Obrázky stránek
PDF
ePub
[graphic]

man.

come.

'ties,

Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou thin man in a cen-| Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most ser! I will have you as soundly swinged for this, royal imp* of same? you blue-bottle rogue !' you filthy famished cor- Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy! rectioner ! if you be not swinged, I'll forswear half- King. My lord chief justice, speak to that vain kirtles. I Bead. Come, come, you she knight-errant, Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you what

'tis you speak? Host. O, that right should thus overcome might ! Fal. My king ! my Jove ! I speak to thee, my Well; of sufferance comes ease.

heart! Doủ. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a King. I know thee not, old man: Fall to thy justice.

prayers; Host. Ay, come, you starved blood-hound. How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester! Doll. Goodman death! goodman bones ! I have long dream'd of such a kind of man, Host. Thou atomy, thou !

So surseil-swell’d, so old, and so profane; Doll. Come, you thin thing ; come, you rascal ! But, being awake, I do despise my dream. I Bead. Very well.

[Exeunt. Make less thy body, hence, and more thy grace ;

Leave gormandizing ; know, the grave doth gape SCENE V.A public place near Westminster For thee thrice wider than for other men :

Abbey. Enter two Grooms, strewing rushes. Reply not to me with a fool-born jest;
I Groom. More rushes, more rushes.

Presume not, that I am the thing I was: 2 Groom. The trumpets have sounded twice. For heaven doth know, so shall the world perceive,

i Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they come That I have turn'd away my former self; from the coronation : Despatch, despatch.

So will I those that kept me company.
(Exeunt Grooms. When thou dost hear I am as I have been,

Approach me; and thou shalt be as thou wast, Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Pistol, Bardolph, and The tutor and the feeder of my riots : the Page.

Till then, I banish thee, on pain of death,Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow; As I have done the rest of my misleaders, I will make the king do you grace: I will leer upon Not to come near our person by ten mile. him, as 'a comes by; and do but mark the counte-For competence of life, I will allow you; nance that he will give me.

That lack of means enforce you not to evil : Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight. And, as we hear you do reform yourselves,

Fal. Come here, Pistol"; stand behind me.-0, We will,--according to your strength, and qualiif I had had time to have made new liveries, I would have bestowed the thousand pound I bor- Give you advancement.–Be it your charge, my rowed of you. (To Shallow.) But 'tis no matter;

lord, this poor show doth better: this doth infer the zeal To see perform'd the tenor of our word. I had to see him.

Set on.

(Ereunt King, and his train. Shal. It doth so.

Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand pound. Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection. Shal. Ay, marry, sir John; which I beseech Shal. It doth so.

you to let me have home with me. Fal. My devotion.

Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do Shal. It doth, it doth, it doth.

not you grieve at this; I shall be sent for in private Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to him : look you, he must seem thus to the world. to deliberate, not to remember, not to have pa- Fear not your advancement; I will be the man tience to shift me.

yet, that shall make you great. Shal. It is most certain.

Shal. I cannot perceive how; unless you give Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweat- me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. I ing with desire to see him: thinking of nothing beseeeh you, good sir John, let me have five hunelse: putting all affairs else in oblivion; as if there dred of my thousand. were nothing else to be done, but to .ee him. Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word: this

Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est : that you heard, was but a colour. 'Tis all in every part.

Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir Shal. 'Tis so, indeed.

John. Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver,

Fal. Fear no colours; go with me to dinner. And make thee rage.

Come, lieutenant Pistol ;-come, Bardolph :-) Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts,

shall be sent for soon at night. Is in basé durance, and contagious prison;

Re-enter P. John, the Chief Justice, Officers, fc. Haul'd thither By most mechanical and dirty hand :

Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the Fleet; Rouse up revenge from ebon den with fell Alecto's Take all his company along with him. snake,

Fal. My lord, my lord,For Doll is in Pistol speaks nought but truth. Ch. Just. I cannot now speak: I will hear you Fal. I will deliver her.

[Shouts within, and the trumpets sound. Take them away. Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor Pist. Si fortuna me tormenta, spero me contenta. sounds.

[Exe. Fal. Shal. Pist. Bard. Page, and officers. Enter the King and his train, the Chief Justice He hath intent, his wonted followers

P. John. I like this fair proceeding of the king's:

Shall all be very well provided for ;
Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal! my royal Hal! But all are banish'd, till their conversations

(1) Beadles usually wore a blue livery. (3) 'Tis all in all, and all in every part.
(2) Short cloaks.

(4) Child, offspring. (5) Henceforwadr.

soon.

among them.

Appear more wise and modest to the world. the First and Second Parts of Henry th *Ch. Just. And so they are.

Perhaps no author has ever, in two plays P. John. The king hath call'd his parliament, so much delight. The great events are in my lord.

for the fate of kingdoms depends upon Ch. Just. lle hath.

slighter occurrences are diverting, and, P. John. I will lay odds,-that, ere this year or two, sufficiently probable; the inci expire,

multiplied with wonderful fertility of i We bear our civil swords, and native fire, and the characters diversified with th As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, nicety of discernment, and the profound! Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king. the nature of man. Come, will you hence ?

(Exeunt. The prince, who is the hero both of

and tragic part, is a young man of great EPILOGUE,

and violent passions, whose sentiments SPOKEN BY A DANCER.

though his actions are wrong; whose

obscured by negligence, and whose und FIRST, my fear; then, my court'sy; last, my is dissipated by levity. In his idle ho speech. My fear is, your displeasure; my court'sy, rather loose than wicked ; and when the my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If forces out his latent qualities, he is grea you look for a good speech qow, you undo me: for effort, and brave without tumult. The what I have to say, is of mine own making; and roused into a hero, and the hero again what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove the trifler. The character is great, origina mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric an the venture. --Be it known to you, (as it is very some, and has only the soldier's virtues, well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing and courage. play, to pray your patience for it, and to promise. But Falstaff! unimitated, unimitable you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with how shall I describe thee? thou compoun this; which if, like an ill 'venture, it come unluck-and vice; of sense which may be admire ily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, esteemed'; of vice which may be des lose. Here, ! promised you, I would be, and here hardly detested. Falstaff is a charac I commit my body to your mercies: bate me some, with faults, and with those faults which and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, produce contempt. He is a thief and a promise you infinitely.

coward and a boaster; always ready to If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me, weak, and prey upon the poor'; to terrif will you command me to use my legs? and yet rous, and insult the defenceless. Al ond that were but light payment,—to dance out of your ous and malignant, he satirizes in the debt. But a good conscience will make any possi- those whom he lives by flattering. He ble satisfaction, and so will l. All the gentlewo- with the prince only as an agent of vi men here have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will this familiarity he is so proud, as not not, then the gentlemen do not agree with the gen- supercilious and haughty with commor tlewomen, which was never seen before in such an to think his interest of importance to t assembly.

Lancaster. Yet the man thus corrupt, One word more, I beseech you. If you be not cable, makes himself necessary to the too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author despises him, by the most pleasing of al will continue the story, with 'sir John in it, and perpetual gaiety; by an unlailing power make you merry with fair Katharine of France : laug ter, which is the more freely indul where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of a wit is not of the splendid or ambitious sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard consists in easy scapes and sallies of le opinions; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is make sport, but raise no envy. It m not the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs served, that he is stained with no enorm are too, I will bid you good night: and so kneel guinary crimes, so that his licentiousne down before you ;—but, indeed, to pray for the offensive but that it may be borne for hi queen.

The moral to be drawn from this rep: is, that no man is more dangerous thanh

a will to corrupt, hath the power to p I fancy every reader, when he ends this play, that neither

wit nor honesty ought to t cries out with Desdemona, 'O most lame and im- selves safe with such a companion, who

'JOH potent conclusion!”. As this play was not, to our Henry seduced by Falstaff. knowledge, divided into acts by the author, I could be content' to conclude it with the death of Henry called the First and Second Parls of

Mr. Upton thinks these two plays the Fourth :

Fourth. The first play ends, he says 'In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.'

peaceful settlement of Henry in the k These scenes, which now make the fifth act or the defeat of the rebels. This is hardi Henry the Fourth, might then be the first of Henry the rebels are not yet finally suppre the Fifth ; but the truth is, that they do not unite second, he tells us, shows Henry the F very commodiously to either play. When these various lights of a good-natured rake, plays were represented, I believe they ended as they father's death, he assumes a more manly are now ended in the books; but Shakspeare seems This is true; but this representation g to have designed that the whole series of action, idea of a dramatic action. These two from the beginning of Richard the Second, to the appear to every reader, who shall pe end of Henry the Fifth, should be considered by without ambition of critical discoveries the reader as one work upon one plan, only broken connected, that the second is merely a into parts by the necessity of exhibition. the first; to be two, only because th None of Shakspeare's plays are more read than long to be one.

JOH

KING HENRY V.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

King Henry the fifth.

Charles the Sixth, king of France. Duke of Gloster, brothers to the king.

Lewis, the dauphin. Duke of Bedford,

Dukes of Burgundy, Orleans, and Bourbon. Drike of Exeter, unde to the king.

The Constable of France. Duke of York, cousin to the king.

Rambures, and Grandpre, French lords.
Earls of Salisbury, Westmoreland, and Warwick. Governor of Harfleur.' Montjoy, a French herald.
Archbishop of Canterbury.

Ambassadors to the king of England.
Bishop of Ely.
Earl of Cambridge,

Isabel, queen of France.
Lord Scroop,

conspirators against the king. Katharine, daughter of Charles and Isabel. Sir Thomas Grey,

Alice, a lady attending on the princess Katharine. Sir Thomas Erpingham, Gower, Fluellen, Mac- Quickly, Pistol's wife, a hostess.

morris, Jamy, officers in king Henry's army. Lords, ladies, officers, French and English soldiers Bates, Court, Williams, soldiers in the same.

messengers, and attendanis. Nym, Bardolph, Pistol, formerly servants to Falstaff, now soldiers in the same.

The Scene, at the beginning of the play, lies in Boy, servant to them. A Herald. Chorus.

England; but afterwards, wholly in France.

Enter Chorus.

ACT I.

SCENE 1.-London. An ante-chamber in the O, FOR a muse of fire, that would ascend

King's palace. Enter the Archbishop of CanterThe brightest heaven of invention !

bury, and Bishop of Ely. A kingdom for a stage, princes to act, And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!

Canterbury.
Then should the warlike Harry, like himself, MY lord, I'll tell you, that sell bill is urg'd,
Assume the port of Mars; and, at his heels, Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's reign
Leash'd in, like hounds, should famine, sword, and was like, and had indeed against us pass'd,
fire,

But that the scambling and unquiet time
Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles all, Did push it out of further question.*
The flat unraised spirit, that haih dar'd,

Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now? On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth

Cant. It must be thought on. If it pass against us, So great an object: Can this cockpit hold We lose the better half of our possession: The vasty fields of France? or mayowe cram For all the temporal lands, which men devout Within this wooden 0,' the very casques, a By testament have given to the church, That did affright the air at Agincourt ?

Would they strip from us; being valued thus,O, pardon! since a crooked ligure may

As much as would maintain, to the king's honour. Attest, in little place, a million ;

Full afteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights ; And let us, cyphers to this great accompt, Six thousand and two hundred good esquires ; On your imaginary forces3 work:

And, to relief of lazars, and weak age, Suppose, within the girdle of these walls

or indigent faint souls, past corporal toil, Are now confin’d two mighty monarchies, A hundred alms-houscs, right well supplied; Whose high-uprcared and abutting fronts And to the coffers of the king beside, The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder. A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill, Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts : Ely. This would drink deep. Into a thousand parts divide one man,

Cant.

'Twould drink the cup and all. And make imaginary puissance:

Ely. But what prevention ? Think, when we talk of horses, that you see them Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. Printing their proud hoofs i’the receiving earth : Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it not. kings,

The breath no sooner left his father's body, Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er times; But that his wildness, mortified in him, Turning the accomplishments of many years Seem'd to die too: yea, at that very moment, Into an hour-glass; For the which supply, Consideration like an angel came, Admit me Chorus to this history;

And whipp'd the offending Adam out of hins ; Who, prologue-like, your humble patience pray, Leaving his body as a paradise, Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play. To envelop and contain celestial spirits.

Never was such a sudden scholar made: (1) An allusion to the circular form of the theatre.

|(2) Helmets. (3) Powers of fancy. (4) Debate

same.

[ocr errors]

tle;

Never came reformation in a flood,

SCENE II.-The same. A room of state in the With such a heady current, scouring faults;

Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness

Exeter, Warwick, Westmoreland, and attende So soon did lose his seat, and all at once,

ants. As in this king.

K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of CanterEly.

We are blessed in the change. Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,

bury ?

Exe. Not here in presence. And, all-admiring, with an inward wish

K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle. You would desire, the king were made a prelate: West. Shall we call in the ambassador, ne liege ? Hear him debate of cominonwealth atfairs,

K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin ; we would be se You would say, --it hath been all-in-all his study :

solv’d, List' his discourse of war, and you shall hear

Before we hear him, of some things of weight, A fearful battle render'd you in music : Turn him to any cause of policy,

That task our thoughts, concerning us and France. The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,

Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks, The air, a charter'd libertine, is still,

Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,

throne, To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences ; And make you long become it! So that the art and practic part of life

K. Hen.

Sure, we thank you Must be the mistress to this theoric : 2

My learned lord, we pray you to proceed;
Which is a wonder, how his grace should glean it, And justly and religiously unfold,
Since his addiction was to courses vain :

Why the law Salique, that they have in France,
His companies unletter'd, rude, and shallow ; Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim.
His hours alld up with riots, banquets, sports; And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
And never noted in him any study,

That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading, Any retirement, any sequestration

Or nicely charge your understanding soul From open haunts and popularity;

With opening tiiles miscreate, whose right Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the net- Suits not in native colours with the truth;

For God doth know, how many, now in health, And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best, Shall drop their blood in approbation Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality;

Of what your reverence shall incite us to : And so the prince obscur’d his contemplation Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, Ilow you awake the sleeping sword of war; Grew like the sumnjer grass, fastest by night, We charge you in the name of God, take heed: Unseen, yet crescivet in his faculty.

For never two such kingdoms did contend, Cant. It must be so: for miracles are ceas'd; Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless drops And therefore we must needs adınit the means, Are every one a wo, a sore complaint, How things are perfected.

Gainst him, whose wrongs give edge unto the swords Ely.

But, my good lord, That make such waste in brief mortality. How now for mitigation of this bill

Under this conjuration, speak, my lord: Urg'd by the commons ? Doth his majesty And we will hear, note, and believe in heart, Incline to it, or no ?

That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd Cant.

He seems indifferent ; As pure as sin with baptism. Or, rather, swaying more upon our part,

Cunt. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,-and Than cherishing the exhibiters against us:

you peers, For I have made an offer to his majesty, - That owe your lives, your faith, and services, Upon our spiritual convocation ;

To this imperial throne ;-There is no bar And in regard of causes now in hand,

To make against your highness' claim to France, Which I have open'd to his grace at large, But this, which they produce from Pharamond, As touching France,--to give a greater sum In terram Salicam inulieres succedant, Than ever at one time the clergy yet

No woman shall succeed in Salique land: Did to his predecessors part withal.

Which Sulique land the French unjustly gloze, Ely. How did this offer seem receiv'd, my lord ? To be the realm of France, and Pharamond

Cunt. With good acceptance of his majesty ; The founder of this law and female bar. Save, that there was not time enough to hear Yet their own authors faithfully affirm, (As, 'I perceiv'd, his grace would fain have done,) That the land Salique lies in Germany, The severals, and unbidden passages,

Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe : Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms; Where Charles the great, having subdued the And, generally, to the crown and seat of France, Sasons, Deriv'd from Edward, his great-grandfather. There left behind and settled certain French; Ely. What was the impediment that broke this Who, holding in disdain the German women, off?

For some dishonest manners of their life, Cant. The French ambassador, upon that instant, Establish'd there this law,-bo wit, no female Cravd audience : and the hour, I think, is come, Should be inheritrix in Salique land; To give him hearing : Is it four o'clock? Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala, Ely.

It is. Is at this day in Germany call’d-Meisen. Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy; Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Was not devised for the realm of France : Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Nor did the French possess the Salique land Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it. Until four hundred one and twenty years

(Ereunt. Alter defunction of king Pharamond, (1) Listen to. (2) Theory. (3) Companions. (4) Increasing. (5) Spurious. (6) Explain.

« PředchozíPokračovat »