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less seagull which flew into a "ring" sev- solve the problem of why an armoreral hundred feet in the air and, stripped of piercing projectile with the hardest possible its feathers, was cast down upon the mor- “nose,” or point, will not itself penetrate tar, killed by the friction of the gas. armor. It must be “capped” with steel
Recent developments in photography of the softest nature. This fact has been have opened up a field of experimentation known for years. Its explanation is as to army and navy officials in the science yet undiscovered. of ordnance which has previously been in Army officials expect to see, through the complete darkness. The problem next eye of the new camera, many things which to be attacked is: “What does a twelve- have previously defied explanation. Thirty inch shell do when it strikes armor? How feet away from the armor plate the camera does the steel act during the instant of will show with absolute precision what the penetration and what happens to the shell modern high-power shell does when it just after it explodes?”
plows its way through Harveyized steel. The answers to these questions may From negatives showing pieces of a shell Copyright by the Department of Enlisted Specialists, CA.S THE PROJECTILE TRAVELING AT THE RATE OF 800 MILES AN HOUR
one five-thousandth of a second after it are perhaps on the verge of solution has burst, scientists may discover a way through the medium of a wonderful to make steel stronger by remedying un- camera which operates so rapidly that known defects in the modern hardening there is no motion of a tangible object and tempering processes.
which cannot be recorded on the highly It is understood that a shell is heated sensitized plates. red-hot by the friction of the air and that The study of these problems has hitherit is at an even higher temperature when to been based altogether upon theory and crashing through armor plate. The ques- upon costly experiments that at best could tion of whether a projectile enters the never be conclusive because the elements in target whirling rapidly c. if it has lost its the calculations could be observed only at rotary motion in its flight is also of first rest — before the shot was fired and after importance to the manufacturers of armor the shell had struck. Photography has plate and of the shells to pierce it.
now brought to view at least the beginning All these problems and as many more and the end of flight of the projectile.
MISS M. CAREY THOMAS, PRESIDENT OF BRYN MAWR COLLEGE, WHOSE GUIDANCE HAS DEVELOPED ONE OF THE MOST EFFICIENT INSTITUTIONS FOR THE HIGHER EDUCATION OF WOMEN AND A REMARKABLE SELF
GOVERNING DEMOCRACY OF AMERICAN GIRLS
ORE than forty years ago a Mawr College, would probably be the last
little girl prayed God to re- person on earth to admit the truth of this move her from an unjust world commendation. Her mind is so busy if it were really true that girls accomplishing feats that it has no time
were so constituted as to be left in which to admire itself. In fact, unable to master Greek and go to college she would give you the impression that and understand things. She had heard Bryn Mawr has, by some mysterious prothat this was true; and, inasmuch as she cess, worked its own way to the position wanted nothing in the world so much as in which it stands to-day, as if she had education, she preferred not to live with- had nothing to do with blazing the trail. out it. To-day she is president of one of And yet, if ever an institution reflected the most remarkable of women's colleges, the spirit of its leader, this college does. a college which is what it is because of The passion for learning which inspired what Dr. Horace Howard Furness has the little girl's prayers, and has burned called her "master-mistress mind."
at white heat through a half century, and President M. Carey Thomas, of Bryn the innate democracy of the woman, are of young ho classrooms he president. On
men, the sort overnment of
the two vital forces which animate the girls be given full power to rule themselves. life of this little group of girls among the The thing was tried; it is now almost Pennsylvania hills.
thirty years old. She has brought into existence one of the Dr. Joseph Taylor, a Quaker gentleman most perfectly constituted democracies of the old school, was founder of the colthat exists. It is a democracy such as lege and, in early days, its president. In men and nations might afford the time to charge of its classrooms he placed a corps pause before and examine. It is nothing of young bachelors, who were to guide more or less than a self-government of the young and charming students along 430 young women, the sort of wholesome, the briery paths of Greek, biology, and level-headed, outdoor young women who calculus. This was the situation which make up our best type of college girls. Miss Thomas, then in her twenties, faced They are no less human than girls of all in 1885. Hardly more than a girl hertypes the world over; temptation in the self, her task was to look to the conduct form of dinner dances in study hours, and of these other girls. May-day idleness when there are examina- The task did not look easy. Her keen tions to be prepared for, besets the Bryn eyes, with a Welsh ancestry behind their Mawr girls just as often as it besets young keenness, set to work to investigate, and femininity elsewhere; yet they meet it and her brain to reflect. Ruling these girls come off victorious. They sit in judgment by rigid, boarding-school-missish regulaupon one another, keeping order in their tions appeared futile. They were an own halls, sternly refusing one another independent and mentally advanced type, permission for undue gaieties, suspending and inclined to rule themselves. one another, even expelling one another, Only a mind of big initiative and daring with never an older head to advise. Where would have risked the thing which Miss rules issued and punishments meted out Thomas risked twenty-seven years ago by faculties fail, the government of these But it was just that sort of mind. Take girls by themselves succeeds.
a glance back over its accomplishments, Self-government in colleges, and even and the situation looks clearer. in lower schools, is no longer new; but First, when Martha Carey Thomas was Bryn Mawr College earned the title of a little girl she had agonized in prayer over pioneer. Before any other had dared this what we now call the woman question radical form of government, Miss Thomas, at that time hardly vexed enough to be then a very young woman and dean of the termed a question at all. She had suffered institution, had urged that this group of from awful doubts as to whether women