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Part III



HOW TO INSPECT 1. In making inspections the one question which should be asked is: Can an accident occur? Not: Has an accident occurred at this particular point?

2. Remember, it has been conclusively demonstrated that practically every point of danger around machinery or the buildings can be efficiently guarded without interfering with the work.

3. Follow the oiler. Remember he must oil every bearing in the shop. Visit each bearing and satisfy yourself on one question — Can the oiler reach it in safety? If not, correction should be made at once.

4. Make it a point to inspect out-of-the-way places as well as more obvious hazards. It is surprising how many persons are injured in places where it has been said “ Nobody ever goes.”

5. Conditions in yards and on roadways and passageways are always changing. They should be frequently inspected to find dangerous piles, defective floors, protruding nails and objects over which a man may stumble and fall.

LOOK OUT FOR UNSAFE PRACTICES AND CONDITIONS 1. Keep a sharp lookout for all kinds of unsafe practices and conditions. Remember a large proportion of accidents are directly attributable to ignorance of the safe way of doing the work, or unsafe plant conditions not easily detected.

2. A good guard out of place is a poor guard. See that guards are kept in use. Particularly watch adjustable guards on such machines as saws, joiners, shapers, emery wheels and punch presses.

3. Watch for loose sleeves, flapping blouses and flying neckties

- anything which may get caught in the machinery and draw the man or woman in.

4. Bear in mind that the following are among the main causes of accidents:

The manner in which a worker handles himself or performs his work.

Fall of workers from elevations; into openings; or on level by slipping, stumbling, etc.

Falling objects from elevations or on level because improperly piled, stacked, etc.

Handling of tools or objects.

5. Try to detect slight cuts, scratches, bruises and burns which are not being properly cared for. They may cause infection and blood poisoning. Remember that the great majority of all infections are the direct result of neglecting small injuries.

GUARDING OF MACHINERY 1. Pecome familiar with all the requirements of the Labor Law and Industrial Code as to guarding of machinery and see that none of these are overlooked. For information as to these requirements write to the Bureau of Inspection, State Industrial Commission, Capitol, Albany, N. Y., or 230 Fifth avenue, New York City.

2. Become familiar also with the safety standards of the Compensation Inspection Rating Board, 135 William street, New York City. This is a semi-official body in which all compensation insurance carriers are represented. The Hand Book of Industrial Safety Standards, issued by this Board, and which will be furnished free upon request, reflects the requirements of compensation insurance carriers with reference to guarding of machinery.


Machinery and Plant Lay Out 1. Study the present arrangement and guarding of machinery and suggest better safety appliances to prevent accidents.

2. Study the general lay out of the plant with a view to detecting faulty engineering (1) in construction of the buildings, (2) in installation of the equipment, and (3) in the arrangement of the premises. Often serious accidents are charged to these defects.

3. Study the present method of storing and handling of materials and objects, and help prevent unsafe conditions and

practices by watching daily and suggesting better methods. Also help prevent overloading of floors.

4. Study how to reduce unnecessary sounds, vibrations and noises.

5. Study the best kind of clothing to be worn to guard against danger.

Lighting, Ventilation and Sanitation 1. Study the present lighting arrangements. Help eliminate all dark and unsafe spots by suggesting a better arrangement, so that all parts of the factory may be properly and adequately lighted.

2. Study the present ventilating system and suggest possible improvements.

3. Study how to keep work-rooms, wash-rooms and toilet-rooms clean and sanitary and free from obscene pictures and writing.

4. Study and suggest methods of guarding against diseases.

5. See that the supply of drinking water is always kept clean and pure and that the pipes, etc., are in working order.

6. Help prevent the accumulation of waste materials and rubbish.

Fire Hazards 1. Study the best methods to guard against and minimize fire hazards.

2. Discourage smoking in prohibited places and urge the use of safety matches.

REPORT BLANKS In order to properly record and preserve the findings and recommendations of the Safety Supervisor and the Workers' Committee, uniform report blanks should be supplied for this purpose. Nothing is more convincing of the importance and seriousness of the duties of this kind of an organization than systematic maintenance of records. Supplying the blanks in pad form would make them handier for use when on an inspection tour.

Compensation insurance carriers furnish blanks for reporis of safety organizations in plants of their policy holders. Aside from these, the following are suggested as forms which are proving highly satisfactory to a firm with plants distributed throughout

the State of New York and the United States. They have been modified to meet the general needs of most medium and large-sized manufacturing plants:

Name of firm...
Date of Report
191.... Date of last report

191. A.- The following Departments have been inspected since last report : B.— The following unsafe practices in our opinion exist (give location) : (.— The following unsafe conditions were found (this refers to conditions,

not individuals) : D.-- The following recommendations are made (use back of report or attach

letter if necessary): Date of last meeting of Committee,

191.... Chairman Members Copy of this report delivered to Executives' Committee,


Same of firm

191.... Date of previous report Inspections since last report include following Departments:


A.- Defects including lack of or improper guards and location of same:
B.- Wrong conditions are as follows:
C- Cnsafe or dangerous practices are as follows:
D.- Deiects, wrong conditions, unsafe or dangerous practices reported which

hare been corrected:
E.--- Items previously reported which have not been corrected, because of:
F.- Recommendations (use back of report or attach letter when necessary):
Copy of this report delivered to Executives' Committee.



Copy of last Workers' Committee report, dated....
Date of last meeting of Workers' Committee.
Date of last meeting of Foremen's Committee.

191... 191... 191...

Part IV


STATEMENT Only a certain proportion of the accidents occurring daily can be prevented by mechanical safeguards. Many accidents not preventable by safeguards are caused by “unsafe practices,” that is, by the worker performing his work or conducting himself in the shop so as to subject others or himself to danger. Similarly, many of the problems of shop sanitation and hygiene which vitally affect the comfort and health of the worker cannot be solved by mechanical devices.

This statement is not intended to absolve the employer from responsibility in such matters, nor to charge the employee with deliberate unsafe practices or neglect of shop sanitation and hygiene. These dangerous and unwholesome methods are practiced because neither the worker nor employer realize that they often result disastrously — frequently to innocent fellow workers. The following rules are, therefore, intended to call attention to the most common unsafe and unhygienic practices. By a strict observance of these rules it should be possible to practically eliminate the accidents and discomforts due to unsafe and unhygienic practices.

Employees should also be on guard against other less common unsafe and unhygienic practices that might lead to serious consequences.

Remember: A careful man is the best safeguard.


1. Be cautious and alert at all times, and under all circumstances.

2. Conduct yourself at all times in an orderly and careful manner. Scuflling, playful wrestling, or any other kind of horse play is dangerous. 3. Never disregard a warning sign.

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