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a relation. Let any one who is perplexed, learn wisdom, and adopt that maxim.
If we go to books and moral disquisitions on the nature of man, and the operations of the passions, they, after all, are of no more practical use than so many of Mr. Hume's amendments. Every case must be made one of separate conditions. No physician would dream of prescribing merely on a general knowledge of physiology and pathology. He must know all the concurrent circumstances and symptoms ; learn the habits of life and of the body; and then think what is to be done. A lawyer must see the deeds, learn the title, consider the abstract, before he can pronounce as to the proper and efficient course. And yet advice in other equally important matters is to be given in a moment, without judgment or consideration, and all this on a plea of relationship and meaning well! The condemning fault of book advice is, although entirely disinterested, that books make a general rule of that which can only apply to individual cases--like quack physic, sometimes hitting, more generally missing, the case. No general formulæ for the regulation of the affairs of life can be invented---there must be a particular theorem for each case.
Suppose, for example, in the important affair of marriage (I make this a chief point of observation, because I think the powers of our new profession will be most usefully exercised on that subject), it be stated that marriage is the surest foundation of terrestrial happiness. The quietness and peace of that holy state, represented as best adapted for man, his wants and expectations. This can only be true in particular instances. It may be all very well for Editors, and other men of rank and fortune, to undertake such an expensive, though albeit pleasant and praiseworthy, settlement. But what is to be said of Contributors ? Poor devils, who have perhaps more jokes than shirts, both very ragged, whose wit is their only livelihood, and nobody wondering all the time they thrive so ill, seeing they trade on so small a capital ! No, depend upon it we want a body of men, of wisdom and cool judgments, to point out the safe course; men who for a moderate fee will remove our doubts, and pronounce on the wisdom or folly of any projected undertaking, coolly and dispassionately telling the truth and shaming the devil.
I think I must already have said enough upon the necessity of establishing our new profession. Every body feels it ; no one now places the least confidence in advisers, be they who they may. The whole thing is brought into contempt and disrepute by its abuse. Let any one make the experiment; and in a family circle, where all consider themselves entitled to the privilege of advising, let any body unexpectedly propound the question, Shall I marry a certain young lady? Then comes forth family advice, or every annt her own physician. Your father sarcastically hopes you can be happy without money ; your aunt doubts if she be not somewhat of a flirt; your pretty cousin thinks if beauty be a crime, she has small sin of that kind to answer for; and it is only by accident that an eccentrie relative, whom nobody ever thought worth caring for, blunders upon some sense and kindness, and tells you to marry her if you love her. This
is the best advice you get on such an affair. Every body judges for then selves, not one for you; you are to marry, and they to decide, inflamed by all manner of prejudice and pride. How I nauseate such advice,-this it is that has driven thousands to the rope and the river.
I propose, therefore, to establish a new order or profession of men, whose duty shall be to give advice to those who ask and pay for it, who shall be styled PARAINETIKO1. No man, since the fall of Adam, but daily feels the want of such an order of men, a body prepared for their duties by education and experience, dispassionate, calm, and, above all, disinterested. The education of the PARAINETIKOI is the first thing to be considered. If they are not to be the subjects of a regular and scientific instruction, all confidence will be lost, and men will still be undecided in a case of emergency, in choosing between a PARAINETIKOS or their grandmother. I am, therefore, willing entirely to transfer the benefits of my proposed profession to the London University, which being denied the privilege of conferring degrees in any of the established professions, may engross the whole of the influence to be derived from empowering the new licentiates to exercise their profession. What rivalry from old and moss worn establishments need the London University fear, so long as they possess the undoubted privilege of bestowing the honorable rank in society of a PARAINETIKOS !
The system of instruction for this profession must bear a very considerable affinity and relationship to that of anatomy and medicine. General principles may be taught by lectures and books; but practice, and absolute intercourse with the world, will be quite as necessary to a student in our new profession, as hospital practice to a physician. For this purpose, I shall recommend to the University to set apart in their new building a kind of moral hospital, where the theoretical studies of the young men may be brought to the test of practice and experience. Give advice to the poor gratis, and let that advice be worth the fetching away; and abundant opportunities will be afforded the students of becoming well acquainted with human nature, the various modifications of passion, and the great principles of human conduct and action.
The practice of the profession would very soon assume a settled and consistent form. Terms of art will be invented, and treatises and elementary books arranged. At first, I should recommend a register of cases to be kept by the University, and an account of the practice in each.
Jan. 10:---Two cases of confirmed melancholy on account of neglected love---tempers warm and irritable---tendency in a moderate degree to suicide. Ordered---a brisk dose of the decoction of vanity and self-love, with a plaster of hope. The dose operated so sharply, that a little anti-hatred wine was administered---the plaster useless. Both discharged cured.
Jan. 20 :---No less than ten cases of quarrels between man and wife. Seven applications from women, three from men. AU these cases arose from morbid conditions of mind, which had constant tendency to inflammatory action, which in the female cases produced a sympathetic excitement of the tongue. Ordered that the cooling
lineament (Lon. Un. Pharm.) of the moral impossibility of their conduct to produce comfort, be generally applied. Three tonic pills of hope of amendment. Eight discharged cured---two still on the books.
Jan. 25 : ---Two applications for jealousy--- both bad cases; found on the next day that one was the result of jaundice and diseased action of the biliary ducts---transferred him to the medical school. Gave the other into the hands of the University Proctor.
Thus would our profession gradually acquire a solid and scientific figure. Under such a system, think of the advantages with which the students would come into the world, prepared to study and analyze each case with a practised skill and judgment. A strict and regular system of examination must of course be adopted. The gentlemen composing the Council of the University may take upon themselves the office of examination, and each propose in turn some difficult and extreme case, upon which the young PARAINETIKOS must give his opinion. Mr. Brougham may state the case of praising Mr. Canning and pleasing the Whigs. Sir James Mackintosh should ask how a man may conduct himself who has talked of publishing a book for twenty years, not a line of which is known to be written ; others of greater or less degrees of complication and difficulty.
I remember hearing the case of a young naval lieutenant under examination. The course adopted was to suppose his ship in every possible kind and degree of danger, and he was to explain the course he should take under each of the circumstances. He answered clearly and coolly for a long while ; at last a case was proposed of horrid difficulty and danger---a strong gale and lee shore, under very awkward circumstances : he considered a while, and then loudly exclaimed, “ She must drive on shore and be
Suppose in the examination of a young professor at the University, after answering as well as he was able all the difficult moral cases of Mr. Brougham and Sir James Mackintosh, Mr. Hume were to stand up and ask him, how a public man must act in a supposed case of Greek Bonds, to get quit of public odium and contempt? What could his answer be, but that of the young lieutenant, “ You must “ drive on shore and be -!"
But, sir, I have, if I mistake not, intelligibly disclosed the leading principles of my plan. I have only to beg the favor that you will carefully remember my name, which I communicated to you in confidence, in case Mr. Cox, the Secretary to the Council (Doctor Cox, some people call him ; pray what is he a doctor of? Is he a cow doctor, or the parish doctor ?) should apply to you on behalf of the University, to search me out as the first professor.
I am, Mr. Editor, faithfully yours,
Oh! raise the bowl with raptured soul,
And give to bliss the night,
And wine can yield delight !
Hath shown his form of light, my boys !
Hath shown his form of light!
While tyrant Care's away,
Then snatch it while you may.
And wake the jovial lay, my boys !
And wake the jovial lay!
Illumed by rapture's glow,
In this dark vale of woe;
Bids reeling Bacchus go, my boys!
(Continued from page 164.) “ What has happened ?" asked I in a whisper, and taking him aside.
“Nothing!" he replied, remarking that the observation of the bye-standers was directed towards him, “ I only wished to say to you, that I am going home.”
“ I will go with you," I rejoined, in order to avoid interruption, and we left the company. As soon as we were in the streets, I asked him the occasion of his disturbance of mind.
“ I have challenged him"
“ He wounded me in the only point where I was vulnerable, and “ he paid the penalty. Believe me, I have not rashly engaged in an “ adventure, of which I have not calculated the consequences; I “ could not bear his arrogance.”
He then related to me that the innocent pleasure which Matilda had evinced on dancing with him, had awakened the pride and sus
picions of her brother and the Captain, who both, on the other hand, appeared to favor the wish of Von Hainfels; that the Captain had, in the most supercilious manner, made him aware of the superiority of his rank, and at last had indulged in such bitter taunts upon Rosowsky's indigent or mysterious circumstances, as to make a challenge inevitable. What avail words when such transactions have past? I myself, in his situation, could not have acted differently. Nothing remained but to let the affair take its course. The day of the duel was appointed at a week distance, in order to give each an opportunity of making the last necessary arrangements for the disposal of his affairs and property, it being expected that a duel between two sucb combatants, both of whom were well known to be expert marksmen, must necessarily be fatal. If Rosowsky had had the first shot, I should have been in less anxiety for him; for, at thirty paces he could hit a dollar, and his horse stood fire like a wall. The Captain, however, was a not less renowned shot, nor was it the first time that he had had an opportunity of showing how sternly and how fatally he could aim at an adversary. The circumstance of the duel could not be kept so secret, but that some tidings of it pierced the recesses of his mother-in-law's house. The anguish of his wife may easily be conceived; married to him as she had been, only six months, and fondly indulging in a mother's hopes. Many steps were taken, on the part of the family, to bring about a reconciliation, but all hopes of this were prevented by the Captain's obstinacy. The time drew near; Rosowsky prepared himself with a tranquillity which was conformable to the cheerfulness of his whole existence.
“ Here is a letter for my parents," said he to me two days before the duel; “thou wilt protect them when I can no longer do so. My “ will is made: I have therein entreated the General to allow it to be “ executed. My old Conrad is to inherit my two horses with their
caparisons; the services which he has rendered me, I can neither forget, nor repay.
Endeavour to attach bim to you; he is true as “ steel. My debts are all paid; I have retained for my funeral only “ as much as is necessary to give a soldier a decent funeral. Thou, my friend and second, wilt see that it is properly performed."
I clasped him in my arms, nor am I ashamed to confess, that I wept like a child.
“ Do not think only of the worst." “I am thinking of the possible, and have paid my reckoning to “ life."
On the last evening we supped with our old Lieutenant, who treated us to punch. We had promised to pass one hour in friendly joyousness, without mentioning a syllable of the approaching day. But the bitter expectation of the future hung like a sword over our heads, and in spite of all our efforts to dissipate it, filled us with convulsive shudderings. Rosowsky alone kept his vow and his resolution. “ To our next merry-meeting," he cried, seizing his glass, “ here or there !” I drank the liquor with a feeling that seemed to turn it cold in my veins. Towards midnight we parted from our old friend, who pressed Rosowsky's hand in silence.