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and farmer by his own exertions. His estate consists of 142 acres of land. He married, January 14, 1864, Miss H. M. Holland, a native of West Virginia, da ughter of Eli and Louise Holland. They have five children: Emma L Helen R., Grace M., Lucian E. and Orfie J. His father died in Virginis and the mother in Illinois. Himself and family are members of the Baptist Church.

LEONARD, M--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 36, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Henry county, Indiana, October 26, 1828, and there partially raised and educated. His parents were Thomas and Annie, the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter of Connecticut. His early life was spent principally in tilling the soil. The father for a time was engaged in merchandising at New Lisbon, and at the time of his death was a resident of Delaware county. The subject of the sketch, when he attained his majority, was a resident of Miami county, where he was engaged in various pursuits. In 1852 he removed to Carroll county, and in 1854 einigrated to Iowa, locating in Marion county, on the land where his present home stands. His estate consists of 280 acres, the greater portion of which is rich in coal. He deals extensively in stock, keeping fine grades. Mr. Leonard is the architect of his own fortune, as be started in life a poor boy, has accumulated a competency, though his own exertions and management. He is a man whose perceptive faculities are well developed; is a warm friend and a liberal contributor when necessity makes known its wants. Is a meinber of the I. O. O. F. He has been twice married; first, in 1850, to Miss Martha Snider. She died in 1852. By this union he has one son, Arthur. His present wife was Miss R. J. Snider, married in 1856. They have a family of five children: Lizzie, Deleno P., Irvin S., L. B. and John C.

LONDON, N. S.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 33, P. O. Knoxville. This pioneer agriculturist was born in Morgan connty, Illinois, April 3, 1844. Is the son of James and Prudence London. The family emigrated and located in Marion county in 1847, being among the first settlers. They passed though all the privations the pioneers of that day had to contend with. Mr. James London was closely identified with the development of the county until the tiine of his demise which occurred in 1854. N. S. was raised to manhood and educated in the county, although the educational advantages in his boyhood days were rather limited. On the twenty-eighth of March, 1864, he left for Montana, where he was engaged in mining for eighteen months. He was inarried November 30, 1865, to Miss Caroline Good, a native of Iowa. They have a family of seven children: Mary L., Robert N., Samuel E., James H. and Minnie B. His farm consists of 10

In the spring of 1875, his mother, who was a pioneer of the county, died. Newt., as lie is generally called, is well and popularly known through. out the county as an old settler and a public spirited citizen.

LOONEY, A. T.- Dealer in hats, caps and gentlemen's furnishing goods. Among the more recent acquisitions of business men in Knoxville is the name that heads this sketch. He was born in Cass county, Indiana, on the third day of March, 1842, and when young was taken by his parents to Marshall county, the same State, where he lived until twelve years of

In 1855 the family emigrated to Iowa, and settled first in Poweshiek county and thence to Washington county, where he was raised on a farm. In 1864 he commenced his mercantile experience in Washington, and in 1877 removed to Knoxville and commenced his present business, and in




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which he has secured a large patronage and a constantly increasing trade. As a business man is prompt and energetic, upright in all his dealings and he has attained to a well merited snccess. He was married in 1875, to Miss Ella Chapman, a native of Ohio. They have one daughter, Lottie.

LYTTLE, Mrs. CAROLINE--Sec. 21 P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Germany, December 4, 1830. She is the daughter of Simon and Mary Rohm. The family emigrated to America when Caroline was an infant, locating in Holmes county, Ohio, where they engaged in farming; they died when Caroline was quite young. In her fourteenth year she removed to DeKalb county, Indiana, with her brothers, Frederick and Simon. She bere married, September 21, 1850, Dr. John Wesley Lyttle, a native of Ohio. Dr. Lyttle was a student of Dr. Garris, of Enterprise, Indiana, and subsequently pursued his studies at Goshen and Orland, Michigan. He was born in German, Harrison county, Ohio, September 8, 1828. After a successful professional career in Indiana, in 1863 he came to Marion county, locating where his widow now resides. Being thoroughly skilled in the profession, he soon had a large practice, but on account of his family's health he returned to Indiana, and as before soon had his usual practice. After a short sojourn he again returned to Marion county, where he was closely identified with the medical fraternity up to the time of his dernise, August 17, 1870. In regard to Dr. Lyttle as a professional man and a citizen, we glean in substance from the Knoxville Democrat: “ The deceased was highly respected by all who knew him; as a practitioner he stood second to none in the county; he was a warm friend and always was found on the side of right and justice. He was a Free and Accepted Mason, and a member of the Christian Church.” Mrs. Lyttle had all the difficulties to contend with after his death, that a person similarly circumstanced could possibly have, but possessing considerable skill as a manager she soon overcame this and at the present time herself and family are in comfortable circumstances. Her farm consists of 120 acres. She is a lady whose sense of duty is strong, and is possessed of those graces of heart that make her many friends. She is a member of the Pleasant Ridge Christian Church. She has a family of three children living. Lydia, Ann (a teacher in the Marion county schools), William L. K. and John W. She lost three: Adolphus G., Louis Kossuth and Mary Elizabeth.

CCLAIN, J. M.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 29, P. O. Knoxville.
Of the substantial

enterprising citizens be mentioned the subject of this sketch, who was among the pioneers and farm openers of Marion county. He was born in Kentucky October 11, 1827. His parents were Philip and Raphael. He traces his lineage to Irish and Dutch ancestry. When in infancy his parents removed to Indiana, where they resided until 1840, during which time he attended the common schools. In 1840 the family came to Iowa, locating in Henry county, where they resided one year, after which they removed to Van Buren county, where they resided for a time, and where his mother's death occurred. The father and son came to Marion county in the autumn of 1845, but returned after a short stay to Henry county, and in 1849 or '50, the subject of this sketch returned to Marion county, locating where he now resides. Mr. McClain was twice married; his first wife was Nancy J. McClain, married in 1850. By this union he has three children: Sarah Jane (now Mrs. Owen), Martha Ann (now Mrs. Owen), Rosetta. Mrs. M.


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died in December, 1856. He was again married, in 1858, to Miss Martha Jane Uuron, a native of Ohio, daughter of Seth and Matilda. By this union they have a family of five: Mary Louisa, Raphael Matilda, James Ely, George Washington and Nancy M. His estate consists of 120 acres. His residence is pleasantly located. Has a fine orchard of 150 trees. His barn, which is among the finest in the township, is commodious and arranged to accommodate his extensive stock-raising. He keeps thorough. bred Short-Horns and grades of hogs which will compare with any in the county. He is the architect of his competency, as his exchequer when he came to the county was $15, $13 of which he invested in a cow. He owes his success in life to industry, frugality and good judgment. Mr. Philip McClain died in July, 1874.

MOCLURE, B. K.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 3, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Clarion county, Pennsylvania, April 10, 1831. His parents were John and Nancy, who were residents of the farming district of the county. B. K. was there raisėd and educated, following agricultural parbuits continually until 1865, with the exception of five years spent in the lumber region of that State. In 1865 came to Marion county, locating on his present home. His landed estate consists of 242 acres. His residence is a model of taste, and the general surrounding are an indication of skilled overseers. He married, May 17, 1859, Miss Mary Douglass, a ns. tive of Pennsylvania. By this union they have six children: James E., John D., Rose, Effie, Bertha, and Jessie.

MOCOLLUMN, JAMES-Farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 35, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in the County Tyrone, Ireland, September 15, 1829, and is the son of John and Jane McCollumn. His early life was spent in attending school and tilling the soil of the “Gem of the Sea.” His father died when James was quite young, and his mother married a second husband, James Hindman. The family, including the subject, came to the United States in 1845, locating in Muskigum county, Ohio, engaging in farming, where Jaines resided until the autumn of 1853, when he came to Iowa and took up his abode in Marion county. He came to the county in meager circumstances, and passed through many of the hardships of the pioneers. By industry and good management has become one of the leading farmers of the township. His estate consists of 220 acres, twenty of which are timber. His residence is among the finest in the neighborhood, and his barns and sheds are commodious and well arranged for stock-raising, in which

line he is one of the leaders. Mr. M. has been married twice; his * first wife was Miss Mary Coats, of Ohio, whom he married in 1858. She

died in 1863, leaving two children: Mary T. and Louanna May. Wası again married in 1865 to Miss Rebecca Taggart, daughter of John and Jane. By this union they have five children: Sarah J., James B., Zallah M., Robert E., Mattie F. Himself and family are meinbers of the United Presbr. terian Church.

McCORMACK, CAPT. J. L.-Editor and publisher of the Marion county Reporter. The subject of this sketch owes his nativity to London, Madison county, Ohio,where he was born on the fifteenth day of December, 1836. His boyhood days were passed in his native town, receiving the full benefits of the union schools. "At an early age he entered the office of the Ohio State Journal, at Columnbus. After his graduation as a compositor he worked at the case until 1854, when he decided that the law offered a broader scope for the employment and cultivation of his best powers, and he decided to

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it himself for that profession. Was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court at Columbus, in 1853. For two years he practiced his profession in London and in 1857 was elected prosecuting attorney. In April, 1858, came to Marion county, opening an office in Knoxville, and was identified as one of che legal fraternity until August, 1861, when his spirit of patriotisin was displayed in the organization of company E, Eighth lowa volunteer infantry, of which he was commissioned captain. At the battle of Shiloh he, with his command, was captured, and for seven months was an occupant of Libby and other southern prisons. After his release he returned to St. Louis, reorganized his command, returned to the scene of action, participating in the Vicksburg campaign, was mustered out in August, 1863, returned to Knoxville, and at the fall election was elected as representative to the lower house In the spring of 1864 he organized company A, of the

Forty-seventh Iowa volunteer infantry, and as captain of the same served until the close of the war. On the fifth of September, 1865, the first issue of the Marion County Democrat was made under his management and proprietorship, which continued to exist until February, 1879. In 1880 he established the Reporter. In 1871 was elected to the Senate by the Democratic party and re-elected in 1875. As a citizen, soldier, senator and editor few men have better records than Capt. McCormack. He possesses a versatile, well-stored mind, thinks and puts his ideas on paper with great rapidity, is genial and social but not loquacious, is a Master Mason and an Odd Fellow. He inarried, September 13, 1859, Ella J. Crain, of London, Ohio.

MCMILLAN, Hon. T.-Among the honored and esteemed citizens of Marion county no one is deserving of more special mention than the subject of this sketch. He was born in Scotland, on the twentieth day of February, 1809, and learned the trade of baker in his youth. In 1832 he decided to emigrate to the United States and settled first in Cincinnati, Ohio, and then removed to Dayton, in that State, and while living here was married to Miss Mary Breckenridge, in 1835, a native of the same town in Scotland. After a residence of three years in Dayton he removed to Indianapolis, Indiana, where he remained eighteen years, working at his chosen occupation. In 1854 he came to Iowa and settled in Marion county on a farm, and for twelve years was engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1864 he was elected to the Senate of the State Legislature, and the manner in which he filled this position is evinced from the fact that he was reelected in 1868, and served with great credit. His private character and public record are alike untarnished. Mrs. McMillan died in 1872, leaving five children: Thomas, John, Charles, Sarah (now Mrs. Ann Clark) and Maria (now Mrs. Welch).

MCMILLEN, SOLOMON, SR.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 26, P. O. Knoxville. This pioneer citizen and substantial agriculturist was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, September 25, 1806. His father, Alex. McMillen, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. He removed, with his family, at an early day to Wayne county, thence to Ashland, where the subject of the sketch was raised, educated, and followed agricultural pursuits until 1854, when he came to Iowa, locating in Marion county, where he has been closely identified with its general development since that time. His estate consists of eighty acres on section twenty-two and his homestead of 160 acres. His home is pleasantly located, the general surroundings indicating taste and comfort. Mr. McMillen has had three wives; his first was Miss

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M. A. Firestone, married May 1, 1828. By this union he has two children living: Alexander and Annis (wife of J. T. Welch). Mrs. McMillen's death occurred September 17, 1842. His second wife was Miss Sarah A I Kerne, an estimable lady, whose death occurred a few years ago. By this t marriage he has five children living: George, Solomon, Allie, Margaret ! and James L. The autumn of 1880 Mrs. L. J. Kelly became his wife i She is the daughter of Tracy R. and Abigal Wheeler, and a native of Ohio.

1 MOMILLAN, JOHN--Of the firm of Welch & McMillan, dealers in

, dry goods and clothing. Was born in Lafayette, Indiana, on the eleventh day of September, 1842, and lived there until thirteen years of age, and then accompanied his parents to Marion county, Iowa, in 1855. He was raised a farmer and followed it as an occupation until the outbreak of the war, when he enlisted in company E, Eighth Iowa infantry and served three years. After he was mustered out he returned home and resumed his former avocation, which he continued until 1874, and then engaged in his present business with D. T. Welch, under the present firm name, and in a business point they have been very successful, and have secured a large patronage by pursuing a straightforward business course. He mar ried Miss Margaret Welch in 1867; she was born in Oskaloosa. They bare one child, Jennie.

MADDY, JACOB A-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 27, P. O. Know ville. This substantial agriculturist was born in Rush county, Indian, December 2, 1831. His parents were Thomas and Rhoda Maddy. When he attained the age of two years the family removed to Shelby county

, where he was raised to manhood and educated. In 1854 came to Marion county. The county at that time was very sparsely settled. After a residence of one year he moved to Monroe county, where he was engaged in farming. In 1871 he returned to Marion county, locating on the farm adjoining bis present home. On the twenty-fourth of May, 1855, Miss CsTenda Kelsey, of Indiana, daughter of Isaac and Hannah, became his wife The Kelseys were among the early settlers of Indiana. Their family consists of five children: James, Isaac, Aaron, Martha and Mary Olive. His success in life may be inferred froin the fact that his landed estate consists of 220 acres, which has been accumulated by untiring industry. Mrs. Mars Kelsey, mother of Mrs. Maddy, was born August 12, 1812. She resides with her daughter. Mr. Maddy and family are members of the Methodist Church. MADDY, I. T.— Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 22, P. O. Knoxville

. Was born on the 16th day of June, 1858, in Monroe county, Iowa. His father, Jacob Maddy, was an agriculturalist in that county. I. T. Maddy was there raised, assisting on the farm and attending the common schools of the county as the opportunities offered. In the spring of 1871 Mr. Maddy removed to Marion county with his family, including I. T. He lived with his parents until the spring of 1878, when he located on his present farm. On the tenth of March, 1878, Nancy Roberts, of Marion county, an estimable young lady, became his wife. Mr. Maddy's homestead con. sists of eighty acres. He bas forty acres on Sec. 16; and five acres of timber on Sec. 21. His home is pleasantly situated and indicates comfort and prosperity.

MARSHALL, Mrs. REBECCA A.-P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Baltimore, Maryland, June 19, 1819. Her maiden name was Wilson. In 1838

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