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greatest effusion of smoke has occurred the interstices of the rock, at the depth about the vernal and autumnal equinoxes. of five or six feet, were very similar to
In the months of September and Octo. that of the lower part of a lime kilu, in ber, 1826, a very considerable portion of its most active progress of operation. vapour was, for the first time, observed The massy blocks of stone on fire, disto rise from two or three apertures, on the played at first sight a most vivid and summit of this cliff, and continued to somewhat awful appearance; throwing issue therefrom for some time, until fis- out a very intense heat, accompanied with
were opened by its contending a powerful sulphureous effluvia, highly strength, in the side of it, large enough oppressive, so much so, as to cause a to permit its escaping in that direction, visible effect on the respiration of those The quantity exhaling from the summit persons who remained any length of time was (to use the language of an eye-wit- within its influence. ness) as much as is usually caused, and This interesting appearance was visible passes out of a chimney, at the first light- five or six days, and would probably ing of a common fire. On a calm day it have remained so much longer, but the has been seen to rise in a majestic column unadvised curiosity of the learned as to the height of twenty feet, and had a well as the unlearned, eager to dive into very curious and imposing effect in such the secret workings of nature, induced a situation ; since the vapour has forced them to apply crow-bars, pick-axes, and down a portion of the cliff, and found an other powerful implements, for removing uninterrupted passage through the fissures the surface, as well as portions of the thus opened, it has, with scarce any in. rock, any way offering an obstacle, in terinission, continued to exhale, only va- order to ascertain (as they imagined) the rying as before-mentioned in the number cause of this wonderful phenomenon ; of apertures, from four to ten, and in the which, after all their efforts, proved fruitspace of ground over which they are ex- less ; nature, in her operations, being tended.
too subtle and impenetrable for human On the 13th of March, 1827, Nicholas ingenuity to develope her designs. The Baggs observed the vapour arising from consequence is that, owing to the quan. the side of the cliff, to be in larger quan- tity of rock and soil removed from the tities than usual at that spot, and having principal apertures, a very large portion occasion for fuel, curiosity urged him to of the upper part of the cliff being pardirect the persons he employed for the tially undermined has fallen down, and purpose, to dig at that part'; after re- buried the precise spot that first excited mcving a small portion of the surface, so large a share of curiosity; and, althey were very much surprised at seeing though the quantity of vapour now issu. fire, and what at first sight seemed to ing is not so profuse as originally, still them a small fame. The appearance of the exhalation is considerable, and emits a flame was momentary—it died away al, very powerful effluvia from three apertures, most as soon as it became visible, and which proves how vast a mass of fire ex. there has not been the least semblance of ists, mouldering beneath this heap, feedflame since, except on the application of ing on the perishable mementos of a forsome combustible material, to either of mer world. The outward surface of the the fissures in the rock, in which the fire rock, at this part of the cliff, is very hot, was perceptible, which immediately ig- as well the soil around the apertures, and nited. Dry sticks, or any inflammable small fragments of the stone retain a very substance, would, on being thrust into considerable degree of heat for a long any of the apertures from whence smoke time, after being detached from the larger issued, instantly kindle and produce blocks. flame, and remain burning as long as fed The ground shakes with a trifling and with such matter ; but as soon as the sudden pressure of the foot, and even by substance so applied was consumed, the a blow with a stick, which evidently filame would invariably die away instantly. proves the internal recesses of this mass It is necessary to state, in consequence of of earth to be hollow, and of course dan. the multiplicity of idle reports of a con- gerous to a certain degree. It is very trary tendency, that there never has been probable, that at some future period, per. the least flame issuing spontaneously haps not very distant, after the partial from any part of the cliff, since the first consumption of the materials feeding this appearance of fire.
immense body of fire, the present crust The apertures from whence the vapour or surface may sink down, and exhibit or smoke issue, are about forty feet above all the incidental peculiarities of an ex. high water mark; the appearances within tinct volcano; or possibly astonish us, rise or spring to a much greater bcight than at
with the more awful characteristics of an ofber periods.
existing one, in active operation,
Previous to the aisruption of this por- from its former situation; as a proof of tion of cliff from its neighbouring soil, it, if proof were wanting, it has been obthere was a spring of excellent water, served that the spring tides, and more constantly bubbling out copious crys- particularly the equinoctial tides (owing talline stream, but which this convulsion to their increasing fluxes coming more entirely suppressed. A little water now immediately in contact with these active oozes out from another part of the ad. internal agents) have invariably produced joining cliff, and immediately hides itself very visible effects on the discharge of amongst the soil, being as it were ashamed vapour from this cavern; as at these pe. of its insignificance. About one hundred riods a much larger quantity issues out, feet from the summit of this disjointed and a far stronger effluvia is emitted than cliff, where the exhalation issued last
at any other times. August, there is a hollow formed by its The whole line of coast exhibits in the separation from its former site, a pond of various strata, and numerous alluvial destagnant water, abounding with the com. posits contained in them, very remarkmon water lizard.
able features of violent convulsions ; and There are not at this time any indica- although no record exists to inform us of tions that will warrant the expectation of the precise period of their occurrence, it a violent eruption, nor are the peculiar is not less certain and demonstrable, that local properties of the soil of such a des- they have happened ; leaving us inconcription as to excite any alarming appre- testible proofs of their amazing effects in hension. After a time, it is very proba. the many varied contortions of the soil, ble the vapour may partially subside, till intermixed with such a vast profusion of another convulsive effort of nature may organic remains,* with other strong con. shew the wondering visiter the astonish. curring testimonies. ing working of her hidden and inexplicable machinery. That there is an ex
Anecdotes and Recollections. tensive body of subterraneous fire ac
Notings, selections, cumulated here, is too evident to be
Anecdote and joke doubted; the least casual obseryer cannot
Our recollections ; justly draw any other conclusion from
With gravities for graver folk, even a superficial view, and it is to be hoped that the mighty operations in con
SISTERLY LOVE stant progress underneath will never meet
“* Beautiful a resisting impediment to a ready vent
Is sisterly love ; divinely beautiful upwards, for the free discharge of its in
In yonder noble maid. How firm, how gentle ! creasing and superabundant effluvia.
How like the purity of some old marble The slide before alluded to, which
Is she in form and mind !
Even her young happened in the year 1816, was unques- beauty, tionably caused by the operation of sub
The very language of her lofty brow, terraneous fire, being the first visible ls queenlike, till she bends to speak to thee, effect of the impulse upwards, produced With such affectionate softness, and a look in consequence of its having met with an So toachingly sweet” obstruction to a free conducting channel
Miss Mitford's Dramatic Scenes. beneath, and which proportionably in.
DENZIL HOLLIS. creased the force of that dreadful element. It being ascertained that the cliff con
After a very hot debate, in the course tains a mixture of pyrites, sulphur, and
of which Ireton had let fall some very iron ore, the effect to be produced on such rude expressions respecting Denzil Hollis,
the latter desired that he would walk out a combination of materials by the action of salt water, must be precisely that
with him, and then told him, “ that he which has happened. There are instances
insisted on his crossing the water imme. on record of similar occurrences fron, the diately to fight him.
Ireton replied, likc causes, viz. in the month of August,
66 that his conscience would not suffer 1751, at Charmouth in this county ; and
him to fight a duel." Hollis, greatly at the mouth of the river Shannon in Ire- incensed, pulled him by the nose, ob Jand, in the year 1753 ; and in the Phi- serving, that “ since his conscience prelosophical Transactions mention is made vented him from giving men satisfaction, of a like circumstance in Caernarvonshire. it ought to keep him from provoking
There is no doubt of the communica. them.”—Percy Anecdotes. tion of salt water with the interior part
* In Holworth and the neighbouring cliffs, the of this cliff, perforating through the Nautilus, Cornu Ammonis, Pecten, Pinna, N loose pebbles at its base, and which com- mia, Trigonia with vertebræ, and other frag
ments of the Icthyosaurus, &c. &c. are frequently munication originally effected the separa
found. This coast presents a wide and interesting tion and lemoval of this mass of earth
field for the geologist and natural philosopher.
THE AGE OF HAPPINESS.
the money for them, which Henderson Uron a candid review of my pursuits took with a blush ; and as he put it in and feelings, it appears to me that I was
his pocket, struck his forehead with the a much happier man than I am now.
unemployed hand, burst into tears, and Upon recollection, I find that Lewis the said, I am ashamed; but, by G - I can't comedian let me, by anticipation, into help it.'”—Dibdin's Reminiscences. the cause of this. We were walking
WILD OATS. homeward from the Keep-the-line-Club, then held at the British coffee-house.
HENRY LORD FALKLAND having been Lewis asked me my age, and I answered brought into the House of Commons at a “ Stick to that, my dear
very early age, a grave senator objected boy,” said the veteran, " and you will
to his youth, remarking, that “ he did
not look as if he had sown his wild oats." do. I myself was thirty once. fool enough to let it go by; and I have
His lordship replied with great quickness, regretted it ever since.”—New Monthly where there are so many old geese to pick
6 Then I am come to the properest place, Magazine.
A FINE IMAGE.
As in a sultry and an oppressive summer Thou bright dispenser of the twilight dews,
heat, when the sky begins to overcast, the Thou herald of Night's glowing galaxy,
dread of the dark and boding tempest is And harbinger of social bliss ! how oft,
unable to extinguish the inward longing Amid the twilights of departed years,
of nature for the refreshing coolness which Resting beside the river's mirror clear
follows in its train ; in like manner public On trunk of massy oak, with eyes upturned opinion (in Germany) has now almost To thee in admiration, have I sate,
reconciled itself to all that is most dread. Dreaming sweet dreams, till earth-born turbu
ful in events, if they only promise to relence Was all forgot; and thinking that in thee,
lieve us from our present ignominy, and Far from the rudeness of this jarring world,
open to us a source of pure hope in the There might be realms of quiet happiness.
heavens, the face of which is now obscured Blackwood's Magazine. by a vapour which veils every happy star
from our sight.—Goerres' Germany. CURRAN AND THE FLEAS. CURRAN had a perfect horror of fleas;
SPIRIT OF THE nor was this very extraordinary, since those vermin seemed to shew him peculiar Public Journals. hostility. If they infested a house, my friend said, that they always flocked to his bed-chamber, when they heard he
LONDON LYRICS was to sleep there !” I recollect his being dreadfully annoyed in this way at
Says Captain John Clay, Carlow; and, on making his complaint
« 'Tis the second of May, in the morning to the woman of the
All the town's in a humming condition, house : “ By heavens ! madam,” cried Like bees in a hive.
they were in such numbers, and Shall I give you a drive seized upon my carcass with so much fe- To the Somerset House Exbibition ? rocity, that if they had been unanimous, “ You've tumbled." I answered,
my wish ou, and all pulled one way, they must have We'll go to this year's Exhibition." dragged me out of bed entirely.”
So, ligbt as Queen Mab,
We enter'd his cab,
And drove to the new Exhibition
We first, hard as bone,
like a turkey a dish on, was a predominant failing in the private
Fair Psyche on Zephyrs, character of this impressive actor, “ who
As spotless as heifers, called,” says the relater, one day on my
All making an odd Exbibition. late excellent friend, Dr. Fryer, to present
A polish'd defunct politician,
A Kemble -the drama's magician, him, as a compliment, with tickets for A Mrs. H. Gurney, his (Henderson's) benefit. The good and A marble attorney, benevolent doctor, who knew the actor's And all in this year's Exhibition foibie, and bore with it, as he did with
We then, with our catthe failings of every one-instead of ac
A-logue stow'd in our hat cepting the tickets as a present, offered Ascended, with no expection,
Where Hercules grapples
ed. There was nothing remarkable in His larceny apples,
the person of the lady of the President ; And guards this sublime Exhibition.
she was malconly and kind, with perfect Upstairs, in a weary condition,
good breeding ; she at once entered into We mounted tbis grand Exhibition ; Saw Boys with a Spaniel,
easy conversation ; asked how long he Two Flounders by Daniell,
had been in America, how he liked the And all in this year's Exhibition.
country, and such other familiar, but ge
neral, questions. In a few minutes the A chief of dragoons
General entered the room. It was not In tight red pantaloons
necessary to announce his name ; for his Stood looking as fierce as Domitian;
peculiar appearance, his firm forehead, A hig Holofernes,
Roman nose, and a projection of the lower Whom Judith at her knees
jaw, his height and figure, could not be Survey'd in a ticklish condition.
mistaken by any one who had seen a full. Indced 'tis a fine Exhibition ! Pray mark in this year's Exhibition,
length picture of him, and yet no picture A fat Captive Negro,
accurately resembled him in the minute Whuse visage made me grow
traits of his person. His features, howQuite sad, in this new Exhibition.
ever, were so marked by prominent chaThere's Jesse Watts Russell,
racteristics, which appear in all likenesses A Waterloo Bustle,
of him, that a stranger could not be mis. May Morning—not painted by Titian;
taken in the man. He was remarkably A Boa Constrictor,
dignified in manner, and had an air of As big as the picture,
benignity over his features, which his And all in this year's Exhibition.
visitant did not expect, being rather preIndeed 'tis a fine Exhibition !
pared for sternness of countenance. After Pray note in this new Exhibition
an introduction by Mrs. Washington, A Farebrother Sheriff,
without more form than common good I should not much care if
manners prescribe, “ He requested me,” He graced not this year's Exhibition.
said my father, “ to be seated ; and taking There's mild Caradori,
a chair himself, entered at once into con. H. Singleton's Glory,
versation. His manner was full of affa. A head of R. Gooch, a physician,
bility. He asked how I liked the counCharles Mathews revealing
try, the city of New York; talked of the His cbarms to the ceiling,
infant institutions of America, and the And all in this grand Exhibition.
advantages she offered by her intercourse A Snow-storm, a dresser with Fish on, Three Smugglers prepared for sedition,
for benefiting other nations.
He was Five heads by Sir Thomas
grave in manner, but perfectly easy. His Should fate take hinn from us,
dress was of purple satin.
There was a "Twould be a much worse Exhibition.
commanding air in his appearance, which A Juliet by Briggs,
excited respect, and forbade too great a
freedom towards him, independently of A Peasant and Pigs, A doctor descended from Priscian,
that species of awe which is always felt A Miss Charlotte Bestwich,
in the moral influence of a great character. Not naming the rest which
In every movement too there was a polite Appear in this year's Exhibition.
gracefulness equal to any met with in the Pray, reader, let no prohibition
most polished individuals of Europe, and Keep you from this year's Exhibition.
his smile was extraordinarily attractive. Do but go, and I trust
It was observed to me, that there was an That you'll find this a just
expression in Washington's face that no Account of the new Exhibition. New Monthly Magazine,
painter had succeeded in taking. It struck me no man could be better formed for
command. A stature of six feet, a ro. LITERARY SKETCHES.
bust but well-proportioned frame, calcu
lated to sustain fatigue, without that WASHINGTON
heaviness which generally attends great
muscular strength, and abates active exI REMEMBER my father telling me he ertion, displaying bodily power of no was introduced to Washington in 1790, mean standard. A light eye and full, by an American friend. A servant, well the very eye of genius and reflection, ralooking and well dressed, received the ther than of blind passionate impulse. visitants at the door, and by him they His nose appeared thick ; and, though it were delivered over to an officer of the befitted his other features, was too coarsely United States service, who ushered them and strongly formed to be the handsomest into the drawing-room in which Mrs. of its class. His mouth was like no other Washington and several ladies were seat that I ever saw; the lips firm, and the
6 What 66 Two par
under jaw seeming to grasp the upper lish princes, partook in the gay scenes vith force, as if its muscles were in full and amusements of the country. action when he sat still. Neither with turned home, delighted with the freedom the General nor with Mrs. Washington enjoyed by all ranks here, and was ever was there the slightest restraint of cere- alluding to it in conversation. He one mony. There was less of it than I ever day said to Count du Rourc, who told recollect to have met with, where perfect me of it, “ What service is my wealth to good breeding and manners were at the me, what advantage is niy rank ? In same time observed. To many remarks England the princes go about as they Washington assented with a smile or in- please, and partake in all public amuseclination of the head, as if he were by ments, but here in France I cannot mount nature sparing in his conversation ; and I my horse and take a ride of a dozen miles, am inclined to think this was the case. but I must send to the palace and ask An allusion was made to a serious fit of leave, and often even to Versailles ! I am illness he had recently suffered ; but he sick of this restraint !" 'took no notice of it. I could not help
COLONEL THORNTON. reinarking, that America must have looked with anxiety to the termination of his in. The following anecdote of this sporting disposition. He made no reply to my character may furnish hints to frugal compliment but by an inclination of the country gentlenien, who do not know how head. His bow at my taking leave I shall to frank their game up to town. I had not forget ; it was the last movement been sitting one day with an individual, which I saw that illustrious character to whom, just as I was going away, a make as my eyes took their leave of him servant announced that Colonel Thornton for ever, and it hangs a perfect picture had sent a present of some game. upon my recollection.
The house of is it ?" inquired my friend. Washington was in the Broadway, and tridges and a rabbit,” answered the girl, and the street's front was handsome. The 6 and there is two and sixpence to pay drawing-room, in which I sat, was lofty for porterage. I am certain, sir, it is a and spacious; but the furniture was not servant of the Colonel's, though he is beyond that found in dwellings of opulent differently dressed from what he used to Americans in general, and might be called be.” “ Send them back," said my friend; plain for its situation. The upper end of " and let the bearer tell the Colonel that the room had glass doors, which opened I can get them as cheap in the market." upon a balcony commanding an extensive Then turning to me, he added, “ this is view of the Hudson river, interspersed one of that mean fellow's tricks. He has with islands, and the Jersey shore on the received a quantity of game from his opposite side. A grandson and daughter place in the country by coach, and having resided constantly in the house with the kept the best for himself, repays the carGeneral; and a nephew of the General's, riage of it up to town, by laying a portermarried to a niece of Mrs. Washington, age upon the worthless part, and sending resided at Mount Vernon, the General's round his servant in disguise with it to family seat in Virginia, his residence, as half a dozen of his friends. He never President, keeping him at the seat of go- pays a milkman, but he must be sumvernment.” The levees held by Wash- moned.” Thornton was a diverting fel. ington, as President, were generally low too. He was one day stating that he crowded, and held on a Tuesday, between had bought the princely domain of Chamthree and four o'clock. The President bord from the French government. I said, stood and received the bow of the person 66 It has some rank annexed to it, I presented, who retired to make way for think ?” “ Oh, yes,” said he ;
" and I another. At the drawing rooms Mrs. shall have it. The estate is so immense, Washington received the ladies, who curt- ' no one in France could buy it. I ani sied and passed aside without exchanging naturalized, sir, and have purchased it. a word.
Tea and coffee, with refresh. I have rank, sir, as a French peer in conments of all kinds, were laid in one part sequence ; it is a noble estate, quite a of the rooms, and before the individuals province.” Just then a casual visiter of the company retired, each lady was a dropped in, and he reiterated, “ I am a second time led up to the lady President, French peer, and shall have my seat acmade her second silent obeisance and de- cordingly.” “ What is that, Colonel ?" parted ;—nothing could be more simple, said the last comer, in catching the word yet it was enough.
peer. “I have bought Chambord, a noble
place in France—its possession makes me DUKE OF ORLEANS.
a peer, sir-pardon me, a prince, I mean In 1789, Egalité, as he was called, visited -it is a principality. I am a prince, by England, and in company with the Eng- G-d!" "Had he told the story a third