Structural Adjustment: Theory, Practice and Impacts

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Psychology Press, 2000 - Počet stran: 215
Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are an important feature of contemporary development, yet they are often evaluated in the terms set out by lenders themselves, ignoring the wider implications of SAPs.
Structural Adjustment attempts to situate SAPs in a wider development context featuring case material from the UK, USA, Ghana, Mexico, India, Jamaica, Turkey, Eastern Europe, Mali, Zimbabwe and Sierra Leone, the book addresses SAPs in the lenders' terms, before addressing macro-economic issues, the impacts on social groups, and the impact upon welfare policies such as education and health. Beyond economic analysis, the role of the state in the process, the impact of these programmes on services and the environment are also analysed.
 

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Histories and theories of adjustment
1
The long road to structural adjustment
3
The postcolonial state and the imperative for reform
4
The debt crisis
11
The Bretton Woods Institutions the Third World and the neoliberal consensus
14
Conclusion
19
What is structural adjustment?
24
The role of the international financial institutions
26
resistance and new political spaces
93
The environmental aspects of adjustment
95
Unsustainable development the ideology of science and SAPs
96
The political ecology of SAPs
99
The impacts
102
Case studies
106
Responses to environmental impacts
110
Ways ahead
115

The neoclassical paradigm
28
The policy options
33
Critique of the neoclassical model
35
Conclusion
37
Adjustment in practice
39
The macroeconomic impacts of structural adjustment lending
41
Policy reforms and outcomes
42
Conclusion
58
Social consequences of structural adjustment
59
The effects of SAPs on poverty and wellbeing
60
Locating winners and losers
63
SAPs and the gender gap
64
Coping with adjustment
66
SAPs and poverty alleviation
69
Conclusion
73
Contested sovereignty and democratic contradictions the political impacts of adjustment
75
The statemarket debate and the neoliberal backlash
76
the polities of policy formulation
80
The paradoxes of implementing adjustment
85
the issue of governance
90
Alternatives to adjustment
117
Tinkering with the system Adjusting adjustment
119
conditionality or consensus?
120
The institutional debate
125
the postWashington consensus?
139
The search for more radical alternatives
145
The international dimension
146
Restructuring the socialist alternative
156
The state of the left today
161
The search for renewal
163
Social movements the state and civil society
171
Grassroots economic strategies
173
The NGOisation of the world
176
The left and the grassroots movements
180
Social movements and the wider political arena
186
Conclusion
187
Bibliography
191
Index
212
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