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the virtue of the people, to put which the philosophical reformers themselves under the guidance of in France, and the anarchists in their Hatterers, and to withdraw all this country, were aiming to difconfidence from their friends ; to fuse." It is a specimen of that put down patriots, for the sake of kind of reading and reasoning, raising demagogues. That the which produced the American conreader may be able to make a low- stitutions.' Dr. Priestley himself, ance for the prejudices and pas- in his address to the inhabitants of sions of the editor, it is proper they Birmingham, professes to adopt should recollect that this Thomas Mr. Adams' leading ideas upon the Cooper, who has come from Man- best form of government. It was chester, in his great condescension, not decent nor fair for Mr. C. to to inform us that Mr. Adams, indulge his spleen so far, as to 'a patriot from his youth,

withhold from the readers of Dr. Whose deeds are honour, and whose P.'s life, the information, that such words are truth,'

an important actor in the affairs of who was among the first to pro- this country, and one so much pose, and assert at every hazard, concerned in the production of our our national independence ; and constitution, as Mr. Adams, had who has had a principal concern given his sentiments upon civil in all our republican institutions, polity to the world. Malthus on is not a republican. It is proper Population,' stands in the way of they should recollect, that this Mr. that perfectibility, which floats beCooper was in April, 1800, after fore the imagination of Mr. C., an impartial trial, convicted of pub- and he employs several pages to lishing a false, scandalous, and show the fallacy of the doctrines malicious writing against the Pre- in that book. The sect of perfecsident of the United States, with tionists had a parallel in the 'er"an intent to make hiin the object erlasting sect,' which sprung up of publick hatred and contempt; fifty or sixty years ago in a part for which libel the said Cooper was of New-England. They maintainsentenced to pay a fine of four hun-ed that man was naturally immor. dred dollars, to be imprisoned for tal, and would never die, if he would six months, and at the end of that never transgre88 Their faith was period to find surety for his good not shaken by the successive morbehaviour. It is in human nature tality of the brethren. Whenever 10 hate those, whom we have in- any one of the number fell sick jured and insulted. It is common and died, bis death was ascribed for criminals to dislike the law, and not to his inherent frailty, but to those by whom it is executed. the unfortunate mischance of his

The editor professes to give an -having transgressed. accoum of the writers on govern- Under the impression of the perinent before the French revolution. •fectibility or at least its continually In this enumeration he purposely increasing tendency to improve • omits Mr. Adams' Defence of the ment and to happiness, Dr. P. American Constitutions.

sat down to investigate the princi. - work, consisting of 3 vols. 8vo. was -ples on which governments ought written within the space of four- to be founded, and by which their teen months, to expose and con- claims to publick support and apfute the extravagant doctrines up- probation ought to be tried.' His on the structure of government, leading principle is, that the good

and happiness of the members, that those the worst of the people, and is the majority of the members of written constitutions are - many any state, is the great standard times found to be po obstacles to by which every thing, relating to the views of factious and violent that state, must be determined? men. What care they for paper This principle Mr. C. represents restrictions? And universal sufas almost the peculiar discovery of frage, which allows the voice of Dr. P., when certainly it is known the ignorant, the vicious, and the that the advocates of every system vile, the needy and the desperate have professed to have the publick to be heard, may easily prove, ingood in view. There is not all the stead of the safeguard, the betrayer precision in the statement which of liberty. language admits.

The end of government is not merely the welfare of the majority of members of

ART. 43. a state the ininority have their Address, delivered before the R. W. rights.", Mr. Adams states it more accurately, when he says the object

masters and brethren of the lodges of all civil institutions is the great

of St. John, St. Peter, and S. est happiness of the greatest num

Mark, at the cpiscopal church in ber: A republican majority is of

Newburyport, on the anniversary ten found to be as tyrannical, as

festival of St. John the Baptist. By Joseph Dana.

Newburyselfish, as cruel, and as profligate as the most absolute single despot

port. 1807.

' ism that ever existed. • By this We have so frequently been told principle, Dr. P.' says the editor, that masonry was the secret haunt

tests the expediency of hereditary of sedition, rebellion, and infidelisovereignty, of hereditary rank and ty ;' and read books to prove that privilegt; &c. with an evident ten- it was, especially, “a conspiracy dency to those opinions which later against all the governments and experience has sufficiently con- religion of Europe,' that we are firmed.'' These opinions appear glad to see it vindicated from the to be such as these, that society is foul aspersion, and represented, on instituted not for the governours, the contrary, as having for its leadbut the governed, (which every ing object, the cultivation of benbody admits); that the interests of evolent affections, and the perthe few shall in all cases give way formance of beneficent actions,' to the many ; that all hereditary "cordially co-operating with the distinction is in all cases and all holy religion of the Redeemer in countries useless and hurtful; that spreading universal philanthropy, entrusted authority shall be liable and in promoting personal purity to frequent recalls, &c. "The sov- and honour.' reignty of the people, written con- . As we are not of the order our -stitutions,' universal suffrage, seem selves, we are uninfluenced by the to be represented as means to the prejudice of its enemies, and the greatest good. It may be so-butoverstrained partiality of its friends. the benefit of these things dependsWe have no doubt that it is a on circumstances. It often hap- harmless institution, where men pens that the sovereignty of the agree to be cheerful.; and a compeople amounts to no more than mendable one, where they unite to the sovereignty of demagogues,and be beneficent.

After this honest declaration, we and tryer For this increasing athope the fraternity will not think tention to the subject of husbandry us uncharitable, if we hate surs we consider the community much mised, that they have availed then - indebted to the society, whose selves of thai admiration of the eighth number of papers is before wonderful, which has so strong an us. The communications, mostly influence on the human mind to original, are upon the history and attract profelytos, and secure ad- use of gypsum ; the grafting of herents. But, certainly, we can- trees ; the relative duration of not object to a ceremonial which scions ; and upon the subject of serves to makë men generous, and dwarf trees, and the diseases and and to keep them so.'

culture of fruit trees in general. Such an elucidation of the prin- Of these papers the most curious cipies, objects, and tendency of the is a letter from N. Webster, esq. craft, as Mr. Dana has given, must maintaining that scions are of the conciliate the good opinion and same age of the tree, from which the good wisiies of every friend to they are taken, and that there is a virtue and benevolence, in favour certain period, beyond which an of the institution by which they are individual species of fruit, any professed. He has furnished a more than an individual animal, rich treasury of masonicķ maxims cannot be preserved in existence. for the instruction of the brethren, This theory, however, is rather and of fine sentiments for the gra- plausible than satisfactory; and retification of the uninitiated. We quires to be tested by a series of admire his eloquence ; and his experiments, before it is acknowlcause is honoured by so able an edged to be true. 'advocate.

.

ART. 45.
ART. 44.

A sermon preached before the conPapers on Agriculture ; consisting vention of the congregational

of communications made to the niinisters in Boston, May 27, Massachusetts - Society for forbe 1807. - By John Reed, D. D. moling Agriculture. Published 1 Pastor of the first church and by the Trustees of the Society. congregational society in BridgeBoston. Young & Minns. water, Boston. Munroe & 1804. 8vo. pp: 111.

Francis. 8vo. Pp. 39.

With pleasure we observe that That we ought to use our reason agriculture, which has hitherto in in matters of religion, as well as this country, been practised by the other matters, is one of the funda: simplest operations, is evidently, mental principles of protestantism. though slowly, advancing towards Yet such are the prejudices of a state of maturity. In the rudest' certain religionists against the exdistricts of New-England the peo: ercise of this right, that those ple have already found, that better who have dared to use and defend bread can be made of grain, than it, have frequently been reviled, of acorns; and, we trust, the time persecuted, and insulted. They is coming, when they will be able have sometimes been denied the to substitute on their tables the privileges of Christians and even porn of wheat for that of indian of men ; they have been consider:

ed as aliens from God, and pests even God; but one and the same of society ; and nothing but the master, even Christ ; but one and tolerant spirit of our government the same rule of faith and practice has kept them from the sword and even the book of inspiration, the faggot. We have seen a ser- that' each brother has the same mon, delivered no longer than equal right to investigate, and unthree years ago, in the same desk, derstand this rule according to and on the same occasion, which his own judgment and conscience; boldly maintained that some that he is not permitted to impose christians know they are right, his interpretation or creed upon whilst other christians only think others, as a lord over Christ's hethey are so ; and that consequent- ritage ;—that our Saviour hath rely the former have a right to blame served to himself the right of judgthose who think differently from ing his own servants ;-and that then on religious subjects. And if censoriousness is a great and dana right to blame, then a right un- gerous crime.' These are the imdoubtedly, to censure, excommu- portant doctrines and truths, which nicate, imprison, scourge, and cru- Dr. R. believes are implied iv his cify ! We leave to persons holding text, and which he establishes, ilsuch sentiments to show with lustrates, and enforces with the tawhat consistency they reject the lents of a good scholar and an expopish doctrine of infallibility, and cellent divine, also how they reconcile their The length of this sermon reteaching with the candour,forbear- minds us of the good old times, ance, and brotherly affection which when our spiritual fathers prcachthe gospel uniformly inculcates. ed by the hour-glass. Long as it

The author of the discourse be- is, however, it ought to have been fore us attacks this dogmatizing so much longer, as to have noticed spirit with a cool and manly cou- the ravages of death upon the conirage, and drives it from its strong vention in the preceding year, and holds. From Matt. xxiii 8, 9, 10, to have adverted to the charitable he asserts that, • although chris- design connected with the service. tians are not in all respects equal, Its style is as it should be, unornahaving been educated in different mented and nervous. In p. 21. families, and by different instruc- I. 16. the verb conduct which is ters; their natural abilities, advan- transitive, is used as though it tages, age, improvements in gene- were intransitive. This is a comral, and religious attainments in mon errour, and in common writparticular being different, and con- ers may pass without repréhension; sequently differing in their preju- but in so logical a page, as that of dices and opinions, they have, how- Dr. Reed, it never fails of disgustever, but one and the same father, ing a correct taste.

CATALOGUE
OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES,

For JULY, 1807.
Sunt bona, sunt qnædamn mediocria, sunt mala plurd. MART.

NEW WORKS. Letters concerning the Constitution and Order of the Christian Ministry,

as deduced from Scripture and Primitive Usage, addressed to the members of the united presbyterian churches qui

the city of New-York. By Samuel Mil. proving that he is at variance with the ler, D. D. one of the pastors of said scriptures, his own church, and himself. churches. Hopkins & Seymour. By à Layman. Baltimore, J.Haggerty.

Papers, consisting of communications The instrumental Assistant, Vol. 2, made to the Massachusetts Society for containing a selection of Minuets, Airs, promoting Agriculture, and extracts. Duettos, Rondos, and Marches, with Published by the Trustees of the Socie- instruction for the French Horn, &c. ty. Containing-1. Answers to agricul. Compiled by Samuel Holyoke, A. M.tural queries ; 2. Hints regarding cat. Newburyport, Thomas & Whipple. tie, by Sir J. Sinclair ; 3. On the man- The Speeches of Messrs. Harper and agement of dung ; 4. On the cultivation Martin, on the trial of Bollman and of potatoes ; 5. Of the influence of soils, Swartwout, upon the habeas corpus, and their amelioration upon vegetation ; before the supreme court of the United 6. On the benefit which farmers would States ; to which is added, the Letter derive from the study of botany ; 7. Re: , of General Adair, as connected with marks on the use of pumice ; 8. On the same subject." 12mo. pp. 40. Rich. feeding and fattening of swine ; 9. Re. mond, Vir. Augustine Davis. 1807. marks on domestick animals. 8vo. pp. An Oration, delivered before the in86. Boston, Adams & Rhoades, prin- habitants of the town of Boston, on the ter's to tlie state. 1807.

thirty-first anniversary of the IndepenThe Philadelphia Medical Museum, dence of the United States of America. conducted by John Redman Coxe, M.D. By Peter Thacher. 8vo. pp. 20. Bos. vol. IV. No. 2, total number 14. 8vo. ton, Munroe & Francis. *** Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson.

An Address, delivered before the An Apology for Apostolick Order and right worshipful masters and brethren its advocates, occasioned by the stric- of the Lodges of St. John, St. Peter, tures and denunciations of the Chris. and St. Mark, at the episcopal church tian's Magazine, in a series of Letters in Newburyport, on the anniversary fesaddressed to the Rev. John M. Mason, tival of St. John the Baptist. By Joseph D.D. the 'editor of that work. By the Dana. 8vo. pp. 16. Newburyport, E. Rev. John Henry Hobart, an assistant W. Allen, for Thomas & Whipple. minister of Trinity church, New-York. An Oration, delivered in the presby1 vol. 8vo. $1,50. New-York, T. & J. terian meeting-house, on Saturday the Swords.

4th of July, 1807, at the request of the God's Sovereignty and his Univera Washington Society of Alexandria. By sal Love to the souls of men reconciledi John Hanson Thomas, Esq. of FrederIn a Reply to Mr. Jonathan Dickinson's iektown, Maryland. To which is added remarks upon a'sermon intitled, Eterual an Appendix, giving a short account of Life God's Free Gift, bestowed upon the society, 12mo. pp. 28.1. Alexanmen according to their moral bebaviour, dria, S, Snowden.

1 or free grace and free will concur in An Oration, pronounced at Augusta, the affair of man's salvation. In the Maine, on the 4th of July, 1807, in comform of a Dialogue, wherein Mr. Dick- memoration of American Independence. inson's arguments are expressed in his By Joshua Cushman, 8vo. pp. 24. Auown words. By John Beach, a. M. gusta, Peter Edes.

rre Svo. pp. 56. Providence, R. I. printed An Oration, pronounced before the by David Hawkins, jun. 1807. republican citizens of the town of Hing.

Calii Symposii Ænigmata. Hanc ham, in commemoration of American Norain Editionem, juxta Lectiones Independence, July 4th, 1807. By BenOptimas, diligenter congestam, curavit jamin Gleason, A.M. Second edition. Liicius M. Sargent. 12mo. pp. 35. 8vo. pp. 22. Boston, Hosea Sprague. Bostoniæ, Nov.-Angl. prelo Belcher & - The second Exposition of some of the Armstrong 1807.

false arguments, mistakes, and errours A tract upon Conversion, with an ap- of the Rev. Samuel Austin. Published pendix, containing six inportant ques- for the benefit of the publick. By Dantions, with answers, on the knowledge iel Merrill, pastor of the church of of forgiveness of sins. By the Rev. Christ in Sedgwick, 12mo. pp. 57. James Kemp, D.D. rector of Great Boston, Manning & Loring. 1807. Choptank church, Dorchester county, A Discourse, delivered in Antrim, Maryland. · Baltimore, George Hill. N. H. August 30, 1806, which was the

A Rod for Dr. Kemp, or an exami. day previous to the Communion in that nation of his tract upon Conversion, place, By David M'Gregore, A. M.

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