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much interest. He was married May 15, 1857, to Miss Hannah Hawes. She was born July 13, 1829. By this union they have the following named children: Shem, Gains, Talcot, Andrew J., Fred, Stephen E., Benjamin, Charles M. and Owen G.

EWITT, D.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 12, P. O. Pleasantville. One of the prominent farmers of Franklin township. Was born in Fayette county, Ohio, August 16, 1815. His educational advantages were limited, the schools being few in number and inferior in quality, but he made the best practical use of his advantages. He came to this county from Missouri, April 9, 1859, and while on the way the snow fell ten inches deep, followed by extreme cold, freezing the feet of two of his children. He lived in Pleasantville fifteen years and then moved where he now lives. He owns a farm of 239 acres, and is devoting. considerable attention to the raising of blooded cattle. Few men have a better record or have done more to enhance the interest of the township. He was married September 8, 1844, to Miss Eleanor Jackson, a native of Cumberland county, Pennsylvania. She was born August 7, 1821. Their family consists of the following children: M. K., Benjamin F., John P., E. D., Milton H., William A., Harrison B. and Homer.

DURHAM, T. S.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 30, P. O. Caloma. Is a native of Marion county, and was born on the 6th day of January, 1852, and raised a farmer, and at this time is one of the rising young farmer of his township. He married Miss A. Wiegand, May 20, 1877. They have two children: Charles F. and Harriet B.


F. M.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 13, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Tennessee, March 23, 1820, and moved to Illinois with his parents while quite young, and raised on a farın. He came to Marion county, Iowa, August 1, 1868, and owns a farm of 200 acres.

He married Miss Lucretia Gaylord, September 15, 1845. By this union_they have had the following children: Lorenzo L., William H., Thomas S., Francis M., Ervilla S., John G., Charles J. C., George, Ella May, Dilla and Hiram. Lorenzo L. enlisted in the Thirty-fourth Illinois infantry, and was taken prisoner.

LENN, J. V.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 17, P. O. Pleasantville. Was born in Sangamon county, Illinois, May 3, 1825, and was raised on a farm. He moved to Iowa in 1838, and settled in Jefferson county, and came to Marion county in the spring of 1846. He was married to Sarah Johnson, October 4, 1848, Miles Jordan, a justice of the peace, officiating. They were the first couple married in Pleasant Grove township. By this union they have four children: Milton T., Alexander W., Sarah E. and Surilda H. He enlisted in company G, Fifteenth Iowa infantry during the late war, and was discharged, on account of disability, November 29, 1862. Re-enlisted in 1864 in company K, Third Iowa cavalry. GLENN, SAMUEL-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 3, P. O. Pleasantville. Was born in Crawford county, Indiana, in 1839, and came to Iowa in 1840, and is numbered among the old settlers of the county. He was raised a farmer, and owns a farm of 100 acres. He married Miss Mary A. Suminey, May 15, 1862, and by this union have five children: Charles W. Emma J., Clara B., Miller and Luella.

EAVNER, JOHN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 29, P. O. Caloma. Was born in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, October 13, 1836. At the age of ten years he accepted a position as boatman on the Erie Canal

which business he followed twenty five years. In 1871 he came to Marion county, Iowa, and settled on a farm, locating near Knoxville, and afterward to Franklin township, where he owns a farm of 170 acres. He has an enviable reputation for honesty and integrity. He married Miss Susan D. Bloss, December 25, 1840. They have four children: Eva I., Dora C. Blanche E. and John L. Mr. Heavner's father was of German ancestry Besides his farm here he owns 139 acres of land in Pennsylvania.

HORSTMAN, AUGUST-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 30, P. 0 Caloma. Was born in Hanover, Germany, on the 7th day of February 1848, and raised a farmer. He came to the United States in 1871, landing in New York City with seventy-five cents in his pocket. In the same ye came to Marion county, Iowa, working two years as a herdsman, at $175 per year. He then rented a clearing the first year at $800. He now own 260 acres of well improved land. He makes a specialty of breeder of Short-Horns, and has some of the finest in the township. As an agricul turalist he has been very successful, and richly merits the esteem in which he is held. He was married on the 2d day of October, 1873, to Miss Careline Langebartels, a native of Iowa, and the daughter of Henry Lange bartels. They have three children: Caroline, Mary E. and Henry A.F

MILLS, L. C.. Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 21, no. Star Is One

of the leading farmers and stock-dealer of Franklin township, and was born in Jefferson county, Pennsylvania, July 17, 1834, and was raised a farmer. He emigrated to Marion county, Iowa, in the fall of 1864, settling in Knoxville township, residing there for a period of three years, the moved on the farm he now occupies, containing 160 acres of land we improved. He married Miss Hannah P. Douglass, June 10, 1857. She wa born in Clearfield county, Pennsylvania, April 24, 1840. They have five children: Mollie, Sherman, Charles, Fred and Chester C. They lost one MILLER, N. F.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 11, P. O. Knoxville. Is a native of Highland county, Ohio, and was born February 12, 1849, and was raised on a farm, receiving his education in the common schools. In March, 1868, he removed to Peoria county, Illinois, and after remaining there a short time came to Marion county, in 1869, and settled in Pleasant Grove township, where he lived until he removed to his present farın in 1873. He married Miss Mary Jane Elliott, March 16, 1871. She was born in Mahoning county, Ohio, November 6, 1850.

MOORE, WILLIAM-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 14, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Ashland county, Ohio, April 11, 1842. His parents, Benjamin and Catherine, were natives of Pennsylvania. William was raised in Ashland, residing there until 1862, and came to Illinois, residing there until 1874, when he came to Marion county. In 1873 he married Miss M. L. Brown, a native of Ohio. They have two children: William C. and Benjamin C.


ILES, ABIAL-Farmer, Sec. 19, P. O. Caloma. Was born in Orleans county, Vermout, April 10, 1817. He was raised in his native State until he attained his majority and then removed to Massachusetts, and in 1850 emigrated to Lee county, Iowa, and in the fall of 1855 came to Marion county. He owns 165 acres of well improved land. He is one of the oldest settlers in the township, and one of its organizers. Politically he is a staunch Republican, and has an abiding and enduring faith in the principles of the party. He is well posted on the questions of the day, and a genial and companionable gentleman. He has been twice married;

first, to Miss Harriet Field, January 25, 1844. She dying left five children: Alonzo A., Albertin C., Fredrick N., Ella and John N. His second marriage occurred December 19, 1870, to Mrs. Julia Dunn.

Farmer, Section 14, P. O. Star. Was born in Carroll

county, Ohio, July 3, 1830. He was raised on a farm, and in 1854 came to Iowa and settled in Cedar county, and in the spring of 1865 came to Marion county. Owns a farm of forty acres. He married Miss Julia A. Simmons March 5, 1852. She was also born in Carroll county, Ohio. They have four children: Eliza J., Isabel, M. S. G. and Edwin S. Lost one son, Rufus.

RITCHIE, J. G.-Sec. 25, P. O. Dallas. Among the early pioneer settlers who have watched the growth of the township, from a few scattered houses to the present population, and have seen it take its place as one of the foremost in the county, is the name that heads this sketch. He was born in Miami county, Ohio, August 30, 1832, and lived there until seventeen years of age. He came with his parents to Marion county, Iowa, May 14, 1849. He owns a farm of 400 acres, well improved, and is one of the leading stock-raisers and dealers in Franklin township. As an agricul turist he has few superiors. He married Miss Louisa E. Miller June 23, 1853. She is a native of Putnam county, Indiana, and was the daughter of John Miller, Esq. They have six children: Mary J., Cyntha E., Minnie M., James L., John W. and Maggie L.

ROSENBERG, DON-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 31, P. O. Caloma. Was born in Otsego county, New York, December 4, 1832, and principally raised in his native county. In the spring of 1848 he moved to Maryland; from there to Wisconsin; thence to Minnesota. He enlisted in company C, Fourth Minnesota infantry, and served one year, and participated in the following battles: Iuka, Corinth and other important engagements. He was mustered out in 1862. He then settled in Illinois, residing there three years; and then went to Kossuth county, Iowa, in the fall of 1865; thence to Marion county, in the fall of 1874. He married Miss Martha H. Bennett October 26, 1856. She was a daughter of Wilson Bennett. They have eleven children: William H., Emma L., Mary E., Ida H., Nellie, Alfa M., Alma, Charles F., Jacob A., Edwin S. and George.


NYDER, J.-Farmer, Sec. 29, P. O. Caloma. Was born in Richland county, Ohio, September 24, 1828. When twelve years of age he moved with his parents to Missouri, settling on what was then known as the Platt purchase, in the fall of 1840. From this place he came to Polk county, Iowa, where he lived two years, and then went to California, and lived there three years and returned to Polk county. After a residence in Ringgold and Warren counties he came to Marion county, in 1874. He married Miss May Fouk, October 2, 1856. Their family consists of six children.

SNIDER, JOHN-Fariner, Sec. 1, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Fayette county, Ohio, August 21, 1826, and was raised there on a farm. He came to Marion county in 1853, and has since made his home here. He has been twice married; first, to Miss Sarah a Chaney, of Highland county, Ohio, born June 26, 1826. His second marriage occurred May 18, 1859, in Marion county, and by this union had the following children: William E., Elizabeth E., Ida May, Mary L., Edith E., Cora and Catharine J.

SOUTH, J. D.-Sec. 32, P. O. Caloma. Born in the State of New York, on the 22d day of February, 1822, and was raised there. In 1850 he re

moved to Maryland, and in the spring of 1857 came to Marion county, Iowa, settling in the timber. He erected a small log house 10x12 feet for his dwelling. Forty rods from this mansion was the school-house in which Mr. South acted in the capacity of teacher. The seats were made of slabe and the house was the typical school building of the early settlement of the country. Mr. S. continued to teach school for many years. He commenced life in very meager circumstances, and by industry and economy he has acquired quite a competency. On the 23d day of October, 1842, he married Miss Mary L. Sweatman. She died leaving two children, Welling ton and Byron. His second marriage occurred July 6, 1848, to a daugh ter of Mrs. Catharine Rosenburg. By this union they have eight children: Nina, May L., Antoinette P., Eugenie I., Charlie A., James S., Mortimer D. and Edward S. Lost one.


ANHYNING, E.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 12, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Madison county, Ohio, September 22d, 1833. He emigrated with his parents to Lee county, Iowa, in the fall of 1843. From there he moved to Warren county in the spring of 1862, residing there two years, and in 1864 moved to Marion county, locating upon his farm, containing 235 acres of land, well improved. On the 12th day of April, 1856, he married Miss Mary Bussing, daughter of Oliver Bussing, Esq. She was born in the State of New York, February 28, 1836. By this union they have ten children: Emma N., Willie J., Ella S., Joel D., Manda J., James O., Cora B., George N., Effa May and Myrtle.


ELSHER, A. A.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 22, P. O. Star. Was born in the State of New York, November 20, 1827. At the age of eight years he removed with his parents to Ohio, where he resided until he attained his majority. His early life was that of a farmer boy, attending the common schools of the Buckeye State. In 1852 he went over land to California, returning to his native State in 1855. In 1861 he came to Marion county. On the 13th of January, 1857, Miss Mary A. Roland became his wife. Their union has been blessed by two children: Ashley A and Bertram R. Mr. Welsher's landed estate consists of 425 acres. His residence, which is one of the finest in the county, is pleasantly located and indicates comfort. He makes a specialty of stock-raising and has grades that will compare with any in the county. Mr. Welsher is in every sense of the word a self-made man, as he started in life in meager circumstances. He is now serving his third term as member of the county board.

WILLSON, MRS. JEMIMA-Sec. 29, P. O. Caloma. Was born in the State of New York, May 20, 1809. At the age of twelve years she removed with her parents to Trumbull connty, Ohio in the fall of 1821, living there until she was married, then moved to Illinois, thence to Lee county, Iowa. and from there to Marion county in 1857, then to Missouri, and returned to Marion county in the fall of 1860. She married Jesse Wilson in 1830. On the twenty-third day of March, 1867, he died, leaving no children. He was a native of Vermont, born May 14, 1816. They have been quite unfortunate. having their house burned twice; once a total loss. She owns 240 acres of land well improved. She is quite advanced in years, but active in body

and mind.

WINES, E. L.-Sec. 13, P. O. Star. Was born in Erie county, Ohio. January 3, 1828, and raised on a farm, then moved to Wisconsin, where his stay was very short. He moved to Lee county, Iowa, in the fall of 1850. Resided there four years, during which time he worked at the carpenter's

trade. From this place he moved to Marion county, Iowa, in the spring of 1854, settling in Knoxville. Afterward moved on to the farm now occupied, containing ninety-five acres of well improved land. He is a man who has been prominently identified with the interests of his township. Has been twice appointed postmaster of Star, which office he now holds. During the late war he enlisted in company G, Fortieth Iowa infantry, and served his country faithfully and well, and was mustered out August 7, 1865. He married Miss Mary Sweezey on the eighth day of April, 1851. She was a native of Ohio, and was born in Medina county. They have three children: Rollin E., Luella P. and Homer E.



Organization an Early History-Newbern-Dallas-New Chicago-Churches-Biographical. DALLAS is the southwest corner township of the county, and is technically described as township 74, range 21. It is bounded on the north by Franklin, on the east by Washington, on the south by Lucas county, and on the west by Warren county.

Whitebreast runs through the northwest quarter, and a nameless branch of English takes its rise in the interior, and runs through the southeast quarter of the township. Timber is more abundant than in Franklin, but covers much less than half the surface. Coal abounds along these streams, and numerous veins have been opened, averaging about three feet in thickness. One owned by John F. Willis, near Dallas, is worked. richest coal fields are to be found in the west and southwest.

But the

From the sixth of January, 1847, till the second of October, 1848, this township constituted a part of Washington, after which it was ordered that it and township 75, range 21 (Franklin,) be called Dallas; and so remained till some time during the year 1852 (at precisely what date we have been unable to ascertain), when it became a distinct township. The first election after this was held at the house of Thomas Kirton, April 5, 1852, at which the following officers were chosen: Joseph Bauer and William J. McClain, justices; Hiram Teakel and John Clark, constables; Peter Yrentz, Alloys Bauer and Thomas Kirton, trustees.

An election was held in November, 1848, at which time nine votes were cast by settlers in what is now Dallas and Franklin; but, as in so many cases, the record was poorly kept, carelessly handled and finally lost.

The following are the names of persons who settled in this township at the earliest dates:

Nicholas Helms, with his four sons, and Wm. Willis, in 1846; Thomas Kirton, Henry Wagoner, Joseph Bauer, Peter Yrentz and Hiram Teakel in 1858; Alloys Bauer in 1849; Henry Ghoring, Henry Horsman and Jacob Smith in 1850, and Jacob Fight in 1852.

Nicholas Helms was from Ohio, and he, with his sons, took claims in what is now the southwest part of the township. During his residence here he was a useful citizen to the extent of his means. By the erection of a temporary hand-mill, worked by a crank, he supplied many of the early settlers with meal when it was impossible to obtain it from the great distance

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