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them unnoticed. In the first place, the error which it was the purpose of those remarks to expose, had been previously corrected and explained by the author himself; the faulty copies being recalled, and others supplied in their place. Secondly, there does not appear any such extraordinary regard to accuracy in those remarks themselves, as would entitle their author to assume a dictatorial tone on that bead. For instance, he says that “ the answerer informs us that “ Don Miguel is detained at Vienna; that he has there taken an “ extorted oath, and that he thinks there could be no doubt of that “ Prince being released from it by a dispensation from the Pope."
We own that it occasioned us no inconsiderable surprise that an observation like this, having no other foundation than what it may derive from the following passage, should proceed from the individual who immediately before had laid it down, with the authority of a censor, that “a disregard of accuracy is a disposition very near akin “ to intentional falsehood." The author, p. 15, Second Letter, says
“ It argues something like ignorance of the human character, as well as of the most evident principles of moral obligation, to insist, as this writer does, on the probability that Don Miguel will pay any very scrupulous regard to his oath of fidelity, &c. Whatever may be our general view of the obligation of an extorted oath, there can never be any question between natural and voluntary obligations in any case where they may be opposed to each other. If a man lay under an engagement to resign the direction of his family to another, who might betray their interests, no one would be inclined to dispute the paramount nature of his obligation to defend them. And if this is a case perfectly applicable to that of Don Miguel; we may go on to conclude, that if any weakness of mind should still raise doubts and scruples on his part, the very same weakness of mind would suggest a ready means of dispersing them, by a simple dispensation from the Pope."
Surely it would require some exertion of ingenuity to justify such an interpretation of the above passage as that put upon it by the Reviewer. But the way in which, in the article alluded to in the Morning Chronicle, he has endeavoured to stigmatize these pamphlets, is totally unwarranted; they bear throughout evident marks of the author's sincerity and patriotic views. And until something more decisive of the sense of the majority in Portugal, than has yet been afforded by Ministers, shall effectually remove all doubt upon the subject, we shall not permit ourselves to be frightened by the cry of " the apostolicals” into a hasty approbation of the measures of Don Pedro and Mr. Canning. For we believe, to use the words of a late eminent philosopher, that “no system, be it ever so perfect " in itself, can be expected to acquire stability, or to produce good “ order and submission, unless it coincides with the general voice of “ the community. And he who frames a political constitution upon
a model of ideal perfection, and attempts to introduce it into any s country without consulting the inclinations of the inhabitants, is a “ most pernicious projector, who, instead of being applauded as a
Lycurgus, ought to be chained and confined as a madman."Miller on Government, chap. iv, p. 83.
GAILTIES AND GRAVITIES OF THE MONTH,
DIARY OF A P. M.
February 2d. Heard a joke at Whiteball : Captain H , my old friend, met Sir T. L-, with whom he is intimate, at the Opera :---"Well, my friend,” said the worthy landholder, “were you appointed on Saturday last ?" “ No," replied the Captain, “ I was dis-appointed.”.
3rd. Went to the Covent-Garden pantomime ; like pantomimes. Chesterfield says it is vulgar to laugh in a playhouse ; on this occasion there were a good many to keep me in countenance. Liked Grimaldi ; he is a bewitching “muscle monger" - What a mouth !. --Better actor than Kean, though in the same way. Heard a pun---some one said “ he was very pleasant to-night." " Yes," replied another, “but I understand he “is Grim-all-day." --(Very bad ---laughed notwithstanding.) Struck with a view of the boxes : the Golden Cross, Bull and Mouth, Cross Keys, and Saracen's Head, had sent all their coachmen: every one in jehu costume.-Perceive the reason--fond of the stage. ---(Not new; but pretty good.) All the tiers in the house were in roars of laughter. Miss Romer a pretty columbine.---Roamer, a good name for a person that runs about so much. Liked Parsloe in the Cat: some one remarked " he was as roguish as a lawyer." " True," replied I; " his character to-night being in the Fee-line."---(Bad ; very bad.) When he squalled, asked what singer he was imitating; some one replied, “ Cat-alani.” (Not so bad.) Improved it---"What singer did he look like?” . Cat-aleany.” Parsloe, from the school of Mazurier. (Note. I wonder these tumblers are not as brittle as glasses.) A gentleman by my side, lately from the French capital, gave me an interesting account of the mode of Mazurier's taking his rest :---he ties his legs about his neck in a knot, and puts his hands in his mouth.---(Query. Is there a Mrs. Mazurier ?--Query. Why does a pantaloon wear breeches? Ellar, a very gentlemanly gymnastic, as harlequin, kicked Mr. Barnes in his seat of honor, in a manner that would have been creditable in a club-room. Took a peep at the rope-dancers---Very good in their line. Some one observed that “ Mr. Wilson displayed some great feat on the cord." Very true: he and his pupil keep good time together; it was quite proper, being ac-corddance.---(Very good.) Took an observation of Miss Bannister through my glass, and mistook her ancles for the calves of her legs. All over.-- home, and to bed.
5th. Dined with my friend Frederick H and talked of politics :---Sheil's affair in Ireland:---always thought that man wrote poetry better than" he spouted it: his compatriots bailed him. Asked my friend Fred. his opinion of the Catholic claims. " Why," he replied, " since the Catholics send all us heretics to the Devil in the next world, they should not grumble if we send all them to the Devil in this."
7th. Went to the Oratorio.--- Bad altogether; Braham bawled away as usual the words to the galleries, the music to Mr. Wagstaff in the orchestra. Stephens was away, but Graddon supplied her absence very well. Incited to hear this lady sing from an acquaintance of mine, William Winter, attempting his first funnycism in the following
“ Miss Graddon,
Not a bad one." A young dog, by the name of Baker, yelped away amidst the general howlings of the chorus, with considerable earnestness. Phillips, however, was admirable.
8th. Dined at Long's off a Maintenon cutlet, and heard a dispute at the next table respecting the West India Question. A proposition to satisfy all parties :---PLANTERS TO BE MASTERS ONE YEAR, AND THE BLACKS TO BE MASTERS NEXT. -(Excellent : mem. address a letter on the subject to Earl Bathurst.)
9th. Went to the Chinese exhibition : saw two young ladies, by name, I believe, Rum.she and Bam-u. Strong resemblance between them and two females I have the pleasure of seeing every morning, at the bottom of my breakfast-cup. Chinese divinities about the room, nid-nid-noddin a chorus in great glee : no great catch.
10th. Went with the Honorable Tom P — to the Opera. Ran against Truefitt's foreman. The benches rather plebeian : the airy-stock-racy, as my friend Fred. calls them, individual and particular. A good English singer here, by the name of Kelly;
having had his education in Italy, he calls himself Sue Kelly, I believe---a better name for his wife. Tom and I did the satisfactory with our kids. Caradori, as usual, delightful. Some women create envy and jealousy among the audience; but she “sweets to " the sweet ;" gives a nod and a smile to every fellow in the house. Did the laudatory to her with vulgar animation. The dancing this winter very horrible : Tom pronounced it to be Quakerian, New Zealandish, and Polichenelolican. I have heard of women padding their shoulders and legs, but never before of their padding their ancles, which the figure-anles (or, as Tom remarked, by their looks, the figure-aunts) of this house certainly do. Tom observed if that was the case, they ought to be termed theatrical footpads.---(Not bad.) They rob Ebers of his money, and the spectators of Christian-like dispositions. Hear Madame Breezy, a fine singer, is expected over shortly to delight us with her airs, and Madame Sonntag, the lady who carried the whole Vauxball of Frankfort before her, through three streets, and as one paper said, up into her bed-room. Heard a venerable dilletante, comparing her to Pasta, say " she Sur-past her.” Intend to cut the Opera for the Gymnasium, and Monsieur Delville for Professor Voelker.
12th. Invited to a public dinner. Purchased a new book of puns; last years' edition, reprinted on an Irish plan ; make the end of the book last year, the beginning of the book this, and so go through from the end to the beginning, instead of from the beginning to the end: originality in this ; the last puns must be the newest. Derivation of the word Pun, from the Latin of punio, to punish---a pun being considered in those sensible times as an infliction. Pundicti, the classic term for a P. M.: pundit, the Bramin ditto for the same animal. In English we have two---punster, or a stirrer of puns, which is the vulgar ; and pun-gent, or a gentleman who perpetrates puns : the latter, in my opinion, has the more point and respectability in it.
13th. Went to the new comedy at Covent Garden, " The School for Grown Children;" heard it was from the pen of a master, a gentleman who if he has not more wit than many of his cotemporaries, has certainly More-ton. The comedy very amusing altogether, and some good acting in it. Kemble played well, and looked like one of Barclay and Perkins's draymen; Chatterley, an interesting chatterer; Farren, an abominable machinist, an actor that works by a crank ;---" The School for Grown Children" brought a brilliant attendance that evening to the boxes, namely, Mr. Joseph Hume, Sir Thomas Lethbridge, Alderman Curtis, Lord Lauderdale, George Colman, Mr. Waithman, and the Duke of Buckingham. Cobbett was in the pit. Heard a story of bis Grace, the Deputy Li. censer. Sam. Beazley carried him a farce, which contained an exceptionable line--" The Lord have mercy on us” (a very natural exclamation in the mouths of some actors) Colman drew his pen over it---"Sir," says the author, " that's the best joke in the piece."--“ Do you call that a joke, Mr. Beazley?" “ Yes, Sir."---" Then, I tell you what, Sir," replied the man in office," your farce will be dd in this world for containing it, and you in the next.”
Mem. Heard that Colman is to be appointed to the first vacancy in the Tabernacle Chapel.
14th. Fred. brought me the Cheltenham Chronicle, to shew me the accounts of some extraordinary circumstances. The first was as follows---“ Last week, a young girl in “ the neighbourhood of Gloucester, being upon the point of marriage, and not possessing “ the money to purchase her wedding clothes, consented to have seven of her front teeth “ extracted by a dentist, who gave her two guineas a-piece for them.” This must have been a very valuable wife, few women in the present day so convertible into cash. Her husband must have loved her in spite of her teeth. The other relation was still more extraordinary---“ A few days since a Medical Gentleman was called in to prescribe for a “ youth, aged 18, who was reported to have swallowed an East India silk bandkerchief,
à yard square. The Physician, as may be supposed, was rather puzzled in this in“ stance how to combat such an unusual intruder, and even went so far as to express his “ doubts of the fact; when the mother of the lad, with unanswerable authority, pointed “ to the boy's lips, which were stained blue (the colour of the handkerchief) : here
upon the Doctor having his doubts removed, prescribed some strong doses of castor oil, " and, in a few days, to the astonishment of all, and the verification of the mother, the “ handkerchief made its appearance, and the lad is now very well.” This circumstance is a very interesting one, in my opinion, in the history of the human anatomy. And the possibility existing, as is clearly shown above, of a handkerchief performing a medical tour through a man's internals, I require of one of the faculty, to inform me, whether this novel and much more genteel mode might not supersede the use of stonnach pumps, and Epsom salts. Mem. Take in the Cheltenham Chronicle henceforward.
GAIETIES AND GRAVITIES OF THE MONTH.
16th. Bored to death on all sides by the Corn Laws; so long as I have my roll for breakfast, and my toast for tea, what care I who has the providing them ? Advised to read Stanhope and Whitmore's pamphlets. My friend Fred. had read William Whitmore's pamphlet, and I asked him his opinion. “ I consider him," said he, “ to be wit« less." Very good.
19th. Met Mr. H---, my medical attendant, who told me a bit of Hospital pleasantry :---On new-year's day a man was carried into Guy's, with his ear partly bit off. Mr. Abernethy healed it, and looking at him in the face when the operation was performed, wished him a happy new ear. Query, Did the patient laugh? I should have been very impetient.
20th. Stepped into Colburn's to pick up some literary mems. and heard Theodore's last upon the forthcoming Life of Napoleon, by Sir W. Scott. Sir Walter had observed, that “ all preceding biographers in treating of the character and conduct of that great
man, had only gone skin deep in their investigation.” “ Aye," said Hook, “and now, “ I suppose, Sir Walter will take hold of the Bony-part.” Moore's Life of Byron in expectation. Some one advises that it should be published as a romance, and under the title of a Moorish tale. Rogers remarked, that if he had been Sheridan's murderer, he would become most probably Byron's undertaker.
21st. I, at the pressing solicitation of a female acquaintance, read Almack's. Tom could not sleep, he told me, after opium : prescribed him three pages of it going to bed ---probatum est. O'Hara, or Old Harry, Tales, as my friend Fred. calls them, devilish queer things : wild Irish boys, and wild · Irish girls---a bore; dont like getting into such low company, even in a novel. Tales are fashionable reading, but there is no end to them. Query, What is the last species of novel writing? A tale.--- (Pretty good.). Miss Porter getting stale : her last work, Tom says, is half-and-half: Lord Palmerston says he cannot beer her.
22nd. Colman writing his life I understand. This is an age for actors' recollections ---gossiping Kelly, twaddling Reynolds, doting O'Keeffe, pedantic Boaden, and last, not least, serious George Colman. Hook met him in the street the other day; "Colman," said he, " many people have told me you have led a life of error, and now I understand
you are righting it.” “Yes," replied he, " and I am sorry that what I intended to “ write has been left to so late a day." “ Never mind,” said Hook, “ in this kind of " scribbling we want u-more, and certainly you are a whit better than any of your pre6 decessors."
LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.—Just published, No. I. of a series of Views in the West Indies, engraved from drawings taken recently in the Jslands, with letter-press explanations, made from actual observation. The intention of this work is to convey a faithful outline of the existing state of Slavery on the Plantations in the British Islands, the Costumes of the Negroes, Process of Sugar-making, &c.; combining at the same time a selection of such scenes best calculated to form pictures, and describe the character of the scenery in the several Colonies. Each number to contain four coloured Views to imitate Drawings.
The first number of a work, to be entitled “ The Quarterly Juvenile Review; or, " a Periodical Guide for Parents and Instructors in their selection of new Publications,” is in the press, and will appear in the course of the present month.
NUMBERS OF THE Jewish Nation.-We extract from the Weimar Geographische
The number of the Jews is at present nearly the same as it was at the time of
1,300 In Hanover
6,100 In Wirtemberg
9,068 In Baden...
16,933 In the Electorate of Hessen ...
5,170 In the Grand Duchy of Hessen
14,982 In the rest of the German States
18,248 VOL. II.
GAIETIES AND GRAVITIES OF THE MONTJI.
In the city of Frankfort.
5,200 In the city of Lubeck..
400 In the city of Hamburgh.
8,000 In Austria.
453,545 In Prussia
134,980 In Russia.
426,908 In Poland
232,000 In Great Britain
12,000 In the Netherlands .......
80,000 In France
60,003 In Sweden
450 In Denmark.
6,000 In Switzerland.
36,900 In the Ionian Islands
7,000 In the city of Cracow
7,300 In Turkey (in Europe)
321,000 In Asia.
50 In most of these States they are merely tolerated ; in Germany, Prussia, and the Netherlands, they have all the rights of a citizen, but are inadmissible to public offices. France is the only country in Europe, where this restriction does not exist, as the constitution knows no political disabilities on account of religious opinions.