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and energies, a man not easily discouraged and one who overcomes all obstacles, and he is a good illustration of what a man of these qualities can accomplish by bending his energies in the right direction. He married Miss Emma Dawson, on the fourteenth day of November, 1872. She was born in Springfield, Illinois. They have two children: Frank and Ben.

JACKSON, JOHN F.--Farmer, Sec. 33, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Mahaska county, Iowa, February 3, 1858. Is the son of Henry N. and Margaret Jackson; the latter's maiden name was Canterberry, daughter of Isaac Canterberry, who was one of the first settlers in the State, and sold the greater portion of the site where the city of Burlington now stands for $35. John F. was raised to manhood, educated and resided in Mahaska county until 1877, when he removed to Marion county. On the thirtieth of June, 1878, Miss Mary Wilson became his wife, daughter of Thomas and Mary Wilson. Their union has been blessed by one son, Roy. His estate consists of 120 acres.

JAMES, J. T.-Coal operator. Was born in Belmont_county, Ohio, March 15, 1845, and in 1854 accompanied his parents to Iowa. He has been raised in the coal trade and understands it in all its details and no one in the township has done more to develop the coal interest than Mr. James and in connection with his interest here he has large interests in Mahaska connty. The quality of his coal is equal to any in the State and he is unable to supply the demand. Mr. James has contributed largely to the business interests of Knoxville, and has built up for himself an enviable reputation for honesty and fair dealing. He married Miss O. M. Reeves, November 10, 1876. She is a native of Ohio, born in Ashtabula county, and is the daughter of Judge Reeves, of Franklin county, one of the first white settlers. They have one daughter, Adda.

JENKINS, JOSHUA--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 30, P. O Knoxville. This pioneer citizen is one of Marion county's stalwarts whose par value is 100 cents on the dollar anywhere within its boundary. Was born in Monongalia county, Virginia, December 12, 1822. His parents were Thomas and Staffer Ann, who were among the comparately early settlers of that State. When Joshua was fourteen years of age, the family moved to Brown county, Indiana, where he was received the benefits of the common schools and was raised to manhood. On June 6, 1846 he tendered his services to his country--enlisting in the Mexican War; was at Buena Vista and minor engagements. Was honorably discharged June 24, 1847. On the twenty-eighth day of December, 1848, Miss Serene Elder, of Indiana, a native of Kentucky, became his wife. By this union they have had eleven children, eight of whom are living: Ann, Thomas, Nancy (wife of John Overton), Stephen, William, Joseph, Jarrett and Charlie. They lost three: Elizabeth, Elender and Louisa. Mr. Jenkins received in 1847 a land-warrant entitling him to 160 acres of land in any unoccupied government territory, given to every soldier that participated in the Mexican War. Thus equipped, on the sixteenth of May, 1818. he trod the soil where he now resides and located 160 acres and purchased 160 additional. After which he returned to Indiana, and on the ninth of May, 1849, accompanied by his wife, they took up their abode in what was destined to be their future home. His landed estate consists of 524 acres; his home and its appurtenances indicate comfort and prosperity; he has obtained his competency by energy, combined with the untiring industry of Mrs. Jenkins.

JENKINS, THOMAS-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 8, P. O. Knox

ville. Was born in Morgan county, Indiana, June 17, 1825. His parents were Thomas and Tillethia Jenkins, who were among the early settlers of Morgan county. Thomas was there raised to manhood and received the benefits of the common schools. On the day he attained his majority, June 17, 1846, he enlisted in the Mexican War, in company A, Second Indiana volunteer infantry, under Capt. John Osborn. He participated in the battle of Buena Vista, ininor skirmishes, and was honorably discharged July 5, 1847. On the twentieth day of February, 1848, Miss Jane Kennedy, daughter of Elijah and Mary Kennedy, of Indiana, became his wife. Their union has been blessed by seven children: Laura (now Mrs. W. W. Pope), Olive (now Mrs. A. J. Kerr), Caurrella, Walter, Barton, Myron, Susia Immediately after the Mexican War a bill was passed in Congress granting to each soldier a land-warrant for 160 acres on any unoccupied government territory. On the sixteenth of May, 1848, Mr. Jenkins and wife came to Marion county in the usual style of emigrants. With his warrant be entered the 160 where his residence now stands, and traded his team for the adjoining quarter section. Ilis success in life, which is due to his untiring industry and indomitable energy, assisted by Mrs. Jenkins' careful and dutiful management, is a fair illustration of what can be accomplished where there is a will to execute. His landed estate consists of 335 acres. His orchard of 155 trees is in a thrifty condition. He makes a specialty of stock-raising and feeding. On the eleventh day of August, 1862, he enlisted in company G, Fortieth Iowa.volunteer infantry, partici pating in the battles of Mechanicsburg, Siege of Vicksburg, Saline, and others; was honorably discharged February 29, 1864. He is as Master Mason. Himself and family are meinbers of the Christian Church and are among its liberal patrons and supporters.

JOHNSTON, JOSEPH-Of the firm of Johnston & Frush, is one of the oldest and most successful merchants of Marion county. He was born in Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, on twelfth day of July, 1821, and raised there. He learned the trade of shoe-maker in his youth, and followed it for many years. In 1850 he moved to Ohio and reinained there one year, and then came to Iowa and settled in Eddyville, and after a residence of two years in this place came to Marion county and settled in Knoxville in 1853. The first three years he followed his trade and then engaged in general merchandise and stock business, and for years the firm was one of the largest dealers in the county. He is a self-made inan. Commencing life in straightened circumstances, he has by his own indomitable will and energy made for himself a competency. He has always been a careful, prudent man, husbanding his resources, but liberal where necessity has made known her wants. He married Miss Louisa M. Carpenter in 1847. She was born in Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania They have four children: Samuel C., Otis, Florence N. and Laura B.

JONES & DUFF-Butchers. Mr. Jones was born in Fulton county, Illinois, where he was raised to manhood, receiving the benefits of the com mon schools. He was engaged in various pursuits until 1874, when he embarked in the butcher business. His genial and affable demeanor has won him a host of friends, and he is well and popularly known throughout the county. L. G. DUFF was born in Toronto, Canada, November 9, 1837. When quite young he removed to Syracuse, New York, where he was principally raised, and learned the butcher business, of which he is a thorough master in all its branches. During the late war he enlisted in the Twelfth

New York volunteer infantry, serving three years. After his muster ont he removed to Chicago; thence to Des Moines, and in 1874 came to Knoxville. In 1861, in Canada, he inarried Miss Jane Kirkwood, a native of that country. They have three children: Lichard, Cassie and Jennie. Mr. Duff is an ardent worker in the cause of temperance, and his efforts in this direction have not only been felt in the community, but throughout the county:

JONES, H. D.-Farmer, Sec. 23, P. (). Flagler. Was born in Wales id 1817. His father, John Jones, was an iron-finer. H. D. Jones, in early life, worked in the coal and iron mines, and has made mining his specialty to the present time. He came to America in 1857, and for a short time worked in the mines at Scranton, Pennsylvania, after which he came to Marion county. He was married previous to coming to this county to Miss Ann Davis, a native of Wales. They had a family of twelve children, six of whom are living: Katie, Seth, O., Willie, Ulysses Grant, Ann. His estate of 170 acres abounds with coal, the veins averaging five feet, both hard and soft. He is a thorough-bred collier, and what Mr. Jones does not know abont coal mining is not worth knowing.

JORDAN, J. S.-Farmer, Sec. 23, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Holmes county, Ohio, February 18, 1828. His father, David, was an agriculturalist in that State. His mother, Mary Jordan, formerly McGlaughlan, was among the early settlers of Ohio. In 1852 came to Iowa, locating in Madison county, where they resided until 1853, when they came to Marion county. During the winter of 1852 the subject of this sketch taught school at Winterset. On the 24th day of August, 1854, Miss Margaret A. Welch, a resident of Marion county, became his wife. Their union has been blessed by twelve children, six of whom are living: David Welch, William Arthur, Mary Jane, Charles Edward, Bessie and Jessie. They lost six: John C., James I., and four died in infancy. Mr. Jordan, when the country was in danger, tended his services to the cause, but on account of disability and the company being full at the time, was obliged to retire from the contest. He is one of the pioneer teachers, and is identified with the educational interests of the county.

JORDON, FREDERICK-Farmer and stock-raiser, Secs. 7 and 8, P.O. Knoxville. Was born in Brunswick, Gerinany, November 9, 1826. He was there raised to manhood and educated and learned the cabinet-making trade. Having aitained his majority in 1847 he bid adieu to the land of his birth to make his fortune in she much talked of America. He first located at Madison, Wisconsin, engaged in various porsuits, and resided eighteen months; thence removed to Ft. Madison, Iowa, which he made his home until the antuin of 1852. At that time the gold fields of California attracted his attention, and for four and one-half years he was engaged in mining in that country. After returning to Iowa sojourned at Ft. Madison until 1860, when he located on his present estate in Marion county, which consists of 260 acres. His home is a model of taste: -barns and onto buildings commodions and well adapted for his extensive stock-raising. All the appurtenances of his place are an indication of his familiarity with his business. He is the founder of his solidity, as he commenced in humble circumstances, and has gained a competency through his own exertions. In April, 1858, he niarried Miss Henrietta Brennaka, a native of Germany. They have a family of ten children living: Christena, George, August,

Emma, Charlie, Albert, Anna, Henry, Clara, Lyda. They lost three: Willie, Mena and Mary.

KEEFER, DAVID-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 4, P. O. Knoxville.

Was born in county, December 2, 1830. His parents were Benjamin and Mary Madgalene, who were among the early settlers of that county. The subject of this sketch was there raised and educated, and resided on the old, homestead engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1873, when he discontinued farming and for three years was engaged in various pursuits. In 1876 he came to Iowa, locating on his present farin, which consists of 100 acres, located one and a half miles from Knoxville. He has recently erected a new residence which will compare favorably with any in the township. On the eighth day of December, 1853, Miss Nancy Simpson, a native of Ireland, became his wife. By this union they have a family of seven children: John Knox, Daniel Z., James R., Nancy, Hannah Jane, Ella T. and Maggie T. Mrs. Keefer is a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Mr. Keefer is a member of the M. E. Church.

KELLY, JAMES P.-Druggist. Was born in Mercer county, Pennsy vania, April 11, 1825, and raised there. At the age of seventeen he com menced learning the carpenter's trade and followed the business until 1852, and then moved to Illinois and lived there three years, and then came to Iowa and settled in Knoxville. In 1867 he was appointed to fill an unexpired term as sheriff, and in 1868 was elected to the same office and was reelected his own successor two successive terms, and few officers have retired with more universal esteem and respect. In 1873 he purchased a stock of drugs, and has since done a good business and secured a large patronage He married Miss Catharine Walters October 13, 1855. She was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. They have three daughters: Alice A., Laura E. and Mary B.

KENT. J. K.—Proprietor of Tremont House. Was born in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, May 25, 1818. Was raised to manhood and learned the blacksmith trade in the State of New York. For seventeen years be was engaged in boating on the Erie Canal. He resided for a time in Wisconsin, and in 1852 removed to Fayette county, Iowa, and engaged in farming and blacksmithing. In 1864 he enlisted in company H, of the Fourth Iowa cavalry; was honorably discharged in 1865. He married, April 24, 1850, Miss M. L. Craumer, a native of Bradford, Pennsylvania. They have one daughter, E. M. (wife of B. F. Dixon).

KERR, A. J.-Dealer in dry goods, clothing, etc. Is the oldest merchant in Knoxville, in point of residence. He was born in White county, Tennessee, in November, 1831, and lived there until seven years of age, and then removed with his parents to Jefferson county, Iowa, and in 1849 came to this county. He was raised on a farm and followed this occupation until 1854, when he commenced his mercantile experience, and in 1855 engaged in his present business, and in connection with which he conducts a general store in Pleasantville. He is a man of good sound understanding, and large practical experience. He is a good illustration of what an industrions man can accomplish by giving his time mainly to one subject and bending his energies in one direction. He has always shown a worthy public spirititedness and has heartily sympathized with all local improvements and enterprises calculated to be of benefit to the city of his residence, and may truly be termned one of the self-made and truly successful mer

chants of Marion county. He was married in 1856 to Miss Julia Fergison, a native of Indiana. Their family consists of four children: William O., Ida, Nellie and Eva.

KING, JEHU--Sec. 17, P. O. Knoxville. Of the citizens of Marion county who have taken an active part in its development and industrial advancement, there are none inore worthy of special notice than the subject of this sketch, who was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, August 28, 1820. His parents, Jacob and Eva King, were born and raised in Somerset county. Jehu was there educated and raised to manhood. In early life he learned the trade of brick-laying and inasonry, which he has made his business the greater portion of his life. On the fourth day of December, 1845, Miss Eliza Collins, of Somerset county, became his wife. She is the daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Collins, who were early settlers in that State. Their union has been blessed by six children: Silas, Andrew, Jake, Edwin, Estea, Ann. In 1855 came to Knoxville and embarked in contracting and building. Many of the old landmarks are specimens of his handiwork. Among these are the Methodist church, courthouse and Tremont House. During his sojourn of twenty-six years he has been identified with the building interests of the town. In 1872 he com. menced the manufacturing of brick where he now resides, which he has made a specialty.

KINKEAD, L.-Of the firm of Anderson & Kinkead attorneys, was born May 10, 1846, in Guernsey county, Ohio, and lived there until nine years of age and in 1855 came with his parents to Marion county, Iowa.

He is the son of David Kinkead and Lydia,' nee Haines. His father was a native of Virginia and was born in 1803. He learned the trade of shoemaker. From Virginia he removed to Pennsylvania and thence to Ohio where he was admitted to the bar. He was also doing a large businers as horse contractor. In 1855 he removed to Iowa and the same year died of cholera leaving seven children of whom forr still survive: William (now a resident of California), L. A., Eliza J. (now Mrs. Wall) and Maria (now Mrs. Harkness of Cambridge, Ohio). His mother, still living, finds a pleasant home in the family of her son. The youth of the subject of our sketch was divided between attending school and working in a printing office. In June, 1861, he enlisted in company E, Eighth Iowa infantry and was wounded by a shot through the lungs at the battle of Shiloh and in 1864 was discharged on occount of disability. After his return he was engaged in the printing business and had a mercantile experience of some years and followed the business of auctioneer, also of traveling salesman. Having a taste for the practice of law he commenced reading with his present partner, T. J: Anderson, and in 1875 was admitted to the bar and has since been engaged in the active duties of his profession and with a good degree of success. He married Miss Jennie Zück in 1865. She was born in Pennsylvania. Their family consist of five children: Arthur L., William C., Alta, Olive and an infant.

ANHAM, T. S.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 7, P. O. Knoxville.

Was born in West Virginia March 23, 1836, is the son of Benjamin and Rebecca Lanham natives of that State. T. S. was raised to manhood, educated, and followed agricultural pursuits in his native State until 1864, when he emigrated to Henry county, Illinois, and there resided up to 1873. In that year he located in Marion county. Mr. L. made his debut in life in very humble circumstances and has attained his prominence as a citizen

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