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baritone; John Lobrecht, first tuba; Win. Verhey, second tnba; T. W. Cox, snare drummer; Walter Riddle, bass drummer. The band was organized in August, 1879.

Company F, 3:1, 1. N. G.–This company of militia was organized in April, 1878, and uniformed the following Angust. There are stated tiines for target practice and drill. The company is equipped with regulation uniforms and armed with Springfield breecli-loading rifles. The rank and file number 63 men. The officers are as follows: J. M. Cox, captain; W. H. Barker, first lieutenant; George Ross, second lieutenant; Isaac Griffith, first sergeant; G. M. Hall, second sergeant; John Drum, third sergeant; W. M. Raney, fourtlı sergeant; John Forest, fifth sergeant.

THE PELLA PRESS.

The Weekblad–This paper is printed in the Dutch language and being one of the few papers which the Hollanders can read, published in America, has a very large circulation. It was established by Henry Hospers, January 1st, 1860. July 1st, 1871, it was bought by H. Neyenesch, who is the present editor and proprietor.

When published by Hospers it was a five column paper. At present it is a nine coluinn paper, being the largest paper in the Holland language printed in the United States, and having the largest circnlation of any Hol. land paper in this county, liaving subscribers at present from San Francisco to Massachusetts, embracing nearly all the States and Territories in the United States. Largest circulation of any paper in this county.

The following editorial clipped from a recent nuinber of the Weekblad will be of intense interest to the general reader, inasın uch as it affords an example of the Dutch language, and at the same tiine is an exemplification of the Dutch idea of finance:

“Het bedrag ann goud, dat bij bet begin der christelijke jaartelling op de wereld voorhanden was, wordt berokend te hebben bedragen vier hondred zeven en tweutig millioen dollars; toed Amerika ontdekt werd was het ver. minderd tot op zeven en vijftig millioen; na deze gebeurtenis vermeerderde hetzelve weder langzaain, zoodat het in het jaar 1600 weder eene hoeveelheid van honderd en vijf million dollars aan waarde bereikt had; in het jaar 1700 was het aangegroeid tot drie honderd een en vijftig millioen; in 1800 tot duizend honderd vijf en twintig millioen; en 1853 tot drie duizend millioen dollars; en op den tegenwoordigen tijd denkt inen dat er eene waarde van acht duizend millioen dollars aan goud op de wereld voorhanden is, hetwelk in dien het gesmolten werd eene kloinp zou vormen van 29 kubieke voeten. Van dit bedrag wordt berekend, dat zes duizend millioen bestaat in gemunt geld, een duizend millioen in horlogien, en het overige in allerhande soorten van artikelen voor gebruik en voor sieraad.”

The Pella Blade-The Blade was established in the winter of 1861-5, by Mr. C. S. Wilson, since well known to the newspaper fraternity of the State. In politics, under Mr. Wilson's management, the Blade was radi. cally Republican, but it appears not to have met that degree of success which its proprietor anticipated. After about one year the office was sold and removed to Waterloo, in Black Hawk county. Shortly after its removal the Blade was renewed again at Pella, by R. Crosby, who was soon joined by J. H. Betzer as a partner. In December, 1867, Crosby sold his interest in the office to H. G. Curtis, who, in about two years, sold to A. T. Betzer, the proprietors then being J. H. and A. T. Betzer. In the spring of 1871 J. M. Cox became interested in the paper, and the firin name became Betzer Brothers & Cox. In October, 1872, Mr. Cox retired from the business, leaving Betzer Bros. as proprietors. In a few weeks they associated with themselves Mr. W. S. Alexander, under the firm naine of Betzer Brothers & Alexander, in a few inonths, however, giving place to the new firm of Cox & Betzer, composed of J. M. Cox and A. T. Betzer. Thus the firin continued until the spring of 1875, when Mr. Cox sold his interest to Mr. T. C. Masteller, who, with Mr. A. T. Betzer, continued the publication of the paper as T. C. Masteller & Co., until the summer of 1876, when A. T. Betzer became the sole proprietor. During all these changes the Blade was a Republican paper, but in July, 1879, Mr. Betzer sold the cffice to H. Neyenesch and S. s. King, who immediately changed it to a conservative Democratic paper, and thus it continnes down to the close of our report.

The Visitor.- About the first of November, 1879, A. H. Betzer, for a number of years foreman in the office of the Weekly Pella Blade, purchased a Peerless job press, with a complete outfit for doing all kinds of job work. Many Republicans spoke to him about starting a paper, and on Christmas he mentioned the subject to his present partner, Mr. Geo. P. Sheesley, a former student and graduate of the Central University. Mr. Sheesley seemed to think the paper could be made a success, and made an appointment with Mr. Betzer to talk the matter over. In a very short time the material for a complete newspaper office was purchased, together with a more complete job outfit, and on February 23d, 1881, the first number of The Weekly Visitor appeared. Below we give the more important part of the salutatory as published in the first issue, which explains the aim of the publishers: “The man of science reads scientific works; the theologist reads learned commentaries and original Greek and Hebrew; the politician reads messages and state papers; the financier reads treasurer's documents and Wall Street doings; the farmer reads agricultural works; everybody reads newspapers.

The purity of the press may be taken as a certain index of the morals of the people. The inorals of any pation or age may be known by their literature. . Licentious literature of any period unmistakably stamps the people of that period as licentious and libertine. Leaving out of the question all other classes of American literature as not proper to connection, it must be admitted that the American press is somewhat below the ideal standard of purity. Taking advantage of the freedom vouclisated them, many of our journals stoop to ineans entirely unsuited to their mission. It is the province of the newspaper to deal fairly and truthfully in all things, to give the news unbiased by prejudice, to deliver opinions honestly, and to preserve purity of langnage, discarding coarseness, profanity and vulgarity. It is with the resolution to maintain this standard of purity that we present to the reading public the first number of The Weekly Visitor.

The paper is weil supported by the reading public and business men of the place, and the business of the office is constantly increasing, and may now be considered one of the permanent enterprises of Pella. They have one of the finest and best liglited rooms of any office in the State, and one of the best stocked offices. The inaterial is all new, of the very best, and is considered by the owners one of the best offices in the State of Iowa.

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THE TOWN OF AMSTERDAM.

Amsterdam is sitnated near the Des Moines River, at the upper end of a small lake, from which the township took its name.

It was laid ont by Hl. P. Scholte, in May, 1848. It is situated on section 20, township 76, range 18.

The town received its name from the Dutch metropolis of Europe, but has never reseinbled that metropolis in anything except its name, as it never showed any signs of growth or prosperity, and now exists only on paper.

THE TOWN OF LEERSDAM.

This town was laid ont by a firm named Kline, Vandemyer & Co., in 1860. It was located on section 23, township 77, range 18. It never had any existence only on paper, and even that is traditionary.

BIOGRAPHICAL.

A A

KRERMAN, JOHN, Jr.--- Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 10, P. O.

·Pella. Was born in 1857, and is a native of Marion county. His boyhood days were spent on the farm, and in March, 1880, he began farın. ing for himself. Owns 80 acres of rich farin land. On the twenty-sixth day of March, 1880, Miss Maggie Monster became his wife. She was born on the sixth of December, 1860, and is also a native of this county.

ALLEN, GEO.-A practicing physician of Pella. Was born in Carroll connty, Ohio, February 23, 1833, and raised in his native State. He made choice of medicine as a profession, and commenced preparing himself for its active duties; but impaired liealth led him into other pursuits, and in 1864 he came to this State and settled in Fairfield, Jefferson county. After a residence of two and one-half years he changed his place of residence to Birninghamn, Van Buren county, and in 1872 came to this county. En. gaged in the practice of his profession, in which he has been very successful. Dr. Allen is one wlion nature has wonderfully favored in the healing art; he exercises good judgınent, and is particularly careful to administer those reinedies which he knows will not injure, rather than experiment with the theories of others. He has built up a large and remunerative practice, and he is ever ready, regardless of weather or distance, to render immediate assistance to the sick and suffering. His cabinet of specimens of his own operations would be a credit to any physician of our larger cities, and the success that has attended them is a flattering testiinonial of his skill. He inarried Miss Miriam Stewart in 1851. She was born in Carroll county, Ohio, March 22, 1833. Their family consists of three children: William L., A. C. and Laura W. William L. is a gradnate of the Central University, and is preparing himself for the practice of medicine.

ANDERSON, R. S.-- Dealer in groceries and provisions. Was born on the thirtieth of July, 1803, in Washington, Washington counts, Pennsylvania, and resided there nntil twelve years of age, receiving the benefits of a common school education. About that time his father moved on a farm, and R. S. spent seven years in the rural districts. Then engaged as clerk in a general merchandise store for ten years, when he emigrated to Florence, saine county, resmmed the same business, and ten years later renoved to Pittsburgli. Was there employed in the grocery and provision business for five

years, after which he went to Cochransville and engaged in selling goods; also kept a warelouse. In 1855 le caine to this county and settled on a farm in Summit township, where he resided ten years. Then moved to Pella and started a dry goods and grocery store, continued it four years, sold out and retired from business for a short time. Four years of his time was spent in clerking after which he engaged in his present business. In March, 1832, he married Miss Dorcas A. Hopkins, a native of Mt. Pleasant, Ohio, born in October, 1812. They have six children living: William H., Robert C., Samuel A., Mary F. (now Mre. T. H. Scott of this county), DeKalb and James Q. Lost one, Napoleon. Mrs. A. is a member of the Second Reformed Church of Pella. Mr. A. held the office of postmaster in Pennsylvania and Ohio, and was assessor in Summit township. Also held the office of alderman of Second ward of Pella. He has been engaged in active business the most of his life; and, although now 78 years of age, his step is s:ill tirm and his faculties sharp and accurate.

AWTRY, S. P.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 14, P. O. Pella. Was born on the twenty-seventh of April, 1841, in Scott county, Illinois, and was taken from there to Jefferson county, Iowa, by his parents, in 1843. In 1844 be came to this county, and spent his youth on a farın, attending the common schools. In October, 1861, he enlisted in company C, Fifteenth Iowa infantry and served three years and ten months. Was wounded at Pittsburg Landing and taken to the hospital, joining his regiment again at Corinth. Was with Sherman on his march to the sea, being innstered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 5, 1865. In the spring of 1866 he coinmenced farming and now owns 230 acres of land. He inarried Miss Margaret Flaugh, in March, 1867. She was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, September 14, 1847. Have six children: Ranson, Oliver, "Emmett, Zella, Harry and Lena. Lost one, Cora.

ACH, L.-Dealer in dry goods, clothing, etc. Was born in Europe on

the 21st day of September, 1844. His youth was spent in his native country where he also received good educational advantages. In 1863 he came to the United States and has since been engaged in selling goods, and is one of the most prominent merchants in Pella. He is eminently a self-made inan and commenced in life without means. Has built up bis trade on tlie strictly business principles of industry, lionor and integrity and merits the success which has attended his career. He married Miss Julia Eeiustan, in 1877. She was born in Illinois, in 1815. They have two children: Isaac Milton and Henry K.

BAKKER, T. 1.–Tonsorial artist. Was born August 4, 1845, in the East Indies, and in intancy was taken from that sunny clime to Holland by his parents. Was there raised and enjoyed excellent educational advantages. Served nine years in the Holland áriny, and for six years held the position of sergeant. In the winter of 1872 he came to Ainerica, and settled at Paterson, New Jersey, where he resided about nine months, then coining to Pella, commenced to learn the barber's trade, and in 1879 opened a shop. He is an accomplished workinan, and by his geniality has won hosts of friends. In September, 1872, he was married to Miss Anna Deppe, a native of Winschoten, province of Gronengen, Holland, born March 28, 1847.

BARKER, W. H.-Dentist. Is a son of the late Hon. F. A. and Catharine Barker, wlio were among the pioneer settlers of Marion county, and of whom inention is made in another part of this work. lle was born in Morgan county, Ohio, on the sixteenth day of October, 1840, and in 1844 accoinpanied his parents to Iowa. He was raised a farmer and followed it until the outbreak of the Rebellion, when he eulisted in company K, Third Iowa cavalry, and served four years, and was honorably mustered out. IIe returned to his home and resumed his former business. In November, 1867, decided to make the practice of dentistry an avocation, and in 1869 opened an office for the active practice of his profession and bas continued it until the present time, in which he has been very successful. He inarried Miss E. Edwards, in 1866. She was born in Pennsylvania, and died in 1876, leaving three children: Frank M., Elsie and Nellie. He married for his second wife, Miss Rith Smith, in 1878. She was born in Illinois.

BEINTEMA, ALBERT-Farner and stock-raiser, Sec. 21, P. O. Pella. Was born on the 5th of July, 1840, in Netherlands, and worked there as a farmer. Came to the United States in 1867 and settled in Wapello connty, Iowa, where he resided some two years farming. Came to this county in 1869. He noved on the place he now resides in 1878, and owns 80 acres of improved land. He inarried Miss Cebelta van der Ploeg, in 1864, she is also a native of Netherland, and was born on the tenth of September, 1844. They have two children: Dirk H. and Henriette.

BERG, H. G. VAN DER—Mason and brick-layer. Was born July 21, 1833, in Gelderland, Holland, and was there raised and attended school. He learned the mason's trade when young, and when twenty-one years of age,

in

company with his brother, caine to America, and settled in Pella. Mr. van der Berg owns several lots and a handsome residence in the west part of town on Washington Street. He gives his attention entirely to his trade. He married Miss Minnie Bennink, in 1857. She is a native of Holland, and was born July 7, 1835. By this union they have four chil. dren: H. J., Lizzie, Minnie ard Harmon.

BEZEMER, ARIE-Farmer, Sec. 20, P. O. Pella. Was born Feb. ruary 23, 1806, in Sonth Holland, and was there raised and educated. Af. ter reaching his majority he worked as a laborer, and in 1849 carne to this conntry, settled in Pella, and engaged in various pursuits. In 1853 he moved on the farm he now occupies, which contains forty-eight acres well improved, upon which are good and comfortable buildings. In 1831 he married Miss Gertrude Barendrecht, a native of the same place.as himself. She was born August 9, 1811. They have two children, Gerret and Mary; lost nine. Mrs. B. died on the ninth of April, 1877. Mr. B.'s daughter, Mary, now presides over the home. The fainily are niembers of the First Reformed Church of Pella.

BLOM, C.-Dealer in general merchandise. Was born October 18, 1812, in Netherlands and was there raised and educated. Followed varions purbuits in bis native country, and served six years in the army. He emigrated to America and located at Pella, in 1817. Worked at different occupations for several years and finally bought a piece of land, upon which was a stone quarry: The latter be worked for a time. Was elected constable; filled the office one year, and for two years held the ottice of road supervisor. Was a member of the school board over ten years; and also held the office of alderinan. In 1865 he commenced his present business. Has been twice married. First to Miss Gannetje van der Hul, in 1839. They had four children by this union. Soon after coming to this country Mr. B. lost his wife and four children by death. December 29, 1847, be married Elizabeth Van Os, a native of Gelderland, born April 10, 1811. They have

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