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told that Jim Cole said he wanted them to come and give him his whipping, and let his dread be over. Cole haci said that if they caine to his house he would put seven balls into some of them. We then went to Cole's, and ordered him to open the door ; he done so ; they asked his wife if he had not been maltreating ber; she said he had not; they asked what he meant by threatening to shoot the ku-klux; he denied making any such threats; they told him he had, and pulled him out of the house ; two of them held him while another commenced to whip him; the first one gare hini ten licks; another man then gave him ten ; they then told me that I must give him ten, and I done so; I saw blood stains through his shirt, and I did not hit him very hard ; I was compelled to do it, for they swore me to do everything I was told, even to kill my own father; they would have whipped him more, but I begged for him. We then went to Alfred Hatwood's and told him about whipping Cole. There was nothing more done that night; they told me they would give me notice when I was wanted again. I never attended any meeting, and never went on any other raid. I could not get out of it; if I had tried to, or told anything, I would have been killed. I understood the object of the organization to be to take the law in our own hands, and to whip or haug any one we saw proper.

WM. QUACKENBUSH. Sworn and subscribed before me this 1st August, 1870.


Justice of the Peace.


AUGUST 1, 1870. This day personally appeared before me, P. R. Harden, an acting justice of the peace for said county, J. F. Hopkins, who, being duly sworn, deposeth and says:

I joined an organization called the White Brotherhood about two years ago, at a place between Johu and William Newlin's; I was taken there by William Stockard; I was persuaded into it by William Stockard ; he asked me if I did not want to hunt the Ku-Klux; I told him I would as soon go as not; I thought he knew they were to pass some place, and I would go with him and see them ; when we got to the place we met a man who took me to where there were several more men; I told them I did not want to join; they said if I did not join now I would be killed ; one of them, who they called chief, administered the oath to me; I have attended two meetings; there were present at the first meeting William Stockard, Alfred Newlin, John Newlin, Cave Cates, Thomas R. Moore, Seymour Coble, Jasper N. Wood. Jasper N. Wood and Seymour Coble kept a list of new members as they were initiated; in those meetings sentence was passed on the republican party, and it was determined to bang them, or stop them from voting; the object of the meetings was to take the law in our own hands, and to whip or hang any one we saw proper to. At the first meeting we elected the following officers: William Stockard, chief; Jolin Newlin, esq., lieutenant; and

-, captain. We appointed another ineeting to be held at Spring meeting-honse ; there were at this meeting Matthew Hopkins, William Stockard, Thomas Robinson, jr., Alfred Newlin, Cave Cates; we expected several more, but they did not come ; nothing of inportance was done at this meeting. We appointed another meeting to be held at Mallet's old still-house; the object of this third meeting was to make arrangements to go and whip William Maynor; it was suggested by William Stockard and Thomas Robinson that Maynor should be whipped for reporting persons for illegal distilling. John Duke and John Stockard told me that there was to be a meeting to make arrangements to drown or hang Thomas Norwood ; Duke said that the damned old son of a bitch ought to be huy. I was on one raid, but not disgnised; there was with me Matthew Hopkins, John Duke, Newton Robinson, Chesley Robinson, Ed. Freeman, George Stockard; they were all disguised ; we went to Dow Worth's, (colored ;) the others left me at the fence to hold the horses, and went to the house, and took out Dow Worth and Arch Dark, (colored,) and whipped them, and took a pistol away from them. We next went to Alfred White's; they left me at the fence with the horses, and went to the house and called him up and took him out and whipped him; (they all took part in the whipping ;) they said they whipped him for running after Thomas Norwood's girls. They said that they intended to carry the next election, if they had to kill or run off all the negroes. We next went to Jonathan Zachroy's; I was again left with the horses; the rest went to the house; he opened the door, and they went in and told him he must keep bis crazy danghter at home; it he did not, they would call upon him again ; (his daughter was in the habit of going where she pleased in the neighborhood.) William Stockard has been turned out of office as chief of our camp, and John Duke elected in his place. I told John Duke, the chief, I did not want to go on this raid; that I had no gown; he told me I must go, that I could mind the horses. Matthew Hopkins told me that he heard there was to be a meeting at Gilbreathi's Bridge, to go and haug S. M. Shotfner, and he told them he would not go himself. The following are members of the organization: William C. Moore, David Moore, Thomas Guthrie, Henry Duke. I would have given anything to have got out of the organization, but could not get out without telling it, and if I told I would have been killed. They told me if I told anything that I should hang to a limb).




Witness: S. J. TURNER.
Sworn and snbscribed before me this day, August 1, 1870.


RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, August 12, 1870. Thomas F. Williford, of Cabarrus County, voluntarily and of his own accoril, doth confess and say, baving come from his own home to Raleigh for that purpose, that be, during the last year, lived in Lenoir Comty, six miles north of Kinston, having moved to that county in 1866. That some time in April or May, 1869, on one Sunday, as he and his wife were going to Sunday-school, he was met by Jesse C. Kenady and Jeff Perry, who persuaded him to go to Kenady's house, which was near the place they met him. He turned back and went with them, his wife going on to Sunday-school.

When he got there, besides J. C. Kenady and Jeff Perry, who went with him, he fond Lawyer Monroe, from Kipston, and one Hill. The crowd was drinking. Some half hour after he was there, J. C. Kenady, in the presence of the other men, initiated luim into the C. U. G., and administered to him an oath, the purport of which was that he was to keep the secrets of the order, and not reveal anything that took place. He was also sworn to obey the orders of his superior officers. He understood that for a violation of this oath the punishment would be death. Kenady at the same time read to him the by-laws. He does not recollect all the by-laws, but was under the impressiou that the order was committed to the overthrow of the radical party, and to hostility to the colored people, and that any means whatever were to be used to effect the object of the order. The Saturday after he joined he attended a meeting of the order at 2 p. m. at Henry Croom's still-house. There were present J. C. Kenady, chiet'; Ashly Vanghn, south commander; Monroe, north commander; James Grelon, west commander; Henry Croom, secretary;

Smith, treasurer. The latter was sitting with Croom. There were present also James Perry, Samuel Perry, Jeff Perry, James Hines, three Harper loys, two Davises, one called Kit Davis,) John Barrow, Aleck Dawson, and three of the Hills, and two of the Hines boys, and some others, in all about thirty.

It was understood at this meeting that every member was bound to report to Kenady the name of every radical and negro who said anything about the order. If any iember failed to do this he was to be punished. It was also ordered that no member should work with any negro on shares, but for such a price.

The second Sunday after the above meeting, he attended another meeting at the same place, some forty present. Joseph Parrott and his brother, and Joshua Suggs, and two others were initiated. At this meeting it was determined that Mowers, the detective, should be killed. Kenady said that he ought to be put out of the way. To this Jeff Perry agreed, and said he would be one of five to do it. Monroe promised to get him to go to the house of Mag Hines, a dissolute woman in Kinston, where they eould get him; that he, Monroe, had often drank with Mowers, and he, Mowers, would not suspect him. No one else volunteered, as it was understood that it would be arfanged ainong themselves.

The Sunday afterward Jett Perry told him, Williford, that if it had not rained Saturday night Mowers would have gone up; that he would have been in the river with the eat-tish eating his carcass. He attended another meeting in about three weeks, which was ordered by Kenady, some twenty-five present. It was then ordered that the jail should be broken open and Ashly Vaughn and Jim Hines taken out and let loose. The meeting was on Sunday, and the members were ordered to meet at the county bridge near Kinston by 10 o'clock that night. He did not wish to go, as his child was sick, but Kenady and Jim Perry said he should go. He got to the bridge about 10 o'clock, and waited for the crowd. There were soine thirty-five or forty of the crowd. They left the bridge and went to the graveyard, where they discussed the manner the jail was to be broken open. In about ten minutes it was decided to break open the door with a sledge-haimer, and the crowd went toward the jail. Some ten or twelve guards were placed around the jail from twenty-five to seventy-five steps from it. Some twenty-live of the crowd went up and stood around the jail door. Captain Harper called for the hammer, and commenced breaking in the door. Hle, Williford, after a couple of licks on the door, moved off and stood by the corner of the court-house. Most of the crowd was armed with shot-guns. None of them were disguised. After considerable hammering the door flew open, and Vanger, or De Nauger, and lines came out. As soon

as the crowd had the prisoners, and after cheering in front of Richard King's house they left Kinston between 12 and 1 o'clock, going to their several homes. He saw no citizens out during the time. There were in the crowd at the jail Captain Harper, Henry Croom, Samuel Perry, Reddin Hines, one of the Hill boys, two of the Harpers, brothers of the captain, Joseph Parrott, Alexander Dawson, Mr. Tillen. The others he does not now recollect.

On a Saturday, at Croom's distillery, some two weeks after the jail was broken open, he was at another meeting. There was present Kenady, James Perry, Jeff Perry, Sam Perry, Henry Croom, Smith, Alexander Dawson, Ashly Vaughn, Kit Davis, James Hines, Reddin Hines, three Harper boys, and a good many others whose names he does not recollect. Kenaday, at this meeting, toled the members that Colgrove, the sheriff of Jones County, ought to die; that he, Colgrove, had just got loose from the penitentiary, and if they didn't kill him they were not true to their clan. Reddin Hines said it was all right; that he, Colgrove, “ should go up." The camp determined then to raise a certain sum for Colgrove's scalp, and subscriptions were then maile. Kenady said he would give $10, and, if necessary, 550. One of the Davises said he would give 85, and Croom, Smith, Reddin Hines, Jett Perry, the three Harper boys, and others, also promised.

It was understood that at the next meeting it would be decided who and how many should go and do the deed. At the next meeting he, Williford, was sick and did not go. The Monday after the meeting he saw Jett Perry in his fiell, and he, Perry, told him the arrangements were made, that Colgrove had to " go up," remarking " that some of the best of the boys had to go, and if they did get him there would be one of the biggest barbecues ever given in Jones County." This conversation took place about two weeks before Colgrove was killed, and about some three or four weeks a big barbecile was given at Farm Valley by Jesse Kenady, Joe Parrott, and Jim and Jett Perry, and others. He, Williford, went to no more meetings. He understood that the order was bronght to Lenoir County by one Temple, of Wake County, who was a brother-in-law of Croon. After Colgrove's death Kenady told him there were but täll of the camp who were in it, or who were with those that killed Colgrove.

Soon after Grant was killed, Ash, DeNanger, and Joe Parrott told him. Williforil, they were present and helped do it. It was liis understanding from the by-laws, and the charges given in the meetings, that the members were to do everything in their power to break up the radical party, even to burning their houses, killing them when ordered by the camp, destroying their property, &c.



Affidarit of F. l'. Blanchard. F. U. Blanchard, a citizen of Alamance County, North Carolina, being duly sworn, deposes and swears as follows:

I was initiated as a member of the organization of White Brotherhooıl about two years ago. I was initiated by George Mebane; there were about six present, all in disguise, save Younger. Mebane was in disguise until after I was initiated, then he took off his false face. The others I did not know. After Younger and myself were initiater we were asked “what we came there for." I answered, I did not know. They said “we had you brought here to make something in the shape of a cotrin for to put at Joseph McAdam's door to scare him.” I told them that is something I cannot do. Some of the party told me that if I did not do it I would be hanged, and put a rope around my neck, and one of them run up a tree with a rope in liis hands, and some one said "hold on. There the matter stopped. I assisted in making the coffin or box. I did this, fearing that if I did not, I would be punished with death, as I thought. After making this box it was left in the shop, which was an open one. On the next morning the coffin was missing. This coffin was finished on Saturday: The bext I heard of this was that the coffin was placed at Mr. McAdam's door. I did not know the parties that placed at the door of Mr. McAdams this coffin.

I never afterwards had anything to do with the organization, because, from the above, I was led to believe that its purpose were wrong:

I would have exposed the whole thing at the time, if I had not been afraid being punished by death by the organization. I do not think any man coulil have been convicted by the civil authority, for the reason that we were bound to swear for our comrades, even to the extent of an alibi, and no power but the military could have broken it up. I never had a gown; I was never in disguise. This organization was for the purpose of the advancement of the interests of the conservative party.

7. C. BLANCHARD. Sworn and subscribed before me, Angust 17, 1870.


C. S. C.

J. J. Younger, a citizen of Alamance County, after being duly sworn, deposes and says:

I joined the organization of Constitutional Union Guards about two years past. I was initiated in the woods near Sellars's mill on Haw River in said county. There were present five men, three of whom I knew, to wit, John Long, George Mebane, and F. W. Blanchard, the others were in disguise. George Mebane made a inotion that a box imitating a coftin should be made to put at Joseph McAdam's door, but intended no damage: which motion was carried. Then F. W. Blanchard and myself were designated to make it, we both being mechanics. I insisted that I would not do it, as MeAdam was a brother inason. I was tolal by George Mebue, “You will have it to make or you will be punished," and my understanding was that that punishment would be death. I assisted in making the box at the time I was ordered to do so. I was ordered to do this within two days after the meeting referred to. I made the coffin at F. M. Blanchari's shop, one mile from Big Falls, in said county, and left it in said shop; said shop stands about half open--no doors one enil-entirely open half of one side. On the next morning the coffin was not there. The next I heard of this coffin, or one similar to the one I made, was put at said McAdam's door at his dwelling. I would have informed Mr. Meldain of ilis had I not telt sure that I would be punished either by whipping. hanging, or drowning. I had a gown, but on reflection I destroyed it the day after the coffin was placed at this man's loor. I then thought the organization 11 as wrong: the purposes of the organization, as I wderstood them, were being perverted. I had nothing turther to do with it, and I believe if myself and Blanchard haud been arrested by the civil authorities, the parties who ordered us to make the box would have sworn falsely in the matter, and my impression is that it was generally noderstood that the organization or the members of it should do all they could to keep comrades from being punished by any authority, even to the extent of swearing an alibi. I never was on a raid ; never was in any meeting but the one named above, and know none of its members, as I had nothing to do with it after the making of the cotiu.

J. J. YOUNGER. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 17th of August, 1870.


C. $. C.

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, County of Alamance :

Before me, a justice of the peace, personally appeared J. C. Whitesell, who being dnly sworn, deposeth and says:

I was taken into the society known by the name of White Brotherhood by John E. Clapp, in the month of April, 1869. Andrew Kuttman was sworn in at the same tine: Thaddeus Ingle was sworn in at the same time; Jacob Kutiman at the same time. Ition't now recollect all of the oath, but we were told that if ever I revealed the secret I wonld be punished by the order of camp. J. H. Albright is the first man that ever named it to me, and conducted me to camp. I was where they met, at Baulding's chop, Macon Apple was chief, and once at Cable's school-louse, William Tickel was chief that night. John Wagner, and Jacob Wagner, and Lewis Huffins, and Peter Michael, and Joel Tickel, and Calvin Tickel, and J. II. Albright, appointed a meeting Dear the railroad last September, to elect a chief, at which meeting I was elected chief of the camp. The next meeting was near George Whitesell's, and I, as chief, acuminisfered the oath to George Whitesell, and Daniel Patten, and William Swing, and Joel Swing, and William Huffman, and John Curtis, and Alfred Whitesell, and John Hluftman. Macon Apple's camp ordered that a negro man was to be whipped at a certain time, living at Robert Thomas's. Myself and Daniel Whitesell, and Rankin Lewey, and Patterson Whitesell, and Rankin Whitesell, and J. H. Albright, and Macon Apple, and Alson Burr, and others that I don't recollect-Macon Apple ordered that we should give so many licks. The next raid I was iu was at Lewis Tickel's; the whipping of William Long, black man, myself and Rankin Whitesell, an. Jeremiah Whitesell, and Daniel Whitesell, Rankin Low, and William Low, William Tickel, William Smith, Phillip Boon; we gave four or five licks apiece. It was ordered by the camp that met at Joshua Boon's still-house that Carter Cansey should be whipped. Myself and Rankin Whitesell, and Jeremiah Whitesell, and William Geringer, Joel Spring, David Thomas, Robert Fobish, and Jacob May carried the oriler into exeention.

J. C. WHITESELL. Sworn and subscribed before me this 6th day of September, 1870.

J. A. NEESE, J. P.

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October 7, 1870. DEAR SIR: The first victim to Ku-Klux violence was Mr. S. L. Wiles; lived four miles south of Roxboro; an industrious and, in his dealings with persons, strictly honest man. The alleged charge against him was that he was living in adultery with a colored woman. (Can't say as to the truth of the charge.) The woman's name is Harriet Bran, who also, with Wiles, was cruelly whipped, and both of them driven from the farm he had rented for the year. The next and only other instance I can call to mind was against Wm. B. Hudgens; the supposed cause was that he was living on land the title of which is in dispute. The party not in possession had ordered him to leave the premises, threatening at the same time if he faileil to do so within a certain time he would be Ku-Kluxed off. He failed to leave as ordered, and was afterwards cruelly and most terribly beaten by disguised men, (26 in number,) and forced to leave the premises he had leased for two years.

Hudgens has always voted the democratic ticket; Wiles the republican. I don't think politics had anything to do with either case.

Most respectfully, &c.,
Governor HOLDEN, Raleigh, N. C.

P. S.-I had liked to have forgotten to mention the case of a Mr. Thomas, United
States detective, who visited Roxboro on business pertaining to his duty, and, during
the night, had a cottin placed at his door, with the following inscription tacked on it,
to wit: “You and all other clamped radicals had better leave these parts or else you
will fill this furniture.”
A true copy of original letter on file in executive department of North Carolina.


Private Secretary.


October 17, 1870. DEAR SIR : According to your request we send you the below list of names of persons that have been inaltreated

Lincoln County :

Harriet Quickel...

Black.. Whipped and shot.
Sam Ward, wife, and daughter. ...do... Whipped.
Rufus Friday and wife

...do... Whipped.
James Falls...

...do... Whipped. Charles Sumner.

...do.. Whipped and robbed of $15. John Connely

...do.. Whipped and shot. William Magbee

...do. Robbed in the woods of all his money. Reuben Litton..

...do... Whipped and shot. Jerry Wood...

...do... Whipped and drove from home; life threat

ened if he returned. J. Barringe

..do... Whipped and drove from home; life threat

ened if he returned. Rufus Bindhardt

..do... Whipped and shot dangerously. E. Wilfong

..do... Whipped and shot dangerously. Peter Hoover

do... Whipped. Lawson Friday

.do... Whipped and shot. S. Motz..

do... Whipped.
John Miller.

White. Whipped and shot.
Adeline Fisher.

...do... Whipped.
Mary Fisher

..do... Whipped. Sally Fisher

..do... Whipped. J. McMellen

.do. Whipped. Jeft Herndon

Black.. Hlouse robbed of two guns.

There are a number of other cases, but we cannot get their names.

The colored man, Wilfong, was shot in the back and is mutilated for life.
For the sake of my family please not mention my name in this matter.

Governor HOLDEN.

I certify ou honor that the above is a true copy of the original report, on file in the executive department of North Carolina.


Prirate Secretary. December 20, 1870.

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