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fit himself for that profession. Was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court at Columbus, in 1855. For two years he practiced his profession in London and in 1857 was elected prosecuting attorney. In April, 1858, came to Marion county, opening an office in Knoxville, and was identified as one of the legal fraternity until August, 1861, when his spirit of patriotism was displayed in the organization of company E, Eighth Iowa volunteer infantry, of which he was commissioned captain. At the battle of Shiloh he, with his command, was captured, and for seven months was an occupant of Libby and other southern prisons. After his release he returned to St. Louis, reorganized his command, returned to the scene of action, participating in the Vicksburg campaign, was mustered out in August, 1863, returned to Knoxville, and at the fall election was elected as representative to the lower house In the spring of 1864 he organized company A, of the Forty-seventh Iowa volunteer infantry, and as captain of the same served until the close of the war. On the fifth of September, 1865, the first issue of the Marion County Democrat was made under his management and proprietorship, which continued to exist until February, 1879. In 1880 he established the Reporter. In 1871 was elected to the Senate by the Democratic party and re-elected in 1875. As a citizen, soldier, senator and editor few men have better records than Capt. McCormack. He possesses a versatile, well-stored mind, thinks and puts his ideas on paper with great rapidity, is genial and social but not loquacious, is a Master Mason and an Odd Fellow. He married, September 13, 1859, Ella J. Crain, of London, Ohio.

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MCMILLAN, HON. T.-Among the honored and esteemed citizens of Marion county no one is deserving of more special mention than the subject of this sketch. He was born in Scotland, on the twentieth day of February, 1809, and learned the trade of baker in his youth. In 1832 he decided to emigrate to the United States and settled first in Cincinnati, Ohio, and then removed to Dayton, in that State, and while living here was married to Miss Mary Breckenridge, in 1835, a native of the same town in Scotland. After a residence of three years in Dayton he removed to Indianapolis, Indiana, where he remained eighteen years, working at his chosen occupation. In 1854 he came to Iowa and settled in Marion county on a farm, and for twelve years was engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1864 he was elected to the Senate of the State Legislature, and the manner in which he filled this position is evinced from the fact that he was reelected in 1868, and served with great credit. His private character and public record are alike untarnished. Mrs. McMillan died in 1872, leaving five children: Thomas, John, Charles, Sarah (now Mrs. Ann Clark) and Maria (now Mrs. Welch).

MCMILLEN, SOLOMON, SR.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 26, P. O. Knoxville. This pioneer citizen and substantial agriculturist was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, September 25, 1806. His father, Alex. McMillen, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. He removed, with his family, at an early day to Wayne county, thence to Ashland, where the subject of the sketch was raised, educated, and followed agricultural pursuits until 1854, when he came to Iowa, locating in Marion county, where he has been closely identified with its general development since that time. His estate consists of eighty acres on section twenty-two and his homestead of 160 His home is pleasantly located, the general surroundings indicating taste and comfort. Mr. McMillen has had three wives; his first was Miss

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M. A. Firestone, married May 1, 1828. By this union he has two children living: Alexander and Annis (wife of J. T. Welch). Mrs. McMillen's death occurred September 17, 1842. His second wife was Miss Sarah A I Kerns, an estimable lady, whose death occurred a few years ago. By this t marriage he has five children living: George, Solomon, Allie, Margaret and James L. The autumn of 1880 Mrs. L. J. Kelly became his wife. She is the daughter of Tracy R. and Abigal Wheeler, and a native of Ohio.

MOMILLAN, JOHN--Of the firm of Welch & McMillan, dealers in dry goods and clothing. Was born in Lafayette, Indiana, on the eleventh day of September, 1842, and lived there until thirteen years of age, and then accompanied his parents to Marion county, Iowa, in 1855. He was raised a farmer and followed it as an occupation until the outbreak of the war, when he enlisted in company E, Eighth Iowa infantry and served three years. After he was mustered out he returned home and resumed his former avocation, which he continued until 1874, and then engaged in his present business with D. T. Welch, under the present firm name, and in a business point they have been very successful, and have secured a large patronage by pursuing a straightforward business course. He mar ried Miss Margaret Welch in 1867; she was born in Oskaloosa. They have one child, Jennie.

MADDY, JACOB A-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 27, P. O. Knoxville. This substantial agriculturist was born in Rush county, Indiana, December 2, 1831. His parents were Thomas and Rhoda Maddy. When he attained the age of two years the family removed to Shelby county, where he was raised to manhood and educated. In 1854 came to Marion county. The county at that time was very sparsely settled. After a resi dence of one year he moved to Monroe county, where he was engaged in farming. In 1871 he returned to Marion county, locating on the farm adjoining his present home. On the twenty-fourth of May, 1855, Miss Ca lenda Kelsey, of Indiana, daughter of Isaac and Hannah, became his wife The Kelseys were among the early settlers of Indiana. Their family con sists of five children: James, Isaac, Aaron, Martha and Mary Olive. His success in life may be inferred from the fact that his landed estate consists of 220 acres, which has been accumulated by untiring industry. Mrs. Mary Kelsey, mother of Mrs. Maddy, was born August 12, 1812. She resides with her daughter. Mr. Maddy and family are members of the Methodist Church.

MADDY, I. T.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 22, P. O. Knoxville. Was born on the 16th day of June, 1858, in Monroe county, Iowa. His father, Jacob Maddy, was an agriculturalist in that county. I. T. Maddy was there raised, assisting on the farm and attending the common schools of the county as the opportunities offered. In the spring of 1871 Mr. Maddy removed to Marion county with his family, including I. T. He lived with his parents until the spring of 1878, when he located on his pres ent farm. On the tenth of March, 1878, Nancy Roberts, of Marion county, an estimable young lady, became his wife. Mr. Maddy's homestead consists of eighty acres. He has forty acres on Sec. 16, and five acres of timber on Sec. 21. His home is pleasantly situated and indicates comfort and prosperity.

MARSHALL, MRS. REBECCA A.-P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Bal timore, Maryland, June 19, 1819. Her maiden name was Wilson. In 1838

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married Andrew Mickey; he died in 1842. February 21, 1844, she married John Marshall, who was born in Wayne county, Ohio, June 8, 1818. He was raised a farmer and followed it during his life. In 1854 he came to Iowa and located in Washington county; and after a residence of nine years came to Marion county and located on the farm now occupied by Mrs. Marshall. He was a man of sterling integrity and industry, whose influence was always on the side of right. He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, and one of its most liberal contributors. He assisted in organizing a Presbyterian Church at Talleyrand, Keokuk county, and was a ruling elder in the same. After coming to this county he identified himself with the Presbyterian Church in Knoxville, and subsequently was elected elder. Mr. Marshall's great aim in life was to educate his children. and he availed himself of the best opportunities within his means. Mr. Marshall spent some time in California, where he was taken with severe attack of that dread scourge, the cholera, and from which he never entirely recovered, and it was the primary cause of his death, which occurred August 13, 1871, leaving six children; Fillmore, Clifton, Melvin, Joseph, William L. and Carlos B. Fillmore was educated at the Iowa Agricultural College, and graduated with honors in 1873. He made choice of civil engineering as a profession, and was elected county surveyor and served two terms. He was then employed by the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad as civil engineer, and was the first, after several attempts on the part of others, to successfully conduct the road over what is now called Marshall's Pass (Dr. Christy's range of mountains), and is held in high esteem by the company. Clifton is also associated with his brother in the employ of the same company. Joseph is in Leadville and has interest in several mines. Melvin is a farmer in 'Pottawattamie county. William L. and Carlos B. are at home on the farm with their mother.

MARSH, OSBORNE-(Deceased). Was born June 20, 1817, in Washington county, Indiana, there resided until he attained the age of twenty years, when, in company with his parents, he moved to Morgan county, same State, where he remained for fourteen years. In 1848 he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Marion county on the farm five miles west of town, which he occupied at his decease, which occurred May 20, 1878. Few men stood higher in the estimation of the community than did Osborne Marsh. He was married March 3, 1839, to Jane Kirby, born in Monroe county, Kentucky, March 7, 1820. By this union they have three children living: William, Malissa and Artie E. They lost two sons in the late war: Cyrus (a member of Captain McCormack's company, died March 18, 1862), and James (a member of Captain Cherrie's company, died August 13, 1863). MARSH, WILLIAM-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 10, P. O. Knoxville. This substantial agriculturist was born in Morgan county, Indiana, January 6, 1840. He is the son of Osborne and Jane, natives of that State and among the early settlers of Morgan county. William's early life was that of a farmer boy, receiving the benefits of the common schools as his opportunities would permit. In 1849 he came to Marion county with his parents, his father locating on the farm where the subject now resides. Mr. Osborne Marsh died May 21, 1878. At the time of his death he was among the stalwart farmers of the county. The first Sunday-school held in the district was at his house, and he was closely identified with the educational interests and all matters for the advancement of the public morals. The subject of the sketch was married in 1862 to Miss R. J. Allison. They

have had, by this union, a family of nine children: Cyrus J. (deceased), Frank, Dowel, Maggie, E. L., Candis, Alta, Dora and William. His estate consists of 220 acres of as choice land as there is in the neighborhood Stock-raising is his specialty and in this branch of industry he does a thriv ing business.

MARSH, DANIEL--Farmer, Sec. 8, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Washington county, Indiana, August 9, 1824. When seven years old he moved with his parents to Morgan county, where he lived until 1850, and then emigrated to Iowa, locating in Marion county, on the farm he now occupies. For many years Mr. Marsh has been identified with the interests of this county, and is a part of its history. Mr. M. has always been among the foremost advocating measures touching the interest of the county, both morally and politically. He accumulated a fine property and secured the esteem and respect of all who know him. He enlisted in the Mexican War June 5, 1847, in company B, Fourth Indiana volunteer infantry, commanded by Captain J. Alexander, of Col. Garmand's regiment, and participated in several battles. Was mustered out July 16, 1848. Was married October 14, 1852, to Charlotte Butcher, who was born in Indiana. Have four children: S. James, Alice, William A., Laura A. Have lost one child, Mary E., who died July 29, 1876.

MATHEWS, JAMES-Attorney. Prominent among the many substantial and worthy citizens of Knoxville who have given reputation to the city and reflected honor on its residents is the name that heads this sketch. He was born in Trumbull county, Ohio, on the 5th day of June, 1805. He was raised in this, Columbiana, Jefferson and Coshocton counties, and until twenty-five years of age his life was that of a farmer. He then made

choice of the practice of law as a profession and read with Gen. Stokely, of Steubenville, Ohio. He was admitted to the bar in 1830 and commenced practice in Coshocton county, Ohio. In 1833 he was elected to represent his district in the State Legislature, and served in the lower and upper houses, with the exception of one year, until 1840. He was then selected as the Democratic standard bearer for Congress in that district, and notwithstanding the large majorities for General Harrison for president, Mr. Mathews was elected, and the manner in which he filled the office may be inferred from the fact that he was re-elected in 1842 and, including the extra session called by President Harrison, he served five sessions. In 1855 he came to Iowa and settled in Knoxville, and pursued his chosen calling, 2 part of the time in company with ex-Governor Stone, a former student. In 1863 he was appointed by President Lincoln provost-marshal of this district, and served until the close of the war. In 1867 he was appointed postinaster at Knoxville and held the office until 1870, when he resigned to accept the chair of Pomology in the State Agricultural College, a position he was eminently qualified to fill from the interest and attention he had given the subject for years previous. He remained in this position for four years. In connection with his son, Benton A. Mathews, they have been conducting a nursery business for several years, and their reputation is not excelled by any one in the State. Their fruit orchard of thirty-five acres, with perhaps one exception, is the largest in the State and what adds largely to its value is its choice varieties. He is a man of acknowledged ability, and whose convictions of duty are strong, and when his mind is once made up it requires strong and convincing arguments to change. He is a man of cultivation and much interested in educational matters, and in the various

positions of honor and trust which he has been cailed to fill he has discharged his official duties with scrupulous care and fidelity. As as citizen he is public spirited and ever identified with the best interests and substantial progress of the city, and in private life a warm friend and an outspoken opponent. At over three-score and fifteen his step is still firm, his form erect and his countenance cheerful, and he bids fair to see a ripe, mellow old age. He married Miss Mary A. Conley in 1833. She is a native of New York. Their family consists of six children: Caroline (now Mrs. W. M. Stone), Benton A., Augusta (now Mrs. Foote of Philadelphia), Matilda (now Mrs. F. C. Barker), Helen (now Mrs. Robinson) and Addie (now Mrs. Edwards of Texas).

MATHEWS, BENTON A.--Was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, January 4, 1840, and came with his parents to Marion county. After finishing his education he engaged in horticultural pursuits, and in which he has attained a good degree of success. During the late war he enlisted in the Third Iowa infantry, and was wounded at the battle of Shiloh. He married Miss Cynthia Lindley, of Newton, Jasper county, in 1878; she was born in Ohio. They have one daughter, Alice.

MILLER, A. B.--Attorney at law. One of the pioneer settlers of this county, was born in Petersburg, Adams county, Pennsylvania, on the eighth day of January, 1818, and was raised principally in Franklin county. In 1835 he removed with his parents to Columbiana county, Ohio. His early life was spent on a farm. He availed himself of the educational advantages offered by the public schools, supplemented by two years' attendance at Oberlin College. Having made choice of law as a profession, he entered the office of Wm. D. Ewing, of New Lisbon, Ohio, and after a thorough preparation, was admitted to the bar in 1846. In April of that year he came to this county and settled in Lake Prairie township, and in 1848 removed to Red Rock. In 1852 he was elected clerk of the courts, and in 1854 re-elected to the same position. During the late war he enlisted in the Fortieth Iowa infantry and served two years as quartermaster of his regiment. After his return from the army he resumed the practice of law. He was married to Miss Eliza Chapman on the twenty-fifth day of Decem ber, 1845; she was born in Columbiana county, Ohio. They have three children: Helen (wife of J. A. Donley), Rinaldo S. and Nora (wife of Hon. J. B. Elliott.

MILLER, MINOS-County clerk. Was born in Hendricks county, Indiana, on the second day of August, 1841, and lived there until fifteen years of age, and then came with his parents to Iowa and settled in Monroe county, where he was raised on a farin. During the war he enlisted in company D, Thirty-sixth Iowa infantry, and was appointed a sergeant, and after serving over a year was transferred to the Fifty-fourth regiment of United States colored troops, and served until October 1, 1866. After he was mustered out he went to Indiana and took a course in a commercial college, and accepted a situation as book-keeper, and after serving in this capacity for some time, he once more retraced his steps to Iowa and settled in Warren county and improved a farm, which he disposed of and came to Marion county and improved a farm in Knoxville township. In 1872 he engaged in the coal trade, and the year following engaged in the planingmill business, which he has followed successfully until the present time. In the fall of 1880 he received the nomination for clerk of the courts of the county, at the hands of the Greenback party, and after the most excit

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