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called at our office, 102 Fleet-street, and gave tions have fallen off in the support of schools. me one shilling—but where are the fifty-nine? The grade of teachers has been lowered, in If they are sent We will prepare an illustrated consequence, with the worst moral effects. occasional paper for the use of our MINISTERING There is moreover a great demand for what CHILDREN.-W.

are called “pickaninnies” in the field-or for

the labour of children, Cultivators have no WHAT CAN NOW BE DONE FOR

great desire to educate children who are JAMAICA?

wanted for work. Parents for the same reason The Committee of the British and Foreign lean on them for support. Hence, to meet the Freed-men's Aid Society have recently held a necessities of the hohr, the future of Jamaica conference with a few gentlemen, best con- is sacrificed at a terrible cost to all. Planters versant with the state of things both in the can be found to bear testimony that the co

loured people have no desire for instruction, past and in the present, to ascertain how far it

but on further enquiry it will b: asertained is practicable to render judicious and efficient that education is offered, in some instances at help in Jamaica.

the rato amounting to a third part of their 1. It is agreed by all that there is a large earnings, and it is not to be wondered at that amount of destitution in the Island, especially they prefer bread to learning. in the districts where so many dwellings of

7. We learn from impartial witnesses that the coloured people were burnt to the ground. the Moravian and New England teachers in However rude these tenements might be in Jamaica have the art of accomodating them. structure, the occupiers of them lost their all, selves to the condition of the people, which including clothing furniture and money.

more formal instructors seem unable to ac2. There are no local funds available for quire. They manage to teach and to help the the relief of the misery that undoubtedly exists. children of the coloured people in a way that The expenses of the ontbreak are more than renders them peculiarly acceptable, and, in can be met by the population already over. consequence, eminently successful. burdened by various causes.

8. The grand hindrance to improvement in 3. The housel ss people without attention the coloured population of Jamaica is the and a little help will flee to the woods, as far want of confil.nce in the white people. Their as possible from the civilization that they efforts for advancement have been thwarted regard as hostile, and will soon relapse into a systematically, variously, and in the most state of barbarism that will inevitably prove a extraordinary manner. Something must be source of trouble and danger in the future. done to restore confidence and to gain the

4. A small amount of aid promptly and concurrence of the people in plans for the quietly administered to prevent physical suf- amelioration of their condition. Some con. fering, to inspire hope, and to stimulate to tend that England has lost her enthusiasm personal effort on the part of the destitute, for “doing good” in the form now required. would effect immense good, in allaying irrita- We are not of this opinion. There are now, tion and become the first step to improvement. as in former times, those who will not be over

5. A fund for immediate relief can be ad. sensitive either to ridicule or reproach if they ministered by local agency, both discreet and can raise any portion of humanity from a trustworthy, without becoming a premium on condition of festering moral evil. We should indolence or exciting illusory expectations like exceedingly to make the experiment, if on the part of the destitute people. A com- only on a limited scale. There are districts mittee will be formed in Jamaica to co-operate in Jamaica in which no school can be found with the British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid within six miles. Society,

What if half a dozen of the tried and proved 6. The decline in education has been teachers in the Southern States of America caused mainly by the deteriorated material could be sent to Jamaica just to show the condition of all classes in Jamaica. Subscrip. way?-W


The Freed - Man.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. ber by John Hodgkin, Esq., of Lincoln's

Inn, and of Lewes, was penned and in All orders and enquiries concerning Adver-type before the melancholy intelligence tisements, or other business connected with

of his brother's removal reached our this Magazine, are to be addressed to

shores. We have no doubt that the ARLISS ANDREWS, 7, Duke Street, Bloomsbury.

cause of the Freed-man, as well as those Mr. Ridley's letter received with thanks. It general philanthropic efforts in which is in type, but must stand over.

Dr. Hodgkin took so large a share, will We shall be happy to hear further from Mr.

now have an additional and even a Bourne.

sacred interest for his surviving relative. MR. STEINTHAL and Mr. Joseph Waddington's communications are received with thank, Our space will not allow of our re

cording all the services rendered to the Freed-man's cause by our deceased friend. Upon the arrival of Levi Coffin

in this country, in June, 1864, it was at MAY, 1866.

the residence of Dr. Hodgkin that the “I have observed with satisfaction that the first large and influential meeting was United States, after terminating successfully gathered, which gave renewed and inthe severe struggle in which they were so long creased impetus to the efforts made on engaged, are wisely repairing the ravages of civil war. The abolition of slavery is an

behalf of the American freed people in event calling forth the cordial sympathies and this country. Upon the return of Dr. congratulations of this country, which has Fred. Tomkins from his mission in the always been foremost in showing its abhorence United States, on behalf of the Freedof an institution repugnant to every feeling of

men's Aid Society, the report of what justice and humanity.-QUEEN VICTORIA.

he had witnessed amid the negro camps DR. THOMAS HODGKIN.

and schools and the coloured troops loIt is with deep and heartfelt regret

cated in the Southern States was that we refer to the demise of the valued delivered to a large meeting under the and beloved friend whose name we have presidency of Sir T. F. Buxton, Bart., placed at the head of this article. Most held at the hospitable residence of Dr. of our readers have already learned that Hodgkin. The time, the wisdom, the a telegram dated “Jerusalem, 5th influence, the very home of the departed April,” has been received in London, were rendered not only without reluctannouncing the death of Dr. Hodgkin ance, but with a prompt generosity to at Jaffa after a severe attack of dysen- the claims of humanity and the cause tery

of the Freed-man. As a medical man, By the removal of Dr. Hodgkin, the he oftentimes expressed his care for British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid the health of those who were devoting Society has lost one of its earliest and themselves as he feared too strenuously best friends, and the FREED-MAN one to works of benevolence and freedom. of its most willing and able contributors. His calm judicious mind and admirable It is an interesting fact, that the leading temper, never ruffled in debate, won and valuable article in the present num- not only the confidence but even the


affection of all who were so happy as to Sultan to make large concessions to his have him for an associate. Upon the Jewish subjects. Dr. Hodgkin was perpetration of the cruelties and mas-one of the founders of the Aborigines sacres on the coloured people in Jamaica, Protection and the Ethnological Sociealthough Governor Eyre was his per- ties, an honorary secretary of the Geosonal friend, he at once espoused their graphical Society, a member of the

He favoured the writer of this Senatus of the University of London, brief and imperfect notice with a con- and intimately connected with many sultation extending over more than an other scientific bodies. He died in his hour, and rising superior to all sectarian sixty-eighth year. None more deeply prejudices declared his entire approval deplore his loss than the officers and of the course taken by the British and committee of the British and Foreign Foreign Freed-men's Aid Society, in Freed-men's Aid Society. We desire relation to Jamaica. Warmly attached, to express our sincere condolence with as without doubt he was, to that generous the bereaved family. and truly christian body, the Society of Friends, he was ever ready to ally him- At a Meeting of the Committee of the self with all true workers for human British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid Society,

held at 102, Fleet Street, on Monday, April progress and human happiness. A

16th, 1866, Lord Alfred Spencer Churchill, lover of his country and a devoted

F.R.G.S., in the chair, the following resolution, member of the church to which he upon the motion of the Rev. John Waddingbelonged, his heart and his sympathies ton, D.D., seconded by Frederick Tomkins, embraced the whole race of man, whilst M.A., D.C.L., Barrister-at-Law, was unanibis piety was of that divine type that mously adopted :-"That this Society has

received with feelings of the deepest sorrow, made it his happiness and his very joy tidings of the sudden removal, by death, of its to co-operate with all good men. In honoured and beloved fellow-labourer in the an interview, a few days before he left cause of the coloured man, Dr. Thomas our shores to die in a foreign land, we Hodgkin. This Committee desires to place were charmed with his calm and kindly

on record its obligations to the departed for

the numerous and valuable services rendered manner, and with the brightness and

to this Society by their late excellent friend almost youthful appearance of his coun- and co-worker. Dr. Hodgkin's large-hearted tenance. It was the blush of a setting benevolence and hospitality, his valuable sun on a serene and cloudless atmo- counsel and ready pen, his undeviating atsphere. “In Jesu obdormivit.” And-tachment to the British and Foreign Freed.

men's Aid Society, and his courteous and Now is the stately column broke,

christian temper can never be forgotten by The beacon fire is quenched in smoke,

the members of this committee whose happi. The trumpet's silvery tongue is still,

ness it has been to be associated with so gentle The warder silent on the hill,

and good a man. This Committee would Dr. Hodgkin had proceeded to the further express its unfeigned and deep sympaEast with Sir Moses Montefiore, on a

thy with the bereaved widow and family, and

instructs the Secretaries to forward a copy of philanthropic mission. Only a few

this resolution to Mrs. Hodgkin with the fullest months ago they visited Morocco to

assurance of its affectionate regard and condo. gether, and succeeded in inducing the lence."

May 1, 1866.

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low severely censures, who were so long on a

wrong scent themselves, and who for so long President Lincoln Self-Pourtrayed. By John led many of our countrymen astray, could

Malcolm Ludlow. London : Alfred W. Ben find leisure to read and ponder this volume. nett, Alex. Strahan, Hamilton Adams & Co. It would make, we think, many feel what we Foolscap, 239 pp.

know some feel-that it is a bootless task to A melancholy interest attaches to the volume strive to write up oppression and falsehood now before us. It contains in striking de- and to write down liberty and justice. Some lineation the self-portraiture of one of the of our readers will remember the charming degreatest and best of men that ever lived. scription which Goethe gives at the commenceAbraham Lincoln self-revealed stands before of his Faust of the regret and indignant refusal us in this instructive and charming volume- of the theatre-poet when called upon by his majestic in his own simplicity.

mercenary employers to write to please the The book consists of three chapters; the frivolous and debauched characters there defirst to the beginning of the war, April 14-15, scribed by the poet. True genius spurns the 1861. The second, from the opening of the foul mean drudgery of the oppressor. Where Civil War to the Emancipation Proclamation are the defamers of Presiilent Lincoln now? of Jan. 1st 1863. The third, from the Eman. —the men who spurned him as “rail-splitter, cipation Proclamation of Jan. 1st, 1863, to bargee, and village attorney.” As though it Mr. Lincoln's death, April 15th, 1865. To were a disgrace to split a rail, or to scull a these chapters an Appendix is added, entitled barge, or advise in a village. Is it no dis-"The Martyred President."

grace ignorantly to defame and blindly or The substance of the volume consists of ex. wilfully to err? Has it become a cardinal tracts from addresses and speeches of Mr. virtue to utter that which a writer knows or Lincoln, with a concise narrative of the might easily know to be false ? We have American civil war, combined with the views been told by some who have knowingly puband reflections of Mr. Ludlow upon the words lished falsehood or suppressed truth, or who and events he records. It is by no means an have written this leading comment, that our easy task to string together extracts froin countrymen would have it so. We emphati. State documents and political speeches, and cally deny this. The corrupt tone of the lio to present withal an interesting and attractive does not yet, thank Heaven, characterize oar whole. Mr. Ludlow has done this. He has

conntrymen. Tens of thousands of Englishdone more, he has given us a volume-a men at this moment feel they have been inprecious mosaic-every page of which has the juriously misled by a deceitful and a venal force of truth and the charm of beauty. The press. To those who have thus been required author is one of the few educated and honour. to regard Abraham Lincoln as an ignorant able minded men in our country who from the jesting buffoon, and to hear the American very commencement of the transatlantic people, as a nation, declining into savagery, struggle, rose superior to the drivelling fears we heartily commend this volume. of democracy which palsied the moral sense We sometimes hear it stated that the Southand dulled the intellect of too many from ern States had a right tr secede. Mr. Lincoln whom we expected better things There in his first inaugural speech in 1561, demon. is an incessive bravery about the book, strated that they had no such right. “I hold," that tells you at once that the writer is says he, “that in contemplation of universal in the deepest sympathy with the great soul law, and of the constitution, the union of these whom he pourtrays, and the cause for which states is perpetual. Perpetuity is implied, if the martyred one bled. This volume, as we not expressed in the fundamental law of all read from page to page, reminds one of the national governments. It is safe to assert Danish proverb, that "there is nothing got by that no government ever had a provision in its lying, nor lost by praying." We wish that organic law for its own termination.” Speak. those "hounds of the press," whom Mr. Lud. ing upon constitutional controversies, Mr.

Lincoln said--" upon such questions we readers. Mr. Probyn is well acquainted with divide into majorities and minorities. If the the subject upon which he has undertaken to minority does not acquiesce, the majority write. He justly observes: There is no must, or the government must cease. « .. If good reason for a wretched display of petty a minority in such a case will secede rather jealousy between the mother country and her than acquiesce they make a precedent which, stalwart son. Their prosperity and friend. in time, will divide and ruin them; for a ship are mighty elements of the world's order, minority of their own will secede from them freedom and progress.” As we believe this, whenever a majority refuses to be controlled we can say amen to the author's wish-'May by such a minority."

brotherly union, with all its attendant bless. The great work to which Abraham Lincoln ings, be completely restored throughout the set his hand was achieved before he was taken length and breadth of your vast dominion. away. For us who knew him as a friend the May your future be yet greater and more words of Mr. Ludlow are like a healing medi- prosperous


your past." cament. Speaking of his death he says“ Shall we rebel and say that it was too soon ?"

Rev. ALFRED Bourne, from whom we hope It is written ; “When the fruit is brought to hear further, says, in a note dated April 18, forth immediately He putteth in the sickle 1866, “There are small villages and settlebecause the harvest is come.” Immediately: ments (away from the influence and opportuwhether that sickle take the shape of disease nities of the towns) where gross darkness or old age, or accident, or the assassin's pistol prevails, such as the agencies at present emshot; immediately, for the Lord of the harvest ployed can hardly be expected to reach. I knows without fail wben the fruit is brought

can point out spots where at this moment forth.” His successor in his high office of some such agency as that of the American and state will do well to ponder the administration

Moravian Missionaries might be advantageand the tragic end of his predecessor. Can ously employed. If you can find the right it be that Andrew Johnson would hand over

sort of men and set them wisely to work, you the Government of those United States to a may do glorious things for Jamaica.” Southern oligarchy without any guarantees for

Per the “ China," from New York, April the perpetuation of that Freedom purchased 12th, we have the important intelligence that at so costly a price? The forbearance of the the House of Representatives, as well as the victorious party in the United States upon the Senate, had passed the “Civil Rights Bill” assasination of its great chieftain has only over the President's veto by 122 to 41 votes. been equalled by its endurance in the hour of Thus, the sterling intelligence of the United conflict and disaster. Our confidence in that States has again vindicated itself against the party remains unimpaired. It has preserved wavering President and the Southern faction. its national existence; we now know it will This vote proclaims and confirms citizenship be consistent and extend protection, education to the coloured freed-men. and the franchise to every male citizen in the GENERAL HOWARD, in his speech, reported South ungtained by crime. Then shall the that he had official notice of seventy thousand oppressions of a slave oligarchy, now broken negro children attending school in the southand crushed, become impossible in the future. ern states. He mentioned six coloured schools We commend this volume most cordially to in one town, Tallahassee. Six years ago men our readers, and especially to the perusal of were hanged and women imprisoned for teachour young men.

ing coloured children to read. Six years hence

a great part of these very coloured people will The United States Constitution and the Se- be in the exercise of the elective franchise

cessionists. By J. W. Probyn. London: with the voluntary consent of the communities Savill and Edwards, Chandos Street, Covent in which they live, and as the natural result Garden. 1866.

of their inteligence, enterprise and good con. We recommend this able pamphlet to our duct.--New York Evening Post.

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