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Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky,
1 That cannot be broken.
3 Spirits (understood). 2 As the poem begins before the 4 Utter - here used for outer. creation, the poet does not use the 5 Beelzebub, or “the Lord of flies," terms day and night, definitively, but was worshipped at Ekron in Philistia. " the space that measures
day and night to mortal men.
And thence in Heaven called Satan', with bold words
“ If thou beest he ; but O, how fallen, how changed
100 Innumerable force of Spirits armed, That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power opposed In dubious battle on the plains of Heaven, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost All is not lost; the unconquerable will,
106 And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield, And, what is else not to be overcome ; Thát glory never shall his wrath or might Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace With suppliant knee, and deify his power, Who from the terror of this arm so late Doubted his empire; that were low indeed, That were an ignominy, and shame beneath
115 This downfall; since, by fate, the strength of gods And this empyreal4 substance cannot fail ; Since, through experience of this great event,
i Satan; in Hebrew, an adversary, power of Him who &c., a Latin or enemy.
idiom. ? Supply the ellipsis (thou beest). 4 Made of fire.
who; i. e. the
3 His power
In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced,
125 Vaunting aloud, but racked with deep despair. And him thus answered soon his bold compeer :
3 Thrall - a bond-servant, a slave.
1 See ante, line 29.
“ Fallen cherub, to be weak is miserable,
The fiery surge, that from the precipice
2 See ante, line 112.
1 With what force is the character of Satan comprised in these few words! To do good.
... a task; to do ill .... sole delight!
Prone on the flood, extended long and large',
195 Lay floating many a rood ; in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian 2 or earth-born, that warred on Jove; Briareus, or Typhon“, whom the den By ancient Tarsus5 held ; or that sea-beast Leviathan 6, which God of all his works Created hugest that swim the ocean stream : Him, haply, slumbering on the Norway foam, The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell, With fixed anchor in his scaly rind Moors by his side under the lee, while night Invests the sea, and wishèd morn delays: So stretched out huge in length the Arch-Fiend lay, Chained on the burning lake : nor ever thence Had risen, or heaved his head; but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs; That, with reiterated crimes, he might Heap on himself damnation, while he sought Evil to others; and, enraged, might see How all his malice served but to bring forth Infinite goodness, grace, and mercy, shown On man by him seduced ; but on himself Treble confusion, wrath, and vengeance poured. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature; on each hand the flames, Driven backward, slope their pointing spires, and, rolled In billows, leave in the midst a horrid vale. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight
225 Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air That felt unusual weight; till on dry land He lights, if it were land that ever burned With solid, as the lake with liquid fire: And such appeared in hue, as when the force Of subterranean wind transports a hill
1 Far and wide.
4 Typhôn, a giant whom Juno 2 Of Titan, who, according to the produced by striking the earth. mythologists, was a son of Cælus 5 Tarsus, a town of Cilicia in Asia (heaven), and Terra (earth).
Minor. 3 A huge monster with fifty heads 6 Leviathan, a huge sea-animal and a hundred arms.
mentioned in Job, xli. 1.