Obrázky stránek
PDF
ePub

ven

Lift thy indignant billows high, pro- Woman and man, by vows sincere claim

betroth'd, Thy terrors, Spirit of the hoary se as ! Heard but the voice of Nature. The I singthy dread dominion, amid wrecks,

still moon And storms, and howling solitudes, to Arose-they say it not-cheek was to Man,

cheek Submitted : awful shade of Camoens Inclin'd, and unawares a stealing tear Bend from the clouds of Heav'n ! Witness'd how blissful was that hour,

that seem'a By the bold tones

Not of the hours that time could count. Of minstrelsy, that o'er the unknown

A kiss surge

Stole on the listening silence; never yet (Where never daring sail before was

Here heard : they trembled, e'en as if spread) Echo'd, and startled from his long repose That made the world, that planted the

the Pow'r Th’indignant phantom of the stormy

first pair Cape ; Oh let me think now in the winds I hear In Paradise, amid the garden walk'd Thy animating tones while I pursue

This since the fairest garden that the

world With ardent hopes, like thee, m

Has witnessid, by the fabling sons of terous way,

Greece
And bid the seas resound my song !
And thou,

Hesperian namid, who feign'd the Father of Albion's streams, majestick of the scald dragon, and the golden

watchful guard Thames,

fruit.' Amid the glittering scene, whose long

drawn wave Goes noiseless, yet with conscious (The lines upon the lady's tomb have

been admir'd, and we shall therefore pride, beneath The thronging vessels' shadows (nor

copy them, without feeling any admi.

ration ourselves.) through scenes More fair, the yellow Tagus,or the Nile,

INSCRIPTION, ANNA D'ARFET. That ancient river, winds). Thou to the strain

O'er my poor Anna's lowly grave Shalt haply listen, that records the No dirge shall sound, no knell shall might

ring, Of Ocean, like a giant at thy feet But angels, as the high pines wave, Vanquish’d, and yielding to thy gentler Their half-heard miserere' sing!

state The ancient sceptre of his dread domain.' No flow'rs of transient bloom at eve

The maidens on the turf shall strew; [The story of Robert a Machin and Nor sigh, as the sac spot they leave,

Anna d'Arfet, which Mr. Clark has Sweets to the sweet! a long adieu ! related as sober history, is not well managed in this poem. The lovers But in this wilderness profound, are thus described in the island.] O’er her the dove shall build her nest,

And Ocean swell with softer sound Now evening, breathing richer odours A requiem to her dreams of rest!

sweet, Came down : a softer sound the circling Ah! when shall I as quiet be, seas,

When not a friend, or human eye, The ancient woods resounded, while Shall mark beneath the mossy tree the dove,

The spot, where we forgotten lie ! Her murmurs interposing, tenderness Awak’d, yet more endearing, in the To kiss her name on the cold stone hearts

Is all that now on earth I crave ; Of those who, sever'd far from human For in this world I am alone : kind,

O lay me with her in the grave."

[ocr errors]

9

[ocr errors]

FOR

SEPTEMBER, 1807.

Eibrum tuum legi o quam diligentissime potui annotavi, qui commutanda, que

eximenda, arbitrarer. Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius te• prehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. PLIN,

n. 11.

ART. 47.

vana, Caraccas, Guatimala, Chili, (Continued.)

and the Philippine Islands in Asia.' A Voyage to the eastern part of Terra Firma, or the Spanish

On the Grand Council of the InMain, in Sou;h-America, during dies, the writer bestows the most the years 1801, 1802, 1803, and honourable praise, which we are 1804, 60, 8C. By F. Depons. willing to believe fairly deserved. Vol. II. pp. 362

Its integrity so effectually disThe labour of reviewing this iard, wealthy and powerful, who in

concerts intrigue that every Spanvaluable work is lessened, and the his cause or his pretensions has gratification of our readers increas

more to hope from favour than from ed, by the abundant quotations we justice, directs all his efforts to anecessarily make. The second void the jurisdiction of the council volume commences with an ac

of the Indies. His only hope of count of the civil and military success rests on bringing his cause

to the decision of the ministers whom economy of the colony. The sys- it is incomparably more easy to detem of preserving subordination ceive..

p. 15. has been the same with all the Europeans, except the Spaniards; In the note the mistake of the but the difference may be less than Abbe Millot is exposed, whose this author pretends. The privi- general character of Spanish jusleges of Spanish colonists are in. tice is certainly true, however infinitely inferiour to those enjoyed applicable to the administration of by our fathers in these colonies ; the Grand Council. yet to the little restraint on the inhabitants this author attributes 'cil of the Indies is entitled to more con

"The homage I render to the countheir loyalty. But the indolence sideration, as, when the misfortunes of of the Spanish character is a better St. Domingo obliged me to pass into guarantee, than their gratitude. the Spanish dominions, I arrived with The political division of the

a prepossession against the council,

produced by the works of celebrated Spanish colonial domivions is not,

writers, particularly the Abbe Millot, perhaps, generally understood. who in his political and military me. • The whole of the Spanish pos- the councils of Spain, and in that of the

moirs says: “ there are abuses in all sessions in America is divided into Indies more than in any other ; instead four vice-royalties: Mexico, Peru, of punishing malversations, they supBuenos Ayres, and Santa-Fé; and port the culpable in proportion to the six capitanerias : Porto-Rico, Ha- presents received from them.” Dara Vol. IV, No. 9.

3P

vour.

ing twelve successive years that I have into prison the debtor, who is unabeen within the limits of their juris. ble to discharge it. It is true that, diction, I have seen cause to applaud if no property belonging to him can all their decisions : nor can I cite a be discovered, and he makes oath single instance of corruption or of fa

that he has none, he obtains his reThe oppressed, whatever may lease, after whole months of conbe the credit of his oppressor, regards finement. his cause as gained, when he is cer

In every accusation,

whether calumnious or not, they tain that it will be carried to the coun. cil of the Indies. It is necessary to proof of crime is necessary for in

commence with imprisonment. No America, to know the veneration in carceration ; but to obtain enlargewhich this august tribunal is held.'

ment, innocence must furnish proof

that the suspicion was unjust, and Ample proof is found of our au- the grounds on which it originated thor's knowledge of the purity of

false.'

p. 34. Spanish officers in no inferiour

The military state of the coun. rank...

try is less amusing, but equally •I request the reader not to in- important. The author, in his fer front my opinion of the tribu- narration, calls Sir Francis Drake nals of residence my confidence in a pirate, against which we earnesttheir efficacy. My homage is im- ly protest. There are some strongmediately and solely addressed to ly fortified places on the shore of the wisdom of the law. I resign this colony, as in all other Spanish all criticism on its operation to those, who know the seductive in- dominions. We might indeed influence of Plutus over the feeble fer their debasement of spirit from and pliant Themis.'

. 25. their wonderful improvements and

use of intrenchments. The reEven external character is not gular force over this immense reproperly consulted.

gion,, amounts to ten thousand * By the Spanish laws a judge is men, and the militia are not much forbidden to preside in causes of more numerous. So many are his father, his children, his kin- the exemptions, that nobody is endred, his family, persons of his household or who dwell with him, a

rolled, but those who could never female whom he is desirous to

be depended on. marry, or to take in concubinage,

The sixth chapter explains the and all the family of such female, religious organization. Here is his capital enemy, or him whom he the source of all the impolitick has maltreated, and their families.' principles, which influence other

p. 53.

departments of the state. - The general remark on person- • Three tribunals of the inquisial insecurity is strictly just. tion, or holy office, which have

their sessions at Mexico, Lima, • The Spaniards have great consideration for the life of a man,and inexorable defenders of the faith in

and Carthagena of the Indies, are an absolute contempt for his liber-, all Spanish America.'

1.74. ty. The most atrocious crimes are required for his condemnation to Every bookseller is compelled death: the most trivial suspicion to furnish yearly to the Inquisition suffices to deprive him of his freedom. Every inan, who possesses

his catalogue of books, and must the slightest degree of authority,

even have a catalogue of those forhas a right to imprison him who

bidden by the holy office. Par. bas "none. The smallest debt,

ticular permissions may be grant. whatever may be its nature, plunges

ed to read prohibited authors.

• Formerly it sufficed for a book the religious character of that to contain a single proposition of country, it is refreshing to our questionable orthodoxy, a single

spirits to revert to the days of the equivocal maxim, to provoke its entire prohibition, At present it early missionaries. On them the is thought sufficient to suppress the author bestows his eulogy in the vicious or suspected, part. This most lively manner. operation is called crpurgar, (pu

The men who thus readily sarifier.) In this case, they oblite

crificed themselves to the proparate the offensive passages of the book, and with those exceptions, gation of the faith, must have been

well convinced that an abode of permit it to be reprinted or read.'

happiness and of delights, is the 1.78.

eternal recompence of the just ! Then follows a long list of French They must have been fully satisworks, absolutely proscribed. The fied of the nothingness of this world, bounds of damnable heterodoxy of retirement for a life of agony

who thus exchanged the pleasures have been alternately enlarged and prolonged. Well did they earn the contracted.

palm of martyrdom-the only in• Nothing evinces more clearly sions us to shudder whilst we ad

citement to a vocation which occathe zeal of the inquisition, than the

mire. Virtuous anchorites ! to number of works it has condemned within two centuries. The cata

whom society is indebted for so logue of prohibited books, printed still dispute the prey with the fe

many men, who, but for you, would in 1790, contains the names and rocious beasts-to whom religion surnames of five thousand four hundred and twenty authors, repro

owes so many proselytes, who would

still have been plunged in the bated by the tribunal; not to mention the infinity of anonymous pro

gloom of pagan darkness receive ductions which have experienced my homage: it is pure, as your lathe same fate.'

were painful and meritorious.'

p. 107. Then follows the list, which we

Of the modern ministers of the cannot read without indignation. gospel we must learn something. Here are the names of Beccaria, Boileau, La Fontaine, Ganganelli, They are forbidden to exact Montesquieu, Racine, Marmontel, any compensation from the Indians, Puffendorf, Miilot, Vattel, Mably, craments, or for any other ecclesi

either for administration of the saFenelon, in short of all such, as

astick function. The prohibition might rouse a spirit of inquiry in is not directly violated, but its ethicks or legislation. Addison, spirit is completely eluded by the and other hereticks, we could only sale, at a thousand per cent profit, suppose, are excluded. We know of rosaries, scapularies, and little an American gentleman, who, go- images of the virgin and of the ing to a Spanish colony, reported, saints. The poor Indian is peras he was required, the books in of God, till he has purchased some

petually menaced with the wrath his trunk, among which the Spec- of all the different kinds for sale tator was one, which was seized. by the missionaries. This impoAs the custom-house attendants, sition, apparently so trivial, is reand not the holy brothers of the peated sufficiently often in the Inquisition, had possession, it was

course of a year, to become an obprobably restored for a proper ject of importance and of specula

.' consideration.

pi 110. From the present degeneracy of Pious donations have begun how

[ocr errors]

ever among the whites to lose a author is made to say, that coffee little of their former reverence. is cultivable within the extent of

sixty leagues crossed by the line • People are almost convinced that they may venture to appear

For leagues read degrees. Frost is before God without having ruined the boundary of coffee plantations. their relatives to found prebends Another gross errour, which can or to enrich convents; they begin tot be attributed to Mr. Depons, to believe that we will be judged is on page 198. Grenada in Spain, rather by our virtues, than our between twenty-seven and twentyprodigalities; but what is given is eight degrees, &c. For twenty r. given ;—the convents and churches thirty. Indeed, we are well satismust, therefore, possess and most unembarrassed riches of fied, that the translator was un fit Terra-Firma.'

p. 119.

for his office. French idioms oc"

cur so often as to convince, us, he Next in the train of ecclesiasti- knew little of the English ; and cal abuses come the Asylums. we fear he has not acquired much

• The popes imagined that they more of the French language. So increased the respectability of the valuable a work should have been church and its ministers, by ele- better treated. vating its temples above the laws, At the close of the chapter we and rendering them inaccessible find again the judicious reflections to the magistrate: as if justice and of an enlarged mind. the laws did not emanate from divine precept.

These considerations, irreconcileable with publick that, in the most beautiful country

• It is a matter of astonishment, safety, and still more incompatible in nature, where every thing conwith our ideas of divine justice,

curs to promote luxuriance of vegeembarrassed many consciences: tation, the plantations should be so particularly among those who con

inconsiderable in '

magnitude. A founded the light of faith with the blindness of credulity. Reason re. four or five thousand dollars, is con

planter, whose income amounts to volted from the belief that God sidered rich. There cannot be would protect in this world, the

enumerated twenty plantations in same crimes to which he had at

all the province of Caraccas,which tached eternal punishment in the future. But in those days of hu- produce a greater revenue. It is

not, however, that the property is man infatuation, it was found more

too much divided. It is rare to see convenient to believe than to rea

a plantation, of which one tenth son.'

part of its extent is cultivated. It Their jurisdiction is now happi- is a cheerless and painful sight, to ly narrowed, but it should be extirpated. That unhallowed ground pitiful results. On a soil two hun

sive centuries crowned with such should be ploughed,and harrowed, dred times less spacious, incomand sowed with salt. The reflec. parably less watered and less fertions of Mr. Depons are admira- tile, and with not more than one ble, and his language ardent. half the white population, the

Chap. 7. treats of agriculture, French have succeeded in raising the cure of cacao, sugar, coffee, produce, than is raised at this day

at St. Domingo ten times more tobacco, &c: of which the details in the vast provinces of Caraccas. are very important, and, we doubt

'p. 244. not correct ; but we cannot extract them.... On page 183 we note a The causes are, the universal lazi-1 mistake of the translator. The - ness of the Spaniards, disuse of

p. 123.

« PředchozíPokračovat »