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Grace Bonecutter on the sixth day of December, 1836. She is a native of Highland county, Ohio.

BONEBRAKE, P. K.-Was born in Floyd county, Indiana, on the twelfth day of March, 1838, and lived there until fourteen years of age, and then accompanied his parents to Marion county, Iowa, and until seventeen years of age his life was that of a farmer-boy. He then commenced his mercantile experience, which lasted two years. In 1862 he enlisted in company I. Thirty-third Iowa infantry and served three years. He was with his regiment in all of its engagements. He enlisted as a private and was appointed orderly-sergeant, and during the last two months of his services had command of the company, owing to the sickness of superior officers. He was wounded at Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas, at the same time BrigadierGeneral Rice received his wound. After returning to his home he engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1874, when he was elected county recorder, and in 1878 was elected county clerk. He has been twice married; first, to Miss Sarah C. Payne, on the fourteenth day of March, 1858. She was a native of Indiana. She died in September, 1877, leaving four children: Alma M., Blanche M., Lillie C. and Parkison D. His second marriage occurred on the twenty-first day of November, 1878, to Miss Jessie Craddick, a native of this county. By this union they have one daughter, Carrie E.

BOOTH, HENRY-Superintendent of coal mines, Flagler. Was born in Lancashire, England, March 20, 1842. When six months of age his parents emigrated to the United States, landing in New Orleans, and the same year came to this State and settled in Augusta, ten miles from Burlington. His father was a weaver by occupation, but after coming to this country was engaged in burning brick for ten years, then went to boating on the Mississippi River, and in 1846 moved to Missouri and engaged in mining. His mother and all of his brothers and sisters died of cholera in 1849. In 1850 he accompanied his father to Kingston, Illinois, and after a residence of one year removed to Henrytown, Marshall county, Illinois, where young Henry first commenced his business of miner. In 1852 he returned to St. Louis county, Missouri, and lived there until 1857, and then went to St. Clair county, Illinois. August 3, 1862, he enlisted in company C, Eightieth Illinois infantry, and was mustered out June 10, 1865. He participated in a number of severe battles, among which were Perryville, Stone River, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and the second battle of Nashville and at Atlanta, Georgia. At the latter place had his haversack shot from him. He was with Col. Straight on his expedition to Rome to destroy Confederate property and military stores and to draw Bragg's cavalry from in front of Murfreesboro, and when within eighteen miles of the point of their destination were captured by Gen. Forest's command and taken to Rome, where they were paroled. In July, 1863, they were exchanged and ordered to the front. After the close of the war he returned to St. Clair county, Illinois, and engaged in mining. In 1868 he went to Randolph county. In 1870 he went to Ray county, Missouri, and in 1874 returned to St. Clair county, Illinois, and in 1875 came to Iowa and stopped a short time in Monroe county, thence to Marion county. He has been twice married; first to Miss Mary Bailey, of Cheshire, England, January 14, 1869. She died November 13, 1870, leaving one daughter, Mary E. His second marriage occurred February 20, 1873, to Susan Jones, born De

cember 19, 1852. They have four children: Esther A., William H., Myrtle and Albert J.

BOYLE, WM.-Of the firm of Boyle & Harrington, proprietors of the Pearl Mills, Knoxville. Marion county has no more worthy and esteemed citizen than the subject of this sketch. He was born in Pennsylvania, September 2, 1825, and raised on a farm until sixteen years of age and then learned the milling and mill-wright business, and with the exception of five years, when engaged in the foundry and machine business and four years while in the service, he has followed it as an avocation. He left Pennsylvania in 1850 and came to Ohio, and after spending four years returned to his native State, and in 1856 came to Knoxville. In 1862 he enlisted in the Thirty-fourth Iowa infantry as a private and was commissioned captain. He was with the Army of the Tennessee until after the surrender of Vicksburg, and his regiment was then transferred to the Department of the Gulf. His mill contains all the latest improved machinery and does both custom and merchant work, and the quality of his manufactures are unsurpassed and have a wide reputation. In addition to his interest in Knoxville he has milling interests in Lucas county. His home is in Chariton. He married Miss Sarah A. Mathews in 1849. She was born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania.

BOYDSTON, C. B.-Justice of the peace. Was born in Greene county, Pennsylvania, on the 31st day of October, 1831, and was raised in his native State. His early education was in the common schools until nineteen years of age, when he entered Allegheny College. After completing his college course he engaged in teaching. In 1852 he came to Iowa and lived for a time in Jefferson and Mahaska counties, and in 1856 came to this county, which has since been his home. Heeding the call of his county for troops to assist in putting down the rebellion, he enlisted in the Thirtythird lowa infantry, and did good service in enlisting company A, of which he was commissioned captain. He participated with his regiment in all of its principal engagements, and was promoted major of the regi ment. Perhaps no man in the county is more familiar with all the details of its clerical duties than is the subject of our sketch, and his marked social powers have gained for him the esteem of friends and acquaintances. He has held the office of county surveyor, mayor of the city, etc., and justice of the peace. He was married in 1856 to Miss Sarah A. Wallace, a resident of Greencastle, Indiana, but born in Ohio. They have a family of six children; Lillian, Mattie, Mellie, Frank W., Fred S. and Bertha. BOYD, S. W.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 22, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, September 25, 1849. His father, James Boyd, was an agriculturist in that State. When S. W. attained the age of three years the family came to Iowa, locating in Mahaska county, where they resided three years, when they returned to Ohio, and after eighteen months sojourn returned to Mahaska county, where S. W. resided until 1877, when he came to Marion county. He was married March 29, 1877, to Miss Hannah M. Robb, a lady of superior tastes, who devotes her time to developing home attractions. The Boyd's are of Scotch-American lineage. He is closely identified with the educational interests of the township and takes an active interest in its advancement. Himself and family are members of the U. P. Church and are among its liberal patrons and supporters.

BRADLEY, E. P.-Sheriff. 1s a native of Hancock county, Illinois,

and was born July 15th, 1841, and lived there until seven years of age. In 1848 he came with his parents to Mahaska county, Iowa, where he spent his youth on a farm. He enlisted in company E, Sixth Iowa infantry, in 1861. In 1864 he was wounded severely at Kenesaw Mountain, and after remaining in the service four years was mustered out and returned to his home. In 1865 he settled in Marion county and engaged in farming, which he continued until 1872, when, on account of his injuries received in the army, he was compelled to abandon the cares of the farm, and engaged in the stock trade, which he continued until 1879, when he was elected to the position he now fills. He married Miss Mary E. Gushwa in 1865. She was born in Lee county, Iowa, and came with her parents to this county when an infant. Their family consists of four children: Willie S., Lillie A., Annetta and Albert L.

BRADY, JOHN--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 35, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Vermillion county, Illinois, in 1837, and is the son of Isaac and Lidden Ann Brady, pioneers of Marion county. The family came to this county when John was in his ninth year. He was raised to manhood and educated in the county and learned the trade of carpenter and joiner, which profession he followed for a number of years. In 1862 enlisted in company K, Fifteenth Iowa volunteer infantry. Was at Shiloh, seige of Corinth, seige of Vicksburg, and others. At Corinth he was severely wounded, two minie balls taking effect on his person. He was honorably discharged July 25, 1865. He married, in 1867, Miss Elizabeth Conry. She was born July 26, 1845, and is the daughter of the pioneer John Conry. They have four children: Olive, Lauella, William, Franklin. His farm consists of fortyeight acres.

BRECKENRIDGE, SAMUEL-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 13, P. O. Durham. Was born in Scotland on the 9th day of June, 1822, and lived there until seven years of age and then emigrated with his parents to the United States and settled in Washington county, Ohio, where he was raised on a farm. He lived here following his chosen occupation until 1852, when he settled in Marion county, Iowa. His farm consists of 275 acres, and he devotes his attention to stock-raising and feeding. Although no political aspirant, he was elected to represent the county in the State Legislature of the Fifteenth General Assembly, and served with credit to himself and with honor to his constituents. He has been the architect of his own fortune and stands prominent among the self-made men of the county. He was married on the 6th day of March, 1851, to Miss Sarah M. Dunlevy, a native of West Virginia. Their family consists of eight children: Ella J. (now Mrs. D. C. Herrington), Lizzie (now Mrs. N. Williams), Andrew C., Maria, Lillie A., Bertha, James T., and Alva.

BREES, TIMOTHY-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 27, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Preble county, Ohio, November 25, 1830. His parents were Jesse and Martha. They were among the early settlers of the Buckeye State. Timothy's early life was that of a farmer-boy. He received the benefits of the common schools of Ohio and resided there continually, with the exception of a few years in Indiana, until 1852, when Mr. Jesse Brees removed with his family to Iowa, locating in Lee county, residing seven years, came to Marion county in 1859, where the family has since resided. The subject of the sketch was married in the autumn of 1859 to Miss Charlotte Brooks. They have a family of seven: Martha J. (now Mrs. Orr), Isaac, Ellioda, La Fayette, Jesse P., Nona, Cora C. His farm con

sists of 160 acres; has also five acres of timber detached. Stock-raising his specialty; in this line he keeps cattle, horses and hogs that will compare favorably with any in the township. Mr. Brees is one of Marion county's self-made men. He began life for himself without means, and in the pioneer days endured hardships and privations, and has by his industry and perseverance reaped that reward, which invariably follows.

BRIDGES, THOMSON-Fariner and stock-raiser, Sec. 36, P. O. Attica. Was born in Claiborne county, Tennessee, February 23, 1823. When Thompson attained the age of nine years his father, William, moved with the family to Brown county where he was educated, raised to manhood and resided, engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1842, when he emigrated to Jackson county, Missouri, where he made his home until 1851, when he came to Marion county. His landed estate consists of 262 acres. His home, which is one of the finest in the township, is pleasantly lo cated and indicates comfort and prosperity. Mr. Bridges was twice married; first, November 2, 1842, to Miss Nancy Gibson, of Missouri. died in 1853. He was again married April 2, 1854, to Miss Mary Anderson, a native of Illinois. By this union they have nine children: Nancy, Sarah, Thomas Jefferson, Lucinda, Raphael, Anna, Elizabeth, Thompson, and James. By his first wife he had three children, one of whom is living, William. Mary Ann and Joseph deceased. Mr. Bridges makes a specialty of stock-raising and is numbered among the pioneer agriculturists and stock men of the county.

BRIGGS, A. J.-Cashier of the Knoxville National Bank. Was born in Van Buren county, lowa, January 13, 1846. His early life was spent in acquiring an education. In 1864 he enlisted in the Third Iowa cavalry and served until the close of the war. After he was mustered out of the United States' service he spent some years in St. Louis and in 1870 commenced his banking experience in Ottumwa, and from there came to Knoxville and no man in Marion county has a more enviable reputation for honesty and integrity, and he merits the esteem in which he is held. He married Miss Alice C. Brooks, of Mt. Pleasant, in 1867. They have one son, George A.

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BROBST, HON. JOSEPH-Deceased. Was born December 16, 1793, in Pennsylvania. In early life he learned the milling business, which he followed for a number of years. Came to Marion county in 1848. In 1850 he was elected county judge, also served the people as county auditor and was prominent as an official and public man to the time of his demise, in April, .1878. In 1811 he married Miss Nancy Hartman, a native of Pennsylvania. By this union they had eight children: William, Josiah, Sarah, Heister, Mary, Jane, J. F. and Martha. Mr. Brobst was numbered among Marion county's public spirited and respected citizens and few men in the county were more popularly known or had a more extended acquaintance.

BROBST, C. G.-One of Knoxville's most respected citizens as well as thoroughly educated business men. He was born in Columbia county, Pennsylvania, September 16, 1818, and raised there with a mercantile experience. In 1855 he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Marion county, which has since been his home. Since his residence here there is probably no one in the county who has been a closer observer of its growth and development and who has noted and kept a more correct record of its events. He is a man of sterling integrity and has sustained an enviable reputation

for his business capacity and well merits the esteem in which he is held by those who know him best. He married Miss Louisa Brewer in 1841. She was born in Columbia county, Pennsylvania. They have three children: Albert, Arthur, and Florence (now Mrs. C. H. Baker).

BROWNLEE, M.--Was born in Augusta county, Virginia, February 8, 1795, where he was raised to manhood, educated and learn the tanner's trade which he principally pursued in his native State until 1832, when he emigrated to Greene county, Ohio, engaging in agricultural pursuits and resided until the spring of 1866, when he became a resident of Knoxville. Father Time has scored eighty-six years of usefulness for Mr. B. who has always been found on the side of right, and an active worker in movements for the advancement of morals; in the temperance cause he has been and is a stalwart worker; religiously is a Presbyterian. In his twenty-fourth year he married Miss Margaret Kirkpatrick, a native of Rockbridge county, Virginia. Her death occurred August 24, 1870. They had a family of ten children, four of whom are living: S. J. (wife of W. B. Carruthers, a prominent attorney of Warren county), John (resident of Arizona), A. C. and M. Lost six: Mary, N., J. M., J. K., H. E. and W. L.

BRUETT, JOHN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 29, P. O. Knoxville. One of the most prominent stock-men and agriculturists of Marion county, is.the subject of this sketch. He was born in the State of New York, August 4, 1832. His parents, John and Beckie Bruett, were natives of Germany. John, Jr., was raised to manhood, educated and learned the cabinet trade in New York City. When he attained his twentieth year emigrated to Adams county, Illinois, and for three years worked at his trade in Quincy. In 1856 located in Decatur county, Iowa, where he pursued his trade until 1861, when he came to Knoxville. In 1862 he enlisted in company I, Thirty-third Iowa volunteer infantry; participated at the engagements of Helena, Arkansas and Jenkins' Ferry, where he was taken prisoner and held at Camden, thence transferred to Magnolia, returned to Camden, and subsequently lodged at Tyler, Texas-in all he put in thirteen months in the rebel prison pens, being released at the close of the war, when he was honorably discharged. Returned to Marion county; for a time was engaged in the furniture trade in Knoxville, after which he embarked in agricultural pursuits. His landed estate consists of 640 acres, 280 of which are in Franklin township, the balance in Knoxville township; he deals extensively in stock and keeps good grades. Is one of the largest real estate owners and stock-shippers in the county. Has made himself prominent in the county by his sterling business qualificationsand enterprise. In 1856 he married Miss Amelia Koeneke, a native of Germany. They have a family of seven children: Elizabeth, George Henry, Eva, Gertrude, Charlie, Jennie and Emily. Mr. Bruett's parents died in New York City.

BURNETT, W. F.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 8, P. O. Knoxville. This enterprising agriculturalist was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, July 10, 1858; his parents were C. N. and Martha J., the former a native of New York and the latter of Pennsylvania. W. F. is of American and German lineage. He received the full benefits of the common schools, and for two terms attend the Chambersburg Academy, in Pennsylvania. He came to Iowa in 1877 and since that time has been a resident of Marion county. On the fourteenth of December, 1880, W. F. concluded that the web of bachelorhood would no longer retain him in its coils, and he married Miss Laura M. Marsh, a very estimable young lady of Marion county.

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