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Boston; N. England, N. York N. York City; Philadelphia, Washington; Mary-
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9 357 234 39 10 29 7 23 4 40 5 25 morn 7 29 4 36 5 1011 207 244 40 5 15 5 21 41 7 29 4 37 6 16 ev.117 244 41 6 20 5 18 1 417 30 4 37 7 26 1 37 244 42 7 29 MOON.-Perigee, 4th and 31st; apogee, 19th; highest, 2d, 29th; on equator, 8th, 22d; lowest, 15th.
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A YOUNG lawyer was examining a bankrupt as to how he had spent his money. There was about two thousand pounds unaccounted for, when the attorney put on a severe, scrutinizing face, and exclaimed with much self-complacency: "Now, sir, I want you to tell this court and jury how you used those two thousand pounds.' The bankrupt put on a serio-comic face, winked at the audience, and exclaimed: "The lawyers got that!" The judge and audience were con
vulsed with laughter, and the counselor was glad to let the bankrupt go.
A DISSIPATED young man, who ran away from home and spent his substance in riotous living, resolved at last to return to the paternal roof. His father was kind enough to forgive the young rascal for his wickedness, and rushing into the house, overcome with joy that the boy had returned, cried out to his wife, "Let us kill the prodigal; the calf has returned!"
ACTS OF CONGRESS.
SYNOPSIS OF THE PRINCIPAL ACTS PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE THIRTY-NINTH CONGRESS.
CHAP. VI.-The Elective Franchise in the District of Columbia.-Regulates the elective franchise in the District of Columbia. SEC. 1. Confers the elective franchise on male citizens of the United States, 21 years and upward, without distinction on account of race or color, who shall have resided in the District one year next preceding any election therein, excepting paupers, persons under guardianship, those convicted of any infamous crime or offense, and those who may have voluntarily given aid and comfort to the Rebels in the late Rebellion. EC. 2. Provides that any person whose duty it shall be to receive votes at any election within the District of Columbia, who shall reject the vote of any person entitled to vote under this act, shall be liable to an action of tort by the person injured, and on indictment and conviction, to a fine not exceeding $5,000, or to imprisonment not exceeding one year in the jail of the District, or both. SEC. 3. Provides that any one willfully disturbing an elector in the exercise of such franchise shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding $1,000, or an imprisonment not exceeding thirty days in the jail of the District, or both. SEC. 4. Makes it the duty of criminal courts in the District to give this act in special charge to the grand jury at the common circuit of each term of the court. SEC. 5 and 6. The voting lists are to be prepared by the mayors and aldermen of the cities of Washington and Georgetown on and before the first day of March in each year, and are to be posted in public places ten days before the annual election. The remaining four sections give other prescriptions as to the manner in which the election shall be held, [The President of the United States having returned the bill to the Senate with his objections thereto, the bill was passed over the veto by a two-thirds vote of the Senate and the House of Representatives, Jan. 7 and 8, 1867.]
CHAP. VII-Services of Colored Volunteers. -Suspends the payment of moneys from the Treasury as compensation to persons claiming the service or labor of colored volunteers or drafted men, and for other purposes. [Jan. 14, 1867.]
CHAP. VIII. Amnesty and Pardon.-Repeals the authority of the President to proclaim amnesty and pardon conferred upon him by section 18 of "An act to suppress insurrection, etc., approved July 17, 1862. [This act was presented to the President on Jan. 9, and not being returned by him within ten days, became a law on Jan. 19, 1867.]
CHAP. IX.-Penitentiaries in the Territories. Sets aside net proceeds from Internal Revenue of the Territories of Nebraska, Washington, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Arizona, and Dakota, for three years (ending June 80, 1868), for the erection of penitentiary buildings. [Jan. 22, 1867.]
CHAP. X.-Meetings of Congress.-Fixes
the times for the regular meetings of Congress. Provides that in addition to the present regular times of meeting of Congress, there shall be a meeting of the XLth Congress of the United States, and of each succeeding Congress thereafter, at 12 o'clock, meridian, on the 4th day of March, the day on which the term begins for which the Congress is elected, except that when the 4th of March occurs on Sunday, then the meeting shall take place at the same hour on the next succeeding day. No person who was a member of the previous Congress shall receive any compensation as mileage for going to, or returning from, the additional session provided for by this act. [Jan. 22, 1867.]
CHAP. XV-Elective Franchise in the Territories.-Provides that from and after the passage of this act, there shall be no denial of the elective franchise in any of the Territories of the United States, now, or hereafter to be organized, to any citizen thereof, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, and all acts or parts of acts, either of Congress or the Legislative Assemblies of said Territories, inconsistent with the provisions of this act are declared null and void. [This act was received by the President on Jan. 14, and not being returned within ten days, became a law on Jan. 24, 1867.]
SEC. 2 provides
CHAP. XXVI.-Public Securities and Currency.-Provides penalties for certain crimes in relation to the public securities and currency, and for other purposes. SEC. 1 provides that if any person shall buy, sell, etc., any false, forged, counterfeited or altered obligation or security of the United States, or circulating note of any banking association organized or acting under the laws of the United States, with the intent that the same shall be passed, altered, published or used as true and genuine, such person shall be deemed guilty of felony, and on conviction thereof shall be imprisoned not more than ten years, or fined not exceeding $5,000, or both, at the discretion of the court. that it shall not be lawful to make, or to use, any business or professional card, notice, placard, circular, hand-bill, or advertisement, in the likeness or similitude of any obligation or security of the United States, or of any banking associa tion organized or acting under the laws thereof; and any person offending against the provisions of this section shall be subject to a penalty of $100, to be recovered by an action of debt, onehalf to the use of the informer. SEC. 3 imposes a penalty of $100, one-half to the use of the informer, upon the printing of any business card or notice on any United States security. SEC. 4, 5, 6, 7, punish with imprisonment not more than ten years, or with a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or both, any person making impressions upon any material by any tool used in printing, or in making other tools to be used in printing any security to be issued by or for the United States; for any person having
in possession, without authority and with intent to defraud, any impression of any tool used or intended for printing any security to be issued by or for the United States; for any person secreting, carrying away, &c., without authority, from any place of deposit, any tool used or intended for printing, or for making tools to be used for printing, any security, currency, &c., to be issued by or for the United States; for any person taking, &c., without authority, any material prepared and intended to be used in making such stamps or currency, or printed, in whole or in part, and intended for circulation and use as such currency; for any person taking, without authority, from any place of deposit, any paper prepared or intended for use to procure the payment of money from, or allowance of claims against, the United States, whether such has or has not been used, or such claim has or has not been allowed; for any person using or attempting to use any such paper [Feb. 5, 1867.]
CHAP. XXVII-Habeas Corpus and Certain Judicial Proceedings.-Amends "An Act to amend an act entitled 'An Act relating to habeas corpus, and regulating judicial proceedings in certain cases, approved May 11, 1866. When in any suit begun in a State court and removed to the circuit court of the United States, the defendant is in actual custody under the State process, the clerk of the circuit court shall issue a habeas corpus cum causa. The marshal shall take the body and file duplicate copy with the clerk of the State court. Attachments, bail, &c., shall continue in full force. [Feb. 5, 1867.1
CHAP. XXVIII.-Judicial Proceedings, Habeas Corpus, Writs of Error.-Amends "An Act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," approved Sept. 24, 1789. SEC. 1. Provides that the Courts of the United States, in addition to the authority already conferred by law, shall have power to grant writs of habeas corpus in all cases where any person may be restrained of liberty in violation of the Constitution, or of any treaty or law of the United States, and directs in what manner the writ shall be applied for and return made thereof. If any person to whom such writ of habeas corpus may be directed shall refuse to obey the same, or shall neglect or refuse to make return, or shall make a false return thereto, in addition to the remedies already given by law, he shall be deemed and taken to be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall on conviction before any Court of competent jurisdiction, be punished by fine not exceeding $1,000, and by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by either, according to the nature and aggravation of the case. From the final decision of any Judge, Justice, or Court inferior to the Circuit Court, an appeal may be taken to the Circuit Court of the United States for the district in which said cause is heard, and from the judgment of said Circuit Court to the Supreme Court of the United States, and on such terms and under such regulations and orders, as well for the custody and appearance of the person alleged to be restrained of his liberty, as for sending up to the appellate tribunal a transcript of the petition, writ of habeas corpus, return thereto, and other proceedings, as may be prescribed by the Supreme Court, or in default of such, as the Judge hearing such cause may prescribe; and pending such proceedings or appeal,
and until final judgment be rendered therein, and after final judgment of discharge in the same, any proceeding against such person in any State Court, or by or under the authority of any State, for any matter or thing so heard and determined by virtue of such writ of habeas corpus, shall be deemed null and void. SEC. 2. Determines for what causes Writs of Error from the Supreme Court of the United States may be issued, how the citation shall be signed, and what effect the writ shall have. [Feb. 5, 1867.]
CHAP. XXXII.-Pensions.-Provides for payment of pensions. The President of the United States shall be authorized to establish agencies for the payment of pensions granted by the United States, and to appoint all pension agents, who shall hold their offices for the term of four years, and who shall give bond for such amount and in such form as the Secretary of the Interior may approve. The number of pension agencies in any State or Territory shall, in no case, be increased hereafter so as to exceed three, and no such agency shall be established in addition to those now existing, in any State or Territory in which the whole amount of pensions paid, during the fiscal year next preceding, shall not have exceeded the sum of $500,000. The term of office of all pension agents appointed since July 1, 1866, shall expire at the end of 30 days from the passage of this act; and the commissions of all other pension agents now in office shall continue for four years from the passage of this act, unless such agents are sooner removed. [Feb. 5, 1867.]
CHAP. XXXIV.-Smithsonian Institution.Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to receive into the Treasury, on the same terms as the original bequest, the residuary legacy of James Smithson, now in United States bonds, namely: twenty-six thousand two hundred and ten dollars and sixty-three cents, together with such other sums as the regents may from time to time see fit to deposit, not exceeding, with the original bequest, the sum of one million dollars, and provides that the increase which has accrued, or which may hereafter accrue, from said residuary legacy, shall be applied by the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution in the same manner as the interest on the original bequest, in accordance with the provisions of the act of August 10, 1846, establishing said Institution. [Feb. 8, 1867.]
CHAP. XXXVI.-Admission of the State of Nebraska.-Admits the State of Nebraska into the Union. SEC. 1. Ratifies the Constitution and State Government which the people of Nebraska have formed for themselves, and admits the State into the Union. SEC. 2. Declares the State of Nebraska entitled to all the rights, privileges, grants, and immunities, and subject to all the conditions and restrictions of the enabling act, approved April 19, 1864. SEC. 3. Provides that this act shall not take effect except on the condition that there be within the State of Nebraska no denial of the elective franchise, or of any other right, to any person, by reason of race or color, excepting Indians not taxed, and upon the further condition that the Legislature of said State shall by a solemn public act, declare the assent of the State to the said condition; upon receipt of an authentic copy whereof the President shall issue a proclamation announcing the fact, whereupon
the said condition shall be held as part of the organic law of the State, and thereupon without further proceedings of Congress the admission of said State shall be considered complete. [Passed over the President's veto, Feb. 9, 1867.] CHAP. XLII.-Smuggling.—Supplements an act to prevent smuggling, and for other purposes, approved July 1, 1866. Declares that said act shall be so construed as not to affect any right of prosecution which may have accrued under acts of Congress prior to said act, and all suits or prosecutions as have been or shall be commenced under such prior acts for acts committed previous to July, 1866, shall be tried and disposed of, and judgment or decree executed, as if said act had not been passed. Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to make such regulations as shall enable vessels engaged in the coasting trade between ports and places upon Lake Michigan exclusively, and laden with American productions and free merchandise only, to unload their cargoes without previously obtaining a permit to unload. Amends section 25 of said act by inserting the word "March" in the place of "July." [Feb. 18, 1867.]
CHAP. XLIII.-Copyrights.-Amends the several acts respecting copyrights. Provides that every proprietor of a book, pamphlet, map, chart, musical composition, print, engraving, or photograph, for which a copyright shall have been secured, who shall fail to deliver a printed copy of every such book, &c., within one month after publication thereof shall, for every such default, be subject to a penalty of $25, to be collected by the librarian of Congress in the United States in any District or Circuit Court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which the delinquent may reside. Such matter may be transmitted free of postage if the words "copyright matter" be plainly written on the outside, and postmasters shall give receipt for the same if requested. [Feb. 18, 1867.]
CHAP. XLV. Allegheny Arsenal.-Authorizes the purchase of certain lots of ground adjoining the Allegheny Arsenal, at Pittsburgh, Pa. [Feb. 18, 1867.]
geant-at-arms of the next preceding House of Representatives; and in case of vacancies in both of the aforementioned offices, or the absence or inability of both the Clerk and Sergeant-atArms to act, then the said duties shall be performed by the Doorkeeper of the next preceding House of Representatives. [This act was presented to the President on Feb. 9, and not being returned within ten days, became a law on Feb. 19, 1867.]
CHAP. LVII.-Court of Claims. - Declares the sense of an act of July 4, 1864, entitled "An Act to restrict the jurisdiction of the court of claims, and to provide for the payment of certain demands for quartermasters' stores, and subsistence supplies furnished to the army of the United States." Provides that chapter 240 of the acts of the XXXVIIIth Congress shall not be construed to authorize the settlement of any claim for supplies taken or damage done by the military authorities or troops of the United States, where such claim originated during the war for the suppression of the Southern Rebellion in a State, or part of a State,declared in insurrection by the proclamation of the President of the United States, dated July 1, 1862, or in a State which by an ordinance of secession attempted to withdraw from the United States Government. Nothing herein contained shall repeal or modify the effect of any act or joint resolution, extending the provisions of the said act of July 4, 1864, to the loyal citizens of the State of Tennessee, or of the State of West Virginia, or any county therein. [This act was presented to the President on Feb. 9, was not returned within ten days, and therefore became a law on Feb. 19, 1867.]
CHAP. LIX.-Congressional Printer.-Provides for the election of a Congressional printer. The Senate shall elect a practical printer to manage the Government Printing Offce. He shall be deemed an officer of the Senate and designated Congressional Printer, and shall in all respects be governed by the laws in force in relation to the Superintendent of Public Printing, and the execution of the printing and binding. SEC. 3. Abolishes the office of the Superintendent of Public Printing and establishes the salary of the Congressional Printer at $4,000 a year. [Feb. 1867.]
CHAP. XLVI.-League Island. Authorizes the Secretary of the Navy to accept League Island, in the Delaware River, for naval pur-22, poses, and to dispense with and dispose of the site of the existing yard at Philadelphia. [Feb. 18, 1867.]
CHAP. LVI.-Clerk of House of Representatives.-Regulates the duties of the Clerk of the House of Representatives in preparing for the organization of the House, and for other purposes. Provides that before the first meeting of the next Congress, and of every subsequent Congress, the Clerk of the next preceding House of Representatives shall make a roll of the Representatives elect, and place thereon the names of all persons claiming seats as Representatives elect from States which were represented in the next preceding Congress, and of such persons only, and whose credentials show that they were regularly elected in accordance with the laws of their States respectively, or the laws of the United States. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk of the House of Representatives, or of absence or inability to discharge his duties relative to the preparation of the roll or organization of the House, said duties shall devolve on the Ser
CHAP. LXI.-National Cemeteries.-An act to establish and to protect National Cemeteries. Provides that the National Cemeteries for the burial of deceased soldiers and sailors shall be inclosed with a good stone or iron fence, and cach grave marked with a headstone. At the principal entrance of each a porter's lodge shall be erected, and a Superintendent appointed by the Secretary of War from enlisted men of the army disabled in service, who shall have the pay and allowances of an ordnance sergeant, and shall reside therein to guard the cemetery. The Secretary of War shall detail an officer annually to inspect all of said cemeteries, and report their condition. SEC. 3. Provides for the punishment of any person who shall do injury to any monument, &c., or trees, shrubs, &c. SECS. 4. 5, and 6. Provide for the purchase of lands needed for the purposes of this act. SEC. 7. Appropriates $750,000 for carrying into effect the provisions of this act. [Feb. 22, 1867.]
CHAP. LXII.-Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphan Home.-Amends an act entitled "An act
to incorporate the National Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphan Home," approved July 25, 1866. Parents and guardians may withdraw children, and minors over sixteen shall be discharged on their written request. [Feb. 22, 1867.]
CHAP. LXXVIII.-Smuggling.-Amends the 21st section of an act entitled "An act further to prevent smuggling and for other purposes,' approved July 18, 1866, by providing that said section shall not apply to any case where the said towing in whole or in part is within or upon foreign waters, and that any foreign railroad company or corporation, whose road enters the United States by means of a ferry or tug boat, may own such boat, and it shall be subject to no other or different restrictions or regulations in such employment, than if owned by a citizen of the United States." [Feb. 25, 1867.]
CHAP. LXXIX.-Judge Advocates in the Army.-Amends the 12th section of chapter 299 of the laws of the first session of the XXXIXth Congress, so as to place the judge advocates thereby authorized to be retained in service upon the same footing in respect to tenure of office and otherwise as other officers of the army of the United States. [Feb. 25, 1867.]
CHAP. LXXXIII.—Passengers in Steam Vessels.-Amends an act entitled "An act further to provide for the safety of the lives of passengers on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, to regulate the salaries of steamboat inspectors, and for other purposes," approved July 25, 1866, enacts that all vessels navigating the bays, inlets, rivers, harbors, and other waters of the United States, except vessels subject to the jurisdiction of a foreign power, and engaged in foreign trade, and not owned in whole or in part by a citizen of the United States, shall be subject to the navigation laws of the United States; and all vessels propelled by steam, and navigating as aforesaid, shall also be subject to all rules and regulations consistent therewith, established for the government of steam vessels in passing, as provided in the 29th section of an act relating to steam vessels, approved the 30th August, 1852. Every sea-going steam vessel subject to the navigation laws of the United States, shall, when under way, except upon the high seas, be under the control and direction of pilots licensed by the inspectors of steam vessels; vessels of other countries and public vessels of the United States only excepted. [Feb. 25, 1867.] CHAP. C.-Military Academy.-Makes appropriations for the support of the Military Academy for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1868, and for other purposes. SEC. 4. Declares that no part of the moneys appropriated by this or any other act shall be applied to the pay or subsistence of any cadet from any State declared to be in rebellion against the Government of the United States, appointed after the first day of January, 1867, until such State shall have been restored to its original relations to the Union. [Feb. 28, 1867.]
CHAP. CII-Drafted Men.-Makes provision for the relief of certain drafted men. The Secretary of War is authorized to refund to each person drafted who paid commutation, and was also required to enter the service or furnish a substitute, the sum of $300. SEC. 2. Authorizes the Secretary of War to refund from the commutation money the amount (not exceeding $300 in
any one case) paid by any person drafted during the late war who furnished a substitute or paid commutation money wherever it shall appear that under the decisions and rules of the War Department governing at the time, the said person was entitled to discharge from the obligation to render personal service under the draft, for which he paid money or furnished a substitute, and to refund in like manner, in all cases wherein it shall appear that a person so having paid commutation money or furnished a substitute, was not legally liable to draft: Provided, That this section shall apply only to claims received at the War Department prior to its passage. [Feb. 28, 1867.
CHAP. CIII.-Port of Camden.-Annexes the port of Camden to the collection district of Philadelphia. An assistant collector shall reside at Camden, and receive instructions from the collector at Philadelphia. His salary shall be $1,500. The assistant collector may enroll and license certain vessels engaged in the coasting trade and fisheries. [Feb. 28, 1867.]
CHAP. CXLIV.-Public Works Appropriation.-Makes appropriations for the repair, preservation, and completion of certain public works heretofore commenced under the authority of law. [March 2, 1867.]
CHAP. CXLV.-Puy of Army Officers.-Enacts that the pay of army officers below the rank of major-general be increased one-third for two years, and that the increased pay of non-commissioned officers and soldiers be continued for three years from the close of the rebellion, as declared by the President's proclamation of Aug. 20, 1866. The provision as to commutation of rations shall apply to enlisted men who died as prisoners of war, or after their release. The act of 1861, ch. 42, sec. 1, authorizing an assistant secretary of war is repealed. The word "white" shall be stricken out of the acts relating to the militia. The general officers may receive an additional ration for every five years' service. [March 2, 1867.]
CHAP. CXLVI.-Deductions from Sentences of Convicts.-Convicts under any law of the United States, confined in prison, conducting themselves well, shall have a deduction of one month in each year made from the term of their sentence. [March 2, 1867.]
CHAP. CXLIX.-Lighthouses.-Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contract for the building, at not over a certain cost, of lighthouses at Trowbridge Point, in Thunder Bay, Mich.; Mendota, on Lake Superior, Mich.; Santa Cruz, Cal.; Pigeon River, Minn.; Braddock's Point, Ga.; Tybee Island Knoll, Ga.; Morris Island, S. C.; Deepwater Shoals, Va.; Saint Simon's, Ga. [March 2, 1867.]
CHAP. CL.-Montana Territory.-The legislative assemblies of Territories shall not grant special charters, but may pass general incorporation acts for mining, manufacturing, and other industrial purposes. The legislative functions of the Territory of Montana are revived. All acts passed at the two sessions of the so-called legislative assembly of the Territory of Montana, held in 1866, are disapproved and declared null and void, except such acts as the legislative assembly authorized in the present act to be elected shall by special act in each case re-enact. [March 2, 1867.]