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PHILADELPHIA They say that the lady from Philadelphia who is staying in town is very wise. Suppose I go ask her what is best to be done.

LUCRETIA P. HALE-Peterkin Papers. Ch. I.


Gutta cavat lapidem non vi, sed sæpe cadendo.

The drop hollows out the stone not by strength, but by constant falling. Quoted in the Menagiana, 1713. Probably

first to use it was RICHARD, MONK OF S. VICTOR; Paris. (Died about 1172. Scotchman by birth.) In his Adnotationes mysticæ in Psalmos he says: "Quid lapide durius, quid aqua mollius?

Verumtamen gutta cavat lapidem non vi sed sæpe cadendo." See MIGNE's Patrologia Latina. Vol. CXCVI. P. 389. Said to be by CHERILUS OF Samos, by SIMPLICIUS-Ad Aristot. Physic. Auscult. VIII. 2. P. 429. (Brand's ed.) Same idea in LUCRETIUS I. 314; also in IV. 1282. Trans. of a proverb quoted by GALEN. Vol. VIII. P. 27. Ed. by KUHN, 1821,

Hail! Philadelphia, tho' Quaker thou be,
The birth-day of medical honors to thee
In this country belongs; 'twas thou caught the

That crossing the ocean from Englishmen came
And kindled the fires of Wisdom and Knowledge,
Inspired the student, erected a college,
First held a commencement with suitable state,
In the year of our Lord, seventeen sixty-eight.
Wm. TodD HELMUTH-The Story of a City


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Nec sibi sed toti genitum se credere mundo.

He believed that he was born, not for himself, but for the whole world. LUCANPharsalia. II. 383. 22

To pity distress is but human; to relieve it is Godlike. HORACE MANN—Lectures on Education. Lec

ture VI. 23

Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them.

Matthew. VI. 1.

Scatter plenty o'er a smiling land.

GRAY-Elegy in a Country Churchyard. St. 16.



When thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth.

Matthew. VI. 3.



Steal the hog, and give the feet for alms.

HERBERT Jacula Prudentum.

11 By Jove the stranger and the poor are sent, And what to those we give, to Jove is lent. HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. VI. L. 247. POPE's trans.

It never was our guise To slight the poor, or aught humane despise. HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. XIV. L. 65. POPE's

trans. 13 In every sorrowing soul I pour'd delight, And poverty stood smiling in my sight. HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. XVII. L. 505. POPE's

trans. 14 Alas! for the rarity Of Christian charity Under the sun. Ob! it was pitiful!

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For his bounty There was no winter in't; an autumn 'twas That grew the more by reaping: his delights Were dolphin-like.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 87.


For this relief, much thanks: 'tis bitter cold,
And I am sick at heart.

Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 8.

A tear for pity and a hand Open as day for melting charity.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 31.

O vitæ philosophia dux! O virtutis indagatrix, expultrisque vitiorum! Quid non modo nos, sed omnino vita hominum sine et esse potuisset? Tu urbes peperisti; tu dissipatos homines in socie tatum vitæ convocasti.

O philosophy, life's guide! O searcher-out of virtue and expeller of vices! What could we and every age of men have been without thee? Thou hast produced cities; thou hast called men scattered about into the social enjoyment of life. CICEROTusc. Quæst. Bk. V. 2. 5.




* is a








Speak with me, pity me, open the door:

The first step towards philosophy is incredulity. A beggar begs that never begg'd before.

DENIS DIDEROT Last Conversation. Richard II. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 77.

5 'Tis not enough to help the feeble up,

The Beginning of Philosophy

Consciousness of your own Weakness and inBut to support him after.

ability in necessary things. Timon of Athens. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 107.

EPICTETUSDiscourses. Bk. II. Ch. XI. St. 1. You find people ready enough to do the Samaritan, without the oil and twopence.

Philosophy goes no further than probabilities, SYDNEY SMITH-Lady Holland's Memoir. Vol.

and in every assertion keeps a doubt in reserve. I. P. 261.

FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Subjects. Cal'Tis a little thing

vinism. To give a cup of water; yet its draught Of cool refreshment, drain'd by fever'd lips,

This same philosophy is a good horse in the May give a shock of pleasure to the frame

stable, but an arrant jade on a journey. More exquisite than when nectarean juice

GOLDSMITH-The Good-Natured Man. Act I. Renews the life of joy in happiest hours. Thos. Noon TALFOURDIon. Act I. Sc. 2. How charming is divine philosophy!

Not harsh, and crabbed, as dull fools suppose, Non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco.

But musical as is Apollo's lute,
Being myself no stranger to suffering, I And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets,
have learned to relieve the sufferings of others. Where no crude surfeit reigns.
VERGIL-Æneid. I. 630.

MILTON—Mask of Comus. L. 476.

20 The poor must be wisely visited and liberally That stone, cared for, so that mendicity shall not be tempted Philosophers in vain so long have sought. into mendacity, nor want exasperated into crime. MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. III. L. 600. ROBERT C. WINTHROPYorktown Oration in 1881.

Se moquer de la philosophie c'est vraiment

philosophe. PHILOSOPHY

To ridicule philosophy is truly philosophical. A little philosophy inclineth man's mind to PASCAL-Pensées. Art. VII. 35. atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men's minds about to religion.

Philosophy is nothing but Discretion. BACON-Essays. Atheism.

JOHN SELDENTable Talk. Philosophy. Sublime Philosophy! Thou art the patriarch's ladder, reaching heaven; There are more things in heaven and earth. And bright with beckoning angels --but alas! Horatio, We see thee, like the patriarch, but in dreams, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. By the first step, dull slumbering on the earth. Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 5. L. 166. ("Our phiBULWER-LYTTON-Richelieu. Act III. Sc. 1. losophy" in some readings.) L. 4.

Adversity's sweet milk, philosophy.
Beside, he was a shrewd philosopher,

Romeo and Juliet. Act III. Se. 3. L. 55.
And had read ev'ry text and gloss over
Whate'er the crabbed'st author hath,
He understood b'implicit faith.

The philosopher is Nature's pilot. And there BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 127.

you have our difference: to be in hell is to drift:

to be in heaven is to steer. Before Philosophy can teach by Experience,

BERNARD SHAW-Man and Superman. Act III. the Philosophy has to be in readiness, the Experience must be gathered and intelligibly re- La clarté est la bonne foi des philosophes. corded.

Clearness marks the sincerity of philosophers. CARLYLE—Essays. On History.

VAUVENARGUES—Pensées Diverses. No. 372. (See also CARLYLE under HISTORY)

GILBERT's ed. 1857. Vol. I. P. 475.











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Why should not grave Philosophy be styled.
Herself, a dreamer of a kindred stock,
A dreamer, yet more spiritless and dull?

WORDSWORTH-The Excursion. Bk. III.

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Like two cathedral towers these stately pines
Uplift their fretted summits tipped with cones;
The arch beneath them is not built with stores,
Not Art but Nature traced these lovely lines,
And carved this graceful arabascue of vines;
Noorgan but the wind here sighs and inoans,
No sepulchre conceals a martyr's bones,
No marble bishop on his tomb reclires.
Enter! the pavement, carpeted with leaves,
Gives back a softened echo to thy tread!
Listen! the choir is singing; all the birds,
In leafy galleries beneath the eaves,
Are singing! listen, ere the sound be fled,
And learn there may be worship without words.

LONGFELLOW-Sonnets. My Cathedral.
Under the yaller pines I house,

When sunshine makes 'em all sweet-scented, An' hear among their furry boughis

The baskin' west-wind purr contented. LOWELL-The Biglow Papers. Second Series.

No. 10.


PIGEON Wood-pigeons cooed there, stock-doves nestled

there; My trees were full of songs and flowers and fruit, Their branches spread a city to the air. CHRISTINA G. ROSSETTI-From House to Home.

St. 7.


The pine is the mother of legends.

LOWELL--The Growth of a Legend.



With his mouth full of news
Which he will put on us, as pigeons feed their

As You Like It. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 98.

To arched walks of twilight groves, And shadows brown that Sylvan loves, Of pine.

MILTON-Il Penseroso. L. 133.



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'Tis a bird I love, with its brooding note,
And the trembling throb in its mottled throat;
There's a human look in its swelling breast,
And the gentle curve of its lowly crest;
And I often stop with the fear I feel
He runs so close to the rapid wheel.

WILLISThe Belfry Pigeon.

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La plaincte et la commiseration sont meslees à quelque estimation de la chose qu'on plaind.

We can say nothing but what hath been said, Pity and commiseration are mixed with some

* Our poets steal from Homer regard for the thing which one pities.

Our storydressers do as much; he that comes last MONTAIGNEEssays. Bk. I. Ch. L.

is commonly best.
BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus

to the Reader. At length some pity warm'd the master's breast

(See also KIPLING) ('Twas then, his threshold first receiv'd a guest), Slow creaking turns the door with jealous care, Who, to patch up his fame or fill his purse And half he welcomes in the shivering pair. Still pilfers wretched plans, and makes them PARNELL—The Hermit. L. 97.


Like gypsies, lest the stolen brat be known, O God, show compassion on the wicked.

Defacing first, then claiming for his own. The virtuous have already been blessed by Thee CHURCHILLThe Apology. L. 232. in being virtuous.

(See also DAVENANT, D'ISRAELI, MONTAIGNE, Prayer of a Persian Dervish.

SHERIDAN, YOUNG) My pity hath been balm to heal their wounds,

Because they commonly make use of treasure My mildness hath allay'd their swelling griefs.

found in books, as of other treasure belonging to Henry VI. Pt. III. Act IV. Sc. 8. L. 41.

the dead and hidden underground; for they dis

pose of both with great secrecy, defacing the My friend, I spy some pity in thy looks;

shape and image of the one as much as of the

other. O, if thine eye be not a flatterer, Come thou on my side, and ertreat for me,

DAVENANT—Gondibert. Preface. As you would beg, were you in my distress:

(See also CHURCHILL) A begging prince what beggar pities not? Richard III. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 270.

The Plagiarism of orators is the art, or an in

genious and easy mode, which some adroitly emTear-falling pity dwells not in his eye.

ploy to change, or disguise, all sorts of speeches

of their own composition, or that of other auRichard III. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 66.

thors, for their pleasure, or their utility; in such

a manner that it becomes impossible even for I shall despair. There is no creature loves me; the author himself to recognise his own work, And if I die, no soul shall pity me:

his own genius, and his own style, so skilfully Nay, wherefore should they, since that I myself shall the whole be disguised. Find in myself no pity to myself?

Isaac D'ISRAELI— Curiosities of Literature. Richard III. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 200.

Professors of Plagiarism and Obscurity.





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