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mittee of Ways and Means for the year; or, in other words, an addition of nearly 28 per cent. to the sum they had thought sufficient for the public service.

It is further to be borne in mind that this Democratic majority was in opposition to the general policy of the President and his Ministers, who were of the Whig party.

NOTE XV.

Presidents of the United States from the adoption of the Constitution:

1. George Washington . April 30, 1789, to March 3, 1797. 2. John Adams

.March 4, 1797, to March 3, 1801. 3. Thomas Jefferson .March 4, 1801, to March 3, 1809. 4. James Madison .March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 5. James Munroe

.March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1825. 6. John Quincy Adams ......March 4, 1825, to March 3, 1829. 7. Andrew Jackson..... ..March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1837. 8. Martin Van Buren ...... March 4, 1837, to March 3, 1841. 9. Wm. Henry Harrison ... March 4, 1841, to April 4, 1841. 10. John Tyler

April 4, 1841, to March 3, 1845. 11. James Knox Polk .March 4, 1845, to March 3, 1849. 12. Zachary Taylor .March 4, 1849, to July 9, 1850. 13. Millard Fillmore ..... ..July 9, 1850, to March 3, 1853. 14. Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853.

NOTE XVI.

LIST OF STATES.

.

THE THIRTEEN ORIGINAL STATES :-
Population

Population in 1850.

in 1850. 1. New Hampshire 317,864 8. Delaware

91,535 2. Massachusetts 994,499 9. Maryland

583,035 3. Rhode Island 147,544 10. Virginia 1,421,081 4. Connecticut 370,791 11. North Carolina . 868,903 5. New York 3,090,022 12. South Carolina . 668,507 6. New Jersey 489,333 13. Georgia

905,999 7. Pennsylvania 2,311,681

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14. Vermont
15. Kentucky
16. Tennessee
17. Ohio
18. Louisiana
19. Indiana
20. Mississippi
21. Illinois
22. Alabama
23. Maine
24. Missouri
25. Arkansas
26. Michigan
27. Florida
28. Texas
29. Iowa.
30. Wisconsin
31. California

NEW STATES :

Admitted into
the Union, A.D.

1791
1792
1796
1802
1812
1816
1817
1818
(1819
1820
1821
1836
1837
1845
1845
1846
1848
1850

Population

in 1850. 313,611 982,405 1,002,625 1,977,031

500,763 988,734 592,853 858,298 771,671 583,088 682,043 209,639 397,654

87,387 187,403 192,214 304,226

200,000 R

.

.

.

Population in 1850. 20,000

6,192 25,000

TERRITORIES :

Admitted into

the Union, A.D. Oregon

1848 Minesota

1849 Utah (Mormon Valley)

1850 New Mexico

1850 Nebrasca (about to be organised)

1854 District of Columbia

1791

.

No return

48,000

Total Population

23,269,498

APPENDIX.

(See page 147.)

AN ACT TO PREVENT FRAUDS UPON THE

TREASURY OF THE UNITED STATES.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all transfers and assignments hereafter made of any claim upon

the United States, or any part or share thereof, or interest therein, whether absolute or conditional, and whatever may be the consideration therefore; and all powers of attorney, orders, or other authorities for receiving payment of any such claim, or any part or share thereof, shall be absolutely null and void, unless the same shall be freely made and executed in the presence of at least two attesting witnesses, after the allowance of such claim, the ascertainment of the amount due, and the issuing of a warrant for the payment thereof.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That any officer of the United States, or person holding any place of trust or profit, or discharging any official function under or in connection with any executive department of the Government of the United States, or under the Senate or House of Representatives of the United States, who, after the passage of this Act, shall act as an agent or attorney for pro

secuting any claim against the United States, or shall in any manner, or by any means otherwise than in the discharge of his proper official duties, aid or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or claims, or shall receive any gratuity, or any share of or interest in any claim, from any claimant against the United States, with intent to aid or assist, or in consideration of having aided or assisted in the prosecution of such claim, shall be liable to indictment as for a misdemeanor in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding one year, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That any senator or representative in Congress who, after the passage of this Act, shall, for compensation paid or to be paid, certain or contingent, act as agent or attorney for prosecuting any claim or claims against the United States, or shall in any manner, or by any means, for such compensation, aid or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or claims, or shall receive any gratuity or any share of or interest in any claim, from any claimant against the United States, with intent to aid or assist, or in consideration of having aided or assisted, in the prosecution of said claim, shall be liable to indictment as for a misdemeanor in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding one year, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any person who shall wilfully and knowingly destroy, or attempt to destroy,

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