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where nature seems to revel in sportive wantonness. In some places a solitary rock of stupendous dimensions presents a bold perpendicular front; 'others present naked bluffs of amazing height, while others meet at right angles, and run off in a thousand arbitrary directions. Some are covered with cedar and pine, others are perfectly bare ; some are round craggy points. They all, however, unite in the form of an amphitheatre, by which nature evidently intended to guard her favorite spot.
These bold features of nature, contrasted with the smooth plain, covered with delicate white houses, solemn churches, lofty steeples, extensive greens, wide streets, of undeviating straiiness, lined with spreading elms, and the stately buildings of Yale College, gives New-Haven an over-powering charm! Its public buildings are the Colleges, and 7 churches, viz :-2 Congregationalists, 1 Episcopalian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 2 Åfrican, 2 E: nks, a court-house, (in which the Legislature sits,) a jail, an alms-house, 3 academies, 2 insurance offices, a cus. tom-house, and 9000 inbabitants. The citizens are building a great public hotel, which is nearly completed, that for size equals, if it does not surpass, the Exchange Coffee-House in Boston. The public burying ground also descrves particular notice. The houses are mostly built of wood and painted white, with a few handsome brick buildings; the churches are also with one or two exceptions handsomely built of brick, ornamented with steeples and bells. The streets are wide, straight, and cross at right angles, each adorned with two rows of lofty elms of uncommon beauty, whose exuberant branches form a most delightful shade ; almost all the houses have gardens attached to them, which are laid off in a style of inimitable taste and beauty, adorned with trees, fowers and summer houses ; but its chief ornament is a great square called the green, in the centre of the city, occupying the front of the colleges. New-Haven is an incorporated town, and governed by a mayor, aldermen, and common council.
Yale College.But New.Haven is principally distinguished for being the seat of Yale College, one of the old. est and most respectable literary institutions in the United
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States, and has produced some of our first men. The Colloge edifices consist of 11 'buildings, viz :-North College 108 feet by 40, Middle College 100 by 40, South College 104 by 40, Lyceum 56 by 46, Chapel 80 by 40, and a Laboratory, the commons, which contain two large dining rooms for the students, with a kitchen in the basement, a Medical College, and 3 dwelling houses. It has a president and 10 professors, viz :-Rev. Jere. miah Day, S. T. D. LL. D. President, and professor of mathematics and natural philosophy ; Æneas Monson, M. D. professor of the institutes of medicine ; Nathan Smith, M. D. C. S. M. S. Lond., professor of the theory and practice of physic, surgery and obstetricks ; Benja. min Silliman, professor of chemistry, pharmacy, miner. alogy, and geology; James Kingsley, A. M. professor of the Hebrew, Greek, and Lalin languages ; Eli Ives, M. D. professor of materia medica and botany ; Jonathan Knight, M. D. professor of anatomy and physioloSY ; Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor, Dwight professor of didactic Thcology ; Rev. Eleazer T. Fitch, A. M. professor of divinity ; Rev. Chauncey Goodrich, A. M.
prosessor of rhetoric and oratory ; Denison Olmsted, A. M. professor of mathematics and natural philosophy; Josiah W. Gibbs, A. M. librarian, and lecturer on sacred literature. Besides these, it has 8 tutors, and 21 resi. dent graduates, and averages about 360 academical stadents, besides medical and theological. These are divided into 4 classes, viz :-Senior, Junior, Sophomore, and Freshmen. At this time there are students from eva ery part of the United States, and many from the WestIndies ; most of them are sons of our most distinguished citizens ; amongst whom I find two sons of General Van Rensselaer, of very promising appearance. The College has a cabinet, a philosophical and chemical apparatus
, which are said to be complete, particularly the chemical laboratory, supposed to be the best in the Union. The mineralogical cabinet, I am told, consists of 2,500 specimens ; independent of this, a cabinet has recently been purchased of G. Gibbs, Esq. of Boston, consisting of 24,000 specimens,* said to be the best collection in the * The original cost of this cabluet is said to have been £4000 sterling.
country. Not having had the pleasure of seeing either the cabinet, or the apparatus, I speak of them from report. It also has a library, consisting of 10,000 volumes, and the students have two libraries amounțing to 3,500 more, making 13,500 in the wholc.
The Medical College is connected with Yale College, though the'building stands in a different part of the town. This institution has three professors, viz :--one of materia medica, one of anatomy and surgery, and one of the theory and practice of physic. The medical students attend chemical !actures in the labüratory of Yale College, but neither diet nor lodge in the college. Al the head of the Medical College, stands the celebrated Dr. N. Smith, already mentioned. The average number of medical students is about 70 ; they usually attend in winter. The Theological School has but recently commenced, and the number of students is inconsiderable. The local advantages peculiar to this institution, and the ability with which it is conducted, will render it one of the most desirable places for the education of youth in our country.
Yale College was founded in 1700, by a number of clergymen, and was incorporated in 1701,. under ten irustees. It was first located at Saybrook in 1702 ; five young men received the degree of master of arts. From ihis period till 1718, the prosperity of the institution was greatly hindered by disputes between the trustees and the community, respecting the final establishment of the seminary. Both parties were equally disunited; but a majority of the trustees finally removed it to New.Ha. ven in 1718. It was called Yale College out of gratirude to Elihu Yale, Esq., one of its principal benefactors. E. Yale was born in New-Haven, but left it very young for England; he afterwards went to Hindostan, where be acquired great wealth, part of which he sent to this infant college. From this period Yale College began to flourish, and in 1745 the trustees were, by a new charter, erected into a faculty of " the presideni and fellows of Yale College." In the mean time they received numerous donations from the colory, and private individuals also, both of this country and Europe ; amongst whom I
Bnd the respectable name of Dr. Berkley, Dean of Derry, in Ireland, and afterwards bishop of Cloyne. Likewise Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Richard Steel, Doctor Barnet
, Woodward, Halley, Bentley, Kennet, Calamy, Edwards; the Rev. Mr. Henry and Ms. Whiston, presented their own works to the library : many other respectable gen. tlemen made similar presents. But to come nearer our owa time : His Excellency, the present governor of ronnecticut, and formerly secretary of the treasury of the U. S., presented the college $2000 for the purpose of increasing the library! In 1792 the Legislature of the state, appointed the governour, lieut. governor, and six senior counsellors, additional members of the board of trustees, which has been attended with the happiest consequences. But such is the reputation of the college, and the number of sludents is such, that the funds are still insuficient for an adequate number of professors; consequently some of thein have fallen a sacrifice to their arduous duties; others have resorted to travelling 10 recruit their broken constitutions. Thus, while thou. sands of dollars are daily devoted to other puoposes, this nursery of science, which has contributed so largely to the benefit of mankind, is wholly unnoticed, and left to struggle between nature and duty. Out of the many hundreds who have been benefitted at this celebrated place, no friendly hand is stretched out to lighten ibe burden of the faculty. Connecticut has acted a generous part towards it, so far as she was able, but this stale is too small, singly, to support an institution of such mag. nitude.
No situation could be more happily chosen for an in. stitution of this nature, than the one occupied by Yale College. The five first named buildings stand upon a gentle elevation, and range at the head of a beautiful green. The three colleges are four stories high, handsomely built of brick, and ornamented with venetian blinds, which give them a very pleasing appearance ; while the morality of the place, its classic green and sacred shades, fanned by the zephyrs from the bay, and its romantic scenery, all tend to elevate the mind and chasten the taste.
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Grade-Yardı-The grave-yard is called the new cem. etery: this is a large field, smoothed, enclosed, and divided into parallelograms, neatly shaded, and separated by alleys
of sufficient breadth for carriages to pass between. Each parallelogram is 64 feet is breadth, and from 100 to 180 feet in length. These are laid out into family burying grounds, each with an opening left to admit a funeral procession. The lines of division are planted with trees, and the name of each proprietor is marked on the railing. This field is covered with tombs, tables, slabs, monuments, and obelisks, mostly of marble, and in several instances from Italy. The obelisks are ranged universally on the middle line of the lots, successively, throughout each parallelogram. Thus this cemetery presents a novelty of taste and design, unequalled in either hemisphere. The names, dates, &c. of the deceased arc engraven on the monuments, in most instances in large gilt letters: the whole is one representation of unequalled magnificence, and excites the wonder and admiration of all who visit the place. I am told that New Haven is indebted for this, as well as the various ornaments of taste and skill, with which it is adorned throughout, to that Hon. sage, Hillhouse.
Literary Men.-New-Haven is a very hot-bed of literary men. Besides several of the faculty, who have long been distinguished in the literary world. Here I met. with Jedediah Morse, D. D. A. A. S. the father of American geography; also the famous Noah Webster, L: L. D. zathor of Webster's spelling-book, &c. &c. &c. Nothing could equal the pleasure I felt at the prospect of seeing 2 men with whose names and celebrity I had long been acquainted. Of all the Atlantic writers, these bave rendered the most essential benefit to the western coun. : try: and the first person I called on in New Haven, was :the Rev. J. Morse, whom I had long since thought was numbered with the dead. I found him, however, alive and well; quite a lively and genteel man, not only polite, but friendly, sociable, and condescendiog; nor does he look so old as one would expect. Mr. M. in his person: is rather over than under six feet in beight, remarkably slender and straight; he appear a little turned of seven