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ber of years.

“ On this day a petition of A. B. Miller and others is presented, pray. ing the county judge to grant to the trnstees of the First Congregational Church of Knoxville, two lots lying in the town of Knoxville, in this county, the same being the property of the county. After hearing said petition .and baving examined said matter, and being fully advised in the premises, it is ordered that said petition be granted; and it is further ordered by the county judge that the following named lots, Nos, 7 and 8, in block 9, all being and lying in the town of Knoxville, Marion county, Iowa. It is ordered by the court that said lots be sold, and the amount sold for be set apart and donated to the First Congregational Church of Knoxville, provided said church will be built in the said town of Knoxville.


"County Judge." These lots were sold for the sum of fifty dollars, and the annount donated to the church in accordar.ce with the order of the county judge.

The Congregationalist church was erected in the course of time and the organization flourished for a time. From some cause the church went down and the building was sold to the Christians. There is at present no organized Congregationalists in Knoxville, nor has there been for a num

The United Presbyterian Church was organized November 26, 1853. Wm. Black, Mrs. Black, Mrs. Henry McKinnis, Margaret McKinnis, H. McMeekin, Margaret McMeekin, and Messrs. Gaston, Stewart, Young, Henderson and their families, constituted the first members of the organization.

As before remarked, this religious organization purchased the old Meth. odist church building in 1858, which was their place of worship till 1865, when they erected a new church edifice, which is the one now used by the organization. The building is frame, 36x48 feet, and cost $3,000. The building was dedicated in 1865 by the Rev. D. F. Bonner, who was the pastor for a tiine. Mr. Bonner was succeeded by Rev. H. F. Wallace; the next pastor was J. H. Nash, and the present one is Rev. Mr. McKitrick. The present membership numbers seventy.

In connection with the church is a Sunday-school with an enrollment of 100. A. J. P. Barnes is the superintendent. The contributions for benerolent purposes during the past year amounted to $700.

Shortly after the organization of the U. P. Church, the First Presby. terian Church was organized. The following is a brief history of the First Presbyterian Church of Knoxville.

Organized December 17, 1853, with a membership of twelve; the names of the original meinbers were: Mr. and Mrs. Nimrod Welch, Mr. and Mrs. John Welch, Mr. and Mrs. James Welch, Mrs. Mary Clark, Miss Elizabeth B. Clark, Mr. Joseph M. Clark, Mr. Joseph II. Morrison, W. B. Young and wife. The elders were W. B. Young and James Welch. The deacons were John Welch and Joseph Clark. The first minister was Rev. Geo. M. Swan.

The building was erected in the summer of 1858, situated on loto 7 and 8, block 25, size 34x48, built of wood, and is still used for services. Rev. P. H. Jacobs was the first regular pastor, and continued therein eighteen years. It now has a membership of 215. The elders are W. B. Young,

James Welch, Geo. Kruck, Thos. Kelly, John Reed, John Sinith. The present minister is Rev. J. II. Marshall, who is now in his first vear.

The first sabbath-school was organized September 27, 1858, with about forty scholars; the first superintendent was Jacob Elliott. The school now contains one hundred and seventy-five scholars. The present superintendent is John Reed.

It has been the history of all church work throughout the West, that the Baptists have followed close after the Methodists. This is true of Knoxville as of other towns. The Baptist Church of Knoxville was organized in October, 1845.

M. J. Post, H. C. Conrey, L. G. Terry, Anna Jones and Martha Terry were some of the first members. The tirst clerk was L. C. Conrey. Elders M. J. Post and G. W. Bond were the first ministers who expounded the, gospel to the young organization.

Rev. G. W. Bond was elected first pastor and took charge in October, 1847. In July, 1851, G. W. Bond, C. L. Ryley and W. D. Everett were appointed messengers to attend the Des Moines Association at Agency City, Wapello county, and asked for admission to that association.

February 13, 1852, Elder Arnold received $7.00 as a donation for his services in a protracted meeting of nine days. In December, 1853, Rev. Zopler Ball took the pastorate of the church.

In 1854, by vote of the church, they withdrew its connection with the Des Moines Association for the purpose of uniting with the Central, to which association they still belong.

April 14, 1855, Rev. S. G. Hurit took the pastorate of the church, and in August, 1855, they purchased the lot on which the present church was afterward built.

In January, 1856, the church voted unanimously in favor of building a church house. The building committee, Elder S. G. Hunt, R. B. Mitchell and H. C. Whitney, decided to build a brick house, 40x60, with a capacity foa seating about 500. Cost for building, about $4,000.

In March, 1859, Elder Hunt resigned and was followed by Rev. J. Currier; in January, 1860, Elder Ball was again called to the pastorate of this church and served one year; Win. Whitehead was then called as pastor and served three months; Rev. R. D. Hartshorne was then chosen; Rev. Hildreth was then chosen pastor. Rev. T. J. Arnold was elected pastor January, 1865, who served them two years, and was followed by Rev. A. Pratt in January, 1868, and served till August, 1869, and was followed by James Frey, and remained as pastor till November, 1872; then Rev. A. Robbins, Jannary, 1874, and served one year. Rev. C. Payne, November, 1876, and served two years. May 1, 1879, Rev. N. H. Daily, who is their present pastor. Their present inembership is 171. Church clerk is E. F. Sperry, who is also superintendent of the Sunday-school. The Sunday-school has an average attendance of seventy. Their present pastor rereceives a salary of $500 per year. Current expeuses for the past year were $846.42.

The Evangelical Lutheran Church was organized November 26th, 1853. The original members were: Joseph Brobst and wife, Abraham Rizor and wife, Henry Marthorn and wife, Henry Marthorn, Jr., Levi Morkert and wife, Geo. W. Marthorn and wife, Miss Margaret Dappert, Geo. Momyer and wife, James G. Young and wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Biddinger. A frame church building was erected in 1858 at a cost of $1,200. The membership at present numbers seventy. The following are the names of the pastors: First, Rev. F. R. Scherer; second, Rev. A. A. Trimper; third, Rev. David Hamaker; fourth, Rev. A. A. Trimper; fifth, Rev. G. W. Schaeffer; sixth, Rev. J. o. Hough; seventh, Rev. A. Yetter; eighth, Rev. J. H. Stough; ninth, Rev. A. I. Crigler; tenth, Rev. G. W. Dively; eleventh, Rev. D. P. Grosscup. All the pastors are now living but Revs. Hamaker and Crigler. Lot and church building were built and sold to the church by Hon. Joseph Brobst, who lived until 1878. Of the original members six are yet on the roll (1880).

The Christian Church was organized at an early date. The first place of worship was the old Congregationalist church, which they bought of the latter denomination when their organization went down. In 1877, mainly through the liberality of Mr. Larken Wright, an elegant and commodious brick building was erected, where the congregation has since worshiped.

The Universalist Church was organized a few years ago. Revs. Eber. hart and Brooks first lectured in the city, expounding the doctrines of the church from which this religious sect was established and an organization formed. The Universalists of Knoxville have no church building of their

At present they worship in the building erected and owned by the Adventists. Mrs. Gillette is the present pastor.

There is also a strong organization of Seventh Day Baptists or "Adventists”, but we have been unable to procure the date of organization or the number of members. They have a neat little church building in the southeast part of the city, free from debt, and the society is in a flourishing condition.



Perhaps no city of its size in the State is better supplied with benevolent organizations than is Knoxville. They comprise in their membership many of its best citizens, and their charities are numerous and extended. A brief history of each is all the limits of this volume will permit us to give.

Home Lodge, No. 108, A. 0. U. W.--Was instituted March 22d, 1877, by W. B Kerns, D. G. M. W. The names of charter members are as follows: I. Y. Atherton, C. J. Amos, M. J. Ake, A. J. Briggs, F. C. Barker, G. L. Boydston, W. W. Burris, A. R. Clark, D. C. Ely, J. D. Gam. ble, T. G. Gilson, T. A. Ijams, W. A. Moody, J. C. Merrill, T. C. Masteller, P. F. Margart, W. R. Rigg, C. Rinehart, T. G. Robinson, S. B.Turner, W. E. Wright, J. F. Waugh, H. L. Wolf, E. B. Woodruff, J. R. Wilson. The officers elected at that time were as follows: I. Y. Atherton, P. M.W.; W. E. Wright, M. W.; J. D. Gamble, F.; D. C. Ely, 0.; T. C. Masteller, G.; W. R. Rigg, recorder; T. G. Gilson, financier; A. J. Briggs, receiver; J. F. Waugh, I. W.; J. C. Merrill, O. W.; trustees, W. A. Moody, J. D. Gamble, W. W. Burris; W. E. Wright, inedical examiner. Present officers: A. M. Brobst, P. M. W.; T. G. Gilson, M. W.; G. Miller, F.; J. Putnam, 0.; J. Hanly, G.; S. G. Cushing, recorder; 6. Rinehart, financier; W. A. Moody, receiver; L. G. Duff, I. W.; D. C. Ely, 0. W.; trustees, J. Putnam, A. M. Brobst, L. G. Duff; medical examiners, J. W. Mitchell, C. C. Shinnick. Cost of beneficiary per member, to present time, $33, on policy of $2,000. The membership of the lodge at present is 57. The lodge is in good condition and prospering financially.

Oriental Lodge, No. 16, A. F. & A. M.-Was chartered June 6th, 1855. On the 5th of March, 1856, the lodge books and implements were all destroyed by fire. The present officers for the ensuing year are as follows: J. W. Mitchell, W. M.; Jas. D. Gamble, S. W.; J. B. Cohn, J. W.; O. B. Ayres, treasurer; J. Oppenheimer, secretary; Geo. A. French, S. D.; Theo. Parsons, J. D.; Wm. A. Gamble, S. S.; Jas. H. Cloe, J. S.; Wm. Craig, chaplain; T. J. Wallace, tyler; with 115 members. The lodge is in a flourishing condition, have their own hall well furnished and out of debt, with some surplus on hand.

Tadmor Chapter, No. 18, R. A. M.-Was chartered May 2, 1857. The officers for the ensuing year are as follows: J. W. Mitchell, M. E. H. P.; H. J. Scoles, E. K.; Chas. Kimble, E. S.; O. B. Ayres, treasurer; J. Oppenheimer, secretary; J. D. Gamble, C. of H.; J. N. Davis, R. L.; A. B. Walters, R. A. C.; A. P. Wright, G. M. 3d V.; L. Z. Stump, G. M. 2d V.; A. D. Wetherell, G. M. 1st V.; S. J. Wallace, tyler. The present membership is 35. The first officers of the chapter were: E. D. Cushman, H. P.; N. S. Smith, E. K.; E. Davis, E. S.; D. M. Gunn, C. H.; H. Syster, P. S.; D. Stánfield, R. A. C.; E. E. Cornell, G. M. 3d V.; Jas. Mathews, G. M. 2d V.; John Cummins, G. M. 1st V.; A. D. Wetherell, secretary.

Knoxville Lodge, No. 90, I. O. 0. F.-Chartered March 21, 1856, John Pope, grand master; Wm. Garrett, grand secretary. Charter membersJames Mathews, C. G. Brobst, Hugh Thompson, J. A. Brewer, I. J. Cole. Of these I. J. Cole is dead. James Mathews not now a member, but living in Knoxville, the others are yet members of this Lodge. The first officers were Hugh Thompson, N. G.; J. A. Brewer, V. G.; C. G. Brobst, secretary; I. J. Cole, treasurer. The present officers are W. E. Burns, N. G.; D. Ó. Collins, V. G.; A. B. Brobst, secretary; A. J. Brigg, treasurer. Present membership, 132. Meetings every Tuesday evening.

Knoxville Encampment, No. 87, 1. 0. 0. F.-Chartered October 18, 1876, George Whipple, grand patriarch; Wm. Garrett, grand scribe. Charter members-J. R. Brodrick, Allen Hamrick, W. R. Rigg, J. S. Bellamy, O. J. Kendig, E. F. Sperry, A. B. Brobst, R. G. Gilson. First of ficers were A. Hamrick, C. P.; J. R. Brodrick, H. P.; A. B. Brobst, scribe; O. J. Kendig, treasurer. The present officers are L. W. Crozier, C. P.; A. D. Steele, H. P.; I. Gregg, scribe; A. B. Brobst, treasurer. Membership, forty. Meets first and third Friday night in each month.

Marion Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 70, I. O. 0. F.-Chartered October 21, 1875, with sixteen members. Is in flourishing condition. Meetings second and fourth Fridays in each month. The order was never in a more flourishing condition in all its branches, finanically and otherwise, than it is at the present time.

Knoxville Collegium, No. 18, V. A. S. Fraternity-Chartered December 23, 1879, with seventeen members. The first officers were C. B. Boydston, rector; G. K. Hart, V. R.; C. H. Baker, speculator; T. F. Gilliland, usher; Robert Baxter, questor; E. H. Jolliffe, scribe. At present the order numbers twenty-two members. Meets first Wednesday in each month, and is officered as follows: T. F. Gilliland, rector; O. J. Kendig, V. R.; L. Ardery, speculator; G. K. Hart, usher; R. Baxter, questor; Duane Gibson.



LDRICH, W. H.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 20, P. O. Knoxville. A

Was born in Chautauqua county, New York, July 25, 1830, and is a son of Samuel and A. A. Aldrich. When quite young he removed with his parents to Monroe county, of same State, where they resided until he attained his ninth year, after which they einigrated to Richland county, Ohio, locating on a farm. W. H. was here raised, educated and learned the trades of carpenter and stationery engineering. In 1853 came to Marion county, engaging in farming until February, 1864, when he enlisted in company K, Third Iowa cavalry. Was with General Sturges at Guntown, on the Wilson raid and other notable events; was honorably discharged at the close of the war. During his term in the service he contracted an eye disease, by which he is partially blind. Since then he has divided his time between farining and carpenter work; he is closely identified with the building interests of the community. His farm consists of 43 acres. On the fourth of September, 1853, Miss Charity Smith, daughter Charles and Charity Smith, becaine his wife. By the union they have seven children: Charles S., John H., Edwin D., Mary E., Willie E., A. A. and Margaret Jane. Himself and family are meinbers of the Pleasant Ridge Christian Church.

AMOS, E. H.---The subject of this sketch was born in Highland county, Ohio, on the 13th day of June, 1826, and was raised there on a farm. After attaining his majority he removed to Wayne county, Indiana, where he lived for fifteen months, and then returned to Highland county, Ohio, and after remaining there two years, came to Jasper county, Iowa, where he purchased land. After remaining a few months he returned to Ohio, and thence to Wayne county, Indiana, where he made his home for one year, then settled permanently for seven years in Jasper county, Iowa, engaged in agricultural pursuits. In March, 1871, he came to Marion county and settled in Knoxville. The following January he purchased the property and opened the hotel that now bears his name. In this occupation he was peculiarly fortunate in securing a large trade and building an enviable reputation and this is attributable to his uniform courtesy and attention to, and care for the comfort of his guests as well as the bountiful provisions made for their wants; his name is the synonym of a good landlord. As a citizens he has been public spirited ever identified with the best interests of the city. As a member of the city council for three years, he served faithfully and well. He married Miss Nancy J. Jones, in 1863; she was born in New York. They have one son, George.

ANDERSON, THOMAS J.-Attorney. Among the prominent legal practioners of Marion county may be mentioned the subject of this sketch. He was born in Fulton county, Illinois, on the fourth day of March, 1837, and resided there until sixteen years of age. In 1853 he came with his parents to Marion county, Iowa. His early life was spent on a farm and bis time was divided between farm duties in suinmer and attending school in winter. When seventeen years of age he purchased his time of his father and spent some years in teaching and attending school. In 1858 he was elected county surveyor, and having made choice of law as a profession, he commenced reading with Hon. J. E. Neal, an attorney of wide reputation. After a thorough preparation he was admitted to the bar in October, 1860, and has practiced continously, excepting when absent in the service of his

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