« PředchozíPokračovat »
“ The venerable Primate's enemies, however, seemed We must now close these interesting volumes, assu. resolved to annoy him. They had crowded beneath the ring their author that they have greatly enhanced our rescaffold, and when he ascended it, they endeavoured to spect for his abilities, and that we shall be glad to meet discompose him by looking upwards through the holes with him again in any work calculated to preserve and inand crevices, with the most inhuman and indecent ex- crease the honourable distinction to which his varied at. ultation. Yet his wonted humour and presence of mind tainments may be said to have already raised him among did not forsake him. He besought the attendants to fill the controversial writers of the day. these crevices with clay; for he did not, he said, wish his innocent blood to fall on the heads of those deluded people.
" Before he prepared for death he addressed the mul- Reflections suggested by the Murders recently commit. titude in what has been termed a sermon speech, or his ted at Edinburgh. Being an Epistle to the Right funeral sermon, preached by himself; and, as he feared Hon. Robert Peel, M.P. By a Medical Officer in neither the frowns of the vulgar enthusiasts who sur. the Royal Navy. Glasgow. W.R. M‘Phun. 1829. rounded him, nor in that situation valued the applauses of his friends, he disdained any attempt to excite the This is a spirited, and, on the whole, a sensible, sympathy of the beholders. From a written paper he though here and there rather a declamatory production. read this address, commencing with the two first verses The author's object is, in the first place, to prove that of the twelfth chapter of St Paul's Epistle to the He- the present state of the laws regarding anatomy is by brews, 'Let us run with patience the race which is set
no means what it should be,-a proposition which we before us, looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of suppose nobody will deny; and, in the second place, to our faith ; who for the joy that was set before him, en- point out what he conceives would remedy the defects of dured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the existing system. He discusses the first branch of the right hand of the throne of God.'
his subject under seven different heads, which he ar" The Archbishop now prepared for the block, and ranges in the following manner : observing the scaffold crowded with people, he said, “I “1. The present state of the laws affecting that part thought that there would have been an empty scaffold, of medical education which depends on anatomy, makes that I might have had room to die. I beseech you, let it impossible to study that science efficiently, without me have an end of this misery, for I have endured it incurring some degree of criminality.-11. It is imposlong.' When the space was cleared, he said, “I will sible for a surgeon, or surgeon-apothecary, to practise pull off my doublet, and God's will be done. I am his profession independent of an intimate acquaintance willing to go out of the world ; no man can be more with the structure of the human frame, and at the same willing to send me out than I am willing to be gone.' time consistently with the safety of the public, his own
“ Yet in this trying moment, when he was displaying comfort, and the security of his property.-I11. When a magnanimity not exceeded by the holy martyrs of the the legislature requires one thing, and necessity demands primitive ages; he was beset by a furious enthusiast,- another, not only must the enactment of the former be one of those revolutionary demagogues who had brought disregarded, but, in process of time, temptations will him to this melancholy end. Sir John Clotworthy, a accumulate to supply the wants of the latter by unlaw. follower of the Earl of Warwick, and an Irishman' by ful as well as by illegal means.-IV. All laws, whether birth, irritated because the revilings of the people made private or public, the tendency of which is to increase no impression on this renowned prelate, propounded to crime, by increasing the temptations thereunto, are un. him certain questions, with the hope of exposing him to just, cruel, iniquitous, and non-obligatory. V. When his associates. • What special text of Scripture,' asked an actual increase in the crimes of a country may be he, • is now comfortable to a man in his departure ?' proved to be a consequence of any of its laws, the guilt . Cupio dissolvi et esse cum Christo,' was the Arch- incurred belongs as much to that law, or those laws, as bishop's meek reply. • That is a good desire,' said the to the perpetrators of all the crimes originating thereenthusiast ; but there must be a foundation for that from.--vi. The existing legal impediments to the study divine assurance,' - No man can express it,' replied of anatomy, by dissection of the human frame, are not the Archbishop ; it is to be found within.'— It is only opposed to the necessities of the medical profession, founded upon a word, nevertheless,' said Clotworthy, but have been the remote causes of increased, and are so
and that word should be known.'— That word,' re- still of increasing crime.-VII. The murders commitplied the Archbishop, is the knowledge of Jesus ted by Burke and his associates having had a legal ori. Christ, and that alone. Perceiving, however, that there gin, the law which divides the guilt with him, ought to would be no end to this indecent interruption, the Primate share his reproach.” turned to the executioner, and giving him some money, On each of these propositions our author descants at said, 'Here, honest friend, God forgive thee, and do thine some length, and his remarks we consider satisfactory office upon me in mercy.' He was then desired by the and conclusive. We shall give one specimen of the executioner to give some sign when he should strike, to manner in which he enforces his opinions, and which, which he replied, “I will, but first let me fit myself.' though not new, are put in a strong and good light: The Archbishop then knelt down before the block,
THE MORAL NECESSITY OF ANATOMICAL DISSECand thus prayed : Lord, I am coming as fast as I can. I know I'must pass through the shadow of death before I can come to thee; yet it is but umbra mortis, a mere “Now, the facts, as they concern the case of the meshadow of death, a little darkness upon nature, but thou, dical student are these ;—to acquire anatomy practically, by thy merits and passion, hast broke through the jaws he must have bodies to dissect. Providentially, the numof death. So, Lord, receive my soul, and have mercy ber of murderers has never been enough to furnish the upon me, and bless this kingdom with peace and with lecturer's table, far less to satisfy his pupil's wants. No plenty, and with brotherly love and charity, that there other class of executed criminals is by law disposed of may not be this effusion of Christian blood amongst to the surgeons, nor is there any other legislative provi. them, for Jesus Christ's sake, if it be thy will.' sion of the kind. On the contrary, if a grave be open.
“ Having thus prayed, the Archbishop laid his head ed for the sake of the rotting body it contains, it must upon the fatal block, and when he had said, • Lord, re- be in defiance of popular feeling, and in violation of ceive my soul,' which was the signal for the execution legal enactments. Are not the necessities of the public, er, his head was struck off at one blow."--Vol. II. Pp. and the requirements of the statute, directly in conflict 498-508.
here ? And what, let me ask, can the student do in such
a situation ? He must either abandon his profession, pelled thereto by dire necessity,— I do it to avoid the or offend the law. He must either turn his thoughts, risk of losing the calm and quiet of my mind here, and his talents, and his hopes, towards another calling, for to prevent the eternal torture of my soul hereafter."-P. which he is unfitted, alike by his inclination and his 21-4. previous education; or he must condescend to contri.
The difficulty, however, is not to show that the prebute to the support of gangs of law-breakers, wretches so depraved as not to shudder at the occupation of ca
sent system is defective, but how it is possible to amend tering for the anatomist's studies; and withal so vile as
it. To us it appears perfectly evident, that the attempt to volunteer for the service, though an illegal, as well as
to devise any scheme, by which the necessity for disseca disgusting one, on condition of being paid for their tion will cease to be considered as an evil, is altogether trouble. Can there be any doubt, notwithstanding all hopeless. Nay, more, we should be unwilling to see the difficulties surrounding his election, as to which the repugnance, with which dissection is at present reline of conduct he will choose ? My own
opinion has garded, eradicated from the breasts of our countrymen. been long decided, that no law is binding, by whomso. As long as civilisation continues, and the softer affecever decreed, which is not, at the same time just
. And the public cutting up of the body of a fellow-creature on
tions and finer susceptibilities of humanity are cultivated, were I commanded by any earthly superior, no matter how exalted bis rank or legitimate his right to rule
the table of a lecture-room ought to be viewed with pain
me, to do aught which I knew to be contrary to the laws of and disgust by all those who are not mere men of science, my Maker, the essence of all common law, I would re
and who have taught their nature to accommodate itself fuse obedience, promptly and peremptorily, on the ac.
to the necessities of their profession. We are persuaded, knowledged principle that no inferior has power of that in permitting the practice of dissection, the great himself to set aside the will of a superior : consequently,
mass of mankind will always feel that they are making no mere creature can be licensed to issue a decree opposed evil to allow ignorant surgeons to go abroad into the
a choice of only the least of two evils. It would be an to those of his Creator. Thus thinking, were I to resume my anatomical studies to-morrow, I would unhe world; and it is an evil to be obliged to cure that ignositatingly disinter, and concur in disinterring the buried rance by infringing on the reverence we cannot helpen. dead, though every Act of Parliament were to denounce tertaining for the dead. We detest the vulgar cant of me in a separate damnatory clause. I would dare, in inferior and coarse-minded anatomists, who are conti. such a matter, to disobey all human governors, rather nually crying out against what they are pleased to rethan provoke the one Eternal Governor of the world, present
as the weak prejudices of the multitude. Every by neglecting any means of increasing my useful" softer feeling that enters the bosom, and throws its ness to mankind. I canvass not the cruel
tyranny nesses of life, may in like manner be stigmatised as a
benigner influence over the hard realities and grossof those laws, by which I am interdicted from the prejudice. No; we may submit to a necessity, but we most profitable mode of studying how to avoid error, are not to be bullied into a belief that we are conquering yet made punishable with fine, imprisonment, and, worse than either, ignominy, if by my error I do a neighbour wrong. As well might a man be hanged before us, who presumes not to outrage decorum by in
We do not mean to apply these remarks to the author for falling on another and causing his death, although sinuations so absurd ; but we are distinctly of opinion, himself thrown down by a power he could not resist. But I protest most solemnly against any law, the dissecting-rooms, only the two latter are for a mo
that of the three sources he proposes from whence to supply whether Senatorial or not, which, if submitted to, threatens to expose me, at some future time, to all the ment tenable. They are, I. Suicides.-II. All perstings and pangs of a guilty conscience. I care not for sons, no matter what their crime, who suffer the punishfortune-if my country need all mine, to it she shall be ment of death.—III. All convicts dying in prison. That thrice welcome. I prize not even health so highly, but our author, who justly condemns the idea of surrenderthat, to benefit my fellow-creatures, I could cheerfully houses, or the bodies of aliens and strangers, can recon
ing to the dissecting-knife the deceased inmates of worksacrifice it. I cling not to life itself with so great love, cile himself to the notion of awarding this fate to sai. as for a moment to hesitate about resigning it, if thereby cides, is to us somewhat incomprehensible. True, sui. I might ensure a single benefit to the human race. Life, cide is held to be a crime, but it is a crime which car health, fortune, I consider lent me by my Heavenly ries its own punishment along with it, and the full ex. Benefactor for the use of mankind; but that which is mine exclusively, to which none but myself has the least tent of the guilt must lie between the individual and his title, the repudiation of which could do no man any ser, rule of civilized society, to see the body of a London
Creator. Would it not be subversive of almost every vice, --my peace of mind, I dare not with suicidal hand derry, a Whitbread, or a Romilly, exposed in a public put from me. I cannot, I will not, esteem it my duty class-room beside that of the vilest felon? What in such to lay myself open, for country, kind, nor universe, to the reproaches of conscience, awakened by the dreadful a case would be the feelings of the surviving relatives crime of practising an awfully responsible profession in and friends ? Besides, is not suicide frequently the rea state of wilful ignorance. Neither prince, nor poten- sult of insanity, and upon what principle of equity would tate, nor power, has the smallest right to force me into
we punish the insane? It is needless to expatiate upon any situation of which the above may be the consequences ;
a suggestion equally repugnant to common sense and and no law, of which such is the tendency, has any just common liumanity. In support of his second proposal, claim to my fealty. If, through ignorance of some part
our author's reasoning seems more satisfactory :of the human frame, I commit a serious, though it may “ A second source from which subjects' might be not be a fatal mistake in operating, poor satisfaction is obtained, is discoverable in the bodies of all persons, no it to the injured person should the law, to satisfy the matter what their crime, who suffer the punishment of cravings of his vengeance, make me a bankrupt in estate; death. Why should any of these be spared ?-why, if -poorer satisfaction still is it to me, to give my gold a the offences of a Fauntleroy made him worthy of death, compensation for the ill I wrought, while unsleeping should his body, after it was strangled, have been so memory torments me with the reflection that I have ceremoniously handed over to his dishonoured family, maimed a fellow.creature, perhaps rendered him help- to be deposited in a sepulchre beside the ashes of those less for life : when, had I taken care to be better in. who lived respected, and died lamented ? Why not raformed in my profession, I had never done him that ir- ther have dispatched it (whether in cart or coffin, to be reparable wrong. Whilst, therefore, I connive at the left to his friends,) forthwith to the dissecting-room, illegal practices of the resurrectionists, I do it, com- where it would have served some more useful purpose
dead, than it was wont to do living? Why should the people of this country as a “ go and do likewise.” Art. coiner, the burglar, the highway robber, with a host of XV. is on the hackneyed subject of absenteeism. others, the penalty of whose crimes is death, be given These set apart, the first disquisitions to which we over, after hanging the appointed time, to their brother turn our attention are, Arts. V. and Vul. Both of knaves, instead of to the public, whom they warred them are on the subject of professional education, and against all their lives? The state derives none other are powerfully and spiritedly written. The former treats benefit from the death of a citizen, than the supposed of the system of legal education in England, and aldeterring effect afforded by the example of his dying, though we think the reform it proposes 100 sweeping to and even that admits of so much doubt, that many good be either practicable or useful," there can be no doubt and great men have looked upon capital punishment, that a case has been made out which calls for some le. except in cases of murder, as worse than useless. So gislative interference with the education of members of long as capital punishments do exist, however, why the higher classes of the law in England. We coincide should not those that undergo them be afterwards de still more heartily with the sentiments and opinions of livered over to the teachers and students of anatomy ? the latter article, on anatomy. We would recommend The medical profession, the nation, the world, would be it to the attentive perusal of every man in Edinburgh ; the gainers. It is certain, if the bodies of men like for the honourable, though in some measure misdirect. these he not so made use of, the remains of those who ed feelings excited by the late horrible events, kept alive descended to their graves unstained with guilt, will be and exaggerated as they have been, by the readiness of the disturbed, conveyed away, and dissected. With a choice newspaper press to cater to the inordinate appetite of the of evils, supposing (what I do not think) both to be public for the disgusting details, call for some such sedaevils, is it not wisdom to take the least ? and which is tive. Art. XVI. “ Fagging at Public Schools,” ought the least cannot be doubtful, any more than whether the perhaps to be mentioned here, as connected with the subfamily of the honest man, or that of the rogue, is to have ject of Education. It would be an amusing enough priority, when it may become necessary, for the good specimen of thundering declamation about a perfect of the community, to decide upon plans, the execution trifle, but for the disgusting nature of one of the stories of which must be attended with pain to some party or raked up, and the disingenuous application of it. One other.”_P. 44_45.
isolated event in the course of centuries--that event
seventy years old-is brought forward as conclusive It is not, however, to be denied, that if murder is a against a system. darker crime than forgery, the only mode of making any
We come now to our own peculiar province the li. distinction in the punishment, as the law awards death terary articles. There is one objection to most of them, to both, is by dishonouring the body of the murderer. that they are mere political diatribes under the false If the corpse of every felon be sent to the anatomist, colours of critical disquisition. Thus Art. XIII. of the this distinction must be sacrificed, and again we shall present number, “ Beranger's Songs," is a simple statehave to submit to an evil.—The third mode of supply ment of the political arrangements and public feeling of is to be found in all convicts dying in prison ; and if France ; to which several of the songs of that popular the former is justifiable, this is so also.
author are appended ; but without any account of the But will these two modes of supply be sufficient to author, or of the characteristics or merits of his worksanswer the demand ? It is self-evident that they will without even an attempt to create a semblance of connot; and the difficulty consequently remains almost | nexion between the quotations and the preliminary disas great as ever. We are not aware whether it is gene-cussion. We admit that this is an extreme case, but, rally known, that about two hundred bodies are required more or less, the pructice is to be recognised in all their in Edinburgh alone annually ; and the plan now pro- critiques. Thus, in Art. II.“ Living Poets of Holland," posed would not ensure twenty. The subject, therefore, we are treated to an essay on the merits of a church esis one which we suspect will long continue to puzzle and tablishment; and in Art VII. “ Hungarian Tales,” to perplex the legislature; and though the “Medical Offi. another on the hollowness of political reforms proceedeer" has said a good number of sensible things regarding from the crown. These discussions may be very ing it, he has neither cut nor untied the Gordian knot learned, ingenious, and just ; but they are not criticism.
This political tendency of the Westminster Reviewers has yet a more malign effect on their criticism. They are in the habit of praising or condemning a work, not
on the ground of its literary merits, but according as it The Westminster Rcviero. No. XIX. January, 1829. is favourable or unfavourable to their own moral and London. Printed for the Propriсtors.
political tenets. Thus, in the present number, the
* Hungarian Tales," a work of very inconsiderable li. We believe it is generally known that this periodical terary merit, is noticed and lauded because certain spewas started with a view to its becoming the organ of the culations therein contained coincide with their own opi. Reformers, as the Quarterly and Edinburgh were of the nions. And thus the author of Pelham narrowly escapes Tories and the Whigs. Its contributors are understood a drubbing, which is bestowed heartily on the rest of to be disciples of Mr Bentham's school ; though it that class of novelists, because their sentiments happen must be confessed, that being men of talent, and more. to be aristocratical. Some light is thrown on the causes over, men of the world, they have picked up some pieces of this style of criticism in an article (IX.) on “ Spanish of information that do not exactly amalgamate with his Novels,” in the present number. They there give a system. Still, they profess to adhere to it; and this is detailed account of their notions of what an historical consistency ; and we love consistency even when it is a romance ought to be ; which, being interpreted, means, little caricatured ; especially in these days of chopping that it ought to be a history in every respect, but that of and changing
strict adherence to truth. The fact is, that “the Gods Of course, in oar capacity of literary critics, we have have not made these gentlemen poetical ;” and it is no nothing to do with the politics of these gentlemen, and wonder that they are guilty of blunders when they wanshall therefore begin our catalogue raisonné of what is der beyond their sphere. One of the freest from this to be found in their last number, by setting apart all the their besetting sin, is Art. IV.-" Illyrian Poemsarticles which bear professedly and exclusively on this Feudal Scenes.” topie. Article I. is on the Catholic question; it is in. There are several miscellaneous articles which we tended to be terribly witty. Art. 111. is a brief politi. pass over briefly. ArtVI. is a puff direct, of a respectcal and statistical account of America, addressed to the able sermon by Dr Channing.--Art
. X. is an angry no.
tice of the learned W. Wadd's “Comments on Corpu- MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. lency, Lineaments of Leanness, Mems. on Diet and Dietetics.” We could not, for some time, imagine any possible cause why they should be so savage on poor Mr
CROSSING THE LINE. Wadd; but remembering the very ponderous attempt
From the Journal of Licutenant Sat wit made by the critic at the commencement of his review, we obtained an alternative solution of the pro
" First came great Neptune with his three-fork't mace, blem. Either their ill-will is the smple emanation of That rules the seas, and makes them rise or fall:
His dewy lockes did drop with brine apace the rivalry of brother wits; or it is the very proper and Under his diadem imperiall ; natural pique, that all unsuccessful nourish against all
And by his side his queene with coronall,
Fair Amphitrite, most divinely faire, successful jokers.-Art. XII. is on “Sir Richard Phil.
Whose yvorie shoulders weren covered all, lips's Personal Tour.” It is worthy of the subject, and
As with a robe, with her owne silver haire, has evidently been drawn from the balaam box, for the
And deck't with pearles which th' Indian seas for her prepaire.
SPENSER sheer purpose of filling seven pages.-Art. XIV. is a curious statistical document, containing full and accu
During our voyage through the tropics in the beau. rate details on the Finance Department of the London tiful evenings, when it was my watch below, I loved to Newspaper Press.
sit at the open port, before the carriage of the great gun, On the whole, the Westminster Review contains a and mark the progress of the vessel through the clear very fair proportion of the good and bad things of this and verdant waters, as the little waves played themselves earth.
around her bends, and shoals of fish darted, with the rapidity of lightning, by her sides. On one of these occasions, I was suddenly startled from my meditations
by the cry of “A sail a-head ! halo! Neptune! NepHappiness Found, and other Poems. By John Sanders.
tune ! a-hoy!” and on gaining the deck, perceived a large Edinburgh. W. Hunter. 1829.
tar-barrel flaming on the ocean, and gliding past our ves.
sel ; which, I was given to understand, was the royal barge ALL we know of Mr John Sanders is, that he is no of the venerable watery God, who had announced his inpoet. This work is in blank verse, which, we doubt tention of coming on board next morning, to superintend not, he considered the easiest species of versification, be the shaving such of his children as had not previously cause he thus escaped the necessity of rhyming ; but in crossed the great boundary of his dominions. excluding rhymes, Mr Sanders has excluded the only Next morning, accordingly, this august personage external sign by which we could have been induced to made his appearance on the quarter-deck, about half-past believe that he was aiming at poetry. However, Mr nine a.m., and advanced to seat himself on a gun.car. Sanders has his own reward, for he assures us that he riage, under a gorgeous canopy of various-coloured flags, has "come at the idea, as well as the experience, of and surrounded by innumerable streamers, which kept happiness ;” and if this be the case, the prize gained waving to and fro with every wandering breeze. His will render him independent of any opinion which may dress, consisting of a buffalo's hide, with such other vabe pronounced on the subject of his measured prose. rieties as could be procured on board, added to an iron.
crowned, hoary-bearded mask, rendered him a very grotesque figure. By his side was seated a gigantic
white-robed mariner, something resembling an old weaPublic Characters.--Biographical and Characteristic ther-beaten woman, intended to represent Amphitrite.
Sketches, with Portraits of the most distinguished The royal chariot, preceded by a band of music, and Personages of the present Age. Vol. II. for 1828. drawn by sixteen men, painted from head to foot in the London ; Knight and Lacey.
most ludicrous fashion, led the van of the procession,
and was followed by the numerous constables, bearing The Biographical Sketches in this work, of which their rods of office, all decorated in a singular manner. there are twenty-six, are very respectably written; but Next followed the important barber, with his train of the portraits are the most excraciating things we ever
necessary attendants; and his Oceanic Majesty's housesaw. They are not very horridly executed, or absolute. hold brought up the rear. ly unlike; but they are just sufficiently well done to
After parading the quarter-deck with all due ceremony, present a faint and glimmering caricature of the ori- the procession halted opposite the cuddy door (that is, the ginal, which is both provoking and ludicrous -distress door of the great cabin on the upper deck) where his god. ing and absurd.
head was welcomed by the officers, and accepted the of. fer of a glass of spirits ; nor had his fair spouse any hesitation in swallowing a potent draught of the same in. spiring nectar. When the barber (who did not fail to
exhibit his huge iron razor) and several of the other at. The Lady's Library. Part I. London ; Knight and tendants had also paid their devotions at the shrine of
; Lacey. 1829.
Bacchus, the car was drawn into the lee waist, where
were prepared a deep cistern, (composed of a tarred topTors is a handsome little work, intended exclusively sail, supported at the four corners by corresponding for the use of the fair sex. It proposes to keep pace stanchions, and filled to the brim with the salt water of with the improvements recently introduced in female the tropical ocean), a covered throne for Neptune and education, and is to contains what is valuable in his exquisite consort, a scaffolding for the barber and science, elegant in accomplishment, delightful in litera- suite, and a narrow plank across the reservoir, on which ture, and useful in domestic life; not cloaked in ab- were to be seated those unenviable individuals who were struse technicalities, or shackled by the pedanury of the destined to undergo the ceremony of “ shaving." schools, but in such a garb as will please by its unaf. At this moment the beating of the drums, the sound fected simplicity, its condensed knowledge, and its of the horns, the shouts of the mariners, and the cries agreeable variety." This is promising pretty largely; of “ Bring forth my sons! bring forth my sons !” in. but as far as we can judge from the First Part, the exe. dicated to the anxious beings below, on the gun-deck, cution bids fair to correspond with the conception ; and that all was in readiness commence the business of we therefore recommend the work to the attention of the day; and immediately a band of the horrific con. our fair friends.
stables came to lead me, (I was then only a midship
man,) blindfolded, and with a palpitating heart, tı) the His skin, which is delicately soft, and partially white, place of execution. No sooner had I gained the sum- on close inspection seems to be a misfit. He looks as mit of the companion-ladder, than a deluge of salt wa if put into a bag, wide enough to hold two of him, with ter, from innumerable buckets, was discharged un cere- apertures in it to disengage his head and claws only. moniously into my face ; and when I attempted to gasp Properly speaking, he does not fly. He cannot ascend, for breath, an unceasing stream from the fire-engine: was except by climbing. When the wind is in his favour, directed, by some expert hand, right into my mouth. he looks out for the tallest tree, from the top of which In this state, panting, and almost breathless, I ru: shed he leaps, and by spreading his loose gown, and setting forwards, with much exertion, dragging constables and his downy rudder, he “goes on his way rejoicing." His attendants after me, till I gained the foot of the lad'der body is about four inches in length. He is generally a which led to the plank crossing the cistern. This I favourite, and this, together with his shyness and dex. ascended, with some difficulty, amid the cheering of a terity of evasion, prevents him from being often molest. merciless multitude, took my seat on the tottering plarik, ed. He lives in the holes of the forest tree, and loves and awaited, with anxious expectation, the dreadful re- the upper tier of berths. Some affirm that he has power sult of all this ceremony. I had not sat long till a over the quantity of air he carries about him, so as to rough brush (every hair of which seemed to be fornied suit his shape to his mode of " progressing." of a Porcupine's quill,) saluted my chin; then a sharp- The chipping squirrel, or “chippy,” or “streaky,” toothed saw (intended to represent a razor,) was passed so called from his peculiarities, is the smallest and least over my cheeks ; then a bucket of water was thrown in- numerous of the species. His voice is like that of a to my face; then another dense stream from the fire. young chicken ; his size that of a small rat. He is of engine was directed into my mouth ; and then the frail a red or dun colour, with black streaks down the back plank was withdrawn from under me, and I plunged and part of the sides. He loves the orchard, and lives headlong and breathless into the abyss below! Tlais in the stone wall, and is seldom troubled except by the was not all: in the cistern was a shelf, and on this sh elf schoolboy. a man (dressed in a bear's skin, and creeping on all. The red squirrel is about twice the size of the chippy. fours) whose duty it was to hold the subject of their He is altogether of a bright dun colour. His tail is mirth, for some time, under the surface of the water. bushy, and large in proportion to his body, being of Struggling, as it were, for my existence, no sooner did I equal size with it. He lives in the holes of trees. The feel the horned clutches of the great bear, than I struck oak most generally supplies him with a dwelling ;_the him such a blow on the head, as caused him to let go nut-tree furnishes his winter provender. A small hole his grasp; and almost insensible, I scrambled up the will not serve him ; for the supply he lays in is great. sides of the cistern, and threw myself down on the deck He frequents the orchard and the wheat-tield ; plunders below. Still no quarter was allowed me; I had yet to the barn, and sometimes intrudes himself into the dwellmake my way through a deluge of water, showered on ing-house. Passing through the hickory grove, you me from the forecastle, the decks, the booms, and the occasionally hear him nibbling at his favourite repasttops, to the after-part of the vessel ; which, had I riot the put. Sometimes the falling of one from amidst the immediately accomplished, I verily believe I should tree, with a hole in either side of it, minus the kernel, have sunk exhausted under the ordeal.
will indicate to you bis “hall of the feast of shells." Notwithstanding all this roughing, however, I contri. If you happen to alarm him, and awaken in him suspi. ved, on the whole, to preserve my good humour, and I cions of an evil design, you will hear him, by the time had no sooner recovered, and begun to look about me, he gets to the top of the tree, long and loud-chit-chitthan I seized a bucket, - joined the enraptured perform- chit chur-r-ring-in exulting defiance of you. Someers of this busy scene,-_and was among the first to :$a- times you will see him in the form of a V, his body and lute my hapless messmate, who next made his appear. tail suggesting the two members of that letter, perched ance.
upon the larger limbs of the apple or cherry tree, feed. After all the midshipmen had passed through the ing daintily on the choicest of the fruit. This is his hands of the barber, the shaving of the seamen com- most hazardous situation ; for not unfrequently does the menced : this was a more serious business, for the chins chance directed, or skilfully cast missile of some misof many bled profusely, and their mouths and eyes were chievous urchin, hurl him from his festive board to the fearfully disfigured by the tarry brush of the barber ; inhospitable earth. Here, notwithstanding, he has some while torrents of their favourite element were showered chance of escape ; but woe be to him if his path be en. on their hooded heads without sympathy or restraint. countered by the disgorgement of a school-house. Every
In the meantime, the shaving advanced with great ra. pass to the woods is guarded ; every stone-heap block pidity; and before twelve o'clock, the procession re- aded, and a sentinel stationed at the foot of every tree. turned, in all its pomp, to the cuddy door, in the same These preparations alarm him; he drops his food ; reorder as formerly ; when the captain's health, with that covers his fore feet ; ascends the tree; and chatters. of all the legitimate sons of Neptune, was drunk, with This is soon put an end to, for a good climber mounts loud and continued cheers, and then the sports of the the throne of his dominion. Like other kings, under morning concluded. But towards evening, the Captain similar circumstances, he becomes panic-struck. He ordered a liberal supply of grog to be served out to each jumps from spray to spray, and attempts to pass his of the sailors, and the remainder of that night was spent more immediate adversary; but he abandons this at
tempt, on seeing the trunk of the tree encircled by an “ Draining the goblet and singing the song." host. He is at last driven to the extremity of one of
the branches, and from thence shaken to the earth ;
“ Now comes the tug of war, and din of arms.” SQUIRREL HUNTING IN AMERICA.
Down he comes, amidst shouts of " fair play ! fair THERE are four species of the squirrel, with which play! give him the fence, or he'll take the stone wall,”the peasantry of America are familiar ;-there are five "guard the old oak tree,”—“keep him out of the wheatwith which they are acquainted. The first are known field,”—“ fair play ! no dogs"-" the rail fence there, to them under the names of chippy, red, black, and grey now—at him, boys—hurra!"—(Rattling of stones squirrels ;-—the last is called the Nying-squirrel. He is tearing of clothesmisdirected missiles, and bloody a beautiful little animal. The fur of his tail, in colour noses. )" The hickory trees !” “ keep him out of the and texture, resembles that of a beaver, and in arrange.
The poor animal gallanily strains every ment is uniform as the downy feathers of the turkey. nerve ; throws his fortune on the cast of a die, and