« PředchozíPokračovat »
For the Anthology. The following ode is inserted among the Poet. Lat. Min., and was written by
Ausonius, the poet of Bourdeaux. Ausonius flourished in the fourth century, and his writings have long been deservedly admired. There have been several editions of his works, among which that of Tollius, 8vo. 1671, and that of Jaubert, with a French translation, 4 vols. 12mo. 1769, may be selected as the best.
MANE jam clarum reserat fenestras ;
What, sir, though dormice sleep throughout the winter ?
Gellies, and custards.
Heed not the daylight.
Slumber'd per ævum.
L. M. SARGENT.
We here insert the celebrated ballad of GAFFER Gray for those of our readers, who do not possess the valuable work, in which it first appeared
OH why dost thou shiver and shake, Gaffer Gray,
His beeves, and his beer, and his merry new year
Librum tuum legi Sous quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, que
eximenda, arbitrarer. Nam ego dicere vero assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Plin.
the execution of this design, than Plain discourses on the laws and any other writer on the science.
properties of matter ; containing If we view his work as a general the elements or principles of mod- system of chemistry, it is admiern chemistry, with more partic- rable ; but, when examined as a ular details of those practical body, or collection of the processes parts of the science, most interest- or operations of the chemical arts, ing to mankind, and connected we find it imperfect. If therefore with domestick affairs. Address- this able chemist was unsuccessful ed to all American promoters of in eleven volumes, what are we to useful knowledge. By Thomas
By Thomas expect from Dr. Ewell in one ? Ewell, M. D. one of the surgeons In proportion as our knowledge of the United States navy.“ of this science is extended, and I vol. 8vo. Brisban & Brannan. our acquaintance with the propNew-York. 1806.
erties and relations of bodies [Continued from page 154.]
enlarged, the arts, which are deWe are now to consider the pendent on its principles, become more immediate object of this more numerous and their processes work, the application of the prin- more refined. When the philosociples of chemistry to domestick phers and the learned of Europe affairs, and to those arts, which were first engaged in the investigaare intimately connected with the tion of certain effects, which resultease and comfort of society. It is ed from the application of the laws obvious, that the author aims, not of chemistry to the various subonly at giving a general view of the stances, by which they were surobjects of this science, but at de- rounded, they found it necessary tailing with minuteness their va- to their future progress, tliat these rious habitudes and relations, which unconnected facts should be colhave given birth to the immense lected into one body ; they estabbody of chemical arts. We do not lished data and drew conclusions, think it impossible to combine and thus, by the acquisition of printhese two objects in one work, but ciples, they were enabled to form we are confident that the plan is a regular and dependent system. 100 extensive to be completed by But modern chemists, while emthe labours of one man. Foareroy pioyed in giving a general view of has, perheps, advanced further in their science, have neglected to
fill up its outlines and to finish all ; and therefore, though he has those minute parts, which com- introduced as much information plete the system and give effect to on the subjects, of which he treats, the whole work. We have long as the extent of his work will albeen convinced, that, in future, low, he has merely given us that chemists are to anticipate success kind of general knowledge, that in their pursuits only by a divi- outline of things, which is to be sion of labour. By knowing what found in every systematick work has already been done, it is easy to on chemistry. In proof of our obperceive what remains to be effec- servation we have only to notice the ted, and by concentrating their descriptions of any of those arts, powers on individual objects, they which we find scattered about the will soon acquire an intimate knowl. work. Let us take the formation edge of their properties and rela- of pottery ware and porcelain. tions. The error of Dr. Ewell con- The account of these manufaca sists in bringing together in one tures is extracted almost verbatim view, and endeavouring to describe from Accum's chemistry, a work in the same work, two subjects of professedly devoted to a general such immense extent. The title view of the science. His desof his work led us to infer, that criptions therefore, though suffihe had treated his subject in a de- ciently minute for a general schosultory and unconnected manner. lar, must be unsatisfactory to the The term discourses' implies no practical chemist. The author necessary connection, no depen- has neglected to name all the indent series, and it was therefore in gredients, or to mention their prohis power to have taken up any portions. We hear nothing of department of this science and the furnace nor of the technical treated of it in a way, which would terms, which are applied to the have secured reputation to him- ware in the different stages or deself and information to his read- grees of its formation. He has toers. Had the author confined his tally omitted the porcelain of Reaustudies to a branch of chemistry, mer, and we look in vain for those we are confident he would have necessary cautions on the applicabeen successful. In fact we an- tion of the degrees of heat, on ticipated with much satisfaction which depend not only the perfecthe perusal of his discourses on tion of the ware, but the health of the arts, which are included in those, by whom it is used. It is the subjects of mineralogy, and well known, that the oxides of of the chemistry of animal and lead form a principal ingredient in vegetable substances.
These are the modern glazings, which are of immense importance to society, applied to the ware and to porceand if minutely detailed would re- lain, when they have acquired quire volumes for their descrip- that state, which artists designate tion ; yet, except in one instance, by the term buiscuit. Now if the we believe they have never been heat be not properly regulated or made the subjects of a particular the glazing properly applied, their treatise, nor even been collected particles become imperfectly vitinto one work, where they have refied, or simply agglutinated. obtained more than ordinary no- • This glaze,' says M. Poidevin, tice. The author however by 'is capable of being divided and grasping at too much has failed in taken up by all liquids, with which
it may come in contact. The learned Dr. Hosack, an eminent underbaking is one of the most practitioner in the city of Newcommon and the most dangerous York,' we shall once more take the accidents, to which pottery ware liberty of referring its merits to is ex posed. The oxides of lead the decision of his readers. We are gradually taken into the body, cannot refrain, however, from acwhere by slow, but progressive knowledging our obligations to Dr. degrees, they gradually produce a Ewell for a very comfortable relong and generally incurable series iection, which he has introduced of painful diseases. These facts into his work, while on the subject are interesting and ought to be of adipocire, or that substance remade publick, but it is incom- sembling spermaceti, into which patible with a system of chemistry animal bodies are converted in parto enter into the description of ticular circumstances. After menthese minutiæ, without being ex- tioning the attempts, which have tended to a bulk, which few would been made in various manufactorwish to purchase or peruse. ies in England to use it as a subs This opinion begins to prevail in stitute for tallow, he observes, that Europe, and there are chemists, the product is found to have a both in France and England, who disagreeable odour, which no doubt have deviated from the common might be corrected ; and then perroutine of system-making, and sons dying may have the pleasing have concentrated their powers on reflection, that their bodies, instead those practical parts, on a knowl- of affording food for disgusting inedge of which depends, in a great sects, will be exhausted in furnishdegree, the ease and comfort of ing light for the illumination of social life. In fact, the defect of elegant rooms and other useful this work arises from a neglect of purposes.'! On the milk of vanoticing the proportions, and a rious animals the author is diffuse. want of minuteness in describing He compares them with each oththe processes of those arts, which er ; he details with accuracy their result from the application of the constituent parts, their properties, principles of chemistry to indi. and the different proportions, in vidual objects.
which they are combined. While Upon the whole, that portion of on this subject, he is naturally led the work, which discourses on the to speak of the formation of butter chemistry of animal and vegetable and cheese. We do not profess substances, we think the best writ- to know much on these domestick ten, and perhaps the most valuable topicks, but we assure the author, of the whole book. While speak: that the reputation of his work is ing of these, the author takes the not much increased by the inseropportunity of again introducing tion of a receipt for making Stillais theory of afinities, which we ton cheese, on newspaper authorconsidered, while reviewing the ity. The discourse on manures subject of heat; but as we do not and the food of plants is written profess to understand this hypothe- with accuracy and judgment; and sis, notwithstanding the assertion notwithstanding the liberal use, of Dr. Ewell, that it will be com- which the author has niade of the prehended by all, who are capable ideas and language of Thompson, of forming a distinct idea,' and that he undoubtedly deserves much it has been approbated by many of praise for the manner in which he the faculty, particularly by the bas stated the most important Vol. IV. No. 4.