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A foolish application of phrafes culled from the prophetical parts of the Old Testament, to a subject which rather called for the most ses rious concern,- for a genuine, a manly expresion of that forrow, which every true friend to this country must naturally feel, on the late melancholy occasion. Art. 22. The Reformation of the Church of England, reformed; ori

Proposals for recovering and fixing it in its former Purity, and upon its original Enablinment. In a serious Address to the Parishioners of St. Stephen, Coleman-street, on the present and late Management of their Parochial Affairs. 8vo. Is. 6d. Nicoll.

A most ridiculous rhapsodical account of some alledged mismanagement of affairs in the parish of St. Stephen; Coleman-itreet. The Author is prodigiously angry with one Mr. Shank; and, indeed, with almost every body elle in the parish. But he is most of all offended at the shameful and impious prostitution of the once holy and REVEREND office of CHURCHWARDEN: for, he assures us, that nothing is so common, of late years, as to chufe into this sacred office,

Atheists, Deists, Heretics, yea, Jews and Mahometans! This is monstrous indeed! but how comes it that the Author forgot the Papills? He should by no means have left them out of this worshipful grcup; for, to our certain knowlege, they have as good a right to figure in with the rest, as ever an Heretic or Mahometan of them all. By the way, though, where did he pick up his Mahometan churchwardens. Oh! belike they were some of the Turks who lately came over as attendants on the zebra, the elephants, or the little Indian mare.--Well, to be impartial, we must allow, it was wrong to make such people churchwardens. Art. 23. Moral and Political Dialogues ; with Letters on Chivalry

and Romance. By the Rev. Mr. Hurd. The Third Edition. Small 8vo. 3 Vols. 95. Millar, &c.

. The former editions of these Dialogues * (of which we gave an account, as also of the Letters on Chivalryt, at the time of their first publication) were given to the public without a name, and under the fictitious perfon of an Editor : ' not for any purpose fo filly as that of imposing on the public; but for reasons of another kind, which it is not difficult to apprehend.' Pref. p. 1. The learned and ingenious Author hath now thought it proper to affix his name to these pieces; and to preface them with a differtation on the manner of writing dialogue ; which is of itself a considerable tract, extending to no less than sixty pages. In this prefatory discourse, he considers the antients as the best models for the dialogue-form of writing; and what he hath said on the subject is well worth the critical reader's attention.

* See Rev. Vol. XXI. + Ib. Vol. XXVII. Art. 24. Stemmata Chicheleana : Or, a Genealogical Account of

fome of the Families derived from Thomas Chichele, of Higham-Ferrers, in the County of Northampton ; all whose Descendants are held to be entitled to Fellowships in All Souls College, Oxford; by Virtue of their Consanguinity to

Arch

Archbishop Chichele, the Founder. Oxford, printed at the Clarendon Press, 1765. 4to. 108. 6d. sew'd. T. Payne.

• The following tables of descents are published with a view of pointing out some of the traces of the blood of Thomas Chichele, of Higham-Ferrers, which may be found in the families of the nobility and gentry of Great Britain and Ireland ; in order to facilitate the enquiries of those gentlemen who may be inclined to become candidates for Fellowships at All Souls College in Oxford, on the claim of collateral consanguinity with his son Henry Chichele, archbishop of Canterbury, the founder. This qualification is now, indeed, absolutely necessary to form their approaches to these competitions; and to en deavour to make the way plain and level before them, and to widen it, where it may be properly done, so as to admit a greater number of adventurers, and to give a larger and freer choice to the college at all future elections, will, it is hoped, be no unacceptable service to the public and to society. Pref.

These tables are numerous indeed; the founder's kindred having increased prodigiously! Archbishop Chichele fourished about three hundred years ago ; and his collateral descendants, among the nobility, gentry and commonalty of these kingdoms, are, in this work, traced (computing by the names in the index) through about 1200 families. The Editor, in his preface, acquaints his readers, by what means he has been enabled to collect such a great number of pedigrees; and makes the proper acknowledgments in respect to the gentleman who first set about this laborious tak; as well as to those who have since contributed to the completion of the design. Art. 25. An Account of the Destruction of the Jesuits in France.

By M. D'Alembert. 12mo. 25. 6 d. few'd. Becket and Co.

in our last Appendix we gave, as a foreign article, a very full abstract of the performance here transiated ; from which our Readers have already received a competent idea of what so excellent and so free a writer as M. D'Alembert had to say on so extraordinary a sub- ject, as the expulsion of the Jesuits from France. If our opinion of the translation be expected, we shall only say, that it is like moft other modern translations. This illustrious Frenchman has not been so fortunate, in this respect, as the famous citizen of Geneva ; whose Eloisa and Émilius make so respectable an appearance in the English language. Art. 26. The Trial of Katherine Nairn and Patrick Ogilvie, for

the Crimes of Incest and Murder. Containing the whole Procedure of the High Court of Justiciary, upon the 5th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th Days of August, 1765. Edinburgh printed : London reprinted. 8vo. Becket and De Hondt. Genuine;—and tolerably free from those peculiar terms and phrases which commonly render the law-proceedings in Scotland unintelligible to Englith Readers. Some of these, however, are, perhaps necessarily, retained in this publication ; which, together with a few

28.

valgar Scotticisms, may need explanation : and which ought to have been explained in marginal notes, or by a glossary at the end of the pamphlet. For instance, what will the generality of readers on this fide the Tweed, understand by malicious alledgeances, by relevant, relevancy, and irrelevant ; compeared, and compearance; instructing a fact ; a person being inhabile to be received as a witness ; cause remove the said Anne Clerk from the room where she and the other two women are presently staying ;' the clashing people of the country;'

you daft dog,' and are you daft? condescending on defects, condescendence relative to the malice of, &c.' a shake-down for the deponent's lying all night in Mrs. Ogilvie's room; he would send her a phial of laudanum, how foon his chest should arrive;' the laigh room, a laigh word, and the laigh council house ;. fynding the bowl. with water, or with broath ; 'rouped the Rocking upon the farm ;' rimeid of law :--this last may be easily guessed at by every reader;

-- but what are shilling-feeds, happings, biggings, and penny-ftone cafi distance ? what trade is a portioner ? and what is meant, p. 46, by Mrs. O. being troublesome to her paramour ? These might all have been as easily explained as the fwarf, that happened to Mr. Ogilvie on the hill :' i. e. he had warfed or fainted. But our greatelt objection is to the form of the criminal indi&tment raised and pursued at the instance of Thomas Miller, Efq; his Majeity's advocate, for his Majesty's interest, against Katherine Nairn, &c. What must foreigners, especially such as have the misfortune to live under arbitrary and oppreslive governments, think of this open declaration of his Britannic Majesty being interested in the issue of a criminal prosecution ? and what may they not be led to conclude when they read, at the bottom of the sentence, that all the moveable goods and gear,' of the person doomed to suffer death, be efcheat and inbrought to his Majesty's ufe?' One of our English poets says wretches hang, that jurymen may dine;' and, from what is above quoted, may not the world be led to imagine, that in Scotland, as in Turkey, wretches hang, that their moveables may move into the royal coffers ?

CORRESPONDENCE. H. F.'s letter in relation to Mr. Jeacocke's Vindication of the Moral Character of St. Paul, appears to have been quite unneceffary. Nobody, we apprehend, could ever have drawn, from the Reviewers account of that publication *, any inference to the prejudice of the writer's character, as a real believer in Chriftianity;' for such Mr. Jeacocke undoubtedly (as H. F. remarks) ' appears to bę, through the whole of his pamphlet.' What was said of the apostle Paul's being vindicated at the expence of St. Peter, was rather pleasantly than fevertly observed; and the passage on which the observation was founded, was fairly quoted: from whence every reader might judge for himself, both as to the propriety and tendency of Mr. Ja's argument, and of what the Reviewer said on the subject. On the whole, the Reviewers da entirely concur with H. F. in his opinion, although the thought is not a new one, that it is a great evidence of the integrity of the sacred writers, that they have recorded the faults as well as the excellencies of the characters they have mentioned.

• See Review for August last, p. 156.

Τ Η Ε

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For DECEMBER, 1765.

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An Illustration of several Texts of Scripture, particularly those in

which the Logos occurs. -The Sub/lance of Eight Sermons preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, in the Pears 1764, and 1765. At the Appointment of Mrs. Heathcote, and by Permision of the Lord Bishop of London ; for the Lecture founded by Lady Moyer, To which are added, Two Tralis relative to an intermediate State. By Benjamin Dawson, L. L. D. Rector of Burgh, in Suffolk:' 8vo. 45. Millar, &c.

A

LTHOUGH the spirit of controversy in religious mat

ters seems to be much on the decline; (and perhaps the illiberal manner, in which it has been too often conducted, may have disposed moderate persons to with a speedy end of it) yet, while mankind think religion to be of importance, and while it is found so greatly to affect the welfare of every society, we shall have little cause to expect its absolute termination; nor, in reason, can we hope that those we are connected with in fociety, will be totally indifferent to that which must ever support our most essential interests. Mankind are certainly formed for religion. This is so manifeft, that we need no vther proof of it than the very argument generally made use of againit it, viz. that the most subtle politicians, as well as the wisest and greatest legislators, have ever encouraged some species of religion in their different plans of civil policy, having always found it ready to their hand, interwoven, as it were, in the very frame of government. Priestcraft is but the abuse which narrow-fighted politicians have made of this religious propensity, so natural to the human mind; and it would be more wisely brought as an argument for free enquiry, in order to prevent imposition, than for rejecting all religion, as meer artifice and contrivance.

Polemic divinity, which engages in scholastic questions and metaphysical subtilties, is justly considered as the most unproVOL. XXXIII. Е е

fitable

fitable fpecies of writing. But freedom of debate, and even a decent exprellion of zeal on the capital points of Christianity, will always be looked upon in a very different light, by the sensible and judicious. “As to those who are the professed guardians of religion, in them, a total indifference to its interest would appear highly culpable; and an ignorance of those queftions which have exercised the pens of the ableft divines, extremely shameful.

In that part of the present work more immediately * before us, the Author, though he is far from appearing lukewarm on the subject, discovers no unbecoming zeal for the doctrines he inaintains; but rather seems defirous of a cool confideration and impartial comparison of them with the principles of the New Testament. On this account he is certainly entitled to that indulgence from the public which he fo reasonably hopes to meet with from his diocesan), the Bishop of Norwich; to whom, in a short dedication, he hath expressed his desire of serving, by this publication, the interest of religion in general, and of the established church in particular.

Serving the church, however, has very different ideas affixed to it by different people; and the Doctor may probably enough, in the opinion of fome of his readçrs, be prejudicing and betraying its interest, while, according to the idea which others may entertain, he is doing it real honour, and essential service.

That our Readers may judge for themselves, we shall proceed to lay before them the plan of this work, with some specimens of the manner in which it is executed.

in the courie of the following lectures (says the Author) I lave undertaken to prove from icripture these three positions: ist, That he who redeemed us was very God manifested in the Heih, not the first of created beings united to an human body, nor a nitre nun in whom the fulness of the godhead dwelt not. 2d, That Jesus Ciriji was indeed perfect man, of a reasonable foul and human ich fubiifling, but that man in whom God himjelf and no other being, in nature inferior, dwelt. 3d, That the Holy Ghajt is of a nature perfietly divine; not a distinct and Jeparate Being from the Father Almighty, inferior both to him and the Son, but true and very God; or, in other words, that he who hath janciified is one and the same God with him that greated and railcined us.

The Roader will obferve with us the careful and guarded manner in which our Author hath expressed himself in opening the design of his performance. Aware of the difficulties in which his predecessors on this fubject involved themselves by the use of metaphysical terms and scholastic forms of expreffion, hç

• The fubftance of the Lady, Moyet's Lectures.

has

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