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low, not that scale of ideal perfec- mote healthful action in their own tion, we can imagine, but the or- system ; others, like springs on dinary standard of that class of be- some mountain's top, swell in perings, to which he belongs. If the petual overflowings, and gladden asperities of Caradoc had been jus- with their timely dispensations, all tified by any such general consid- the sphere beneath their influence. erations, we should not have cen- Diversities such as these, are insured lines, which truth would separable from every association never have permitted us to praise of human beings. From general In the belief that his design was infirmities we neither pretend to honourable, we should not have be exempt, nor do we deem their disturbed its repose in that page, existence the just occasion of sawhich was at once its cradle and tire or of censure. The weakness its grave, nor bave exposed a se- of our common nature is the procond time to any mortal eye his per subject for ingenuous lamenfaccid muscle ; poorly propped as tation ; and ought to be the freit is by ill concealed fragments, quent topick of friendly admonipilfered from real poets.

tion, and of fraternal warning. But It is our duty, however, not to the harsh discipline of the satirist permit the metropolis of New- is due, solely, to flagrant offenEngland to be thus wantonly ca- ders ; to such as sink below the lumniated. We should deen our- general standard ; to such as, more selves guilty of a failure in moral than ordinarily, abuse their means, obligation, if we allowed to pass or neglect their opportunities. It without comment, assertions, of is in this view that we pronounce the falsity of which we have al- the work, we have above transcribmost daily evidence. We pretended, to be both false and malignant. not that the practice of our fellow Because the most ordinary inquiry citizens has reached that extreme would have led its author to a very limit of liberality, beyond which different result. It would have neither religion nor morals urge taught him, that, in the liberal ațimen to advance. Imperfect in its propriation of individual wealth to best estate is all human virtue. purposes of general utility, whether Rarely does wealth discharge the the object be charity, or piety, or debt it owes to benevolence, with literature, in proportion to its wealth out much mean defalcation. Here, and its numbers, the town of Boston as well as elsewhere, the ignoble need not shrink from a comparison passions throw many obstacles in with any proud, pretending city, in the way of voluntary bounty. The this, or in any other country. This stream of individual munificence is not the language of ostentation. is not always in proportion to the We utter it reluctantly. The virwaters in the fountain. Some tues, of which we speak, take no men, like lakes in deep vallies, re- delight in blazoning. It is the ceive all the bounties of heaven, charm of their character to be and the rich tribute of every neigh- Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retired. bouring hill, yet cream and mantle,' in selfish fullness, stagnate Something, however, is due to with unproductive accumulation ; justice, and to that sense of repuyield nothing to the general pros- tation, which we should cherish, perity; and circulate the blessings scarcely less in a collection, than they possess, not enough to pro- in an individual capacity. The

common rules of delicacy must be men, here alluded to, our mermade to yield to higher obliga. chants, are the distinguished pat. tions, when a whole city is holden rons of both, and in a degree too, up to contempt, as destitute of that entitles them to any thing else virtues and dispositions, in which, rather than to reproach.

In all to say the least, it is as abundant projects of a publick nature they as in any similar associations. yield to no class of citizens in zeal, When we assert this, we do not and invariably exceed all in the mean to allege an equality with amount of their pecuniary patron. others in all those great and gen- age. Voluntary contributions, for eral establishments, which belong purposes of general utility, are rather to state institution, than to made from the mass of the citizens local patronage.

We are neither of this metropolis, with a facility, blind to the deficiencies of this a frequency, and to an extent we part of our country, nor do we wish fear in few places equalled, and we to extenuate them. Nor shall we believe in none exceeded. pretend that other places may not With these facts, long familiar excel this, in the splendid fruits of to our honest pride and grateful some accidental benevolence. The reflection, is it wonderful that we virtue, or the vanity of an indi- should feel indignant at such vidual, may surpass the common groundless aspersions, and should standard of his countrymen, and repel them with disdain, especiallay the foundation of institutions ly when they are levelled not only beyond the reach or the thought of at our city, but also at that partheir ordinary benevolence. Such ticular class, which deserves to be establishments are the evidences of the theme of panegyrick, rather the good fortune of a city, not the than the object of obloquy ? We criterion of the liberality of its in- could support these general allegahabitants. This is evidenced by tions by a recapitulation of sums the facility and the amount with and of occasions in all aspects honwhich its citizens contribute volun- ourable to the benevolent spirit of tarily, towards any object of a gen- our city. We shall refer, howeral nature, aloof from the con- ever, at present, only to two insiderations of ostentation and of in- stances, which we select not be. terest. In such spontaneous bene- cause they reflect more honour factions, however far our citizens upon our citizens, than among othmay fall short of their duty, they ers within our recollection ; but are surpassed by the examples of because each has the patronge of those of few cities, if of any, in literature for its object, and beproportion to their ability.

cause both place in a strong light There is something singularly the wantonness of this Caradoc's left-handed in the insolent malig- abuse. It is now about eighteen nity of this Caradoc. According months since a professorship of to him, the christian Jews on our natural history was established at exchange,' our tradeful sons' are, the university in this neighbourby their temper and conduct, the hood, by the voluntary subscription sources of all the neglect, which of liberal individuals, and the agenius and science are said, here, mount thus raised exceeded thirty to experience. Now, strange as it thousand dollars.

FOUR FIFTHS, may appear, after the utterance of AS WELL OF THE AMOUNT SUBsuch a gross calumny, the class of SCRIBED, AS OF THE NUMBER OF

OF

THIS

SUBSCRIBERS, WERE MERCHANTS centrated liberality. We, mean

METROPOLIS. Again, not to condemn the principle, which within the year past, nearly fifty led to these distant benefactions ; thousand dollars have been raised, but we may be permitted to rejoice, also by voluntary subscription, for when we see benevolence begina literary establishment called The ning at length to bless those of its Atheneum. Again the patronage own household. After the foun. of our merchants yielded an equal tain of charity has played so long proportion of support to this, as and so lavishly on places a far off, to the former institution. We re- watering the wildernesses of the peat, that these, thus cited by us, east, of the west, and of the south, are not solitary instances of such at one time throwing no mean honourable dispositions. We do stream beyond the Alleghanies, at not believe that the evidences of another refreshing the very top of the benevolence of our citizens, ex- the Alps, we surely may be inhibited within the last two years, dulged in congratulating our felexceed, in amount, those of many low citizens, when with a more similar preceding periods. So common, and not less honourable licitors of contributions for purpo- benevolence, it begins to enrich its ses of piety, or charity, or learn- own vicinity ; and in expressing ing, has set almost annually in a the hope, that by bounty to ourcurrent to this metropolis, with a selves, we may soon gain that charswiftness indicative, certainly, not acter for liberality, which a less of a disbelief in the liberality of its selfish and less obtrusive charity inhabitants. If in relation to such never did and never will command voluntary contributions, any blame from mankind. attaches to our city, we are proud As to that other intimation give to say, it is not so much the wanten by Caradoc, that the individuals of a disposition to yield bounty, as he has named, are chilled with of discrimination as to the objects neglect, and meet wealth's conof it. We have indeed some- temptuous smile,' we know not from times thought, that our citizens, what bedlam this maniack has esespecially those most liberally dis- caped. Instead of ruminating and posed, have listened with too much grazing at large on Parnassus, facility to sturdy applicants. To without shackle or clog on any of have come a great way to solicit his feet, he claims from his friends benevolence, has been, perhaps, a the sterir discipline, and the strait little too readily thought to give a waistcoat of the cells. title to it. Unfortunately for this

Danda est ellebori multo pars mas. metropolis, the charity of its citi

ima zens has neither begun at home, nor Nessio an Anticiram ratio illi destinet ended there. The sums, which, omnem. within fifteen years past, have The truth is, that those neglect. flowed from this city in charities, ed' and contemned' gentlemen, are to distant parts of the union, and among the most respected and of the world, would, if expended in cherished of our citizens. Those domestick endowments, have raised of the bar, whom he has named, here many of those noble and useful rank among the wealthy, and some establishments which do so much of them among the most opulent ; honour to other cities, in which and they have all received from there has prevailed a more con- their fellow citizens whatever hon

are

ours, in the present state of socie- panions of our happiest hoursty, are within their power to bes. Venerated both because they ar tow. If genius and merit excite leaders, and because they are exthe venom of envious and malig- amples. nant spirits, is this fault peculiar We have thought it becoming to this city ?

in us to state these truths, concernIs not such the common fate of ing a city thus openly and wantondistinguished men in all ages and ly assailed. To pass by a calumny in all places ?

so publickly uttered, without some As to those of our clergy, whom comment, seemed to us like giving this writer has drawn into notice, it, in some degree, a silent sanction. nothing can be more unfortunate To have noticed it, in the style than his selection of instances of of common criticism, would have « worth neglected,' and of genius done justice neither to the author, insulted. He could have scarcely nor to the subject of the verse. named more distinguished objects In all ages and nations, writers of the love and esteam of their like Caradoc have the language of fellow citizens, or have designated scorn and detestation for an inany who are in the habit of receiv- heritance. ing more frequent, or more liberal

... Solutos evidences of their affection and re. Qui captat risus hominum famamque verence. They are men honour. dicacis ed in publick life for their talents, Fingere qui non visa potestand in private life for their virtues. ...hic niger est, hunc tu, Romane, ca

veto. The guides of our wisest, the com

For the Anthology.

ORIGINAL LETTERS From an AMERICAN TRAVELLER IN EUROPE to his friends in this country.

LETTER SIXTH.
Florence, February 15, 1805. Rome to this city, between Nami

and Terni, you pass the little town MY DEAR SISTER,

of Cesis or Cesium, an ancient THE Roman poets had more village, romantically situated at the colour for placing the palaces of foot of a rocky mountain, which the Gods of the Winds in caverns, appears to threaten it with destructhan I once believed. Virgil's tion. From the center of this description of the cave of Æolus is mountain, thro' certain apertures one of the most whimsical efforts orcaverns, issues constantly a pure, of human fancy, which I ever read. cold, refreshing wind, so extremely He represents the deity as confining grateful in this warm climate, that the winds in bags, and letting them the inhabitants convey it in pipes out, as occasion might require, as like water, to their cellars, to moda retailer would a bushel of peas. erate the heat of their climate, I find, however, that he had some and to preserve their wines and ground to believe, that the winds fruit. had their origin in the bowels of A few miles on this side of Fothe earth, On the road from ligno you pass the little town of

Assisi, famous throughout Italy, pagated of their extreme licenFrance, and Spain, as the birth- tiousness. That there are bad place of St. Francis. If it had men in their society, as in all othbeen your good fortune to have ers, cannot be doubted; but as the been born in a Roman Catholick smallest deviations from propriety, (or, as they say, a Christian) are noticed in men who lay claim to country, I should have no occasion a character of extraordinary sancto explain to you. what St. Francis tity; as we feel shocked to see men, has done to render his birth-place who have separated themselves an object of so much interest ; but from the rest of mankind, for the as you have not had that happi- performance of sacred functions, ness, I must inform you, that St. acting only with what we should Francis was the founder of that call levity in other men, it is very extensive, rigid, self-mortifying extraordinary that these religious order, called Franciscans. If I orders should have retained so should recur to Catholick legends large a share of publick respect. for the works of this extraordinary Generally speaking, the Capuchins, saint, who was canonized before Franciscans, and other religious his death, I should recount a suc- orders, are still looked up to with cession of miracles far greater and respect, and, in some instances, more astonishing, than any which veneration. They certainly have our Saviour or his apostles thought fewer temptations than other men; proper to perform. I should tell they are secluded, generally, from you of his having preached to objects which allure the senses, swallows, and of his having made and inflame the passions. They a woman out of snow, and a thou- are occupied more than one half sand other tales, the recital of of their time, by night as well as which would be only a repetition by day, in acts of devotion ; and I of the many proofs of human folly will not think so ill of human naand credulity. But what he did in ture, as to believe, that such habits fact perform, worthy of astonisho have no tendency to purify the ment, was to institute, at the age heart, and amend the morals, even of twenty-five years, an order of if they are not performed with the monks the most rigid ; and by his most correct views and imprestalents, zeal, and real or affected sions. piety, to render it so popular, as In the severest weather these that, in ten years after its founda- monks go bure-headed; they have tion, it deputed five thousand no stockings, and only a sandal on brethren to a general convention the bottom of the foot. Their at Rome, besides the vast numbers dress consists of a coarse woolen who remained in the convents. robe, without any linen under it to This order was instituted in 1209, defend the skin. In their conand has subsisted in full force from vents they adinit but little lightthat period to the present, except

Their windows never look towards in France. There are supposed the busy world-Their cells are to be at the present time forty or small, and their chief ornaments fifty thousand monks of this order, are a crucifix and a human skull.

These men lead a life of great Go in at any hour, which you can severity and mortification even at do freely and without notice, and the present day. I do not believe you will usually find them at their the tales, which are generally pro- devotions. They abstain from all

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