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Her silver voice Our revels now are ended. These, our actors,

Is the rich music of a summer bird, As I foretold you, were all spirits, and

Heard in the still night, with its passionate caAre melted into air, into thin air;

dence. And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,

LONGFELLOWThe Spirit of Poetry. L. 55. The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces, The solemn temples, the great globe itself,

How sweetly sounds the voice of a good woman! Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,

It is so seldom heard that, when it speaks, And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, It ravishes all senses. Leave not a rack behind.

MASSINGERThe Old Law, Act IV. Sc. 2. Tempest. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 148.

L. 34.

14 But shapes that come not at an earthly call,

Vox clamantis in deserto. Will not depart when mortal voices bid.

The voice of one crying in the wilderness. WORDSWORTH-Dion. V.

Matthew. III. 3; Mark. I. 3; Luke. III. 4;

John. I. 23. (Vulgate.)

15 Fond man! the vision of a moment made!

The Angel ended, and in Adam's ear Dream of a dream! and shadow of a shade!

So charming left his voice, that he awhile YOUNGParaphrase on Part of the Book of Thought him still speaking, still stood fix'd to Job. L. 187. Shadow of a shade is found

hear. in the prologue of Nobody and Somebody, a Milton-Paradise Lost. Bk. VIII. L. 1. play acted by the servants of QUEEN

(See also HOMER) ELIZABETH. Not the shadow of the shade of history said by Paul BOURGET-On A Locanian having plucked all the feathers off Cæur de Femme. P. 186. (Ed. 1890) from a nightingale and seeing what a little body (See also FELLTHAM under WORLD) it had, "surely," quoth he, “thou art all voice

and nothing else.” (Vox et præterea nihil.)

PLUTARCH-Laconic Apothegms. Credited to VOICE

LACON Incert. XIII, by LIPSIUS. Her voice changed like a bird's:

(See also SENECA) There grew more of the music, and less of the Her voice was like the voice the stars words.

Had when they sang together. ROBERT BROWNINGFlight of the Duchess.


Damozel. St. 10.




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The devil hath not, in all his quiver's choice,
An arrow for the heart like a sweet voice.

BYRON—Don Juan. Canto XV. St. 13.

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A sweet voice, a little indistinct and muffled,
which caresses and does not thrill; an utterance
which glides on without emphasis, and lays
stress only on what is deeply felt.
GEORGE SAND Handsome Lawrence. Ch.

Vox nihil aliud quam ictus aer.

The voice is nothing but beaten air.
SENECANaturalinum Quæstionum. Bk. II.

(See also PLUTARCH)
I thank you for your voices: thank you:
Your most sweet voices.

Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 179.


He ceased: but left so charming on their ear
voice, that listening still they seemed to hear.
HOMEROdyssey. Bk. II. L. 414. POPE's



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Her voice was ever soft, Gentle and low, an excellent thing in woman.

King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 272.



But I will aggravate my voice so that I will roar you as gently as any sucking dove. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act I. Sc. 2.

L. 83.

A still, small voice.

I Kings. XIX. 12.



Oh, there is something in that voice that reaches
The innermost recesses of my spirit!
LONGFELLOW-Christus. Pt. I. The Divine

Tragedy. The First Passover. Pt. VI.

And rolling far along the gloomy shores
The voice of days of old and days to be.

TENNYSON—The Passing of Arthur.


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He ceased; but still their trembling ears retained
The deep vibrations of his witching song.
THOMSON—Castle of Indolence. Canto I. St.

(See also HOMER)

To one who loves as never maid

Loved in this world of sorrow?
HoggThe Broken Heart.

Vox faucibus hæsit.

My voice stuck in my throat.
VERGIL-Æneid. II. 774; III. 48; IV. 280.


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Vow me no vows.

Money. Act IV. Sc. 4. 4

Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.

Ecclesiastes. V. 5.

Vows with so much passion, swears with so much

grace, That 'tis a kind of Heaven to be deluded by him.

NATHANIEL LEE-Rival Queens. Act I. Sc. 1.

Ease would recant
Vows made in pain, as violent and void.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 96.
Let us embrace, and from this very moment
Vow an eternal misery together.
THOMAS OTWAYThe Orphan. Act IV. Sc. 1.

(See also FRERE under FRIENDSHIP)
Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know
When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul
Lends the tongue vows.
Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 3. (“Lends” in quarto,

"gives" in folio.)


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Nature's, not honour's, law we must obey:

This made me cast my useless shield away. (See also HEROES, NAVY, SOLDIERS)

Another version of ARCHILOCHUS. It would be superfluous in me to point out to your Lordship that this is war.

Instead of breaking that bridge, we should, if CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS—Despatch to Earl possible, provide another, that he may retire Russell. Sept. 5, 1863.

the sooner out of Europe.

ARISTIDES—Referring to the proposal to deBoth Regiments or none.

stroy XERXES' bridge of ships over the SAMUEL ADAMS—(For the Boston Town Meet- Hellespont. (“A bridge for à retreating

ing.) To Gov. Hutchinson, demanding army.”) See PLUTARCH-Life of Demosthe withdrawal of the British troops from thenes. Boston after March 5, 1776.

(See also RABELAIS) 'Twas in Trafalgar's bay

If I am asked what we are fighting for, I can The saucy Frenchmen lay.

reply in two sentences. In the first place, to SAMUEL JAMES ADAMS — Trafalgar Bay.

fulfil a solemn international obligation ·

an obligation of honor which no self-respecting My voice is still for war.

man could possibly have repudiated. I say, ADDISON—Cato. Act II. Sc. 1.

secondly, we are fighting to vindicate the princi

ple that small nationalities are not to be crushed From hence, let fierce contending nations know

in defiance of international good faith at the What dire effects from civil discord flow.

arbitrary will of a strong and overmastering ADDISON-Cato. Act V. Sc. 4.


PREMIER ASQUITH-Statement, to House of Fighting men are the city's fortress.

Commons, Declaration of War with GerALCÆUS Fragment. XXII.

many, August 4, 1914. Fifty-four forty (54° 40' N.), or fight.

They shall not pass till the stars be darkened: WM. ALLEN-In the U. S. Senate. On the Two swords crossed in front of the Hun; Oregon Boundary Question. (1844) Never a groan but God has harkened,

Counting their cruelties one by one. And by a prudent flight and cunning save

KATHERINE LEE BATES-Crossed Swords. A life, which valour could not, from the grave.

(See also BEGBIE, Diaz, PETAIN, SHEPARD) A better buckler I can soon regain; But who can get another life again?

O great corrector of enormous times, ARCHILOCHUS-Fragm. VI. Quoted by Plu

Shaker of o'er-rank states, thou grand decider TARCH-Customs of the Lacedæmonians.

Of dusty and old titles, that healest with blood (See also BUTLER)

The earth when it is sick, and curest the world

O'the pleurisy of people. Let who will boast their courage in the field,

BEAUMONT AND FLETCHERThe Two Noble I find but little safety from my shield.

Kinsmen. Act V. Sc. 1.










All quiet along the Potomac they say

Except now and then a stray picket
Is shot as he walks on his beat, to and fro,

By a rifleman hid in the thicket.
ETHEL LYNN BEERS The Picket Guard.



L'affaire Herzegovinienne ne vaut pas les os d'un fusilier poméranien.

The Herzegovina question is not worth the bones of a Pomeranian fusileer. BISMARCK, (1875) during the struggle be

tween the Christian provinces and Turkey, which led to the Russo-Turkish war. Another version is “The Eastern Question is not worth,” etc. See also variation of

same by BISMARCK under ART. 11 Lieber Spitzkugeln als Spitzreden.

Better pointed bullets than pointed speeches. BISMARCK-Speech, (1850), relative to MAN

TEUFFEL's dealings with Austria during the insurrection of the People of Hesse-Cassel.

(See also GASCOIGNE) Ich sehe in unserm Bundesverhältnisse ein Gebrechen Preussens, welches wir früher oder später ferro et igne werden heilen müssen.

I see in our relations with our alliance a fault of Prussia's, which we must cure sooner or later ferro et igne. BISMARCK—Letter to BARON VON SCHLEINITZ.

May 12, 1859.

All quiet along the Potomac.
Proverbial in 1861-62. Supposed to have
originated with Gen. McCLELLAN.

(See also BRET HARTE)
She is a wall of brass;
You shall not pass! You shall not pass!
Spring up like Summer grass,
Surge at her, mass on mass,
Still shall you break like glass,
Splinter and break like shivered glass,

But pass?

You shall not pass! Germans, you shall not, shall not pass! God's hand has written on the wall of brassYou shall not pass! You shall not pass! HAROLD BEGBIE-You Shall Not Pass. In N. Y. Tribune, July 2, 1916.

(See also BATES) Carry on, carry on, for the men and boys are

gone, But the furrow shan't lie fallow while the women

carry on. JANET BEGBIE—Carry On.




Gaily! gaily! close our ranks!

Arm! Advance!

Hope of France! Gaily! gaily! close our ranks! Onward! Onward! Gauls and Franks! BÉRANGERLes Gaulois et François. C. L.

BETT's trans.


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(The great questions of the day) are not decided by speeches and majority votes, but by blood and iron. BISMARCKDeclaration to the Prussian House

of Delegates. Sept. 30, 1862. Same idea in


under BRAVERY) What a place to plunder! FIELD MARSHAL VON BLÜCHER's comment

on viewing London from St. Paul's, after the Peace Banquet at Oxford, 1814. Same idea in MALCOLM-Sketches of Persia. P. 232. THACKERAY-Four Georges. George I, says: “The bold old Reiter looked down from St. Paul's and sighed out, ‘Was für Plunder! The German women plundered; the German secretaries plundered; the German cooks and intendants plundered; even Mustapha and Mahomet, the German negroes, had a share of the booty." The German quoted would be correctly translated “what rubbish!" Blücher, therefore, has been either mis. quoted or mistranslated.


War is a biological necessity of the first importance, a regulative element in the life of mankind which cannot be dispensed with.

But it is not only a biological law but a moral obli gation and, as such, an indispensable factor in civilization. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.

Ch. I.



Our next war will be fought for the highest interests of our country and of mankind. This will invest it with importance in the world's history. “World power or downfall" will be our rallying cry. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.

Ch. VII.

It is magnificent, but it is not war.

of the Light Brigade. Attributed also to

He who did well in war just earns the right
To begin doing well in peace.

ROBERT BROWNING-Luria. Act II. L. 354.



We Germans have a far greater and more urgent duty towards civilization to perform than the Great Asiatic Power. We, like the Japanese, can only fulfil it by the sword. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.


The Government of the United States would be constrained to hold the Imperial German government to a strict accountability for such acts of their naval authorities. W. J. BRYAN-To the German government,

when Secretary of State. European War Series of Depart. of State. No. I. P. 54,

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Dieu est d'ordinaire pour les gros escadrons contre les petits.

God is generally for the big squadrons against the little ones. Bussy-RABUTINLetter. Oct. 18, 1677. Anticipated by Tacitus. Deus fortioribus adesse.

(See also VOLTAIRE)



Lay down the axe; fling by the spade;

Leave in its track the toiling plough; The rifle and the bayonet-blade

For arms like yours were fitter now; And let the hands that ply the pen

Quit the light task, and learn to wield The horseman's crooked brand, and rein The charger on the battle-field. BRYANT Dur Country's Call.

None of our soldiers would understand not being asked to do whatever is necessary to reestablish a situation which is humiliating to us and unacceptable to our country's honor.-We are going to counter-attack. Credited to MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD, also

to MAJOR-GEN. OMAR BUNDY, in reply to the French command to retire in the second

battle of the Marne, 1918. The American flag has been forced to retire. This

is intolerable. MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD, on leaving the

Conference of French Generals, July 15, 1918. Expressing regret that he could not obey orders. He is called “The General of No Retreat." See N. Y. Herald, Nov. 3, 1919. (Editorial)

In all the trade of war, no feat
Is nobler than a brave retreat.
BUTLERHudibras. Pt. I. Canto III. L.

For those that run away, and fly,
Take place at least o' th' enemy.

BUTLER-Hudibras, Pt. I. Canto III. L. 609.


12 There's but the twinkling of a star Between a man of peace and war. BUTLERHudibras. Pt. II. Canto III. L.

957. 13 For those that fly may fight again, Which he can never do that's slain. BUTLERHudibras. Pt. III. Canto III. L.





You are there, stay there.
MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD. Citation to

American unit which captured Fay's Wood.

See N. Y. Herald, Nov. 3, 1919. (Editorial) If it were possible for members of different nationalities, with different language and customs, and an intellectual life of a different kind, to live side by side in one and the same state, without succumbing to the temptation of each trying to force his own nationality on the other, things would look a good deal more peaceful. But it is a law of life and development in history that where two national civilizations meet they fight for ascendancy. In the struggle between nationalities, one nation is the hammer and the other the anvil: one is the victor and the other the vanquished.

BERNHARD VON BÜLow-Imperial Germany. Justa bella quibus necessaria.

Wars are just to those to whom they are necessary. Quoted by BURKE-Reflections on the Revolu

tion in France.


For he who fights and runs away
May live to fight another day;
But he who is in battle slain
Can never rise and fight again.
BUTLER's lines misquoted by GOLDSMITH in

a publication of NEWBERY, the publisher,
The Art of Poetry on a New Plan. Vol. II.
P. 147. The first lines appear in Musarum
Deliciæ. Collection by Sir JOHN MENNIS
and DR. JAMES SMITH. (1656) Accredited
by some authorities to SUCKLING, but not



Oft he that doth abide

Is cause of his own paine,
But he that flieth in good tide
Perhaps may fight again.
A Pleasant Satyre or Poesie. From the

French. (About 1595) Bloody wars at first began, The artificial plague of man, That from his own invention rise, To scourge his own iniquities. BUTLER-Satire. Upon the Weakness and

Misery of Man. L. 105. 16 O proud was our army that morning

That stood where the pine darkly towers, When Sherman said—“Boys, you are weary,

This day fair Savannah is ours.
Then sang we a song for our chieftain

That echoed o'er river and lea,
And the stars on our banner shone brighter

When Sherman marched down to the sea.
S. H. M. BYERS—Sherman's March to the Sea.

Last stanza. 17 War, war is still the cry, "War even to the knife!”

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto I St. 86.


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And there was mounting in hot haste: the steed,

The mustering squadron, and the clattering car, Went pouring forward with impetuous speed,

And swiftly forming in the ranks of war;

And the deep thunder peal on peal, afar And near; the beat of the alarming drum

Roused up the soldier ere the morning star; While throng'd the citizens with terror dumb, Or whispering with white lips—"The foe! they

come! they come!” BYRON-Childe Harold. Canto III. St. 25.

La Garde meurt, mais ne se rend pas.

The guard dies but does not surrender. Attributed to LIEUT. GEN. PIERRE JACQUES,

BARON DE CAMBRONNE, when called to surrender by COL. Hugh HALKETT. Cambronne disavowed the saying at a banquet at Nantes, 1835. The London Times on the Centenary of the battle of Waterloo published a letter, written at 11 P. M. on the evening of the battle, by CAPT. DIGBY MACKWORTH, of the 7th Fusiliers, A.D.C. to Gen. Hill. In it the phrase is quoted as already familiar. FOURNIER in "L'Esprit dans l'histoire, pp. 412–15, ascribes it to a correspondent of the Independant, ROUGE


appeared there the next day, and afterwards in the Journal General de France, June 24. This seems also improbable in view of the above mentioned letter. See also VICTOR HUGOLes Miserables. Waterloo.


Battle's magnificently stern array!

BYRON-Childe Harold. Canto III. St. 28.



The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold, And his cohorts were gleaming in purple and gold.

BYRONDestruction of Sennacherib.



Like the leaves of the forest when summer is

green, That host with their banners at sunset were seen; Like the leaves of the forest when autumn hath

blown, That host on the morrow lay wither'd and strown!

BYRON—Destruction of Sennacherib.

Hand to hand, and foot to foot:
Nothing there, save death, was mute;
Stroke, and thrust, and flash, and cry
For quarter or for victory,
Mingle there with the volleying thunder.

BYRON—Siege of Corinth. St. 24.




War will never yield but to the principles of universal justice and love, and these have no sure root

but in the religion of Jesus Christ. WM. ELLERY CHANNING-Lecture on War.

Sec. II. 11 O Chryste, it is a grief for me to telle,

How manie a noble erle and valrous knyghte In fyghtynge for Kynge Harrold noblie fell,

Al sleyne on Hastyng's field in bloudie fyghte.
CHATTERTON—Battle of Hastings.

Bella suscipienda sunt ob eam causam, ut sine injuria in pace vivatur.

Wars are to be undertaken in order that it may be possible to live in peace without molestation. CICERO—De Officiis. I. 11.

Parvi enim sunt foris arma, nisi est consilium domi.

An army abroad is of little use unless there are prudent counsels at home. CICERODe Officiis. I. 22. Bellum autem ita suscipiatur, ut nihil aliud, nisi pax, quæsita videatur.

Let war be so carried on that no other object may seem to be sought but the acquisition of peace.

CICERODe Officiis. I. 23.
Silent leges inter arma.

The law is silent during war.
CICERO/Oratio Pro Annio Milone. IV.

Pro aris et focis.

For your altars and your fires.
CICERO_Oration for Roscius. Ch. V. Also

used by TIBERIUS GRACCHUS before this.

Veni, vidi, vici.

I came, I saw, I conquered.
Attributed to JULIUS CÆSAR.

PLUTARCH, Life of Cæsar, states it was spoken after the defeat of Pharnaces, at Zela in Pontus, B.C. 47, not the Expedition to Britain, B. C. 55. According to SUETONIUS—Julius Cæsar. 37, the words were not Cæsar's but were displayed before Cæsar's title, “non acta belli significantem, sicut ceteri, sed celeriter confecti notam.' Not as being a record of the events of the war, as in other cases, but as an indication of the rapidity with which it was concluded. Ne insolens barbarus dicat, “Ueni, uidi, uici.” Never shall insolent barbarian say “I came, I saw, I conquered.” SENECA THE ELDER—Suæsoria. II. 22. BUECHMANN, quoting the above, suggests that Cæsar's words may be an adaptation of a proverb by APOSTOLIUS. XII. 58. (Or XIV, in Elzivir Ed. Leyden, 1653.)

(See also HENRY IV, SOBIESKI) In bello parvis momentis magni casus intercedunt.

In war events of importance are the result of trivial causes. CÆSARBellum Gallicum. I. 21.






The combat deepens. On, ye brave, Who rush to glory, or the grave! Wave, Munich! all thy banners wave,

And charge with all thy chivalry. CAMPBELL,Hohenlinden.

Nervi belli pecunia infinita.

Endless money forms the sinews of war.
CICEROPhilippics. V. 2. 5. LIBANTUS-

Orations. XLVI. PHOTIUS-Lex. S. 5.
RABELAISGargantua. Bk. I. Ch. XXVI.

(“Corn” for “money.") (See also HULL, PLUTARCH, also Bion under


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