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and being improperly situated besides, I desire that a new one of brick, and upon a larger scale, may be built at the foot of what is called the Vineyard Inclosure, on the ground which is marked out, in which my remains, and those of my deceased relatives now in the old vau and such others of my family as may choose to be entombed there, may be deposited.” But for the atrocious attempt to steal, for transportation to a foreign country, the hallowed relics of the great Chief of America, it is possible that his wishes about the entombment of his family would have been neglected. A new tomb having been erected, the sacred remains, deposited in a marble sarcophagus constructed and presented by Mr. Struthers, of Philadelphia, were removed to their present resting-place on the seventh day of October, 1837.

Above the arch of the vault, in which, within full view, are the sarcophagi containing the relics of George Washington and his wife, Martha Washington, is incribed this sentence :

WITHIN THIS ENCLOSURE REST THE REMAINS OF

GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON.*

* On his recent tour through this country, the Prince of Wales, in company with the President and his Cabinet, visited this sacred tomb. After expressing his appreciation of the glorious character of Washington, he desired to plant a tree on the spot, in commemoration of his visit; and some horse-chestnuts having been handed to him, he placed them in the earth. He afterwards put a few more in his pocket, with the intention, as he said, of planting them in Windsor Park, on his return home, as another memento of a visit he should ever regard with feelings of peculiar interest. No more touching tribute was ever paid to the memory of the Father of his Country. The grandson of a king who held Washington as a rebel and a traitor, came to his tomb to do reverence to his virtues; and in this modest but most expressive manner, sought to atone for the errors of his ancestors.

The mansion contains many valuable historical relics; amongst which may be mentioned, the key of the Bastile, presented by Lafayette; portions of the military and personal furniture of Washington; the pitcher portrait, on the back of which some one has recorded a highly complimentary inscription.

Thanks to the efforts of the Ladies' Mount Vernon Society, aided by the patriotic eloquence of Edward Everett, this sanctified estate has been secured for the people of the United States. Here, then, amidst the most sacred historical associations, we bid farewell to the reader. Long may the groves of Mount Vernon, and the costly magnificence of the Seat of Government, enable those who speak a common language, belong to a common origin, and are inevitably linked in a common destiny, to dwell together in unity!

INDEX.

189
112
13

229

13
206

87
181
182
191
213

13
152

Agricultural Society,
Agriculture, Bureau of,
Albany, distance of, from Washington,
Alexandria, description of,
Alexandria, retrocession of,
Alms-House,
Ambassadors, Foreign,
Armory,
Arsenal,
Art Association,
Art-Collections and Libraries,
Astronomical position of the Capitol,
Attorney-General,
Auditors of the Treasury,
Aqueduct,
Baltimore, distance of, from Washington,
Bladensburgh, description of,
Boston, distance of, from Washington,
Botany,
Capitol, astronomical position of,

corner-stone laid,
extension,
ground plan,
dome,
architectural sculpture,
rotunda,
Senate chamber,
Representatives' Hall,

90
193

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13
226
13
34
13
129

.

125
128

129
131
133
136
139

1

140
144
147
147
219
225

111

Capitol, Supreme Court room,

old Hall of Representatives,
grounds,

guard,
Cemeteries,

Oak-Hill,
Census Bureau,
Charleston, distance of, from Washington,
Charlevoix's account of a human sacrifice, .
Chesapeake Bay, Capt. John Smith's acccount of,
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal,
Chicago, distance of, from Washington,
Churches,
Cincinnati, distance of, from Washington,
City Hall,
Climatology,
Coast Survey,
Code of Official Etiquette,
Colonization Society, American,
Columbia College,
Conchology,
Congress,

committees,
Controllers of the Treasury,
Convent of the Visitation,
County Jail,
Court of Claims, .

Do. do..
Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, Columbian Institution for,
Detroit, distance of, from Washington,
Downing, Andrew Jackson, Monument to, .
Duelling-Ground,
Entomology,
Etiquette,

articles of Washington and Jefferson,

the Code,
Executive Departments of the Government,
Executive Mansion,

13
97
14
224

13
208

13
205

39
92, 156

199
188
210

33
148
150

90
223
206
146
152
186

13
177
227

32
196
197
199
70
71

21

Fish of the Potomac,
Fort Washington,
Fraternities and Benevolent Societies,
Geography,
Georgetown College,
Georgetown, description of,
Geology,
Gonzaga College,
Governmental and National Establishments,
Great Falls of the Potomac,
Health of District,
Herpetology,
History of Seat of Government,
Hotels,
Hydrography,
Icthyology,
Indian Office,
Insane, Government Hospital for,
Interior Department,
Jackson, Equestrian Statue of,
Jefferson, Statue of,
Journals,
Judicial Department,
Land Office,
Legislative Department,
Library, Congressional, .

State Department,
Law,
Document,
Washington,

of Peter Force, Esq.,
Little Falls of the Potomac,
Mammalia,
Markets,
Medical College,
Military Asylum,
Milwaukie, distance of, from Washington,
Mobile, distance of, from Washington,

230
217

13
222
221

15
211
154
229
40
27
43
207
20
30
105
187
103
191

73
212
151
105
121
141
103
144
146
213
213
228

22
218
211
183
13
13

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