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THE

HISTORY

OR

MARION COUNTY,

IOWA,

CONTAINING

A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, &c.,

Biographical Sketches of its Citizens, War Record of_its Volunteers in the late Rebel-
lion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent

Men, History of the Northwest. History of Iowa, Map of
Marion County, Constitution of lowa, Miscel-

laneous Matters, &c., &c.

ILLUSTRATED.

DES MOINES :
UNION HISTORICAL COMPANY,
BIRDSALL, WILLIAMS & CO.

1881.

THIS LIMITED EDITION

Contains All 807 Pages
of the Original 1881 Edition

PLUS
TWO INTRODUCTORY PAGES

AND
FOR THE READER'S CONVENIENCE

A COMPLETE

NAME INDEX
NOT FOUND IN THE ORIGINAL EDITION BUT ADDING

GREATLY TO THE USEFULNESS AND VALUE OF THIS VOLUME

Enterod, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1881, by

THE UNION HISTORICAL COMPANY,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. O.

A Reprint of the Original
1881 HISTORY

of
MARION COUNTY, IOWA

First Published by the
UNION HISTORICAL COMPANY
BIRDSALL, WILLIAMS & CO.
DES MOINES, IOWA

1881

This Second Edition is a Publication of the
MARION COUNTY GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY

KNOXVILLE, IOWA

October, 1975
Reprinted from an Original 1881 Edition Loaned to the
Marion County Genealogical Society

by Miss Winona Myrle Davis

PREFACE.

a

a

a

AFTER months of persevering effort we have at last completed the History of MARION COUNTY; the result proves that we did not overestimate the importance and difficulty of the task. The importance and difficulty of the work result from the same cause; viz., the almost total lack of reliable data. This difficulty has in a measure been overcome by a systematic canrass of the whole county, whereby we have been enabled to gather together, glean and compile into comprehensible and permanent form what until now has floated about in the changing mists of tradition. The reader will readily realize how difficult has been this task, and how important that the work is done at this comparatively early date. The first settlers, who scted so important a part in the history of the county, and who heretofore have been the sole custodians, of much material essential for such a work as this, are rapidly disappearing from among us, and those who remain become less and less reliable, ils year by year the memory of early times grows indistinct.

The importance of the work is enhanced by the fact, that Marion county, owing to its location, is near the center of the agricultural resources of the State. In order to devote that attention to the various interests of the county which its central importance seemed to demand, ve supposed it would be necessary to make a book of from six hundred to seven hundred pages. The publication of such a book for a patronage limited to a single county, was a hazardous undertaking, viewed from a business standpoint. Much solicitude was felt on this scount during the first stages of the enterprise, but what misgivings we may have felt have been dispelled by the generous patronage afforded by the people of the county. We have been so far encouraged by the patronage vouchsafed that the work has been exten ded far beyond the scope originally intended, and instead of a book of from six hundred to seven bundred pages, as promised in our prospectus, the book exceeds eight hundred pages. Our solicitude for the success of the enterprise, in a business sense, was natural, but it has sot been our sole solicitude; we have likewise intensely desired to make the work reliable, fall and attractive, and thereby to merit the public favor, which the people of the county have extended to us. In presenting the work to our many hundred readers, we have the satisfaction of knowing that they are of sufficient intelligence to appreciate merit when found, and of further believing that errors will be criticised with the understanding that book-makzg, like all other kinds of labor, has its peculiar vicissitudes.

We have been materially aided in the preparation of the work by many persons in the county, who made no claim for compensation, and who expect no reward except that wbich ones from a consciousness of having aided in a worthy enterprise. Such persons deserve the thanks of their fellow citizens in the county and different townships where they reside; w for the publishers, they avail themselves of this opportunity to thank all who have aided them in the preparation of the work. Whatever of merit the History Of Marion County may watain is due in a large measure to their assistance; without their friendly words of encourgement, the enterprise would not have been entered upon, and it having been begun, could sot bave been completed without their valuable assistance. Among those to whom we are thus indebted we name the following: William Donnel, H. P. Scholte, Mrs. Catharine Barker, E. F. Sperry, Minos Miller and many others. These are all Marion county pioneers, and in reference to the history of the county each one can say : “All which I saw, and part of which I was."

To each and all of our patrons we come with the satisfaction of knowing that we bring what we guaranteed, and in the belief that should any of them not appreciate the work, the time will come when their children will.

THE PUBLISHERS.

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CONTENTS.

HISTORICAL.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE.

Westward the Star of Empire

takes its Way.

17

An Indian Camp..

33

Indians Trying & Prisoner.. 49
A Pioneer Winter.

65

PAGE.
Lincoln Mon., Springfield, I... 72 | The “Old Kinzio House",
Chicago, in 1820

97 A Prairie Home
Present Site Lake Street Bridge, Breaking Prairie..
Chicago, 1833.....

97
Old Fort Dearborn, 1830........ 103

PAGI.
Early Settloments and Territo

rial Organization...

Territory of Iowa... ........

State Organization...........

19

Educational

23

State Institutions.

109

RailroadB..

.173

Oficial Record..

174

The Judiciary..
Congressional Representation. 177
State Agricultural Society. .178
Centennial Awards.

.191

...170

PAO1,

Visors -- Firet Oourt-house---

Second Court-house-Jall-

Poor-farm-Des Moines Rivor

Bridge

340-303

CHAPTER VII.--- ADDITIONAL

COUNTY AFFAIRS. Courts

Marriage Licenses--County W-

Dances-- Political - Oficial D
rectory

.

CHAPTER VIII.- Railroad

Churches - Schools -- - Agricul-

tural Society-Old Settlers' As-

sociation

42858

CHAPTER IX.-INOIDENTE, 10-

CIDENTS AND ORIXES.

Tho

Soul of John Brown-Sadden

Death - Assassination of Jo-

siah M. Woodrut -Two Per-

sons Drowned-Fatal Runaway

-Treasury Robbery-Death by

Drowning - Fatal Accident

Murder and Suicide-Two Vio-

tims of Passion --Second Tress-

ury Robbery-Another Murder

at Red Rock-Drowned-Frat.

ricide-Two Men Shot-Burnod

to Death-Early Orimes.. 458-468

CHAPTER X.-XARION COUNTY

IN THE WAB

488-521

PAOL.

100

123

10

LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS.

PAO1.

G. T. Clark

P. A. Barker.

H. P. Scholte.

PAGL.

.273 I. Overkamp

307 Daniel Hunt..

341 Collins Jolliste.

PAGR.

375 John Sbook.......

409

H3

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