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EPILOGUE Written by Mr. PRATT.

Spoken by Mr. FECTOR.


ELL Dames and Sirs, we've had rare
doings here,

Princes in van, confpirators in rear!
To-night you've feen what patriots were of yore,
Tyrants you've heard declaim and Tartars roar;
Nor dare ye now deny they were indeed,
A race of mortals wondrous apt to bleed:"
The dames of China were fo fond of death,
Maids, on their wedding night gave up their breath,
And hufbands (ladies how unlike your own)
Stole off before the honey-moon was down.
Your Eastern bridegrooms offer'd up their wives.
Whene'er the general welfare claim'd their lives;
Each beauteous victim, at her lord's command,
Took the dire inftrument of fate in hand,
Amidst the red-hot pile undaunted stood,
Burnt, bung, or drowned, for the public good.
"Do die, my dear," the tender husband faid,
"This for thy country!"-then struck off her


Untimely deaths were then indeed fo common, Woman for fport kill'd man, and man kill'd


A bowl of poifon was the virgin's end,
She drank it off-and call'd it Virtue's friend,
Bent her white bofom to the patriot blow,
Apd faw the streams of life unheeded flow.
Then whisper'd her kind lord-but not to fave her,
Gave him the blade:he thank'd her for the

Take it my dearest-foft-you know the reft."" The good man feiz'd and plung'd it in his breaft; Then fide by fide, ftill man and wife they lye, Kifs and expire without one daftard figh.

To Britons turn we from fuch tribes as thefe, Britons, who please to live, and live to pleafe; Out English dames fuch killing cuftoms hate, And born to conquer, ne'er fubmit to fate. Should fome deep ruin on their country prefs, Too generous they to leave her in deftrefs. Instead of dying they like patriots ftout, Boldly live on, and tire the mifchief out. Or, if fome off'ring the ftern fates require, They nobly spare their husbands to the fire, "Yes, ye lov'd lords we give ye up (they cry) 'Tis for the general good ye all fhould die; Alas, fad widows, fure our hearts will break! But we will bear it for our country's fake. Yet, oh dear martyrs, what we still muft dread, Is left the state again fhould bid us-wed.”

Ye pride of Albion, your's the graceful art, To point with nicer skill the potent dart; Your's the foft privilege, whofe ranks to kill, And make Death lovely, tho' no blood ye fpill; Ye, like the chalky cliffs that guard our coaft, Affert your fkies, and are yourfelves an hoft; Tho'of young rofes are your fetters made, In vain would lion man their force evade; Tho' your triumphant car is drawn by doves, And to the wheels your captives tied by loves, Not vex'd Ixion e'er was bound fo fatt, And while ye frown, the punishment must laft. Fame, life, and death, are in your conquering

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"Ah! none like his can reach thofe liquid notes,
So foft, fo fweet, fo eloquently clear,
To live beyond the touch, and gently float
In dying modulations on the ear.'
Thus o'er my Lycid's lyre as I complain'd,
And kifs'd y ftrings where he was wont to play,
While yet in penfive fadnefs I remain'd,

Methought it figh'd, and fighing seem'd to fay "Ah! me, forlorn, forfaken, now no more Shall fame and juft applaufe around me wait; No pow'r my gentle mafter can restore,

And I, alas! will fhare his haplefs fate. "Fled is that fpirit, chill'd that youthful fire,

Which taught thofe ftrains harmony replete, And cold that hand, which only can infpire

My fenfeless form to utter founds fo fweet. "Those founds melodious ne'er again fhall please, No tuneful ftrain from me fhall ever flow; Save o'er my trembling ftring a fighing breeze, To call one fad, foft note of tender woe... "Elfe, ah! for ever mute let me remain,

Unftrung, untun'd, forgotten let me be; Guard me from curious eye, and touch prophane, And let me reft in mournful fympathy! "One fate with thee, dear mafter, let me fhare, Like thee in filent darknefs let me be!

My frame without thee is not worth my care, With thee alone it liv'd, with thee fhall die!"

Her Brother's Lyre to Mrs. SHERIDAN.

Written by Mr. PRATT.

HIS faid, a folemn filence breath'd around,

Tecilia wept upon her Lycid's lyre;

The penfive breeze then gave a fighing found, And the ftrings feem'd to tremble and expire. One hollow murmur, like the dying moan,

Was heard to vibrate then with paufes flow From the fad inftrument, when thus the tone Gave modulations of a fofter woe. "Ceafe, beauteous mourner! partner of my grief! Tuneful affociate of my laft defpair! Thou, only thou, canft bring this breast relief. Thy fympathy alone can foothe my care. What tho', ah ftroke divine! our Lycid's dead, Nor more, alas, can ravifh mortal ear! What tho' the foul of melody is fled, His belt attendant, to th' harmonious sphere Struck by Cecilia's hand I yet may live, Her magic touch again can tune my frame; Her cherub voice my fpirit yet revive,

And founds of heavenly forrow grace my fame. "But fhould nor dulleft fong, nor mufic's art,

Nor focial fighs, which mourn the youth we love, Have power to heal the fifter's wounded heart, Norto these chords forlorn a folace prove;

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of Maxtoke-Castle, War-

Illam quicquid agit, quoquo veftigia flectit
Componit furtim, fubfequiturque decor.

HILST each pert bard refounds his De

WH lia's praife,

And, in light, fulfome fonnets, grafps at bays:
With flatt'ry's wand, whilst female frailty flies,
And goddeffes on earth, like mushrooms, rife.
Genius of Truth! wilt thou thy powers impart
And give the language flowing from the heart.
1 court no mufe-do thou attune my lyre,
And D-1-k- fhall better than a mufe infpire.
Sweet girl! the graces of thy form and mind
Nature with matchlefs harmony defign'd.
That mien how foft! fweet innocence and truth,
Are there, with rofeate health and blooming youth.
Warm on her cheek, fee beauty's native glow:
See grace attractive feated on her brow,

* See the New Year's Ode, page 45.

Where the luxuriant hair when zephyr blows,
Its mellow tints in fweet diforder throws.
Her eye with fofteft beams love fire fupplies,
And arm'd for conqueft, yet no conqueft tries:
Each glance is lux'ry to the feeling breaft,
The foul informs it, and the foul's exprefs'd.
Youth's pulfe beats high whene'er the maid ap-

And age no longer feels the froit of years.
So, when the pride of nature, gentle spring
With blufhful face defcends on Zephyr's wing,
The landscape foftens, mufic wakes the grove,
And all around is harmony and love.

Yet not alone with beauty's fubtle ray
Love points his fhafts, and fteals our fouls away,
If, with external lovelinefs combin'd,
True tafte, and native elegance of mind,
Engaging manners, unaffected fenfe,
Crown'd with a fweet, bewitching diffidence,
With moft coercive chains the heart fecure;
In D-k- behold the charming cynofure.
O! blett with temper to impart and prove
The fweet delights of fympathy and love!
Long, lovely D-k-, maintain thy conq'ring

Long may the loves and graces round thee play.
Still in that form, the portrait of thy mind
Be virtue, goodnefs, innocence enthrin'd;
As beauty fades, ftill blooming these and young:
So prays your poet, and fo ends his fong.
March 1, 1785.




EMBOWER'D with trees appears a fine cas-
Which not by art but fimple Nature made;
Defcends from step to ftep, in filver streams,
Sweet contraft to the fun's all-fcorching beams;
Its rufhing founds the liftening ear delight,
While every object round you charms the fight;
A neat alcove before this grove is seen,
With trees furrounded ever fresh and green,
While Derwent's river gently flows between.
On the back ground a lofty rock appears,
Which ready feems to fall about your ears,
And, overhanging, raises numerous fears.
Houfes are built upon its
Scraggy fide,
Which must attract your notice, as you ride
To Matlock Wells, a rural calm retreat,

Of peace the dwelling, and of health the feat:
You that from trade and cares have gain'd release,
Here come and learn to live and die in peace +.

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On throwing by an old BLACK COAT.

LD friend, farewell-with whom full many a day,


In varied mirth and grief, hath roll'd away.
No more thy form retains its fable dye,
But, like grey beauty, palls upon the eye-
That form which fhone fo late in paffion's bloom,
How fall'n!-ere while the glory of the loom!
Late, wrapt fecure within thy woollen folds,
I brav'd the fummer rains and winter colds.
Fearless of coughs, catarrhs, which Eurus brings,
'Or dark November, on his noisome wings,
Whistling a tune, like Cymon in the fong,
Thro' filthy streets and lanes I've trudg'd along,
Nor heeded aught the hackney-coachmen's cries,
Tho' coach your honour founded to the skies;
And shall I then forget thy brighter hue,
Sell thee a flave to yonder hoarfe-mouth'd Jew?
Forbid it gratitude-forbid it fhame-
That were a deed would blacken Clodio's name.
Thou poor old man, whose brow is streak'd with


Stretch'd on the clay-cold earth, thy bofom bare,
Had I but half that Clodio's fhining store,
Thy breast should heave with misery no more;
Yet take the scanty pittance I bestow,
This coat fhall fhield thee from the drifted fnow.
But ere we part-indulge the moral lay,
Hear it, ye fools, who flutter life away,
Vain are the rich man's toils, y proud man's brags,
Men turn to duft-and broad-cloth turns to rags.


ON AN OLD HAT. AITHFUL for months, full many a fhow'r Of batt'ring hail, from clouds defcending, Thou haft withftood with all thy pow'r,


But now to old age thou art wending.

With pain I fee thy fable fade,

And view a dingy brown appear; Griev'd I behold thy varying fhade, And much a total change I fear. With thee I oft' with awkward air, And attitudes by no means pretty, Paid homage to the blooming fair, That grace Europa's noblest city. And frequently I took thee off,

To fhow refpect to those I lov'd; Who flatter'd then-now meanly feoff, And are not by my mis'ries mov'd. Strange that the skin of any beast

Should prove more conftant to its master, Than thofe his bounty oft' did feaft, Ere he fuftain'd a dire difafter! Come then, my friend, my true Achates, Let fycophants or smile or frown, Still, old acquaintance, fuch thy fate is, Thou must my fhallow caput crown. But for the fervice thou haft done

Thou shalt be bruth'd and black'd again, Nor will I put another on,

Whilft thou canst fhield me from the rain.

Should fneering witlings, be fo bold
To comment on thy ancient cocks,

The fneering witlings fhall be told,

A better never grac'd their blocks.
LOND. MAG. March 1785.

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* The bridegroom's name was Darby, and a defcendant of the perfon on whom the fong of Darby

and Joan was made.



OBSERVATIONS on the Animal Economy, and on the Caufes and Cure of Difeafes. By John Gardiner, M. D. Prefident of the Royal College of Physicians, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

(Continued from page 121.)

IN a note upon the 53d paragraph, in which the effects of odours upon perfons of irritable habits are fpoken of, a curious cafe of an unmarried lady, who upon fmelling a rofe or any of its preparations, falls into a fainting, and has an inclination to, and fometimes actually does vomit, is related.

The influence of affections of the mind upon diforders of the body, forms the fubject of the 56th and 57th paragraphs. In the last of these a very remarkable fact concerning the effects of alarm upon an officer in the army, labouring under a violent fit of asthma, is mentioned.

Several of the fucceeding paragraphs confift of remarks upon the operation of opium. It is obferved that there are fome cafes, in which, though there are many fymptoms which demand the exhibition of it, laudanum cannot be taken, even in a moderate dofe, without giving rife to difagreeable confequences. In fuch cafes, Dr. Gardiner advifes the injection of it into the rectum. As the nerves of the rectum bear the ftimulus of opium much better than thofe of the ftomach, a double quantity of the medicine is neceffary, fays the author, to produce the fame effect.

From the circumstances of pain, ficknefs, and vomiting, fome have concluded (and amongst thefe, Dr. Cullen, in his Materia Medica) that the action of opium is twofold, ftimulant and fedative. With thefe Dr. Gardiner entirely difagrees; and is of opinion that all the effects which this drug produces are to be referred to its fedative operation alone. Afterwards the author fpeaks of the lauro-cerafus, and fhows that the effects of vegetable poifons, after they have been taken into the body, confift, for the most part, in an alteration in the nervous fyftem; and,

therefore, that it cannot be expected that their effects will be very apparent upon diffection.

In the 67th paragraph, the author feems to have used the term ftimulus in a new, and, as far as we can judge, in an improper fenfe. "Thofe fubftances (fays he) [which are] capable of producing falutary or noxious effects on the body, are known to effectuate thefe by inducing certain changes on the ftate of the nerves, which action we call ftimulus." From which it appears that by the word ftimulus, the Doctor would have us understand that action which is excited, or that change which is produced in the body, or in a part of it, by the application of any fubftance to it: whereas, according to the common acceptation and true meaning of the term, it fignifies not the effect excited but the thing which excites it. Thus the glafs of wine, which gives exhiliration to a perfon who was before depreffed, is faid to be a ftimulus; but the change which is wrought, the exhiliration itself, does not ufually receive the fame denomination.

The remaining paragraphs of the fecond fection contain obfervations upon the differences in the fenfibility, irritability, ftructure, and termination of the nerves in different parts of the body.

The third fection treats Of the Effects of Heat and of Cold. Here Dr. Crawfurd's theory of animal heat is examined, and an inquiry is made into the opinion now pretty generally received, that the living body poffeffes a power of refifting, for a certain time, any additional heat to that healthful ftandard eftablished by nature, or any diminution of it, when it is placed in a temperature confiderably above or below its own." Notwithstanding this


opinion is fupported by men of the highest repute in the fcientific world, the Doctor declares he cannot implicitly affent to their conclufions. "It must be allowed (fays he) that the principle of life poffeffes, in various ways, moft amazing powers; but that it fhould be endowed with a property of obftructing the ordinary effects of heat, or of deftroying it, is a faculty of fo fingular a kind, that I doubt much if it can poffibly exift in nature." The fact, however, that the living body is capable of bearing, for fome time, extremes of heat and cold, the author by no means difputes: his principal objection feems to be to the expreffions ufed by thofe members of the Royal Society by whom the memorable experiments relating to this fubject were performed. Dr. Gardiner, at the fame time that he contends that the living body does not poffefs a power of refifting, ftifling, or annihilating heat, allows that it is endowed with a capability of obviating or remedying, for a while, its effects. This it accomplifhes, he obferves, by means of a copious perfpiration: for," as every body (the author argues) muft become colder, from whofe furface an evaporation is constantly kept up, whatever the degree of heat in the air may be, I can fee no reason why the living body should be an exception."


These remarks are followed by obfervations on the general effects of heat and cold upon the animal body; on the power derived from cuftom of enduring extremes of the one and the other; and on the effects of climate both upon the body and mind: and with thefe obfervations the third fection is concluded.

In the fourth fection the author treats Of Fevers in general. The caufes of these he refers to the five following heads; viz. 1. Excefs of Cold. 2. Excefs of Heat. 3. Marsh Miafma. 4. Human Contagion. 5. Specific Contagion. Thefe are to be confidered as the remote, predifponent, and occafional caufes. With regard to the proximate or immediate caufe, this, the author obferves, remains involved in obfcurity, though there have not


been wanting phyficians of ability who have attempted to explore it. failure has been owing, the Doctor is of opinion, in a great measure, to their not attending fufficiently to the facts concerning the animal economy. As the author proceeds in his inquiry into the nature of fevers, he divides them into fimple and complicated or complex. Of fimple fever, catarrh is mentioned as an inftance; of complicated, the bilious fever is brought as an example.

As the author's obfervations upon marfh miafma and human contagion, though exceedingly fenfible, do not appear to contain much novelty, it will not be necessary to ftate them to the reader.

What is delivered in the 15th and in the fucceeding paragraphs, concerning the way in which contagion may enter the body, deferves to be attended to. It may be received into the fyftem either by, ift, the pores of the fkin: 2dly, refpiration: 3dly, inoculation: and, 4thly, the faliva fwallowed and taken into the ftomach.

As for the firft, he holds it to be extremely improbable; and has not met with any direct evidence that it has ever really taken place.

Neither can he accede to the commonly received opinion of its entering by the lungs. For, although he does not deny that the infectious particles may be infpired with the air into the bronchia; yet he thinks they are all immediately thrown out again in expiration. He is of opinion too, that the internal furface of the bronchia is too well defended by the umeous covering to be acted upon by the contagion. It must be confeffed, however, that none of the arguments which the author has adduced have validity fufficient to difprove the possibiKity of the entrance of the contagion by the lungs into the blood: nor can we conceive that the infectious matter, if it is inhaled with the air, is not detained long enough to act upon the parts to which it is applied.

With regard to the third way; he obferves, that though many contagious difeafes are undoubtedly commuuicated Cc 2


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