised and confounded by discovering them to be con- happy piece of waggery overwhelmed the scrvum pecus sistent with fact, that she almost fainted away. Some of Beau Forrester. thing, however, yet remained to be ascertained. Did Lord P-died in 1706, leaving a widow who could Lord P's attempted marriage take place exactly at scarcely be expected to mourn for him. She was still a the same time with her visit to the conjuror ? To certify young and beautiful woman, and might have procured this, she asked her brother on what day the circumstance her choice among twenty better matches. Such, how. which he related took place. Having been informed, she ever, was the idea she had formed of the married state took out her key, and requested him to go to her cham- from her first husband, that she made a resolution never ber, to open a drawer which shc described, and to bring again to become a wife. She kept her resolution for many her a sealed packet which he would find in that drawer. years, and probably would have done so till the day of He did as he was desired, when, the packet being open- her death, but for a very singular circumstance. The ed, it was discovered that Lady

Phad seen the sha- celebrated' Earl of Stair, who resided in Edinburgh dudowy representation of her husband's abortive nuptials, ring the greater part of twenty years which he spent in on the very evening they were transacted in reality. retirement from all official employments, fell deeply in

This story, with all its strange and supernatural cir. love with her ladyship, and earnestly sued for her hand. cumstances, may only excite a smile in the incredulous If she could have relented in favour of any man, it would modern. All that the narrator can say in its favour, is have been in favour of one who liad acquired so much simply this : it fell out in the hands of honourable men public honour, and who possessed so much private worth. and women, who could not be suspected of an intention But she declared also to him her resolution of remainto impose on the credulity of their friends ; it referred ing unmarried. In his desperation, he resolved upon to a circumstance which the persons concerned had the an expedient by which he might obviate her scruples, least reason in the world for raising a story about ; and but which was certainly improper in a moral point of it was almost universally believed by the contemporaries view. By dint of bribes to her domestics, he got him. of the principal personages, and by the generation which self insinuated, over night, into a small room in her succeeded. It was one of the stock traditionary stories ladyship’s house, where she used to say her prayers

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every morning, and the window of which looked out up. to make a few preliminary observations on the nature on the principal street of the city. At this window, of heat. when the morning was a little advanced, he showed him. Although the sun is the great fountain of light, the self, en deshabille, to the people passing along the street; heat upon its surface is probably not greater than that an exhibition which threatened to have such a fatal ef- of our own globe ; for, as caloric is given out when wa. fect upon her ladyship's reputation, that she saw fit to ter is poured into acids or alcohol, so the heat of the accept of him for a husband.

sun is, in all likelihood, produced by the rays of light She was more happy as Countess of Stair than she had mingling with, or passing through, our atmosphere. In been as Lady P Yet her new husband had one proof of this, it will always be found, that as the air failing, which occasioned her much and frequent uneasi. increases in rarity, the heat decreases in intensity, and ness. Like all other gentlemen at that period, he some. vice versa ;-that beyond the limits of the atmosphere times indulged over much in the hotile. When ele- eternal cold exists in the most brilliant sunshine ;-that vated with liquor, his temper, contrary to the general the denser the air, the greater the heat ;-and, finally, case, was by no means improved. Thus, on his reaching that the ocean would be congealed into a solid waste of home, after any little debauch, he generally had a quar- ice, were there no atmosphere surrounding the world, rel with his wife, and sometimes even treated her person though the beams of a luminary, a thousand times with violence. On one particular occasion, when quite brighter than our orb of day, shone upon it. transported beyond the bounds of reason, he gave her so Although the coast of Peru is one of the hottest clisevere a blow upon the upper part of the face, as to oc- mates in the world, those who gradually ascend the casion the effusion of blood. He immediately after fell Cordilleras from it, observe that the heat progressively asleep, altogether unconscious of what he had done. Lady decreases ; so that when they have got to the valley of Stair was so completely overwhelmed by a tumult of Quito, at the height of about 1400 toises above the level bitter and poignant feeling, that she made no attempt to of the sea, the thermometer, in the course of the whole bind up her little wound. She sat down on a sofa near year, scarcely rises 13 or 14 degrees above Zero. If her torpid husband, and wept and bled till morning. they ascend still higher, this temperature is succeeded When his lordship awoke, and perceived her dishevelled by a severe winter ; and when they get to the perpen. and bloody figure, he was surprised to the last degree, dicular height of about 2400 toises, ihey meet with noand eagerly inquired how she came to be in such an un- thing, even under the equinoctial line, but eternal ice, usual condition? She answered by detailing to him the Some philosophers, it is true, account for the decrease whole history of his conduct on the preceding evening; of temperature, by arguing that the warmth which is which stung him so deeply with regret,--for he was a experienced at the surface of the earth is not merely the nobleman of the most generous feelings,-that he in direct heat of the sun, but of several causes united ; and stantly vowed to his wife never afterwards to take any in particular, that the heat of the plains and valleys is species of drink, except what was first passed through owing to the reflection and absorption of the sun's rays her hands. This vow he kept most scrupulously till from, and into, the ground. But this solution of the the day of his death. He never afterwards sat in any difficulty does not seem so satisfactory as that which re. convivial company where his lady could not attend to fers it to the comparative rarity or density of the air. sanction his potations with her permission. Whenever To illustrate the subject, let us have recourse to one or he gave any entertainment, she always sat next him and two simple experiments :-Place a piece of ice under filled his wine, till it was necessary for her to retire ; af. the receiver of an air-pump; exhaust the atmosphere, ter which, lie drank only from a certain quantity which and transmit the rays of the sun from a burning mirror she had first laid aside.

or convex lens upon the ice, within the receiver-the The Earl of Stair died in the year 1747, (at Queens brilliant focus will be seen to have no effect upon the berry House, in the Canongate, Edinburgh,) leaving congealed mass. Allow the mirror or lens to remain, her ladyship again a widow. She lived all the rest of and admit the air ; the ice will then immediately begia her life, in dotarial siate, at Edinburgh ; where a close, to melt. Again, place a piece of ice in a transparent or alley, in which she resided, still bears her name. She receiver, and let the air be compressed; the frozen mat. died in the year 1759.

ter will be observed to dissolve rapidly, without any other assistance than the beams of day passing through the condensed medium. Again, let us suppose a globe of sand-stone to represent the earth ; a flagon, the sun,

and a quart of alcohol in it, the light of the sun ; pour SCIENCE.

the spirit from the flagon, (or light from the sun,) upon the ball of sand-stone, until it be quite saturated still there will be no heat; but suppose this sphere were sur.

rounded by (we shall call it) an atmosphere of water, POPULAR REMARKS ON COMETS, AND OTHER

immediately upon the alcohol mingling with the water,

heat would be evolved ; the globe would absorb the “ The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament warmth from its atmosphere; and while the stream of showeth his handy work."

spirit, falling from the Alagon upon the sphere, was PSALMS OF DAVID.

cold as ice, the water around the ball would be of a The modern theory of comets has pretty clearly es. pleasant, and even hot, temperature. It is exactly so tablished, that these apparently flaming bodies, which with the sun and its light, the earth and its atmosphere. were so long believed to be immense balls of fire, * may, As oceans of alcohol alone could afford no warmth to on the contrary, be worlds inhabited by beings in every the globe of sand-stone, so we might look in vain for respect like ourselves, possessing vegetables similar to heat without air, though oceans of light enveloped the our own, and suffering no sensible change in tempera- world a thousand times denser than what is now flow. ture, on advancing from the distance of 11,200,000,000 ing from the orb of day. miles from the sun, to within a third part of the semi. For a similar cause, the planet Mercury, having a diameter of that luminary. That the reader may be enabled to form any accurate nosion of the weight which ought to be attached to this theory, it will be necessary Sulphuric acid has such an affinity for water, that they will

unite in any proportion; and the combination takes place with

the production of an intense heat. When four parts, by weight, Sir Isaac Newton computed the heat of the comet, seen by of the acid are suddenly mixed with one of water, the tempera him in 1080, to be 2000 times hotter than red-hot iron.

ture of the mixture rises, according to Dr Ure, to 300° F.


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less atmosphere, and the Georgium Sidus a much great least orbits and periods. It appears, moreover, that er, than that which encircles our world, the medium of the planets have atmospheres in proportion to their disheat may be alike in both ; and it is likely, that the tances from the sun ; and that the sun itself, by having Dearer the planets are to the sun, the lesser will be their a very rare and thin atmosphere under its phosphoresatmospheres; the further removed, the greater. Our cent mantle, (which will float on the air as oil does on own earth, by losing a part of its surrounding air, miglit water,) may be the abode of beings in every respect si. be placed in the system, where Mercury now is, without milar to ourselves, with this difference, that as they inany inconvenience to its inhabitants ; and in like man- habit the greatest and noblest orb in our system, they ner, were the atmospheres increased, it might revolve, are perlaps more worthy of enjoying that blessing. with the same comfort to mankind, in the orbit of the Before concluding these observations it may further be Georgian planet.

remarked, that it seems extremely probable, that every These things being premised, the phenomenon of planet in the system was originally a comet; and that comets and their tails will be more easily understood. every comet will finally become a planet. As the sun is

In considering the eccentric orbits of comets, some the largest orb, and moreover the centre of our system, such train of thought as the following may be supposed it is natural to conclude that it came into existence first. to pass through our minds : It is not to be believed Before the sun was created, an ethereal medium, like a that a single atom in creation was made in vain ; yet great mist, may be supposed to have pervaded all space, what sort of beings can inhabit worlds, that are at one and that at the will of the Almighty, centres of attractime in regions of the most perishing cold, at another tion were pointed out in the embryo of creation, to which in those of devouring fire ? Is it not possible that some the surrounding particles of matter approximated and means may have been devised to avoid these extremes ? formed nebula, which in process of time acquired such Could not the atmospheres of the comets be increased a degree of density, as to be capable of being affected and decreased, as they recede from, and advance towards, by the laws of attraction. The gravitating mass would the sun ? Does the velocity of their motions, as they then move towards the nearest body, with a velocity approach the sun, not cause their atmospheres to stream increasing as the distance decreased, until the more atoff from the nucleus, and form a sort of tail behind, tenuated portiɔn of the nebulous matter streamed off which may again surround them as they recede from from the denser nucleus in the form of a tail. At their first our system ? Are streams, or tails, in point of fact, seen outset these new bodies would move in straight lines toissuing from these luminaries ? And if so, are they in. wards their attracting sources ; but, as there exists a variably turned from the sun ? Do they increase as the power of repulsion, as well as of attraction, in all the comet approaches that orb, and do they gradually sur. heavenly bodies, they would be unable to come into round it as it recedes from the planetary system? So actual contact with the suns previously existing, and, far as science has yet gone, all these questions may be like comets, would perform their semicircle round the most satisfactorily answered.

luminaries, and thence be repelled into the depths of When a comet is in its aphelion, or greatest distance space. When the effect of this action had ceased, (which from the sun, it is completely surrounded by its enor- would take place when they were in their aphelion) they mous atmosphere; in consequence of which, the beams would again be attracted, and again repelled ; with this of the sun, be they ever so feeble, in passing through difference, that at every revolution the density of their such a dense medium, will create a sufficient quantity nucli would be increased --tlie length of their tails of heat for the support of animal and vegetable life, shortened and the eccentricity of their orbits diminish. even at that immeasurable distance. Bailly remarks, cd-in a word, that they would gradually become (vide Hist. d'Astron. iii, 257.) that were the comet of planets, and move round their respective suns in regular 1630, in its aphelion, 138 times more remote from the circles. Thus does it seem not unlikely, that every sun than the earth, it would receive five or (taking the planet in the solar system has originally been a vapour refraction occasioned by its dense atmosphere into con- a nebula-a comet : and that every comet will fi. sideration) six times as much light from the sun as we nally become a planet. To give still greater strength do from the full moon. As the comet approaches the to this hypothesis the following facts may be stated :sun the coma commences streaming from the head, and First, the indefatigable Sir William Herschel has disas the velocity of the motion increases, the tail increases covered no less than 2000 nebulæ--and since these are in length alsó. In so doing, the superabundant atmos. visible to the eye of inan, how prodigious, how infinite, phere is thrown off, and the same medium of heat ex- must be the number scattered throughout the universe ! perienced throughout all the comet's orbit. But as light and these nebulæ bear such a resemblance to the distant issues from the sun with such inconceivable rapidity, comets, that they have frequently been confounded. the tail of the comet will be entangled therein, and flow Secondly, several comets have been seen with no nu. from the sun as a banner does when playing loosely be cleus whatever, presenting only a slight thickening to. fore the wind. Gradually as the comet advances to the wards the middle, which was so translucent that the stars verge of the planetary system, its tail will begin to sur. were distinctly seen through the very centre ; while others round it, and as it travels through the chilly depths of have been visible with a solid nucleus of 2000 miles in space, the more, and yet the more, will it be enveloped diameter-nay, history records comets that have appear. in its atmospheric mantle-to compare small things ed as large as the sun, (ride Seneca, N. Q. 1. 7, c. 16.) with great-just as a person in travelling from the equa- and authors, seeking for a natural cause, have attritor towards the pole would gradually increase his ap- buted the darkness at our Saviour's crucifixion, to an parel.

eclipse of the sun, occasioned by such a comet passing It will now appear evident that the periods of the between him and the earth. Thirdly, the tails of cocomets might be pretty correctly calculated by obser- mets are generally a little concave towards the sun ; the ving the length of their tails, and distances from the sun; fixed stars are always visible through them, and someconsidering, 1st, That those comets which have the longest tiines they are so brilliant that they have been distin. trains, and are furthest from the central orb in their guished during full moon, and even after the rising of perihelions, must also have the greatest orbits, conse- the sun. Fourthly, there are three instances of comets quently the longest periods. 2dly, That those which actually revolving within the limits of our planetary advance nearer the luminary, with very long trains, will system: 1st, the comet of Encke, which never passes be the next in order. 3dly, That the comets which have shorter comas and are far from the sun in their perihelions, the third. 4thly, That those which have erland, 13th December 1741, was nearly three times that of the

The diameter of the comet, first seen at Lausanne, in Switzshorter trains, and are nearest the sun, will have the earth, and its tail was no less than 23 millions of miles.

the orbit of Jupiter : 2d, the comet of Gambart, which others of the higher orders, distinguished for taste in travels but a little way beyond the orbit of the same the arts, have taken a lively interest in it. The artist planet at its greatest distance from the sun ; and 3d, was formerly employed upon the Monasticon. the well-known comet of 1770, which in its present The only thing approaching to literary news is the movements never goes beyond the orbit of Uranus. * appearance of the first number of a weekly joumal, en.

If these phenomena serve to confirm the hypothesis titled the Ecclesiastic, edited by the Rev. Henry Stebnow advanced, the work of creation may be considered bing. It professes to be a religious and family paper, as still going on in the heavens,—and the foundations and its motto is taken from Matthew, 5th chapter, 44th only of innumerable orbs are yet laid on the bosom of verse. The Ecclesiastic hath a most slumberous aspect, space. The Almighty is still at work in the illimitable and like many excellent things, is easier praised than fields of ether : in the boundless regions of infinity ; read. and every day, every hour, new worlds are perhaps I am just about witnessing the first representation of springing into existence !

a comedy, in three acts, at Covent Garden. It is en. titled, The Widows Bewitched. If it be half as mirth. inspiring as the Beaux Stratagem at the same theatre,

it shall have my voice for a six weeks' repetition. LETTERS FROM LONDON.

No. IV.

ORIGINAL POETRY. (Wu have pleasure in announcing that these Letters will be

continued regularly once a fortnight.) On Saturday last, I was admitted to the private view of the works of Modern Art at the British Institution.

FAREWELL TO YOU, ANGLESEA ! The exhibition is, on the whole, considered superior to that of last year. Many of the pictures, however, have already been before the public, at the Royal Academy

By James Sheridan Knowles. and the Suffolk-street Rooms; and what adds to the offence, these are honoured with situations, which, in (It is almost unnecessary to state, that in giving a place to the folmy opinion, belonged more properly to others shown lowing talented effusion, by one of the most warm-hearted of for the first time. Those who had the direction of the Erin's sons, we make no avowal of our own political sentiments matter, have left themselves no apology, as they have set

Party feeling-whatever that may be will never be allowed to forth in the catalogue that many creditable pictures

interfere with our enjoyment of good poetry.--Ed. Lit. Jour.] were returned for want of room. The number of paint. ings is 532—there are 9 specimens of sculpture.

FAREWELL to you, Anglesea !-Said you you'd bother From some preparatory announcements, expectation The Papists of Erin with powder and steel ? was considerably on tiptoe as to this exhibition, and I And soon as we welcomed, we found you a brother, confess that I for one have been disappointed. In the Alive to our sores, and as ready to heal ! highest department of art, there is not a single good O never believe but the bosom of spirit feature-scarcely even an attempt of the kind ; and of the poetical character, there are but few. Neither is and where minds are illumined by honour and merit,

By nature responds to humanity's call; there any overflow of portraits for which there is scope for gratitude ;-but of the Dutch school, the scenes and

The foe that turns friend, is the friend after all, groups in domestic life, there is a multitude. Whether British genius will gain by descending to the taste of Sure we thought at that moment your memory slumber'd, the Belgian swamps, is, to my simple perception, ex- Sure we felt in our hearts 'twas a blunder you made, ceedingly problematical. Doubtless, this class of pro. As the battles we fought by your side in we number'd, ductions is most acceptable to the cash critics who dwell When with Catholic France at shillelagh we play'd ! city-wards and the artists know, and, per force, take you forgot the poor Roman, to treason a stranger, advantage of the fact. Perhaps I may hereafter notice

When he bled by the Protestant banner you bore; some of the best pictures explicitly; at present, from the For O, could you believe that the loyal in danger rapid survey I made of the collection, I could not con.

Would cease to be true when the battle was o'er ? scientiously attempt it. There is a promising array of names ; and, among the old and the young best entitled to approbation

in their works, I considered Collins, Dan. By the ray of that star which no gem ever lighted by, H. Howard, E. Landseer, Morris, Briggs, Roberts, The brightest you wear-brighter mortal ne'er wore ! Stanley, Inskipp, Linnell, Pidding, Webster, and Etty. Have you found us a people by errors benighted, Northcote's “Adoration of the Shepherds " is certainly But fit to be slaves ?-Do we merit no more? extraordinary for an artist in his 90th year. The pic- By thy high-bounding valour—the fiery courser tures marked sold, amounted to lwenty-three. An engraver named Coney, not much known except

The war-horse, that bore you like flame through the to antiquaries, is executing a work, from sketches by

fight! himself, which has excited considerable interest among Were the Nation not vile, could Intolerance force her the lovers of the monuments of Gothic architecture. It To stifle the voice that exclaims for her right? will comprise the best remains of that order in Europe, Such of the specimens as I have seen are finished with You have said it! You saw, in the zeal that inspired us, a delicacy and precision truly admirable. The work is to be published in numbers, by Messrs Moon, Boys,

No wish that your own loyal breast would disown; and Graves, Pall Mall. The Marquiss of Stafford and Though the loyal with insult and wrong would have

With hatred alike for the law and the throne ! * It is curious to observe, that Apollonius Myndius affirms You found us no conclave of traitors, contriving that the comets were reckoned by the Chaldeans among the pla

The downfall of Order, in Liberty's name; .

fired us


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