Obrázky stránek


grea twel



it cor

The edifice is crowned with a handsome cupo. 1754 la, from which you have a fine view of the city, the har. bor and the Hudson. The state allown the Hospital the suu. of $12,500 annually, chargeable upon the duties on Cha salor at public auction, in the city of Now.York. The iory, greatest number of patients at any one time on record, in volue the Hospital, is 2,000! As high as 1,728 have been ad. it ha mitted in one ycar, (including U. S. seamen ;) of this number 1,185 were paupers! Out of the whole, 1,320 butt were cured : 527 of the patients were Irish. There is a dent, library to the Hospital of 4,800 volumes ; containing Elgir some of the most rare and most valuable works in medi. D. H cal science in the world.

By a law of the United States, overy senman in the merchant service pays 20 cents per month (deducted 2,000 out of their wages,) for their support, is sick or disabled. This not being sufficient for the support of all who appli- clay. ed for hospital relief, the governers have admitted 1,649 legisl more than what has been yearly paid for by the United this, States ; the cost of which amounts to $15,141 28, which pros Congress as yet refuses to pay: so says report.

and The Asylum for the Insane stands near the Hospital, and lege. is included in the institution, and both are kept equal to ed to those of Baltimore and Philadelphia, excepting only the which lying in ward. Clinical lectures, both medical and sur.

Phys gicnl, aro delivered horo ly tho profunuorn of both collo. ges, viz : Columbia college, and the medical college; disca Being physicians of the llospital, they use the Surgical media Theatre for this purpose. There are usually an hun. ry, th dred students, medical and surgical, who attend those pracy lectures ; they were first introduced by Dr. Bard. Bc.

medic sides this hospital, there is one on Staten Island, three Bc miles below the city, where quarantine laws are enfor. York ced at certain scasons of the year. This hospital re of the ceives all that are afllicted with epidemic discases ; it is ly, of one of thc finest buildings in the United States. A board buic of health sits at this place.

throu Columbia College.-Columbia college was founded in emies * The annual expence of the Hospital is $40,000. No domestic or officer of the Hospital is allowed to receive any present or bequest from

legisl any patient.


ter 0

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

1754 ; it stands near Park place, and consists of one great building of gray stone, ihree stories, and contains iwelve apartments in each story. It also contains a Chapel, Hall, Museum, Anatomical Theatre, a Labora. tory, a Philosophical apparatus, and a library of 5,000 volumes. The annual revenue is upwards of $4,000; it has a President, and five Professors. The average

number of students is 200. It is governed by Trustees, ) but their number I was not able to ascertain; the Presi.

dent, when I called, being very much indisposed. The Elgin Botanical Garden, formerly the property of Dr. D. Hosack, was purchased from him by the state, and

conveyed to this college, (under very rigid restrictions ;) be it contains twenty 20 acres of ground, and upwards of ed 2,000 valuable plants. d. Medical College.--The medical college stands in Barli clay-street; it was incorporated finally in 1813, by the 49 legislature; the regents of the university, previous to led this, granted them a charter, but the institution did not ich prosper until 1813: it is now in a flourishing condition,

and a number of young men have graduated at this col. and lege. The medical department, which formerly belong

ed to Columbia collcge, has been transferred to this, the which is better known by the name of the College of sur. Physicians and Surgeons." The course of lectures embraolle ces “the theory and practice of physic, obstetrics, and ege; diseases of women and children, chemistry, and materia gical medica, anatomy, physiology and surgery, natural histohunry, the clinical practice of medicine, the principles and those practice of surgery, and the institutes of medicine, and

Be medical jurisprudence." threc Being insensibly led to mention the university of N. enfor. York, it becomes necessary to explain, that the regents al re of the university are nothing more than a literary socie; it is ity, of twenty-one gentlemen, whose duty it is to distri. board bute the money designed for all literary institutions

throughout the state ; also to visit all the colleges, acadled in emies, and schools, within the same; to inspect the sys

tem of education in each, and make report thercof to the stic or se from legislature. They appoint presidents and principals of

academies; incorporate colleges and academies, &c. and

I to

[ocr errors]

ter, it

A sc:


confor degrees by diplomun of a higher order than master
of arts and medical de rees. The governor and lieut. aster
governor are members ex officio; the regents are appoint in the
ed by the legislature, and choose a chancellor and vice they
chancellor of the university from their own body. They

of dr are prohibited from requiring any religious test of any president or principal of an academy or college, and no

fortal regent can be a president, trustee, or principal, of any

thesc seminary or college in this state.

looki Stute Prison. The state prison of New-York, stands ingo on the Hudson river, in Greenwich-street. It is built of obser free stonc, in the Doric style; it has two stories, each looks 15 feet in height, besides the basement, and is 204 feet in of the length; it has four wings extending back; the buildings and yard cover four acres of ground; the whole is en bayo closed with a stone wall, 23 feet next the river and 14 in front. li contains 54 rooms for the prisoners, rooms

ond, for the keeper and agents, a chapel, an hospital, a din put in ing hall for the prisoners, with kitchens, and cells for life, solitary confinenient. In the yard are the work-shops

house of the prisoners, and the whole is well supplied with ties, a water. These prisoners do not work out of doors as at

they Philadelphia ; the most of them are kept at weaving; the prem first stocking-loom I ever saw was in this prison, but ulate such was the intricacy of the thing that I ani unable to

to the describe it. Besides weavers, there are turuers, brush in the makers, coopers, blacksmiths, tailors, painters, shoemak. ers, carpenters, and many card and spin; they eat ihrec

.. times a day, mush and molasses for supper, cocoa sweeting, ened with molasses, with bread, for breakfast, beef shins, two n made into soup, thickened with beans or rice, for din the ci ner, and once a week they have a pork dinner, and al. ing 1 ways plenty of potatoes ; some instances of industry arc rewarded by a pint of beer. Good behaviour generally

dollar shortens the term of confinement; the young and the

house old, who are illiterate, are carefully instructed. The visite prison is warmed by stoves; they have pumps and fire

alms. engines in the yard.

Jooks No convict, sentenced for a less term than three years,

The can be put in this prison : when a convict arrives, he is

fortal stripped, washed clean, and dressed in new clothes, and

the ke


[ocr errors]


I con

after taking a description of his person, which is entered in the prison book, he is put to work. In the summer, they work from 6 o'clock A. M. till 6 P. M. : on beat of drum, at 9 o'clock, in the summer, and 8 in the wine ter, they retire to their beds, which are neat and comfortable. There were 500 in when I called ; amongst . these were very few women; many of them were fine looking nien, one of them in particular, (as I was leaning over the loom to examine his work.) in reply to an observation I dropped, that people of their inoffensive Jooks should be guilty of crimes, “ah,” said be, many of the people you see here are put in for very little." A sentinel parades on the wall during the day with fixed bayonet, but at night fifty men stand guard. Many in. stances occur of the same person being put in the second, third, fourth, and even the fifth time! a number are put in for life; the crimes which subject a convict for life, are, rape, robbery, burglary, sodomy, maining, house-breaking, forging proof of deeds, or public securities, and counterfeiting gold or silver. Until very lately they received no compensation for their labor! The su. preme judges and the attorney general of the state, rego ulate the laws of the institution, which, with all deserence to them, are very rigid. A physician and surgeon reside in the prison, and others visit there daily from the city, none of which reccive compensation.

Alms-House. The alms house is a plain stone building, with a cupola, situated on the bank of East river, two miles from the city hall; it is the largest building in the city, being 320 feet long and 50 sect wide. Includ. ing the penitentiary, work-house, and other buildings connected with this instilution, the expense was 418,791 dollars. As many as 1,487 paupers were in the almshouse at one time; there were upwards of 600 when I visited it, a great number of whom were children. The alms-house is well regulated, and no gentleman's parlour looks neater, the floor being scrubbed with sand daily. The paupers looked plump and hearty, and were com. fortably clothed; most of their beds were of feallers. I conversed with several of them (not in the presence of the keeper,) on the subject of their treatment; they cager

[ocr errors]

ly replied that they never lived beiter, nor had a wish ungratified.' I saw an exception in the cruelty of an Irish woman toward some of the children. The'mapa. gers are highly censurable for placing these Irish women over the children I would as soon put them under the carc of a tiger. I am the more surprised at this, as these savages are sometimes brought before the police for their cruelty to their own children. My feelings have been torn to pieces since my visit to the Atlantic states, by the cries of children under the lush of these Irish hyenas. But to return : This establishment might be improyed, by removing the children to a separate asy. Jurn. There are too many children in one house, even were there no grown persons. I do not know whether any one has made the remark which I have, viz. that a great number of living beings, whether of the human specics or the brute creation, will not be healthy for any length of time, when crowded together.

Work House. The work-house stands in rear of the alıns-house, and is used for the employınent of the poor. It is built of brick, 200 feet by 25; it contains a hos. pital for males, and one for females.

Penitentiary.- The penitentiary, likewise, stands in the rear of the alıns-house; it is a stone building, 150 seet long, and 50 in width. In this prison, all convicts are confined, whose sentence to be imprisoned falls under the degree which subjects to confinement in the state prison, and those only can be confined in the peni. tentiary whose offences have been committed within the city or county of New York. The average nuinber of convicts in the penitentiary, is 250; these are kept at work. The whole of those buildings are enclosed, together with six acres of ground, with a wall of 7 feet high; on the outside is a school for the poor children, called a free school : also a garden, where those of the paupers who are able, cultivate culinary plants. A physician, surgeon, and apothecary reside in the almshouse, and attend to the sick of the whole establishment; for which they receive a salary ; it has, also, a visiting physician, and surgeon, whose attention is hon. prary; they receive no compensation.



« PředchozíPokračovat »