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may, under prescribed limitations, secure recognition in another State has been well advanced.

The prosecution of illegal practitioners has been made difficult by the widespread indifference or disinclination of those who should be interested, to furnish the information necessary to inaugurate proceedings and subsequently conduct them to a successful conclusion. The Board earnestly hopes that the information herein contained may be accepted by the profession in the spirit in which it is communicated, and that a determination may be aroused in each physician to exert himself as a potential factor in elevating the standard of medical training, in maintaining professional character, and contributing to the exposure of those who, posing as legal practitioners, defy the law, do injustice to the lawobserving and nullify the uplifting and ennobling work to which the medical profession is dedicated.

ABSTRACT OF Laws REGULATING THE PRACTICE OF MEDI

CINE IN THE STATES AND TERRITORIES OF THE UNION.

ALABAMA. The Board of Censors of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama and the Boards of Censors of the several county medical societies are the authorized Boards of Medical Examiners. Examination required of all persons desiring to practice. County Boards can only examine holders of diplomas. These exa“-inations must be reviewed by the State Board. Both graduates and non-graduates may be examined by the State Board.

ALASKA.

No law. Itinerant physicians pay a license of $50 per annum (Act of June 6, 1900).

ARIZONA. Applicant must become a bona fide resident of Arizona. If he has a diploma, may obtain a certificate under paragraph 3,529 of the Revised Statutes, 1901, or pass an exami

nation under the Act of March 18, 1897. Non-graduates must, and gradutes may, take an examination before the Board of Medical Examiners of Arizona.

ARKANSAS.

Three State Examining Boards, under law of 1903. All applicants must pass examination.

CALIFORNIA.

All applicants must present a diploma and pass an examination in ten specified subjects before the State Board of Medical Examiners. Reciprocity made possible by law, but not yet established.

COLORADO.

Graduates of reputable Medical Schools, who have had four full courses in four separate years, are registered upon the presentation of diplomas. All other applicants are examined. Must be a resident of State.

CONNECTICUT.

Three Examining Committees, appointed by State Board of Health. All applicants must present a diploma and pass an examination before one of the three committees.

DELAWARE.

Every applicant must present a diploma and pass an examination before one of the two Boards of Medical Examiners. Reciprocity permitted by law. On February 1, 1903, it had been established with Maryland and New Jersey.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Only graduates eligible to a compulsory examination before one of the three Examining Boards. The Board of Medical Supervisors may review all examinations. Reciprocity permitted by law.

FLORIDA.

Examination necessary before the Board of Examiners of a Judicial District, a State Homeopathic Board or a State Eclectic Board. Each Board fixes its own standard. Only graduates are eligible.

GEORGIA.

Three Boards of Examiners of five members each. The candidate must be a graduate of a college requiring not less than three full courses of studies of six months each.

HAWAII.

License granted by Minister of Interior on recommendation of Board of Health, after examination by same Board.

IDAHO.

Graduates alone are eligible, and they must pass an examination before the State Board of Examiners.

ILLINOIS.

Examination by the State Board of Health always necessary. Only graduates are eligible. Reciprocity permitted by law.

INDIAN TERRITORY. Cherokee Nation.-All persons must obtain a certificate from a Board of Medical Examiners of a Supreme Judicial District. Graduates may or may not be examined, within the discretion of the Board. No certificates issued to nongraduates.

Creek Nation.-Graduates may be licensed without examination. Non-graduates are examined.

Choctaw Nation.—Examination always required.

INDIANA.

Every candidate must present a diploma and pass an examination. Board of Examiners is empowered to establish a schedule of minimum requirements and rules for medical

colleges. Reciprocity permitted. Is sanctioned by the Board, where the applicant can show that he has satisfied the general Indiana requirements, including an average of not less than 80 per cent. in his examination.

IOWA.

Examination compulsory. Only graduates are eligible who can show that they have attended four full courses of study of not less than twenty-six weeks, no two of which courses shall have been given the same year.

KANSAS.

Applicants must prove to the State Board that they have devoted four periods of not less than six months each, no two within the same twelve months, to the study of medicine or surgery, and must also pass an examination in twelve prescribed subjects.

KENTUCKY. A license will be granted to all persons holding a diploma from a reputable medical college, chartered in Kentucky, or from any college endorsed as reputable by the State Board of Health. Residents alone are eligible.

LOUISIANA.

The requirements are: 1. A diploma from a reputable medical school. 2. Evidence that the applicant is of age, has good moral character and a fair primary education. 3. Passing of examination before one of the two Medical Boards.

MAINE.

All applicants must possess diplomas and pass an examination before the Board of Registration of Medicine. Any person who is eligible for examination in Maine and has received a rating of at least 75 per cent. by a Board that maintains a standard equal to that of Maine, will be licensed without further examination, provided the applicant's examining board will accept a Maine certificate under similar circumstances.

MARYLAND.

Two separate Boards of Medical Examiners—one appointed by and representing the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty—the other appointed by and representing the State Homeopathic Medical Society. Examiners shall be physicians in actual practice and of recognized ability and honor. No member of any teaching body, who passes upon the qualifications of graduates of any medical college shall be eligible to membership upon either Board.

Each Board shall meet on the first Tuesday in June in each year for the purpose of organization. Meetings to be held as determined by the Board. Subjects for examination, which shall be in writing, are Anatomy, Surgery, Pathology, Obstetrics, Practice, Chemistry, Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Physiology. The same standard of excellence shall be required of all candidates. Standard of requirements to be established by each Board for itself.

All persons, except physicians who were practicing medicine in this State prior to the first day of January, 1898, who are now practicing medicine or surgery, and can prove by affidavit that within one year of said date said physician had treated in his professional capacity at least twelve persons, who shall commence the practice of medicine or surgery in any of their branches after the passage of this Act shall make a written application for License to the President of either Board of Medical Examiners which said applicant may elect. Applicant must be more than twenty-one years of age, of good moral character, possessed of a competent common school education and a Diploma issued by a legally incorporated College, requiring a four years' standard of education as defined by the American Medical College Association, or the Intercollegiate Committee of the American Institute of Homeopathy.

Medical students at the end of their second year of study, who have, as verified by the Dean of the College which they had attended, completed the studies of Anatomy, Physiology, Medical Chemistry and Materia Medica, shall on application, be examined in such studies by the State Examining Board, the result of said examination to be considered as part of the final examination, full regular fee of fifteen

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